Przysucha [pʂɨˈsuxa] is a town in Poland. Located in historic
Lesser Poland, it is part of the Masovian Voivodeship, about
100 km southwest of
Warsaw and 40 km west of Radom. It is
the capital of
Przysucha County, and the town 6,762 inhabitants
(2004). Its name in
Yiddish is פשיסחא or פשיסכא
(pronounced: Pshiskhe). In the past, it was home to a number of
Hasidic Rabbis, such as The Holy Jew and Simcha Bunim of Peshischa.
Przysucha is located on the
Radomka river, along national road nr. 12
(which in the future will make Expressway S12). Rail station Przysucha
is located in the village of Skrzyńsko, on the line from
First mention of Przesucha, as it was known then, comes from 1415. In
the early 16th century, the village belonged to the Morsztyn family.
Przysucha had a public house, a watermill, and a forge, and it
belonged to the parish of Skrzyńsko. On December 11, 1710, upon a
royal privillege, issued by King Augustus II the Strong, artisans were
allowed to settle in the town, and a weekly market was established.
Later on, two markets a week were permitted, and a manufactory was
opened in town, along the
German artisans from
Saxony founded in the early 18th
century a settlement called Czermno, which today is part of Przysucha.
Przysucha itself, the number of Jews rapidly grew. At that time,
the town was a major center of Hasidism. In 1777,
Przysucha had 39
German, 85 Jewish, and 29 Polish houses. The town was divided into
three parts - Germans lived in Czermno, Jews in Przysucha, and Poles -
Przysucha also was one of centers of early industry. In
the late 18th century, it had a blast furnace, a sawmill, and a paper
mill. Since its origins to 1795
Przysucha belonged to Sandomierz
After the Partitions of Poland, the period of prosperity ended.
Przysucha remained a private town, and its industry was obsolete. In
1870, Tsarist authorities deprived
Przysucha of its town rights. Jews
still made a significant part of the population, in 1939, out of 4850
residents, 2980 were Jewish.
During World War II,
Przysucha was bombed on September 6, 1939, when
70 houses were destroyed. Later on, Germans opened a ghetto there,
with more than 5,000 Jews. Most of them were murdered at Treblinka
Underground resistance was very strong in
Przysucha and the county.
Numerous skirmishes took place, on September 6, 1944, Germans lost 140
soldiers, and 230 were wounded in a battle near the village of
Stefanów. Soviet troops entered the town on January 17, 1945.
Immediately after the war,
Przysucha had 1,500 inhabitants. In 1956 it
became the seat of a county, and two years later it regained its town
rights. During Communist times, several enterprises were opened there
- clay mine, ceramics factory, fruit and vegetable processor.
Among points of interest are:
classicist parish church (1780-1786),
19th century houses,
Dembiński Manor House - currently a museum,
monument of Polish soldiers in a town square.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Przysucha.
Przysucha local government webpage
Przysucha on the map, via www.pilot.pl
Jewish Community in
Przysucha on Virtual Shtetl
Coordinates: 51°22′N 20°37′E / 51.367°N 20.617°E /
Town and seat