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The Info List - Prosthechea Cochleata



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PROSTHECHEA COCHLEATA, formerly known as ENCYCLIA COCHLEATA, ANACHEILIUM COCHLEATUM, and EPIDENDRUM COCHLEATUM and commonly referred to as the CLAMSHELL ORCHID or COCKLESHELL ORCHID, is an epiphytic , sympodial New World orchid native to Central America , the West Indies
West Indies
, Colombia
Colombia
, Venezuela
Venezuela
, and southern Florida
Florida
.

Each oblong discoid pseudobulb bears one or two linear nonsucculent leaves. The flowers are unusual in that though the labellum is usually below the column in the orchids, in the members of Prosthechea
Prosthechea
the labellum forms a "hood" over the column. This makes the flower effectively upside down, or non-resupinate . Whereas the species usually has one anther , Prosthechea
Prosthechea
cochleata var. triandra is an endangered variety that has three anthers and is autogamous , allowing its existence in Florida
Florida
where no appropriate pollinators appear to be present.

P. cochleata is common in cultivation, and is valued for its uniquely shaped and long-lasting flowers on continually growing racemes . Several hybrids have been produced with this species, including the popular Prosthechea
Prosthechea
Green Hornet. (still often listed as Encyclia Green Hornet)

Prosthechea
Prosthechea
cochleata is the national flower of Belize , where it is known as the BLACK ORCHID.

REFERENCES

* ^ " Prosthechea
Prosthechea
cochleata". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA . Retrieved 14 October 2015. * ^ Encyclia cochleata * ^