Turkmenistan is divided into five regions or welayatlar (singular welayat) and one capital city district (şäher).

Turkmenistan is divided into 5 provinces – Ahal, Balkan, Dashoguz, Lebap and Mary. Each province is divided into districts. There are 50 districts, 24 towns, including 15 towns district-wide, 76 villages and 553 rural councils (rural municipal units) and 1903 rural settlements in Turkmenistan.[1]

The capital city of Turkmenistan is Ashgabat, which is an administrative and territorial unit with province-wide powers (velayat). Ashgabat consists of 6 districts (etraps): Bagtyyarlyk district, Berkararlyk district, Kopetdag district, Archabil district, Abadan district and Rukhabat district.[2]

Division ISO 3166-2 Capital city Area[3] Pop (2001)[4] Key
Ashgabat TM-S Ashgabat 260 km2 (100 sq mi) 730,000
Ahal Region TM-A Anau 97,260 km2 (37,550 sq mi) 785,800 1
Balkan Region TM-B Balkanabat  139,300 km2 (53,800 sq mi) 479,500 2
Daşoguz Region TM-D Daşoguz 73,400 km2 (28,300 sq mi) 1,196,700 3
Lebap Region TM-L Türkmenabat 93,700 km2 (36,200 sq mi) 1,160,300 4
Mary Region TM-M Mary 87,200 km2 (33,700 sq mi) 1,287,700 5

The heads of the regions (Turkmen: hyakim, "the leader") are appointed by the President of Turkmenistan (Constitution of Turkmenistan, Articles 80-81).

See also


  1. ^ "Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan". www.mfa.gov.tm. Retrieved 2017-04-23. 
  2. ^ "Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan". www.mfa.gov.tm. Retrieved 2017-04-23. 
  3. ^ Passport of Turkmenistan 1998, National Institute of Statistics and Forecasting of Turkmenistan, Ashgabat, 1998 (in Russian).
  4. ^ Social-economic situation of Turkmenistan in 2001, National Institute of State Statistics and Information of Turkmenistan, Ashgabat, 2002, pp. 68-69 (in Russian).