Professional wrestling promotion
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A professional wrestling promotion is a
company A company, abbreviated as co., is a Legal personality, legal entity representing an association of people, whether Natural person, natural, Legal personality, legal or a mixture of both, with a specific objective. Company members share a common ...
or
business Business is the activity of making one's living or making money by producing or buying and selling products (such as goods and services). Simply put, it is "any activity or enterprise entered into for profit." Having a business name A trade ...
that regularly performs shows involving
professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a form of entertainment and performing art, which combines athletics with performance. It comprises of exhibitions, called 'matches', held by touring companies called Professional wrestling promotion, promotions, in ...
. "Promotion" also describes a role which entails management, advertising and logistics of running a wrestling event (''see promoter''). Within the convention of the show, the company is a
sports governing body A sports governing body is a sport, sports organization that has a regulatory or sanctioning function. Sports governing bodies come in various forms and have a variety of regulatory functions. Examples of this can include disciplinary action for ...
which sanctions wrestling matches and gives authority to the championships and is responsible for maintaining the divisions and their rankings. In truth, the company serves as a
touring theatre Touring theatre is independent travelling theatre that is presented at a different location in each city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., ...
troupe Troupe may refer to: General *Comedy troupe, a group of comedians *Dance troupe, a group of dancers **Fire troupe, a group of fire dancers *Troupe system, a method of playing role-playing games *Theatrical troupe, a group of theatrical performers ...
, as well as event promotion body for its own events. The most prominent promotions in the
United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a Washington, D.C., federal di ...

United States
are
World Wrestling Entertainment World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc., Trade name, d/b/a WWE, is an American integrated media and entertainment company that is primarily known for professional wrestling. WWE has also branched out into other fields, including WWE Studios, movies ...

World Wrestling Entertainment
(WWE),
All Elite Wrestling All Elite Wrestling, LLC (AEW) is an American professional wrestling Professional wrestling promotion, promotion founded in 2019. Its inception was announced by Shahid Khan and his son Tony Khan, Tony, with the former acting as the promotion's le ...
(AEW),
Impact Wrestling Impact Wrestling (stylized as ''IMPACT! Wrestling'') is an American professional wrestling promotion A professional wrestling promotion (also federation or fed) is a company A company, abbreviated as co., is a Legal personality, legal enti ...
(Impact),
Ring of Honor Ring of Honor Wrestling Entertainment, LLC, known simply as Ring of Honor (ROH), is an American professional wrestling promotion based in Baltimore, Maryland. It is a subsidiary of the Sinclair Broadcast Group (SBG) telecommunication Tel ...

Ring of Honor
(ROH),
Major League Wrestling Major League Wrestling, LLC (MLW) is an American professional wrestling promotion A professional wrestling promotion (also federation or fed) is a company A company, abbreviated as co., is a Legal personality, legal entity representing an asso ...
(MLW), and the
National Wrestling Alliance The National Wrestling Alliance (NWA) is an United States, American professional wrestling promotion and former governing body operating via its parent company Lightning One, Inc. Founded in 1948, the NWA began as a governing body for a group o ...
(NWA). The largest
Mexican Mexican may refer to: Mexico and its culture *Being related to, from, or connected to the country of Mexico, in North America ** Being related to the State of Mexico, one of the 32 federal entities of Mexico ** Culture of Mexico *** Mexican cuisi ...

Mexican
lucha libre Lucha libre (, meaning "freestyle wrestling" or literally translated as "free fight") is the term used in Mexico for professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestling matches ...
promotions are
Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre Co., Ltd. (CMLL; , "World Wrestling Council") is a '' lucha libre'' professional wrestling promotion based in Mexico City ) , blank1_name_sec1 = Human Development Index, HDI , blank1_info_sec1 ...
(CMLL) and
Lucha Libre AAA Worldwide Antonio Peña Promotions, S.A de CV doing business as, d/b/a Lucha Libre AAA Worldwide is a Mexican Lucha Libre (professional wrestling) professional wrestling promotion, promotion based in Mexico City, Mexico. Commonly referred to as simply AAA ...
(AAA). Finally, the top
puroresu is the predominant style of professional wrestling that has developed in Japan. The term comes from the Japanese pronunciation of , which is shortened to puroresu. The term became popular among English-speaking fans due to Hisaharu Tanabe's act ...
promotions in
Japan , image_flag = Flag of Japan.svg , alt_flag = Centered deep red circle on a white rectangle , image_coat = Imperial Seal of Japan.svg , alt_coat = Golden circle subdiv ...

Japan
are
New Japan Pro-Wrestling (NJPW) is a Japanese professional wrestling promotion Promotion may refer to: Marketing * Promotion (marketing), one of the four marketing mix elements, comprising any type of marketing communication used to inform or persuade target audiences ...
(NJPW),
All Japan Pro Wrestling (AJPW/AJP) or simply All Japan is a Japanese professional wrestling promotion established on October 21, 1972 when Giant Baba split away from the Japanese Wrestling Association and created his own promotion. Many wrestlers had left with Baba ...
(AJPW),
CyberFight CyberFight is the umbrella brand of a Japanese professional wrestling company parented by CyberAgent which collectively oversees and promotes four existing promotions: Pro Wrestling Noah, DDT Pro-Wrestling, and Tokyo Joshi Pro Wrestling. History ...
, Dragon Gate, and
World Wonder Ring Stardom World Wonder Ring Stardom, スターダム 女子プロレス, often referred to simply as Stardom (stylized as ST★RDOM), is a Japanese '' joshi puroresu'' or women's professional wrestling professional wrestling promotion, promotion based i ...

World Wonder Ring Stardom
(Stardom). Additionally, there are smaller
Independent Independent or Independents may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Artist groups * Independents (artist group), a group of modernist painters based in the New Hope, Pennsylvania, area of the United States during the early 1930s * Independent ...
promotions or territories around the world. Whereas major promotions have a roster of talent under contracts to them, these smaller promotions may use a combination of contracted workers and
free agents ''Free Agents'' is a romantic black comedy Black comedy, also known as black humor, dark humor, dark comedy, morbid humor, or gallows humor, is a style of comedy that makes light of subject matter that is generally considered taboo, particu ...
.


Structure

Most promotions are self-contained, organized around one or more
championships {{multiple issues, {{cleanup reorganize, date=October 2012 {{Unreferenced, date=May 2010 In sport, a championship is a Competition#Sports, competition in which the aim is to decide which individual or team is the champion. Championship system ...
and do not acknowledge or recognize the legitimacy of other promotions' titles unless they share a working agreement. Governing bodies, such as the
United Wrestling Network The United Wrestling Network (UWN) is a cooperative group of professional wrestling promotions from the United States of America and abroad. It was formed in 2013. History On October 21, 2013, David Marquez, promoter of Championship Wrestling ...
,
WWNLive World Wrestling Network (WWN) is an United States, American professional wrestling organization known for its video streaming service WWNLive. WWNLive host's content both from WWN's wrestling promotions as well as content from third-party orga ...

WWNLive
, Allied Independent Wrestling Federations, Pro Wrestling International and, previously, the
National Wrestling Alliance The National Wrestling Alliance (NWA) is an United States, American professional wrestling promotion and former governing body operating via its parent company Lightning One, Inc. Founded in 1948, the NWA began as a governing body for a group o ...
, act as an
umbrella organization An umbrella organization is an association of (often related, industry-specific) institutions, who work together formally to coordinate activities or pool resources. In business, political, or other environments, one group, the umbrella organizatio ...
which governs titles that are shared among multiple promotions. During the 1950s, the National Wrestling Alliance oversaw many wrestling territories such as Mid-Atlantic Wrestling and
NWA San Francisco NWA San Francisco was a professional wrestling promotion headquartered in San Francisco, California in the United States. Founded in 1935 by "The Utica Panther" Joe Malcewicz (1897–1962), the promotion joined the National Wrestling Alliance in 19 ...
, in a business model known as the "territory system".


See also

*
Independent circuit In professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestling matches whose progress and outcome are planned in advance, typically between performers with established character roles. Th ...
*
List of professional wrestling promotions This is a list of the most notable past & present professional wrestling promotions. Australia Active *Australasian Wrestling Federation *Explosive Pro Wrestling *Impact Pro Wrestling Australia *International Wrestling Australia *Melbourne City ...
*
List of professional wrestling promoters This is a list of professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a type of athletic exhibition and entertainment involving wrestling matches whose progress and outcome are planned in advance, typically between performers with established chara ...
*
List of women's wrestling promotions This is a list of women's professional wrestling Professional wrestling is a dramatic enactment of wrestling as a spectator sport. As is the norm for this sport, women's professional wrestling is organized by wrestling federations called Prof ...


References

{{Professional wrestling terms * Professional wrestling slang