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Psittacinae
Psittacinae
is a subfamily of Afrotropical or Old World parrots; the eleven species are found in two genera. Among the species is the iconic African grey parrot. These parrots are native to sub-Saharan Africa, the island of Madagascar, and the Arabian Peninsula. The Poicephalus
Poicephalus
are usually green birds with different colored heads; the larger Psittacus
Psittacus
are light grey with red tails. African parrots (at least the African grey parrot) have been known in Europe
Europe
since Roman times.[1] The African parrots, unlike their Neotropical cousins, are polyphyletic: Agapornis
Agapornis
of Africa and Madagascar
Madagascar
was found to be the sister group to Loriculus
Loriculus
of Australasia and Indo-Malayasia and together they clustered with the Australasian Loriinae, Cyclopsittacini
Cyclopsittacini
and Melopsittacus. Poicephalus
Poicephalus
and Psittacus
Psittacus
from mainland Africa formed the sister group of the Neotropical Arinae
Arinae
and Coracopsis
Coracopsis
from Madagascar
Madagascar
and adjacent islands may be the closest relative of Psittrichas
Psittrichas
from New Guinea.[2] Taxonomy[edit] This subfamily, together with its sister subfamily Arinae
Arinae
of Neotropical parrots, constitutes the family Psittacidae, one of three families of true parrots. Genus
Genus
Psittacus

Psittacus
Psittacus
erithacus, African grey parrot Psittacus
Psittacus
timneh, Timneh parrot

Genus
Genus
Poicephalus

Poicephalus
Poicephalus
robustus, Cape parrot

Poicephalus
Poicephalus
robustus robustus (nominate subspecies) Poicephalus
Poicephalus
robustus fuscicollis, brown-necked parrot (subspecies) Poicephalus
Poicephalus
robustus suahelicus, grey-headed parrot (subspecies)

Poicephalus
Poicephalus
gulielmi, Jardine's parrot
Jardine's parrot
also known as the red-fronted parrot Poicephalus
Poicephalus
meyeri, Meyer's parrot Poicephalus
Poicephalus
rueppellii, Rüppell's parrot Poicephalus
Poicephalus
cryptoxanthus, brown-headed parrot Poicephalus
Poicephalus
rufiventris, red-bellied parrot Poicephalus
Poicephalus
senegalus, Senegal parrot Poicephalus
Poicephalus
flavifrons, yellow-fronted parrot Poicephalus
Poicephalus
crassus, Niam-Niam parrot

Traditionally, the Coracopsis
Coracopsis
genus (vasa parrots) is included in this subfamily, but recent molecular studies show that they are within a different family. An extinct prehistoric monotypic genus Bavaripsitta has been described. References[edit]

^ Boehrer, Bruce (2010). Parrot
Parrot
Culture: Our 2500-Year-Long Fascination with the World's Most Talkative Bird. U. Penn. Press.  ^ Schweizer, M.; et al. (Mar 2010). "The evolutionary diversification of parrots supports a taxon pulse model with multiple trans-oceanic dispersal events and local radiations". Mol Phylogenet Evol. 54 (3): 984–94. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2009.08.021. PMID 19699808. 

External links[edit]

Taxonomy of Poicephalus
Poicephalus
parrots An overview of African parrots on wingscentral.org

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Subfamily: Psittacinae

Genus

Species

Psittacus

Grey parrot
Grey parrot
(or Congo grey parrot) (supporting pages: Alex (parrot) N'kisi) Timneh parrot
Timneh parrot
(or Timneh grey parrot)]]

Poicephalus

Cape parrot P. fuscicollis Red-fronted parrot Meyer's parrot Rüppell's parrot
Rüppell's parrot
(or Rueppell's parrot) Brown-headed parrot Red-bellied parrot Senegal parrot Yellow-fronted parrot Niam-Niam parrot

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q1074819 EoL: 28

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