Pro tempore (/ˌproʊ ˈtɛmpəri/, /ˌproʊ ˈtɛmpərɛ/ or /ˌproʊ
ˈtɛmpəreɪ/), abbreviated pro tem or p.t., is a
which best translates to "for the time being" in English. This phrase
is often used to describe a person who acts as a locum tenens
(placeholder) in the absence of a superior, such as the President pro
tempore of the
United States Senate, who acts in place of the
President of the
United States Senate, the Vice President of the
Legislative bodies can have one or more pro tempore for the presiding
officer. These positions ostensibly go to legislators experienced in
floor debate who are familiar with the content and application of
relevant rules and precedents and who have a reputation for fairness
among their colleagues.
Mayor pro tem
2 Judge pro tem
4 External links
Mayor pro tem
A common use of pro tempore in the
United States is in municipalities
such as cities and towns with regard to the position of the mayor.
Some cities do not have a position of vice mayor, but rather appoint a
person from the city council to act as mayor pro tempore (pro tem) in
the absence of the actual mayor.
Judge pro tem
In judicial courts, attorneys that volunteer in proceedings are called
"judge pro tem".
^ "pro tempore". Dictionary.com, LLC. Retrieved 20 December
^ "pro tempore". Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. Retrieved 20 December
^ Harlow, Keith. "Job Description of a Deputy
Mayor Pro Tem". Chron.
Hearst Newspapers, LLC. Retrieved 20 December 2017.
^ "Temporary Judge Program". Superior Court of California. County of
Los Angeles. Retrieved 20 December 2017.
The dictionary definition of pro tem at Wiktionary
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