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Pro tempore (/ˌproʊ ˈtɛmpəri/, /ˌproʊ ˈtɛmpərɛ/ or /ˌproʊ ˈtɛmpəreɪ/), abbreviated pro tem or p.t.,[1][2] is a Latin
phrase which best translates to "for the time being" in English. This phrase is often used to describe a person who acts as a locum tenens (placeholder) in the absence of a superior, such as the President pro tempore of the United States
United States
Senate, who acts in place of the President of the United States
United States
Senate, the Vice President of the United States. Legislative bodies can have one or more pro tempore for the presiding officer. These positions ostensibly go to legislators experienced in floor debate who are familiar with the content and application of relevant rules and precedents and who have a reputation for fairness among their colleagues.[citation needed]


1 Mayor
pro tem 2 Judge pro tem 3 References 4 External links

pro tem[edit] A common use of pro tempore in the United States
United States
is in municipalities such as cities and towns with regard to the position of the mayor. Some cities do not have a position of vice mayor, but rather appoint a person from the city council to act as mayor pro tempore (pro tem) in the absence of the actual mayor.[3] Judge pro tem[edit] In judicial courts, attorneys that volunteer in proceedings are called "judge pro tem".[4] References[edit]

^ "pro tempore". Dictionary.com, LLC. Retrieved 20 December 2017.  ^ "pro tempore". Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. Retrieved 20 December 2017.  ^ Harlow, Keith. "Job Description of a Deputy Mayor
Pro Tem". Chron. Hearst Newspapers, LLC. Retrieved 20 December 2017.  ^ "Temporary Judge Program". Superior Court of California. County of Los Angeles. Retrieved 20 December 2017. 

External links[edit]

The dictionary definition of pro tem at Wiktionary

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