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Psychocandy
Psychocandy
is the debut studio album by Scottish alternative rock band The Jesus and Mary Chain. It was released in November 1985 on Blanco y Negro Records. The album is considered a landmark recording: its combination of guitar feedback with traditional pop song structures proved influential on the forthcoming shoegazing genre and alternative rock in general. The band would move away from its abrasive sound with the release of their second album, 1987's Darklands.

Contents

1 Background and recording 2 Music and lyrics 3 Release 4 Reception 5 Track listing

5.1 2011 bonus disc

6 Personnel 7 Charts

7.1 Weekly charts 7.2 Singles 7.3 Certifications

8 References 9 External links

Background and recording[edit] After quitting their jobs in 1980, brothers Jim and William Reid formed The Jesus and Mary Chain
The Jesus and Mary Chain
with bass player Douglas Hart. Taking inspiration from German industrial band Einstürzende Neubauten, girl group the Shangri-Las and The Velvet Underground
The Velvet Underground
& Nico, they bought a Portastudio
Portastudio
in 1983 when their father lost his job in a local factory and gave the brothers £300 from his redundancy money. The band recorded a demo tape containing the songs "Upside Down" and "Never Understand" which was heard by Glaswegian musician Bobby Gillespie, who in turn passed it on to his friend Alan McGee
Alan McGee
of Creation Records.[3] McGee was impressed with the tape and invited the band to play at a Creation Records showcase event in London, becoming the band's manager shortly afterwards.[4] Following more London concerts, the Jesus and Mary Chain entered Alaska Studios in Waterloo and recorded their debut single, "Upside Down". Released by Creation Records in November 1984 and featuring a B-side produced by Slaughter Joe, Upside Down sold out its initial pressing and ended the year by being placed at number 37 in John Peel's Festive Fifty.[4] After recruiting Gillespie as their drummer in late 1984, the Jesus and Mary Chain signed to the WEA subsidiary label Blanco y Negro, which had been established by Rough Trade founder Geoff Travis.[3] The band entered Island Studios
Island Studios
to record with engineer Stephen Street but the sessions proved to be fruitless and the band returned to Alaska Studios for the recording of their second single, "Never Understand". The single was released by Blanco y Negro in February 1985, and in March that year they began recording their debut album with engineer John Loder at Southern Studios in Wood Green, North London.[4] Psychocandy
Psychocandy
was recorded in six weeks[3] and totalled £17,000 in recording and production costs.[4] Music and lyrics[edit] Psychocandy
Psychocandy
contains fourteen tracks with a total running time of thirty-nine minutes. The music has been described as "bubblegum pop drowned in feedback",[5] that fused "melody with obnoxious bursts of white noise."[6] Critics have noted the influence of classic '60s pop groups[7][4][8] such as The Beach Boys[9][7][10] and The Rolling Stones[10] alongside the work of rock bands The Velvet Underground,[9][7][4] The Stooges[7][8] and Suicide[8] on the album. Lead vocals are handled by Jim Reid
Jim Reid
on this album, with the exception of "It's So Hard", sung by William Reid. Release[edit] The album includes the singles "Never Understand", "You Trip Me Up" and "Just Like Honey". Following reissue on CD in August 1986, the bonus track "Some Candy Talking", which was originally released on the namesake EP, was included on the album, only on the UK Blanco y Negro CDs released in 1986 and 1997; in the USA, it was released on CD by Reprise in 1986 and American Recordings in 1993 without the bonus track. In 2006, the album was remastered and released in DualDisc format without "Some Candy Talking" to conform with the original playlist. In 2011, it was re-released (along with the other five studio albums) by Edsel in collaboration with Rhino as a two-CD set with extra tracks (singles, B-sides, demos and Peel Sessions) and a DVD (NTSC, all-region). Reception[edit]

Professional ratings

Review scores

Source Rating

AllMusic [9]

Mojo [11]

Pitchfork 9.6/10[10]

Q [12]

Record Collector [13]

Rolling Stone [14]

The Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
Album
Album
Guide [15]

Select 5/5[16]

Spin Alternative Record Guide 9/10[17]

The Village Voice A−[18]

On release Psychocandy
Psychocandy
received favourable reviews. Writing for NME, Andy Gill described the album as "a great citadel of beauty whose wall of noise, once scaled, offers access to endless vistas of melody and emotion", while William Shaw of Smash Hits
Smash Hits
called it "a wonderful LP which should bring the Scottish brats the success they've missed out on so far."[19] Tim Holmes of Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
praised the band as "a perfect recombinant of every Edge City outlaw ethic ever espoused in rock."[20] In the end of year-round ups the album placed at number one in NME's list of best albums of 1985 (tied with Tom Waits' Rain Dogs),[21] number 3 in The Face[22] and number 5 in Melody Maker.[23] Subsequently, the album has frequently appeared in "best ever" album lists, such as Q magazine's "100 Greatest British Albums Ever", where it placed at number 88 in 2000.[24] In 2006, Q magazine placed the album at number 23 in its "40 Best Albums of the '80s" list.[25] In 2003, the album was ranked number 268 on Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
magazine's "The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time" list.[26] The magazine also ranked the album number 45 on its list of the 100 Best Debut Albums of All Time.[5] Allmusic described the album as one that "created a movement without meaning to."[9] Pitchfork listed Psychocandy
Psychocandy
as the 23rd best album of the 1980s.[8] Slant Magazine listed the album at number 38 in its "Best Albums of the 1980s" list, saying, "Shaping fuzz into a potent, tactile instrument, The Jesus and Mary Chain
The Jesus and Mary Chain
helped establish the style of distortion-laden fogginess that would eventually become the foundation for shoegaze."[27] The album was also included in the book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die.[28] Track listing[edit] All tracks written by Jim Reid
Jim Reid
and William Reid, except where noted.

No. Title Length

1. "Just Like Honey" 3:03

2. "The Living End" 2:16

3. "Taste the Floor" 2:56

4. "The Hardest Walk" 2:40

5. "Cut Dead" 2:47

6. "In a Hole" 3:02

7. "Taste of Cindy" 1:42

8. "Never Understand" 2:57

9. "Inside Me" 3:09

10. "Sowing Seeds" 2:50

11. "My Little Underground" 2:31

12. "You Trip Me Up" 2:26

13. "Something's Wrong" 4:01

14. "It's So Hard" 2:37

2011 CD-DVD release bonus tracks

No. Title Writer(s) Length

15. "Suck"   2:08

16. "Ambition" Vic Godard 3:31

17. "Just Out of Reach"   2:09

18. "Boyfriend's Dead"   1:43

19. "Head"   3:53

20. "Cracked"   3:48

Note: the 1986 CD release contains the extra track "Some Candy Talking", between "Taste of Cindy" and "Never Understand". 2011 bonus disc[edit]

2011 CD disc two

No. Title Writer(s) Length

1. "Upside Down"   3:00

2. "Vegetable Man" Syd Barrett 3:35

3. "In a Hole" ( John Peel
John Peel
radio session, 23 October 1984)   2:41

4. "You Trip Me Up" ( John Peel
John Peel
radio session, 23 October 1984)   2:07

5. "Never Understand" ( John Peel
John Peel
radio session, 23 October 1984)   3:08

6. "Taste the Floor" ( John Peel
John Peel
radio session, 23 October 1984)   3:08

7. "The Living End" ( John Peel
John Peel
radio session, 3 February 1985)   2:15

8. "Inside Me" ( John Peel
John Peel
radio session, 3 February 1985)   3:01

9. "Just Like Honey" ( John Peel
John Peel
radio session, 3 February 1985)   2:49

10. "Some Candy Talking" ( John Peel
John Peel
radio session, 29 October 1985)   3:13

11. "Psychocandy" ( John Peel
John Peel
radio session, 29 October 1985)   2:01

12. "You Trip Me Up" ( John Peel
John Peel
radio session, 29 October 1985)   2:41

13. "Cut Dead" ( John Peel
John Peel
radio session, 29 October 1985)   2:47

14. "Up Too High" ( Portastudio
Portastudio
demo, 1984/85)   3:44

15. "Upside Down" ( Portastudio
Portastudio
demo, 1984/85)   3:10

16. "Never Understand" ( Portastudio
Portastudio
demo, 1984/85)   3:18

17. "Taste the Floor" ( Portastudio
Portastudio
demo, 1984/85)   3:06

18. "In a Hole" ( Portastudio
Portastudio
demo, 1984/85)   2:42

19. "Something's Wrong" ( Portastudio
Portastudio
demo, 1984/85)   3:27

20. " Just Like Honey
Just Like Honey
(Demo Version, October 1984)" (Alaska Studios demo, June 1985)   2:58

21. "The Living End" (Alaska Studios demo, June 1985)   2:16

22. "My Little Underground"   2:33

23. " Never Understand
Never Understand
(Alternate Version)"   3:25

24. "Jesus Fuck"   2:30

2011 bonus DVD

"Never Understand" (music video) "You Trip Me Up" (music video) "Just Like Honey" (music video) "In a Hole - Old Grey Whistle Test
Old Grey Whistle Test
(12 March 1985)" "Riot at North London Polytechnic - interview and live clips (The NewMusic) (15 March 1985)" "Interview - VRT, Belgium (17 March 1985)" " Never Understand
Never Understand
- VRT, Belgium (17 March 1985)" " Just Like Honey
Just Like Honey
- The Tube (11 November 1985)" "Inside Me - The Tube (11 November 1985)"

Personnel[edit] All personnel credits adapted from Psychocandy's liner notes.[29] The Jesus and Mary Chain

Jim Reid
Jim Reid
– vocals, guitar William Reid – vocals, guitar Douglas Hart – bass Bobby Gillespie
Bobby Gillespie
– drums

Additional musicians

Karen Parker – backing vocals (1) Laurence Verfaillie – backing vocals (1)[30]

Technical

The Jesus and Mary Chain
The Jesus and Mary Chain
– production John Loder – engineering Flood – engineer (8) Alan Moulder – assistant engineer (8)

Design

Greg Allen – art direction Alastair Indge – sleeve photography Bleddyn Butcher – sleeve photography Chris Clown – sleeve photography Mike Laye – sleeve photography Rona McIntosh – sleeve photography Stuart Cassidy – sleeve photography

Charts[edit] Weekly charts[edit]

Chart (1985) Peak position

UK Albums Chart[31] 31

Chart (1986) Peak position

Australia (Kent Music Report)[32] 87

New Zealand RIANZ Albums Chart[33] 35

US Billboard 200[34] 188

Singles[edit]

Year Single Peak chart positions

UK [31] IRL [35] NZD [33]

1985 "Never Understand" 47 — —

"You Trip Me Up" 55 — —

"Just Like Honey" 45 — —

1986 "Some Candy Talking" 13 11 37

"—" denotes a release that did not chart.

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification Sales/shipments

United Kingdom (BPI)[36] Gold 100,000^

Summaries

^ shipments figures based on certification alone.

References[edit]

^ Ramirez, AJ (27 August 2014). "12 Essential Alternative Rock Albums from the 1980s". PopMatters. Retrieved 27 October 2015.  ^ Jackson, Josh (13 July 2016). "The 50 Best Post-Punk Albums". Paste. Retrieved 26 August 2016.  ^ a b c Lynskey, Dorian (26 October 2014). "The Jesus and Mary Chain on Psychocandy: 'It was a little miracle'". The Observer. Guardian News and Media. Retrieved 23 November 2014.  ^ a b c d e f Marszalek, Julian (8 November 2011). "Brown Acid Black Leather: The Story Of The Jesus And Mary Chain's Psychocandy". The Quietus. Retrieved 24 November 2014.  ^ a b https://www.rollingstone.com/music/lists/the-100-greatest-debut-albums-of-all-time-20130322/psychocandy-19691231 ^ Gourlay, Dom (30 September 2011). "Jesus and Mary Chain – Deluxe Reissues". Drowned in Sound. Retrieved 14 July 2012.  ^ a b c d Jones, Chris (1 August 2007). "Review of The Jesus And Mary Chain – Psychocandy". BBC Music. Retrieved 14 July 2012.  ^ a b c d "Staff Lists: Top 100 Albums of the 1980s". Pitchfork. 20 November 2002. Retrieved 14 July 2012.  ^ a b c d Raggett, Ned. " Psychocandy
Psychocandy
– The Jesus and Mary Chain". AllMusic. Retrieved 14 July 2012.  ^ a b c Abebe, Nitsuh (4 August 2006). "The Jesus and Mary Chain: Psychocandy
Psychocandy
/ Darklands / Automatic / Honey's Dead
Honey's Dead
/ Stoned & Dethroned". Pitchfork. Retrieved 14 July 2012.  ^ "The Jesus and Mary Chain: Psychocandy
Psychocandy
/ Darklands / Automatic". Mojo (153): 111. August 2006.  ^ "The Jesus and Mary Chain: Psychocandy". Q (240): 122. July 2006.  ^ "The Jesus and Mary Chain: Psychocandy". Record Collector: 87. 2006. [A] brash statement that guitars should be louder than vocals and that texture of sound was as important as the tunes embedded within.  ^ "The Jesus and Mary Chain: Psychocandy". Rolling Stone: 74. 2006. [B]oth catchy and terrifying, sounding like the Beach Boys had let out their inner Charles Manson.  ^ Sisario, Ben (2004). "The Jesus and Mary Chain". In Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian. The New Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
Album
Album
Guide. Simon & Schuster. pp. 429–30. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8.  ^ Manning, Sarra (April 1997). "The Jesus and Mary Chain: Psychocandy / Darklands / Barbed Wire Kisses
Barbed Wire Kisses
/ Automatic / Honey's Dead
Honey's Dead
/ Stoned And Dethroned". Select (82): 112.  ^ Weisbard, Eric; Marks, Craig, eds. (1995). Spin Alternative Record Guide. Vintage Books. ISBN 0-679-75574-8.  ^ Christgau, Robert (1 April 1986). "Christgau's Consumer Guide". The Village Voice. Retrieved 22 January 2016.  ^ "Psychocandy". Spin. 2 (1): 38. April 1986. Retrieved 22 January 2016.  ^ Holmes, Tim (27 March 1986). "The Jesus and Mary Chain: Psychocandy". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 22 June 2008. Retrieved 14 July 2012.  ^ "Rocklist.net ... NME
NME
End Of Year Lists 1985 ..." rocklistmusic.co.uk. Retrieved 14 July 2012.  ^ "Rocklist.net ...  ... The Face Recordings Of The Year ..." rocklistmusic.co.uk. Retrieved 14 July 2012.  ^ "Rocklist.net ... Melody Maker
Melody Maker
Lists The '70's & '80's. ..." rocklistmusic.co.uk. Retrieved 14 July 2012.  ^ "Rocklist.net ... Q magazine Recordings Of The Year". rocklistmusic.co.uk. Retrieved 14 July 2012.  ^ Q (241). August 2006.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ Levy, Joe; Van Zandt, Steven, eds. (2006) [2005]. Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
500 Greatest Albums of All Time (3rd ed.). London: Turnaround. ISBN 1-932958-61-4. OCLC 70672814.  ^ "Best Albums of the 1980s". Slant Magazine. 5 March 2012. Retrieved 14 July 2012.  ^ Robert Dimery; Michael Lydon (23 March 2010). 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die: Revised and Updated Edition. Universe. ISBN 978-0-7893-2074-2.  ^ Psychocandy
Psychocandy
(CD). The Jesus and Mary Chain. Blanco y Negro Records. 1985. 242 000-2.  ^ http://aprilskies.amniisia.com/jamc/members_of_the_mary_chain.php ^ a b "Jesus & Mary Chain Artist". Official Charts Company. British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 6 January 2013.  ^ Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992 (Illustrated ed.). St. Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. p. 154. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.  N.B. the Kent Report chart was licensed by ARIA between mid 1983 and 19 June 1988. ^ a b "Discography The Jesus & Mary Chain". charts.org.nz. Hung Medien. Retrieved 6 January 2013.  ^ " Psychocandy
Psychocandy
– The Jesus and Mary Chain: Awards". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 6 January 2013.  ^ "Search the charts". irishcharts.ie. Irish Recorded Music Association. Retrieved 6 January 2013.  N.B. User must define search parameters by entering either "Jesus and Mary Chain" into Search by Artist and clicking Search or "Some Candy Talking" into Search by Song Title and clicking Search. ^ "Certified Awards Search". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 6 January 2013.  N.B. User must define search parameters by entering either "Jesus & Mary Chain" into Search, selecting "Artist" in Search by and clicking Go or "Psychocandy" into Search, selecting "Title" in Search by and clicking Go.

External links[edit]

Psychocandy
Psychocandy
at Discogs
Discogs
(list of releases) Psychocandy
Psychocandy
(Adobe Flash) at Radio3Net (streamed copy where licensed)

v t e

The Jesus and Mary Chain

Jim Reid William Reid Mark Crozer Brian Young Phil King

Murray Dalglish Dave Evans Bobby Gillespie Douglas Hart Ben Lurie Steve Monti Nick Sanderson Richard Thomas John Moore Loz Colbert

Studio albums

Psychocandy Darklands Automatic Honey's Dead Stoned & Dethroned Munki Damage and Joy

Live albums

Live in Concert

Compilation albums

Barbed Wire Kisses The Sound of Speed Hate Rock 'n' Roll The Complete John Peel
John Peel
Sessions 21 Singles The Power of Negative Thinking: B-Sides & Rarities Upside Down: The Best of The Jesus and Mary Chain The Complete Vinyl Collection

Extended plays

Some Candy Talking Happy When It Rains Darklands Rollercoaster The Peel Sessions Sound of Speed

Singles

"Upside Down" "Never Understand" "You Trip Me Up" "Just Like Honey" "April Skies" "Happy When It Rains" "Darklands" "Sidewalking" "Blues from a Gun" "Head On" "Reverence" "Far Gone and Out" "Almost Gold" "Sometimes Always" "Come On" "I Hate Rock 'n' Roll" "Cracking Up" "I Love Rock 'n' Roll"

Related articles

Discography Rollercoaster To

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