The Province of Georgia (also Georgia Colony) was one of the
1 Foundation 2 Development of the colony 3 Revolutionary War period and beyond 4 See also 5 References 6 Further reading 7 External links
Foundation Main article: Trustee Georgia Oglethorpe's original plan had called for Georgia to be established as a safe home for those who had been imprisoned as debtors. The following is an historical accounting of these first English settlers sent to Georgia:
"A committee was appointed to visit the jails and obtain the discharge of such poor prisoners as were worthy, carefully investigating character, circumstances and antecedents." "Thirty-five families, numbering one hundred and twenty persons, were selected." "On the 16th of November, 1732, the emigrants embarked at Gravesend on the ship Anne ... arriving January 13th  in the harbor of Charleston, S. C. ..." "They set sail the day following ... into Port Royal, some eighty miles southward, to be conveyed in small vessels to the river Savannah."
Oglethorpe continued up the river to scout a location suitable for settlement. On February 12, 1733, Oglethorpe led the settlers to their arrival at Yamacraw Bluff, in what is now the city of Savannah, and established a camp with the help of a local elderly Creek chief, Tomochichi. A Yamacraw Indian village had occupied the site, but Oglethorpe arranged for the Indians to move. The day is still celebrated as Georgia Day. The original charter specified the colony as being between the Savannah and Altamaha Rivers, up to their headwaters (the headwaters of the Altamaha are on the Ocmulgee River), and then extending westward "to the south seas." The area within the charter had previously been part of the original grant of the Province of Carolina, which was closely linked to Georgia. Development of the colony
Savannah colony, 18th century
The Privy Council approved the establishment charter on June 9, 1732,
and for the next two decades the council of trustees governed the
province, with the aid of annual subsidies from Parliament. However,
after many difficulties and the departure of Oglethorpe, the trustees
proved unable to manage the proprietary colony, and on June 23, 1752,
they submitted a deed of reconveyance to the crown, one year before
the expiration of the charter. On January 7, 1755, Georgia officially
ceased to be a proprietary colony and became a crown colony.
From 1732 until 1758, the minor civil divisions were districts and
towns. In 1758, without Indian permission, the
Province of Georgia
Part of a series on the
History of the State of Georgia
Pre-Columbian European Exploration Colonial Georgia American Revolution Antebellum Period American Civil War Reconstruction Postbellum Economic Growth Agrarian Unrest and Disfranchisement Progressive Era Civil Rights Movement Sun Belt growth and the New Right
v t e
Georgia Experiment Georgia cracker History of Georgia (U.S. state) List of colonial governors of Georgia Oglethorpe Plan Thirteen Colonies
^ a b c "Charter of Georgia: 1732". Avalon Law. Lillian Goldman Law
Library, Yale Law School. 2008. Archived from the original on October
22, 2008. Retrieved 23 February 2016. All which lands, countries,
territories and premises, hereby granted or mentioned, and intended to
be granted, we do by these presents, make, erect and create one
independent and separate province, by the name of Georgia, by which
name we will, the same henceforth be called.
^ "Charter of Georgia : 1732". avalon.law.yale.edu. Lillian
Goldman Law Library. Archived from the original on October 22, 2008.
...[from] the Savannah [to] the Alatamaha sic, and westerly from the
heads of the said rivers respectively, in direct lines to the south
^ "Royal Charter of the Colony of Georgia". Trustees, Colony of
Georgia, RG 49-2-18. Georgia Archives. Retrieved 18 May 2016.
^ Sweet, Julie Anne (2010). "That Cursed Evil Rum": The Trustees'
Prohibition Policy in Colonial Georgia". Georgia Historical Quarterly.
94 (1): 1–29. Retrieved 14 February 2018.
^ Cooper, Harriet Cornelia (January 1, 1904). "James Oglethorpe: The
Founder of Georgia". D. Appleton – via Google Books.
^ a b Cooper, Harriet Cornelia (January 1, 1904). "James Oglethorpe:
The Founder of Georgia". D. Appleton – via Google Books.
^ georgiainfo.galileo.usg.edu "1758 Act Dividing Georgia into
^ "GeorgiaInfo". georgiainfo.galileo.usg.edu. Retrieved
^ Force, Peter. "Tracts and other papers relating principally to the
origin, settlement, and progress of the colonies in North America from
the discovery of the country to the year 1776" (Web). American Memory.
Retrieved 28 September 2013.
^ Lannen, Andrew C. (2017). "Liberty and Slavery in Colonial America:
The Case of Georgia, 1732-1770". Historian. 79 (1): 32–55.
doi:10.1111/hisn.12420. Retrieved 20 February 2018.
^ "History of the
Coleman, Kenneth (1976). Colonial Georgia: A History. Scribner. ISBN 0-684-14555-3. Hawke, David F. (1966). The Colonial Experience. Bobbs-Merrill Company. ISBN 0-02-351830-8. McIlvenna, Noeleen (2015). The Short Life of Free Georgia. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press. Reese, Trevor Richard (1963). Colonial Georgia : a study in British imperial policy in the eighteenth century. Athens: University of Georgia Press. ISBN 9780820335537. Retrieved 20 February 2018.
LOC: Establishing the Georgia Colony 1732–1750 Carl Vinson Institute of Government, University of Georgia: Georgia History Sir John Percival papers, also called: The Egmont Papers, 1732–1745. University of Georgia Hargrett Library. Diary of Viscount Percival afterwards first Earl of Egmont. University of Georgia Hargrett Library. Charter of Georgia from the Avalon Project Royal Charter for the Colony of Georgia, 09 June 1732 from the collection of the Georgia Archives. Original Grantees of the Colony of Georgia, 21 December 1733 from the collection of the Georgia Archives. 1758 Act Dividing Georgia into Parishes Colonial Will Books, 1754-1779 from the Georgia Archives
v t e
New England Colonies Middle Colonies Chesapeake Colonies Southern Colonies
Connecticut Delaware Georgia Maryland Massachusetts Bay New Hampshire New Jersey New York North Carolina Pennsylvania Rhode Island and Providence Plantations South Carolina Virginia
Early English colonial entities
Carolina East Jersey Maine New England New Haven Plymouth Saybrook West Jersey
v t e
Legend Current territory Former territory * Now a Commonwealth realm Now a member of the Commonwealth of Nations Historical flags of the British Empire
1542–1800 Ireland (integrated into UK) 1708–1757, 1763–1782 and 1798–1802 Minorca Since 1713 Gibraltar 1800–1813 Malta (Protectorate) 1813–1964 Malta (Colony) 1807–1890 Heligoland 1809–1864 Ionian Islands 1878–1960 Cyprus 1921–1937 Irish Free State
17th century and before 18th century 19th and 20th century
1579 New Albion 1583–1907 Newfoundland 1605–1979 *Saint Lucia 1607–1776 Virginia Since 1619 Bermuda 1620–1691 Plymouth 1623–1883 Saint Kitts 1624–1966 *Barbados 1625–1650 Saint Croix 1627–1979 *Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1628–1883 Nevis 1629–1691 Massachusetts Bay 1632–1776 Maryland since 1632 Montserrat 1632–1860 Antigua 1635–1644 Saybrook 1636–1776 Connecticut 1636–1776 Rhode Island 1637–1662 New Haven
1643–1860 Bay Islands Since 1650 Anguilla 1655–1850 Mosquito Coast 1655–1962 *Jamaica 1663–1712 Carolina 1664–1776 New York 1665–1674 and 1702–1776 New Jersey Since 1666 Virgin Islands Since 1670 Cayman Islands 1670–1973 *Bahamas 1670–1870 Rupert's Land 1671–1816 Leeward Islands 1674–1702 East Jersey 1674–1702 West Jersey 1680–1776 New Hampshire 1681–1776 Pennsylvania 1686–1689 New England 1691–1776 Massachusetts Bay
1701–1776 Delaware 1712–1776 North Carolina 1712–1776 South Carolina 1713–1867 Nova Scotia 1733–1776 Georgia 1754–1820 Cape Breton Island 1762–1974 *Grenada 1763–1978 Dominica 1763–1873 Prince Edward Island 1763–1791 Quebec 1763–1783 East Florida 1763–1783 West Florida 1784–1867 New Brunswick 1791–1841 Lower Canada 1791–1841 Upper Canada Since 1799 Turks and Caicos Islands
1818–1846 Columbia District/Oregon Country1
1833–1960 Windward Islands
1833–1960 Leeward Islands
1849–1866 Vancouver Island
1853–1863 Queen Charlotte Islands
1858–1866 British Columbia
1859–1870 North-Western Territory
1. Occupied jointly with the United States. 2. In 1931, Canada and other British dominions obtained self-government through the Statute of Westminster. See Name of Canada. 3. Gave up self-rule in 1934, but remained a de jure Dominion until it joined Canada in 1949.
1631–1641 Providence Island 1651–1667 Willoughbyland 1670–1688 Saint Andrew and Providence Islands4 1831–1966 Guiana Since 1833 Falkland Islands5 Since 1908 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands5
4. Now a department of Colombia.
5. Occupied by Argentina during the
17th and 18th centuries 19th century 20th century
Since 1658 Saint Helena14 1792–1961 Sierra Leone 1795–1803 Cape Colony
Since 1815 Ascension Island14 Since 1816 Tristan da Cunha14 1806–1910 Cape of Good Hope 1807–1808 Madeira 1810–1968 Mauritius 1816–1965 The Gambia 1856–1910 Natal 1862–1906 Lagos 1868–1966 Basutoland 1874–1957 Gold Coast 1882–1922 Egypt
1884–1900 Niger Coast 1884–1966 Bechuanaland 1884–1960 Somaliland 1887–1897 Zululand 1890–1962 Uganda 1890–1963 Zanzibar 1891–1964 Nyasaland 1891–1907 Central Africa 1893–1968 Swaziland 1895–1920 East Africa 1899–1956 Sudan
1900–1914 Northern Nigeria 1900–1914 Southern Nigeria 1900–1910 Orange River 1900–1910 Transvaal 1903–1976 Seychelles 1910–1931 South Africa 1914–1960 Nigeria 1915–1931 South-West Africa 1919–1961 Cameroons6 1920–1963 Kenya 1922–1961 Tanganyika6 1923–1965 and 1979–1980 Southern Rhodesia7 1924–1964 Northern Rhodesia
6. League of Nations mandate.
17th and 18th century 19th century 20th century
1685–1824 Bencoolen 1702–1705 Pulo Condore 1757–1947 Bengal 1762–1764 Manila and Cavite 1781–1784 and 1795–1819 Padang 1786–1946 Penang 1795–1948 Ceylon 1796–1965 Maldives
1811–1816 Java 1812–1824 Banka and Billiton 1819–1826 Malaya 1824–1948 Burma 1826–1946 Straits Settlements 1839–1967 Aden 1839–1842 Afghanistan 1841–1997 Hong Kong 1841–1946 Sarawak 1848–1946 Labuan 1858–1947 India 1874–1963 Borneo
1879–1919 Afghanistan (protectorate) 1882–1963 North Borneo 1885–1946 Unfederated Malay States 1888–1984 Brunei 1891–1971 Muscat and Oman 1892–1971 Trucial States 1895–1946 Federated Malay States 1898–1930 Weihai 1878–1960 Cyprus
1907–1949 Bhutan (protectorate)
1945–1946 South Vietnam
1946–1963 North Borneo
1946–1948 Malayan Union
1948–1957 Federation of Malaya
Akrotiri and Dhekelia
8 League of Nations mandate. Iraq's mandate was not enacted and replaced by the Anglo-Iraqi Treaty
18th and 19th centuries 20th century
1788–1901 New South Wales 1803–1901 Van Diemen's Land/Tasmania 1807–1863 Auckland Islands9 1824–1980 New Hebrides 1824–1901 Queensland 1829–1901 Swan River/Western Australia 1836–1901 South Australia since 1838 Pitcairn Islands
1841–1907 New Zealand 1851–1901 Victoria 1874–1970 Fiji10 1877–1976 Western Pacific Territories 1884–1949 Papua 1888–1901 Rarotonga/Cook Islands9 1889–1948 Union Islands9 1892–1979 Gilbert and Ellice Islands11 1893–1978 Solomon Islands12
1900–1970 Tonga 1900–1974 Niue9 1901–1942 *Australia 1907–1947 *New Zealand 1919–1942 and 1945–1968 Nauru 1919–1949 New Guinea 1949–1975 Papua and New Guinea13
9. Now part of the *Realm of New Zealand.
10. Suspended member.
Antarctica and South Atlantic
Since 1658 Saint Helena14
Since 1815 Ascension Island14
Since 1816 Tristan da Cunha14
Since 1908 British Antarctic Territory15
Australian Antarctic Territory
14. Since 2009 part of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da