Psittacinae is a subfamily of Afrotropical or Old World parrots; the
eleven species are found in two genera. Among the species is the
iconic African grey parrot. These parrots are native to sub-Saharan
Africa, the island of Madagascar, and the Arabian Peninsula.
Poicephalus are usually green birds with different colored heads;
Psittacus are light grey with red tails.
African parrots (at least the African grey parrot) have been known in
Europe since Roman times.
The African parrots, unlike their Neotropical cousins, are
Agapornis of Africa and
Madagascar was found to be the
sister group to
Loriculus of Australasia and Indo-Malayasia and
together they clustered with the Australasian Loriinae,
Cyclopsittacini and Melopsittacus.
mainland Africa formed the sister group of the Neotropical
Madagascar and adjacent islands may be the closest
Psittrichas from New Guinea.
This subfamily, together with its sister subfamily
Neotropical parrots, constitutes the family Psittacidae, one of three
families of true parrots.
Psittacus erithacus, African grey parrot
Psittacus timneh, Timneh parrot
Poicephalus robustus, Cape parrot
Poicephalus robustus robustus (nominate subspecies)
Poicephalus robustus fuscicollis, brown-necked parrot (subspecies)
Poicephalus robustus suahelicus, grey-headed parrot (subspecies)
Jardine's parrot also known as the red-fronted
Poicephalus meyeri, Meyer's parrot
Poicephalus rueppellii, Rüppell's parrot
Poicephalus cryptoxanthus, brown-headed parrot
Poicephalus rufiventris, red-bellied parrot
Poicephalus senegalus, Senegal parrot
Poicephalus flavifrons, yellow-fronted parrot
Poicephalus crassus, Niam-Niam parrot
Coracopsis genus (vasa parrots) is included in this
subfamily, but recent molecular studies show that they are within a
An extinct prehistoric monotypic genus
Bavaripsitta has been
^ Boehrer, Bruce (2010).
Parrot Culture: Our 2500-Year-Long
Fascination with the World's Most Talkative Bird. U. Penn.
^ Schweizer, M.; et al. (Mar 2010). "The evolutionary diversification
of parrots supports a taxon pulse model with multiple trans-oceanic
dispersal events and local radiations". Mol Phylogenet Evol. 54 (3):
984–94. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2009.08.021. PMID 19699808.
An overview of African parrots on wingscentral.org
Grey parrot (or Congo grey parrot) (supporting pages: Alex (parrot)
Timneh parrot (or Timneh grey parrot)]]
Rüppell's parrot (or Rueppell's parrot)