Jaén (Spanish pronunciation: [xaˈen]) is a province of southern Spain, in the eastern part of the autonomous community of Andalusia. It is bordered by the provinces of Ciudad Real, Albacete, Granada and Córdoba. Its capital is Jaén city.
Its area is 13,484 km². Its population is 657,387 (2003), of whom just about one-sixth live in the capital. It contains 97 municipalities. The highest point of the province is Pico Mágina (2165 m).
One of the lesser known provinces of Spain compared to the heavily tourist-oriented coast, it has four national parks, and many other protected natural areas. The province also contains two Renaissance cities, Úbeda and Baeza, both recently declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
Jaén province is the largest producer of olive oil in the world. It produces around 45% of all Spanish production and 20% of world's production. For this reason the province is also known as World Capital of Olive Oil. There are more than 66 million of olive trees, spread over a surface of 550,000 hectares. The province alone produces more olive oil than the entire country of Italy. The province's production in 2013 was 749.387 t of olive oil.
View of a olive trees field, at the north of Jaén
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