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The Pro Football Hall of Fame
Pro Football Hall of Fame
is the hall of fame for professional American football, located in Canton, Ohio. Opened in 1963, the Hall of Fame enshrines exceptional figures in the sport of professional football, including players, coaches, franchise owners, and front-office personnel, almost all of whom made their primary contributions to the game in the National Football League
National Football League
(NFL); the Hall inducts between four and eight new enshrinees each year. The Hall of Fame's Mission is to "Honor the Heroes of the Game, Preserve its History, Promote its Values & Celebrate Excellence EVERYWHERE." With the election of the Class of 2018[2] - Bobby Beathard, Robert Brazile, Brian Dawkins, Jerry Kramer, Ray Lewis, Randy Moss, Terrell Owens and Brian Urlacher
Brian Urlacher
- there are a total of 318 members of the Hall of Fame.[3]

Part of the American football
American football
series on History of American football

• Origins of American football

• Early history of American football • First game • Walter Camp • First pro player • First pro league • Modern history of American football

• Close relations:

• Medieval football • Old division football • Rugby football • Association football • Canadian football

• Black players in professional American football • Homosexuality in American football • Concussions in American football • Rugby union comparison • Rugby league comparison • Canadian football
Canadian football
comparison • Pro Football Hall of Fame • College Football Hall of Fame • Years in American football

• NFL season-by-season • College football season-by-season • Glossary of American football

American football
American football
Portal

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Contents

1 History

1.1 Executive Directors/Presidents of Hall of Fame

2 Inductees

2.1 Selection process

2.1.1 Selection Committee 2.1.2 Voting procedure

2.2 Enshrinement ceremony

3 Hall of Fame Game 4 Criticism 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

History[edit]

Old entrance to The Pro Football Hall of Fame
Pro Football Hall of Fame
in Canton, Ohio

The community of Canton, Ohio
Canton, Ohio
successfully lobbied the NFL to have the Hall of Fame built in their city for two reasons: first, the NFL was founded in Canton in 1920 (at that time it was known as the American Professional Football Association); second, the now-defunct Canton Bulldogs were a successful NFL team based in Canton during the first few years of the league. Groundbreaking for the building was held on August 11, 1962. The original building contained just two rooms, and 19,000 square feet (1,800 m2) of interior space.[4] In April 1970, ground was broken for the first of many expansions. This first expansion cost $620,000, and was completed in May 1971. The size was increased to 34,000 square feet (3,200 m2) by adding another room. The pro shop opened with this expansion. This was also an important milestone for the Pro Football Hall of Fame, as yearly attendance passed the 200,000 mark for the first time. This was at least in some part due to the increase in popularity of professional football caused by the advent of the American Football League
American Football League
and its success in the final two AFL-NFL World Championship games.[4]

Inside the original structure in 2008.

In November 1977, work began on another expansion project, costing US$1,200,000. It was completed in November 1978, enlarging the gift shop and research library, while doubling the size of the theater. The total size of the hall was now 50,500 square feet (4,690 m2), more than 2.5 times the original size.[4] The building remained largely unchanged until July 1993. The Hall then announced yet another expansion, costing US$9,200,000, and adding a fifth room. This expansion was completed in October 1995. The building's size was increased to 82,307 square feet (7,647 m2). The most notable addition was the GameDay Stadium, which shows an NFL Films production on a 20-foot (6.1 m) by 42-foot (13 m) Cinemascope
Cinemascope
screen.[4] In 2013, the Hall of Fame completed its largest expansion and renovation today. Currently, the Hall of Fame consists of 118,000 square feet. An $800 million expansion project, Johnson Controls Hall of Fame Village, is underway and will be completed to coincide with the NFL's Centennial in 2020.[5] Executive Directors/Presidents of Hall of Fame[edit]

Dick McCann (April 4, 1962-November 1967) Dick Gallagher (April 1968-December 31, 1975) Pete Elliott
Pete Elliott
(February 1979-October 31, 1996) John Bankert (November 1, 1996-December 31, 2005) Steve Perry (April 24, 2006-January 2014) David Baker (January 6, 2014-present)[6]

Inductees[edit]

The Hall is made up of several sections, at heart is the display of inductees.

Main article: List of Pro Football Hall of Fame
Pro Football Hall of Fame
inductees Through 2017, all inductees except one, played some part of their professional career in the NFL (the lone exception is Buffalo Bills guard Billy Shaw, who played his entire career in the American Football League (AFL) prior to the 1970 AFL–NFL merger). Though several Hall of Famers have had AFL, Canadian Football League, World Football League, United States Football League, Arena Football League and/or Indoor Football League
Indoor Football League
experience, and there is a division of the Hall devoted to alternative leagues such as this, to this point no players have made the Hall without having made significant contributions to either the NFL, AFL or All-America Football Conference. For CFL stars, there is a parallel Canadian Football Hall of Fame; only one player (Warren Moon) and one coach (Bud Grant) are in both halls. The Chicago Bears
Chicago Bears
have the most Hall of Famers among the league's franchises with either 34 or 28 enshrinees depending on whether you count players that only played a small portion of their careers with the team .[7] Selection process[edit] Selection Committee[edit] www.profootballhof.com/heroes-of-the-game/becoming-a-hall-of-famer/ Enshrinees are selected by a 48-person committee, largely made up of media members, officially known as the Selection Committee.[8] Each city that has a current NFL team sends one representative from the local media to the committee. A city with more than one franchise sends a representative for each franchise. There are also 15 at-large delegates including one representative from the Pro Football Writers Association. Except for the PFWA representative, who is appointed to a two-year term, all other appointments are open-ended and terminated only by death, incapacitation, retirement, or resignation.[8] Voting procedure[edit]

Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium
Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium
with the Hall of Fame in lower right

To be eligible for the nominating process, a player or coach must have been retired for at least five years. Any other contributor such as a team owner or executive can be voted in at any time.[9] Fans may nominate any player, coach or contributor by simply writing to the Pro Football Hall of Fame
Pro Football Hall of Fame
via letter or email. The Selection Committee is then polled three times by mail to eventually narrow the list to 25 semifinalists: once in March, once in September, and once in October. In November, the committee then selects 15 finalists by mail balloting. A Seniors and Contributors Committee, subcommittees of the overall Selection Committee, nominate Seniors (those players who completed their careers more than 25 years ago) and Contributors (individuals who made contributions to the game in areas other than playing or coaching). The Seniors Committee and Contributors Committee add two or one finalist(s) on alternating years which makes a final ballot of 18 finalists under consideration by the full committee each year.[9] Committee members are instructed to only consider a candidate's professional football contributions and to disregard all other factors.[10] The Selection Committee then meets on "Selection Saturday," the day before each Super Bowl
Super Bowl
game to elect a new class. To be elected, a finalist must receive at least 80 percent support from the Board, with at least four, but no more than eight, candidates being elected annually. Once a contributor is inducted into the Hall, they cannot be banished and remain an inductee forever.[10] Enshrinement ceremony[edit]

A football signed by the 1974 Pro Football Hall of Fame
Pro Football Hall of Fame
enshrinement class

The enshrinement ceremony is usually held during the first full weekend in August. An enshrinement celebration is held throughout the week in Canton surrounding the enshrinement ceremony.[11] Enshrinees do not go into the Pro Football Hall of Fame
Pro Football Hall of Fame
as a member of a certain team. Rather, all of an enshrinee's affiliations are listed equally.[9] While the Baseball Hall of Fame plaques generally depict each of their inductees wearing a particular club's cap (with a few exceptions, such as Catfish Hunter
Catfish Hunter
and Greg Maddux), the bust sculptures of each Pro Football Hall of Fame
Pro Football Hall of Fame
inductee make no reference to any specific team. In addition to the bust that goes on permanent display at the Hall of Fame, inductees receive a distinctive Gold Jacket and previous inductees nearly always wear theirs when participating at new inductee ceremonies. Previous induction ceremonies were held during the next day (Sunday from 1999–2005, Saturday in 2006), situated on the steps of the Hall of Fame building. Starting in 2002, the ceremony was moved to Fawcett Stadium, where it was held from 1963 to 1965. Since 2007, the enshrinement ceremony has been held on the Saturday night.[12] Hall of Fame Game[edit] Main article: Pro Football Hall of Fame
Pro Football Hall of Fame
Game The Hall of Fame Game, the annual NFL preseason opener, is played in Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium
Tom Benson Hall of Fame Stadium
in Canton, Ohio. In 2017, the Hall of Fame Game was held for the first time on Thursday night. The preseason classic kicks off Enshrinement Week Powered by Johnson Controls and officially kicks off the NFL preseason. Criticism[edit]

The "Other Leagues" display includes the USFL; inductee Jim Kelly's jersey is in the foreground.

The Pro Football Hall of Fame
Pro Football Hall of Fame
uses only media representatives to select inductees. This, along with its policy of inducting only a maximum of seven players a year (six in certain years past), with a current maximum of two "senior" candidates and five "non-seniors," has been criticized by sports columnists, former players, and football fans.[11] Such critics would like to see solutions such as expanding the number of selectors, rotating panel members on and off the selection committee, and allowing former players to participate in the voting.[13] The small number of candidates elected each year has helped foster what some perceive as an inequality of representation at certain positions or in certain categories of player, with defensive players in general and defensive backs and outside linebackers in particular, special teams players, wide receivers, deserving players who primarily played on bad teams, and those from the "seniors" category, being slighted. This has included a 2009 New York Times article which criticized the Hall for not including punter Ray Guy
Ray Guy
on its ballot, also noting that the Hall did not have an inductee at the time representing the position.[13] (At least two inductees, Sammy Baugh and Yale Lary, punted in addition to playing other positions.) Guy was eventually inducted as part of the 2014 class for the Hall of Fame. There has also been criticism that certain players get overlooked because their team underproduced during their careers.[14] The Pro Football Hall of Fame
Pro Football Hall of Fame
is unique among North American major league sports halls of fame in that officials have generally been excluded from the Hall; only one, 1966 inductee Hugh "Shorty" Ray, has been enshrined. The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame
Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame
and Hockey Hall of Fame
Hockey Hall of Fame
have each inducted game officials as members. In part to rectify the lack of officials and other off-field contributors, the Hall of Fame added a “Contributors” committee beginning with the class of 2015, which will nominate officials, general managers, owners and other positions that have historically been overlooked by the committee at large.[15] Another prominent absence from the Hall is sports-journalist Howard Cosell, who has yet to be awarded the Pete Rozelle
Pete Rozelle
Radio-Television Award despite his well-known association with Monday Night Football. An August 2010 Sports Illustrated
Sports Illustrated
article hints that Cosell may have even been "blacklisted" by the NFL.[16][17] In 2015, the exclusion of Marvin Harrison
Marvin Harrison
from the yearly induction caused some to question the effect politics[clarification needed] has on the induction process. Harrison ranks 3rd all-time in receptions, was selected to the Pro Bowl
Pro Bowl
eight times among many other individual records. He was also named as the hardest receiver to cover by veteran cornerbacks Champ Bailey
Champ Bailey
and Charles Tillman. The duo of Harrison and quarterback Peyton Manning
Peyton Manning
also hold the record for most receptions, touchdowns, and yards between any quarterback and wide receiver combo. Critics argue the induction committee is allowing age and wait time to overshadow production.[18][better source needed] Harrison was inducted into the Hall of Fame as part of the Class of 2016. As the late 2010s approached, a number of controversial and polarizing figures began to reach eligibility for the Hall. Terrell Owens's exclusion from the Hall in his first two years of eligibility despite his strong individual statistics was a subject of public debate.[19] Owens was elected to the Hall of Fame in 2018.

Pro Football Hall of Fame
Pro Football Hall of Fame
(old entrance).

See also[edit]

Touchdown Club Charities Hall of Fame Canadian Football Hall of Fame Arena Football Hall of Fame Dick McCann Memorial Award—sometimes referred to as the "writer's wing" of the Pro Football Hall of Fame Pete Rozelle
Pete Rozelle
Radio-Television Award

References[edit]

^ "History of the Pro Football Hall of Fame". Pro Football Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on February 6, 2012. Retrieved February 6, 2012.  ^ "Class of 2018 Pro Football Hall of Fame
Pro Football Hall of Fame
Official Site". www.profootballhof.com. Retrieved 2018-03-09.  ^ "List of Hall of Fame members". Archived from the original on February 6, 2012. Retrieved February 6, 2012.  ^ a b c d "The Pro Football Hall of Fame: Then and Now". Pro Football Hall of Fame. January 1, 2005. Archived from the original on February 6, 2012. Retrieved February 6, 2011.  ^ Tendler, Alexandra. "$800 million 'Disneyland' for football will open in 2020, NFL Hall of Fame pres. says". FoxBusiness.com. Retrieved 27 July 2017.  ^ "History of the Pro Football Hall of Fame". Pro Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved February 16, 2018.  ^ "Chicago Bears: Team History". Pro Football Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on February 6, 2012. Retrieved February 6, 2011.  ^ a b "Selection Process". Pro Football Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on February 6, 2012. Retrieved February 6, 2012.  ^ a b c "Selection Process FAQ". Pro Football Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on February 6, 2012. Retrieved February 6, 2012.  ^ a b "Canton welcome mat still out for O.J. Simpson". ESPN.com. July 21, 2017. Retrieved July 22, 2017.  ^ a b "2012 Pro Football Hall of Fame
Pro Football Hall of Fame
Enshrinement Festival Schedule". Pro Football Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on February 6, 2012. Retrieved February 6, 2012.  ^ "Class of 2007 Presenters". Pro Football Hall of Fame. July 2, 2007. Archived from the original on February 6, 2012. Retrieved February 6, 2012.  ^ a b Joyner, K C (January 25, 2009). "A Case for Ray Guy
Ray Guy
Belonging in Pro Football Hall of Fame". The New York Times.  ^ Barall, Andy (February 16, 2012). "How to Fix Football's Hall of Fame Voting System". The New York Times.  ^ King, Peter (October 21, 2014). Behind the HOF’s New Contributor Committee. SI.com. Retrieved October 21, 2014. ^ Billson, Marky (August 4, 2010). "As strange as it sounds, Howard Cosell has never won Rozelle award". Sports Illustrated. Archived from the original on October 6, 2010. Retrieved August 6, 2017.  ^ Researcher, NFL (February 4, 2013). "Cronyism on the part of the NFL and the Pro Football Hall of Fame?". NFL Sports Blog.  ^ " Marvin Harrison
Marvin Harrison
was snubbed simply because he hasn't waited long enough". Stampede Blue. Retrieved 2015-12-13.  ^ "One Hall of Fame voter sheds light on why Terrell Owens
Terrell Owens
didn't make it in". 

External links[edit]

Official website Media related to Pro Football Hall of Fame
Pro Football Hall of Fame
at Wikimedia Commons

v t e

National Football League
National Football League
(2018)

AFC

East North South West

Buffalo Bills Miami Dolphins New England Patriots New York Jets

Baltimore Ravens Cincinnati Bengals Cleveland Browns Pittsburgh Steelers

Houston Texans Indianapolis Colts Jacksonville Jaguars Tennessee Titans

Denver Broncos Kansas City Chiefs Los Angeles Chargers Oakland Raiders

NFC

East North South West

Dallas Cowboys New York Giants Philadelphia Eagles Washington Redskins

Chicago Bears Detroit Lions Green Bay Packers Minnesota Vikings

Atlanta Falcons Carolina Panthers New Orleans Saints Tampa Bay Buccaneers

Arizona Cardinals Los Angeles Rams San Francisco 49ers Seattle Seahawks

Seasons

Seasons (by team) Preseason

Hall of Fame Game American Bowl

Regular season

Kickoff game Monday Night Football International Series

London Toronto Bills Series List of games played outside the U.S.

Thanksgiving games Christmas games

Playoffs

Streaks Droughts AFC Championship NFC Championship Super Bowl

champions quarterbacks

Pro Bowl

History

League history

Executive history Championship history

Timeline

Defunct franchises Franchise moves and mergers Los Angeles team history

Proposed stadiums 1995–2016

American Football League
American Football League
(1960–1969)

Playoffs Merger

NFL Championship (1920–1969) Playoff Bowl Records

individual team Super Bowl All time win–loss Last undefeated

Tied games Canceled games Controversies

Business

Owners Properties Management Council Competition Committee Collective Bargaining Agreement National Football League
National Football League
Players Association Lockouts Media

TV

NFL Network NFL RedZone

Radio NFL Films

Other

Officials Stadiums

Chronology

Awards

All-Pro

Hall of Fame Foreign players Player conduct

Suspensions Player misconduct

Combine Draft Training camp Rivalries NFL Foundation Culture

Cheerleading Mascots Lore Nicknames Numbers

Retired

Color Rush

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Members of the Pro Football Hall of Fame

Quarterbacks

Pre-modern era

Baugh Clark Conzelman Driscoll Friedman Herber Luckman A. Parker

Modern era

Aikman Blanda Bradshaw L. Dawson Elway Favre Fouts Graham Griese Jurgensen J. Kelly Layne Marino Montana Moon Namath Stabler Starr Staubach Tarkenton Tittle Unitas Van Brocklin Warner Waterfield Young

Running backs

Pre-modern era

Battles Canadeo Dudley Grange Guyon Hinkle Lambeau Leemans McAfee McNally Nagurski Nevers Pollard Strong Thorpe Van Buren

Modern era

M. Allen Bettis J. Brown Campbell Csonka T. Davis Dickerson Dorsett Faulk Gifford Harris Hornung J. H. Johnson L. Kelly F. Little Martin Matson McElhenny Moore Motley Payton Perry Riggins B. Sanders Sayers Simpson E. Smith Jim Taylor T. Thomas Tomlinson Trippi Walker

Wide receivers / ends

Pre-modern era

Badgro Chamberlin Flaherty Halas Hewitt Hutson Millner

Modern era

Alworth Berry Biletnikoff T. Brown Carter Fears Harrison Hayes Hirsch Irvin Joiner Largent Lavelli Lofton Maynard McDonald Mitchell Monk Moss Owens Pihos Reed Rice Stallworth Swann C. Taylor Warfield

Tight ends

Casper Ditka Mackey Newsome C. Sanders Sharpe J. Smith Winslow

Offensive linemen

L. Allen B. Brown R. Brown Creekmur D. Dawson DeLamielleure Dierdorf Gatski Gregg Grimm Hannah Hickerson S. Jones W. Jones Kramer Langer L. Little Mack Matthews McCormack McDaniel Mix Munchak Muñoz Ogden Otto Pace J. Parker Ringo Roaf Shaw Shell Shields Slater St. Clair Stanfel Stephenson Tingelhoff Upshaw Webster Wright Yary Zimmerman

Pre-modern era two-way players

Edwards Fortmann Healey Hein Henry Hubbard Kiesling Kinard Lyman Michalske Musso Owen Stydahar Trafton Turner Wojciechowicz

Defensive linemen

Atkins Bethea Buchanan Culp W. Davis Dean Dent Doleman Donovan Eller Ford J. Greene Haley Hampton Humphrey D. Jones Jordan Kennedy Lilly Long Marchetti Nomellini Olsen Page Randle Robustelli Sapp Selmon B. Smith Stautner Strahan Ja. Taylor Weinmeister Ra. White Re. White Willis Youngblood

Linebackers

Bednarik Bo. Bell Brazile Brooks Buoniconti Butkus Carson Connor George K. Greene Ham Hanburger Hendricks Huff Jackson Lambert Lanier Lewis Nitschke Richter Robinson Schmidt Seau Singletary L. Taylor D. Thomas Tippett Urlacher Wilcox

Defensive backs

Adderley Barney Blount W. Brown Butler Christiansen Dawkins Easley Green Haynes Houston J. Johnson Krause Lane Lary LeBeau Lott Renfro D. Sanders E. Thomas Tunnell Wehrli Williams L. Wilson Wood Woodson

Placekickers and punters

Andersen Groza Guy Stenerud

Coaches

G. Allen P. Brown Chamberlin Conzelman Dungy Ewbank Flaherty Gibbs Gillman Grant Halas Lambeau Landry Levy Lombardi Madden Neale Noll Owen Parcells Shula Stram Walsh

Contributors

Beathard Be. Bell Bidwill Carr A. Davis DeBartolo Finks Halas Hunt J. Jones Lambeau T. Mara W. Mara Marshall Polian Ray Reeves A. Rooney D. Rooney Rozelle Sabol Schr

.