PROCERATIINAE is a subfamily of ants in the poneromorph subfamilies group, with three extant genera , of which most are tropical or subtropical , although overall distribution is worldwide.
* 1 Identification * 2 Systematics * 3 References * 4 External links
The ants are relatively small to medium in size, with colonies generally containing less than 100 individuals. They are similar to Ponerinae , except the promesonotal suture is fused and the frontal lobes are elevated (rather than transverse) and frequently reduced. In addition, the antennal sockets are exposed in a full-face (frontal) view of the head, and in most species, abdominal tergite 4 is much enlarged and vaulted, with abdominal sternite 4 being correspondingly reduced in size.
The subfamily was created in 2003 when
Barry Bolton divided the
Ponerinae subfamily into six subfamilies.
* PROCERATIINAE Emery, 1895
* PROCERATIINI Emery, 1895
* PROBOLOMYRMECINI Perrault, 2000
* Probolomyrmex Mayr, 1901
* ^ Bolton, B. (2014). "Proceratiinae". AntCat. Retrieved 27 July 2014. * ^ A B Fisher, Brian L.; Cover, Stefan P. (2007). Ants of North America: A Guide to the Genera. University of California Press. p. 58. ISBN 978-0-520-93455-9 . * ^ A B Sosa-Calvo 2007 , p. 85 * ^ Sosa-Calvo 2007 , p. 87 * ^ "Subfamily: Proceratiinae". antweb.org. AntWeb . Retrieved 12 August 2013. * ^ Sosa-Calvo 2007 , p. 84
* Sosa-Calvo, Jeffrey (2007). Studies in Neotropical