Prosthechea cochleata, formerly known as Encyclia cochleata,
Anacheilium cochleatum, and Epidendrum cochleatum and commonly
referred to as the clamshell orchid or cockleshell orchid, is an
epiphytic, sympodial New World orchid native to Central America, the
West Indies, Colombia, Venezuela, and southern Florida.
Each oblong discoid pseudobulb bears one or two linear nonsucculent
leaves. The flowers are unusual in that though the labellum is usually
below the column in the orchids, in the members of
labellum forms a "hood" over the column. This makes the flower
effectively upside down, or non-resupinate. Whereas the species
usually has one anther,
Prosthechea cochleata var. triandra is an
endangered variety that has three anthers and is autogamous, allowing
its existence in
Florida where no appropriate pollinators appear to be
P. cochleata is common in cultivation, and is valued for its uniquely
shaped and long-lasting flowers on continually growing racemes.
Several hybrids have been produced with this species, including the
Prosthechea Green Hornet. (still often listed as Encyclia
Prosthechea cochleata is the national flower of Belize, where it is
known as the black orchid.
Prosthechea cochleata". Natural Resources Conservation Service
PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
^ Encyclia cochleata
Prosthechea cochleata var. triandra in
Flora of North America @
Prosthechea Green Hornet at Royal Horticultural Society Orchid
^ "National Symbols". Government of Belize. Archived from the original
on 2007-10-12. Retrieved 2008-04-06.
Encyclia Cochleata (Photos).
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Plant List: kew-165818
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