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v t e

The Propaganda Movement
Propaganda Movement
was a period of time when native Filipinos were calling for reforms, lasting approximately from 1880 to 1886 [1] with the most activity between 1880 and 1895.[2] The word "propaganda" in English has acquired a pejorative connotation that is absent from the original Latin word. One can see its true meaning in the Roman institution called "Congregatio de propaganda fide" - the Secretariate for the Spread of the Faith (or, as the modern translation has it, For the Evangelization of Peoples). It was in the latter sense that the word was used by the Filipino group that sent Marcelo H. del Pilar
Marcelo H. del Pilar
to Spain
Spain
to continue the "propaganda" on behalf of the Philippines. It was essentially a campaign of information, as well as a bid for sympathy. Dr. Domingo Abella, the learned Director of the National Archives, has made the suggestion that the so-called Propaganda Movement
Propaganda Movement
was misnamed. It should have been called the Counterpropaganda Movement because its essential task was to counteract the campaign of misinformation that certain Spanish groups were disseminating in Spain
Spain
and later in Rome.[3] Prominent members included José Rizal, author of Noli Me Tangere (novel) and El Filibusterismo, Graciano López Jaena, publisher of La Solidaridad, the movement's principal organ, Mariano Ponce, the organization's secretary[4] and Marcelo H. del Pilar. Specifically, the Propagandists aims were the following:

Representation of the Philippines
Philippines
in the Cortes Generales, the Spanish parliament Secularization
Secularization
of the clergy Legalization of Spanish and Filipino equality Creation of a public school system independent of Catholic friars Abolition of polo y servicios (labor service) and the bandala (forced sale of local products to the government) Guarantee of basic freedoms Equal opportunity for Filipinos and Spanish to enter government service

References[edit]

^ Agoncillo, Teodoro (1990). History of the Filipino People (8th ed.). Quezon City: Garotech Publishing. ISBN 971-8711-06-6.  ^ Schumacher, John (1997). The Propaganda Movement, 1880–1895: The Creation of Filipino Consciousness, the Making of the Revolution. Manila: Ateneo University Press. p. 333. ISBN 971-550-209-1.  ^ Bernad, Michael (1974). "The Propaganda Movement:1880–1895". Philippine Studies. 22 (1–2): 210–211.  ^ "Bulacan, Philippines: General Info: Heroes and Patriots: Mariano Ponce". Retrieved 2008-08-01. 

v t e

Philippine Revolution

Battles People

Events

Prelude

Novales Revolt Palmero Conspiracy Gomburza

Concurrent

Cry of Pugad Lawin Bonifacio Plan Katagalugan (Bonifacio) Imus Assembly Tejeros Convention Republic of Biak-na-Bato

Elections Pact

Spanish–American War Declaration of Independence Malolos Congress República Filipina Negros Revolution Republic of Negros Republic of Zamboanga

Epilogue

Treaty of Paris Philippine–American War Katagalugan (Sacay) Moro Rebellion Philippine Autonomy Act of 1916 Commonwealth of the Philippines Treaty of Manila

Organizations

American Anti-Imperialist League Aglipayan Church Katipunan La Liga Filipina Magdalo faction Magdiwang faction Philippine Constabulary Philippine Revolutionary Army Pulajanes Propaganda Movement

Documents

El filibusterismo Kartilya ng Katipunan La Solidaridad Malolos Constitution Mi último adiós Noli Me Tángere

Symbols

Flags of the Philippine Revolution Flag of the Philippines Lupang Hinirang Spoliarium

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