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Prithvi
Prithvi
or Prithvi
Prithvi
Mata (Sanskrit: पृथ्वी, pṛthvī, also pṛthivī) "the Vast One" is the Sanskrit
Sanskrit
name for the earth as well as the name of a devi (goddess) in Hinduism
Hinduism
and some branches of Buddhism. As Pṛthvī Mātā ("Mother Earth") she is complementary to Dyauṣ Pitā ("Father Sky"). In the Rigveda, Earth
Earth
and Sky are primarily addressed in the dual as Dyavapṛthivi.[1] She is associated with the cow. Prithu, an incarnation of Viṣṇu, milked her in cow's form. She is a national personification in Indonesia, where she is known as Ibu Pertiwi.

Contents

1 In Buddhism 2 The Pṛthvī Sūkta 3 Epithets 4 See also 5 References 6 Further reading

In Buddhism[edit] In Buddhist texts and visual representations, Pṛthvī is described as both protecting Gautama Buddha
Gautama Buddha
and as being his witness for his enlightenment. Prithvi
Prithvi
appears in Early Buddhism
Buddhism
in the Pāli Canon, dispelling the temptation figure Mara by attesting to Gautama Buddha's worthiness to attain enlightenment.[2] The Buddha is very frequently illustrated in figurative art wielding bhūmisparśa or "earth-touching" mudrā. [3] The Pṛthvī Sūkta[edit] The Pṛthvī Sūkta (or Bhūmī Sūkta) is a hymn of the Atharvaveda (12.1). Epithets[edit]

Indonesian depiction of Prithvi
Prithvi
in ancient regal attire as Ibu Pertiwi at the Indonesian National Monument

Category Transliteration Gloss

Provider Bhūmi Soil

Dhatri Nursing Mother

Dharitri Nurturer

Janitra Birthplace

Medini Nurturer

Prshni Mother of Plants

Vanaspatinam Grbhir Osadhinam Womb of Forest Trees and Herbs

Vishvadhaya All-Nourishing

Vishvagarbha World's Womb

Vishvamshu Producer of Everything

Vishvasvam Source of Everything

Sustainer Dhar Upholder

Drdha Steady One

Ksama Patient One

Sthavara Stable One

Vishdava All-Preserving

Vishvadharini All-Supporting

Vishvamhara All-Bearing

Enricher Ratnagarbha Repository of Gems

Ratnavati Abounding in Jewels

Vasundhara Bearer of Treasure

See also[edit]

Ibu Pertiwi Vasudhara Phra Mae Thorani

References[edit]

^ Doniger O'Flaherty 2007, p. 201, 330. ^ Shaw 2006, p. 27. ^ Shaw 2007, p. 17.

Doniger O'Flaherty, Wendy, ed. (2007). The Rig Veda: An Anthology: One Hundred and Eight Hymns. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. ISBN 9780140449891.  Shaw, Miranda Eberle (2006). Buddhist Goddesses of India. Princeton University Press. p. 27. ISBN 978-0-691-12758-3. 

Further reading[edit]

Dictionary of Hindu Lore and Legend (ISBN 0-500-51088-1) by Anna Dallapiccola Hindu Goddesses: Vision of the Divine Feminine in the Hindu Religious Traditions (ISBN 81-208-0379-5) by David Kinsley

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