This is a list of the nationally protected areas of China. There are many forms of protected areas in China. Based on their relative importance, each type of protected area can be further graded into two to three levels (national, provincial and prefectural/county level). Nevertheless, the highest rank for "pocket nature reserve" (social and mass-based), "no-hunting area", "no-fishing area", "no-logging area", "wild medicinal material resources conservation area", "crop germplasm resources conservation area", "forest tree germplasm resources conservation area" or "source water protection area" is practically restricted to provincial level. The local government at county level is also responsible for the delimitation and declaration of "basic farmland protection area" and "basic grassland". Qinling National Botanical Garden, said to be the world's largest (639 km2), was opened (Phase 1) to the public on September 27, 2017.

Take note that many protected areas in China have multiple official designations, and the statutory boundaries of these multi-designated PAs may be identical or may vary one from the other. For instance, the boundaries of Huangshan NP coincide with those of the Huangshan NGP, whereas Fujian province's Wuyi Mountains NNR, NP and NFP are adjacent to each other. In Heilongjiang, 27,642.14 hectares out of 115,340.27 hectares of Huzhong NFP are intersected with the experiment zone of Huzhong NNR.

National Nature Reserves of China

National Parks of China

  • Ratified by: State Council
  • Number of NPs (unit): 244 (as at March 21, 2017)
  • Area of NPs (10,000 km²): 10.36 (as of 2013)
  • Total Number of Parks (national + provincial) (unit): 962 (as of 2013)
  • Area of Parks (national + provincial) (10,000 km²): 19.56 (as of 2013)
  • Percentage of Parks (national + provincial) in the Land Area (%): 2.03 (as of 2013)

"National Park" (ministry level)

State Key Protected Fossils' Concentration Origins of China

National Typical Earthquake Sites of China

†: The official name is yet to be verified.

National Geoparks of China

†: From May 23, 2009 onwards, the approval process for awarding the NGP qualifications and naming the NGPs are treated separately by the Ministry. Each NGP-prequalified unit is required to complete a site development within the three-year time limit before gaining formal status as a NGP.

††: current status unknown.

National Mining Parks of China

National Ecoparks of China

National Forest Parks of China

National Wood (Flower) Parks of China

State Key Parks of China

National Urban Wetland Parks of China

National Wetland Parks of China

National Water Parks of China

National Desert (Rocky Desert) Parks of China

Note: The above-mentioned "desert" generally refers to "sandy desert", unless otherwise noted.

National Closed Sandified Land Protected Areas of China

National Special Marine Protected Areas (Marine Parks) of China

+1/+2/+3/+4/+5: one identical institution under two different names.

+i: partially overlapped.

National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Areas of China