Prydain (Middle Welsh: Prydein) is the modern Welsh name for Britain.
2 In popular culture
4 See also
Prydain is the medieval Welsh term for the island of Britain (the name
Albion was not used by the Welsh). More specifically,
refer to the Brittonic parts of the island; that is, the parts south
of Caledonia. This distinction appears to derive from Roman times,
when the island was divided into
Roman Britain to the south and the
land of the
Caledonians to the North. The peoples north of the Roman
borders eventually came to be known as the
Picts (Welsh: Brithwyr);
the Welsh term for Pictland was Prydyn, which caused some confusion in
the texts with Prydain.
Middle Welsh texts, the related term Ynys Prydein (Island of
Britain), or Ynys Brydein, can also refer to the island (ynys) itself
but more often is a name for the Brittonic territories south of
Caledonia. It is in this context that the name of the collection of
traditional material arranged in triads known as Trioedd Ynys Prydein
should be understood. In modern Welsh ynys means 'island', but in
Middle Welsh it can also mean 'land' or 'realm' (cf. Latin insula).
There are numerous other instances of the term
Prydain in medieval
Welsh texts. One of the best known is found in the title of the 10th
century vaticinatory poem
Armes Prydein ('The Prophecy of
In popular culture
Prydain is also used by Lloyd Alexander as the name for the realm in
which his book series
The Chronicles of Prydain
The Chronicles of Prydain takes place.
^ Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru, vol. IV, p. 3819.
^ Ifor Williams (ed.),
Armes Prydein (University of
^ McNary, Dave. "'Chronicles of Prydain' Movie in the Works at Disney
(EXCLUSIVE)", Variety, 17 March 2016. Retrieved on 30 April 2017.
History of Wales
Trioedd Ynys Prydein
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