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The Info List - Prosopis Cineraria



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Adenanthera aculeata Roxb. Mimosa
Mimosa
cineraria L. Prosopis
Prosopis
spicigera L. Prosopis
Prosopis
spicata Burm.

PROSOPIS CINERARIA is a species of flowering tree in the pea family, Fabaceae
Fabaceae
. It is native to arid portions of Western Asia
Western Asia
and the Indian Subcontinent
Indian Subcontinent
, including Afghanistan, Iran, India, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. It is an established introduced species in parts of Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
, including Indonesia
Indonesia
.

It is the state tree of Rajasthan
Rajasthan
and Telangana
Telangana
in India. A large and well-known example of the species is the Tree
Tree
of Life in Bahrain – approximately 400 years old and growing in a desert devoid of any obvious sources of water.

It is also the national tree of the United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates
. Through the Give a Ghaf campaign its citizens are urged to plant it in their gardens to combat desertification and to preserve their country's heritage.

CONTENTS

* 1 Description * 2 Religious significance * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links

DESCRIPTION

Prosopis
Prosopis
cineraria Branch

P. cineraria is a small tree, ranging in height from 3–5 m (9.8–16.4 ft). Leaves are bipinnate, with seven to fourteen leaflets on each of one to three pinnae. Branches are thorned along the internodes. Flowers are small and creamy-yellow, and followed by seeds in pods. The tree is found in extremely arid conditions, with rainfall as low as 15 cm (5.9 in) annually; but is indicative of the presence of a deep water table. As with some other Prosopis
Prosopis
spp., P. cineraria has demonstrated a tolerance of highly alkaline and saline environments.

RELIGIOUS SIGNIFICANCE

This tree is a highly revered tree among hindus and worshipped as part of Dasara festival. This tree takes importance during tenth day of Dasara Festival when its worshipped in various parts of India. Historically among Rajputs, the Rana's who were the high priest and the king used to do the worship and then they used to liberate a jay which was considered the sacred bird of Lord Rama. In the deccan, as part of the tenth day ritual of Dasara, the marathas used to shoot arrows on to the leaf of the tree and gather the falling leaf into their turbans as a custom. In Karnataka, Acacia ferruginea has also been locally referred to as Banni mara in place of the accepted Khejri tree and its also erroneously accepted as the tree where according to the mythology the Pandavas hid their weapons during exile. There are also some unconfirmed references which consider Acacia ferruginea as the tree which is revered and worshipped on Vijay-Dashami day. However as per historical references, Prosopis
Prosopis
cineraria is the tree which is known as the Banni mara and is also the tree which holds a special place in the Mysore Dasara where its worshipped on the Vijay-dashami day. In the Mahabharata, the Pandavas are known to have spent their thirteenth year of exile in disguise in the kingdom of Virata. Before going to Virata, they are known to have hung their celestial weapons in this tree for safe keeping for a year. When they returned after a year, they found their weapons safe in the branches of the Shami tree. Before taking the weapons, they worshipped the tree and thanked it for keeping their weapons safe.

SEE ALSO

* Trees portal

* Arid
Arid
Forest Research Institute (AFRI)

REFERENCES

* ^ A B C " Prosopis
Prosopis
cineraria (L.) Druce". Catalogue of Life. Integrated Taxonomic Information System and Species2000. 2012-03-15. Retrieved 2012-03-21. * ^ " Prosopis
Prosopis
cineraria (L.) Druce". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2006-01-27. Retrieved 2009-12-31. * ^ Philp, Myra (17 June 2013). "UAE groups help to save ghaf trees on UN \'Combat Desertification Day\'". 7DAYS in Dubai. Al Sidra Media. Retrieved 11 September 2013. * ^ " Prosopis
Prosopis
cineraria (L.) Druce". Tropical Forages. Centre for International Agriculture Research and Food and Agriculture Agency. 2005. Retrieved 2012-03-21. * ^ S.M, Edwardes; S.M, Edwards (March 1922). "Tree-Worship in India". Empire Forestry Journal. 1 (1): 85. * ^ W, Crooke (1915). "The Dasahra: An Autumn Festival of Hindus". Folklore. 26 (1): 29–30. doi :10.1080/0015587X.1915.9719701 . * ^ A B C Gandhi, Maneka; Singh, Yasmeen (1989). Brahma's hair - Mythology of indian plants. New Delhi: Rupa & co. pp. 29–32. ISBN 81-7167-005-9 . * ^ W, Crooke (1915). "The Dasahra: An Autumn Festival of Hindus". Folklore. 26 (1): 36–37. doi :10.1080/0015587X.1915.9719701 . * ^ Babu NM, Ganesh. " Tree
Tree
that hid pandavas’ weapons when they were in exile". The New Indian Express. * ^ S.G, Neginhal (2011). Forest Trees of the Western Ghats. S.G Neginhal. p. 133. ISBN 9789350671733 . * ^ A B C S Sivapriyananda (1995). Mysore Royal Dasara. Abhinav Publications. pp. 51, 55. * ^ A B L., Krishna Anantha Krishna Iyer (Diwan Bahadur); Nanjundayya, Hebbalalu Velpanuru (Diwan Bahadur); H.V, Nanjundayya (1935). The Mysore tribes and castes. Pub. under the auspices of the Mysore University. p. 68. * ^ A B Fuller, Christopher John (2004). The Camphor Flame: Popular Hinduism and Society in India. Princeton University Press. p. 121. ISBN 069112048X . * ^ Claus, Peter; Diamond, Sarah; Mills, Margaret (2003). South Asian Folklore: An Encyclopedia ( Special
Special
-Reference). p. 536. ISBN 0415939194 . * ^ A B Parsons, Constance (1930). Mysore City (PDF). Humphery Milford Oxford University Press. p. 184. * ^ "The Quarterly Journal of the Mythic Society". Mythic Society. 32 (1): 309. 1941. * ^ A B C Milton, Lawrence. "Why Dasara procession culminates at Bannimantap". Times of India. * ^ A B Thurston, Edgar; K, Rangachari (1909). Castes and Tribes of Southern India. p. 147. * ^ Smaranananda, Swami (2001). Prabuddha Bharata: Or Awakened India. Volume 106. p. 49. * ^ A B Bharata, Prabuddha. "Mysore Dasara - A Living Tradition". web.archive.org. * ^ Krishna, Nanditha; M, Amirthalingam (2014). Sacred Plants of India (first ed.). Penguin books india 2014. pp. 171–175. ISBN 9780143066262 .

EXTERNAL