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The Info List - Pseudomyrmex



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Apedunculata Enzmann, 1944 Clavanoda Enzmann, 1944 Latinoda Enzmann, 1944 Leptalea Erichson, 1839 Myrmex Guérin-Méneville, 1844 Ornatinoda Enzmann, 1944 Pseudomyrma Guérin-Méneville, 1844 Triangulinoda Enzmann, 1944

PSEUDOMYRMEX is a genus of stinging, wasp-like ants in the subfamily Pseudomyrmecinae
Pseudomyrmecinae
. They are large-eyed, slender ants, found mainly in tropical and subtropical regions of the New World .

CONTENTS

* 1 Distribution and habitat * 2 Species * 3 References * 4 External links

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT

Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
is predominantly Neotropical
Neotropical
in distribution, but a few species are known from the Nearctic region. Most species are generalist twig nesters, for instance, Pseudomyrmex pallidus may nest in the hollow stems of dead grasses, twigs of herbaceous plants , and in dead, woody twigs. However, the genus is best known for several species that are obligate mutualists with certain species of Acacia
Acacia
. Other species have evolved obligate mutualism with other trees; for example Pseudomyrmex triplarinus is obligately dependent on any of a few trees in the genus Triplaris .

SPECIES

* Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
acanthobius (Emery, 1896) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
adustus (Borgmeier, 1929) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
alternans (Santschi, 1936) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
alustratus Ward, 1989 * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
alvarengai Kempf, 1961 * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
antiguanus (Enzmann, 1944) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
antiquus Ward, 1992 * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
apache Creighton, 1953 * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
atripes (Smith, 1860) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
avitus Ward, 1992 * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
baros Ward, 1992 * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
beccarii (Menozzi, 1935) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
boopis (Roger, 1863) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
browni Kempf, 1967 * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
brunneus (Smith, 1877) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
caeciliae (Forel, 1913) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
championi (Forel, 1899) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
cladoicus (Smith, 1858) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
colei (Enzmann, 1944) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
concolor (Smith, 1860) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
coronatus (Wheeler, 1942) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
coruscus Ward, 1992 * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
cretus Ward, 1989 * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
cubaensis (Forel, 1901) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
curacaensis (Forel, 1912) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
dendroicus (Forel, 1904) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
denticollis (Emery, 1890) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
depressus (Forel, 1906) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
distinctus (Smith, 1877) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
duckei (Forel, 1906) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
eduardi (Forel, 1912) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
ejectus (Smith, 1858) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
elongatulus (Dalla Torre, 1892) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
elongatus (Mayr, 1870) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
endophytus (Forel, 1912) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
ethicus (Forel, 1911) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
euryblemma (Forel, 1899) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
excisus (Mayr, 1870) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
extinctus (Carpenter, 1930) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
faber (Smith, 1858) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
ferrugineus (Smith, 1877) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
fervidus (Smith, 1877) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
fiebrigi (Forel, 1908) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
filiformis (Fabricius, 1804) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
flavicornis (Smith, 1877) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
flavidulus (Smith, 1858) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
gebellii (Forel, 1899) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
gibbinotus (Forel, 1908) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
godmani (Forel, 1899) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
goeldii (Forel, 1912) * Pseudomyrmex gracilis (Fabricius, 1804) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
haytianus (Forel, 1901) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
hesperius Ward, 1993 * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
holmgreni (Wheeler, 1925) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
incurrens (Forel, 1912) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
ita (Forel, 1906) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
janzeni Ward, 1993 * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
kuenckeli (Emery, 1890) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
laevifrons Ward, 1989 * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
laevigatus (Smith, 1877) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
laevivertex (Forel, 1906) * Pseudomyrmex leptosus Ward, 1985 * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
lynceus (Spinola, 1851) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
macrops Ward, 1992 * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
maculatus (Smith, 1855) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
major (Forel, 1899) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
malignus (Wheeler, 1921) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
mandibularis (Spinola, 1851) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
mixtecus Ward, 1993 * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
monochrous (Dalla Torre, 1892) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
nexilis Ward, 1992 * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
niger (Donisthorpe, 1940) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
nigrescens (Forel, 1904) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
nigrocinctus (Emery, 1890) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
nigropilosus (Emery, 1890) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
oculatus (Smith, 1855) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
oki (Forel, 1906) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
opaciceps Ward, 1993 * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
opacior (Forel, 1904) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
oryctus Ward, 1992 * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
osurus (Forel, 1911) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
pallens (Mayr, 1870) * Pseudomyrmex pallidus (Smith, 1855) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
particeps Ward, 1993 * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
pazosi (Santschi, 1909) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
peperi (Forel, 1913) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
perboscii (Guerin-Meneville, 1844) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
peruvianus (Wheeler, 1925) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
phyllophilus (Smith, 1858) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
pictus (Stitz, 1913) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
pisinnus Ward, 1989 * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
prioris Ward, 1992 * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
pupa (Forel, 1911) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
reconditus Ward, 1993 * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
rochai (Forel, 1912) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
rufiventris (Forel, 1911) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
rufomedius (Smith, 1877) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
salvini (Forel, 1899) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
santschii (Enzmann, 1944) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
satanicus (Wheeler, 1942) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
schuppi (Forel, 1901) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
seminole Ward, 1985 * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
sericeus (Mayr, 1870) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
simplex (Smith, 1877) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
simulans Kempf, 1958 * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
solisi (Santschi, 1916) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
spiculus Ward, 1989 * Pseudomyrmex spinicola (Emery, 1890) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
squamifer (Emery, 1890) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
subater (Wheeler, 1914) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
subtilissimus (Emery, 1890) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
succinus Ward, 1992 * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
tachigaliae (Forel, 1904) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
tenuis (Fabricius, 1804) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
tenuissimus (Emery, 1906) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
terminalis (Smith, 1877) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
termitarius (Smith, 1855) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
thecolor Ward, 1992 * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
triplaridis (Forel, 1904) * Pseudomyrmex triplarinus (Weddell, 1850) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
unicolor (Smith, 1855) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
urbanus (Smith, 1877) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
veneficus (Wheeler, 1942) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
venustus (Smith, 1858) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
vicinus Ward, 1992 * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
viduus (Smith, 1858) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
villosus Ward, 1989 * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
voytowskii (Enzmann, 1944) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
weberi (Enzmann, 1944) * Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
wheeleri (Enzmann, 1944)

REFERENCES

* ^ "Genus: Pseudomyrmex". antweb.org. AntWeb . Retrieved 11 October 2013. * ^ Bolton, B. (2014). "Pseudomyrmex". AntCat. Retrieved 3 July 2014. * ^ Ward, P. S. (1990). "The ant subfamily Pseudomyrmecinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): Generic revision and relationship to other formicids". Systematic Entomology . 15 (4): 449–489. doi :10.1111/j.1365-3113.1990.tb00077.x . * ^ A B Phillip S. Ward (1985). "The Neartic species of the genus Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex
(Hymenoptera: Formicidae)". Quaestiones Entomologicae . 21: 209–246. * ^ Gómez-Acevedo, Sandra; Rico-Arce, Lourdes; Delgado-Salinas, Alfonso; Magallón, Susana; Eguiarte, Luis E. Neotropical
Neotropical
mutualism between Acacia
Acacia
and Pseudomyrmex: Phylogeny and divergence times. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 56 (2010) 393–408 * ^ Larrea-Alcázar, D. M. and J. A. Simonetti. (2007). Why are there few seedlings beneath the myrmecophyte Triplaris americana?. Acta Oecologica 32(1) 112-18. * ^ Ward, Philip S. (1 August 1999). "Systematics, biogeography and host plant associations of the Pseudomyrmex