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Pristina[1] (Albanian: Prishtina or Prishtinë, IPA: [pɾiʃtinə] ( listen)) or Priština (Serbian Cyrillic: Приштина), is the capital and largest city of Kosovo.[a] It is the administrative center of the homonymous municipality and district.[1] The city has a majority Albanian population, alongside other smaller communities. With a municipal population of around 200,000 inhabitants, Pristina
Pristina
is the second-largest Albanian-speaking city in the world (after Tirana
Tirana
in Albania).[2] Geographically, it is located in the north-eastern part of Kosovo
Kosovo
close to the Goljak
Goljak
mountains. The city is situated some 250 kilometres north-east of Tirana, 90 kilometres north of Skopje, 520 kilometres south of Belgrade
Belgrade
and 300 kilometres east of Podgorica. During the Paleolithic
Paleolithic
Age, what is now the area of Pristina
Pristina
was envolved by the Vinča culture. Pristina
Pristina
was home to several Illyrian and Roman people at the classical times. King Bardyllis
Bardyllis
brought various tribes together in the area of Pristina
Pristina
in the 4th century BC, establishing the Dardanian Kingdom.[3][4][5] The heritage of the classical era is still evident in the city, represented by ancient city of Ulpiana, that was considered one of the most important Roman cities in the Balkan peninsula. In the Middle Ages, Pristina
Pristina
was an important town in Medieval Serbia
Serbia
and also the royal estate of Stefan Milutin, Stefan Uroš III, Stefan Dušan, Stefan Uroš V
Stefan Uroš V
and Vuk Branković.[6] When the Ottomans conquered the Balkan peninsula, Pristina
Pristina
was an important mining and trading center due to its strategic position near the rich mining town of Novo Brdo. The city was known for its trade fairs and items, such as goatskin and goat hair as well as gunpowder.[7] The first mosque in Pristina
Pristina
was built in the late 14th century while under Serbian rule.[8] Tolerance and coexistence of religion and culture has been part of the society for centuries. The capital city, Pristina
Pristina
is the heart of Kosovo
Kosovo
due to its central location and its importance in finance, commerce, media, entertainment, arts, international trade, education, service, research and healthcare. Almost all domestic and foreign companies, media and scientific institutions have headquarters in the city.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History

2.1 Early history 2.2 Middle Ages 2.3 Modern 2.4 Kosovo
Kosovo
War

3 Environment

3.1 Geography 3.2 Climate

4 Politics

4.1 Capital 4.2 City
City
Council

5 Demographics

5.1 Ethnic groups 5.2 Religion

6 Economy

6.1 Infrastructure 6.2 Tourism 6.3 Media

7 Culture

7.1 Sights 7.2 Music 7.3 Theater 7.4 Festivals and Fairs

8 Education 9 Media 10 Sports 11 Notable people 12 International relations 13 See also 14 Notes 15 References 16 External links

Etymology The name of the city could be derived from Proto-Slavic dialectal word *pryščina, meaning "spring (of water)", which is also attested in the Moravian dialects
Moravian dialects
of Czech; it is derived from the verb *pryskati, meaning "to splash" or "to spray" (prskati in modern Serbian).[9] The toponym Priština also appears as the name of a hamlet near Teslić
Teslić
in Bosnia and Herzegovina.[9] Marko Snoj
Marko Snoj
proposes the derivation from a Slavic form *Prišьčь, a possessive adjective from the personal name *Prišьkъ, (preserved in the Kajkavian surname Prišek, in the Old Polish personal name Parzyszek, and in the Polish surname Pryszczyk) and the derivational suffix -ina 'belonging to X and his kin'.[citation needed] The name is most likely a patronymic of the personal name *Prišь, preserved as a surname in Sorbian Priš, and Polish Przybysz, a hypocoristic of the Slavic personal name Pribyslavъ.[10] According to Aleksandar Loma, Snoj's etymology would presuppose a rare and relatively late word formation process.[9] A false etymology[citation needed] connects the name Priština with the Serbian word prišt (пришт), meaning 'ulcer' or 'tumour', referring to its 'boiling'.[11] However, this explanation cannot be correct, as Slavic place names ending in -ina corresponding either or both to an adjective or the name of an inhabitant lacking this suffix are built from personal names or denote a person and never derive, in these conditions, from common nouns (SNOJ 2007: loc. cit.). The inhabitants of this city call themselves Prishtinali in local Gheg Albanian or Prištevci (Приштевци) in the local Serbian dialect.

History Further information: History of Kosovo

Historical affiliations

Dardani
Dardani
Period 4th Century BC–2nd Century BC

Roman Empire
Roman Empire
c. 168 BC–c. 330 AD Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire
c. 330–c. 850 First Bulgarian Empire
First Bulgarian Empire
c. 850–c. 1018 Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire
c. 1018–1040 Peter Delyan's Bulgaria
Bulgaria
1040–1041 Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire
1041–1072 Constantine Bodin's Bulgaria
Bulgaria
1072 Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire
1072–1180 Serbian Grand Principality
Serbian Grand Principality
1180–1217 Second Bulgarian Empire
Second Bulgarian Empire
1218–c. 1241 Kingdom of Serbia
Kingdom of Serbia
c. 1241–1346 Serbian Empire
Serbian Empire
c. 1346–1389   Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
1389–1689 Holy Roman Empire
Roman Empire
1689–1690   Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
1690–1912 Kingdom of Serbia
Kingdom of Serbia
1912–1915 Kingdom of Bulgaria
Bulgaria
1915–1918 Kingdom of Serbia
Kingdom of Serbia
1918   Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Kingdom of Yugoslavia
1918–1941 Albanian Kingdom (Kingdom of Italy) 1941–43 Albanian Kingdom (Nazi Germany) 1943–44 NKOJ 1944–45 SFR Yugoslavia
Yugoslavia
1945–1992 FR Yugoslavia
Yugoslavia
1992–1999 UNMIK
UNMIK
1999–2008

Republic of Kosovo
Kosovo
2008–present

Early history Further information: Archaeology of Kosovo, Illyrians, Dardanian Kingdom, and Ulpiana

Ruins of Ulpiana
Ulpiana
situated south-east of Pristina. The city played an important role in the development of one of the most important cities in Dardania.

The earliest traces of human life in the area date from the Paleolithic
Paleolithic
period[citation needed], with further traces in the Mesolithic
Mesolithic
and Neolithic. The succeeding Starcevo, Vinca, Bubanj-Hum and Baden cultures were active in the region.[12] The area what is now Pristina
Pristina
has been inhabited for nearly 10,000 years.[13] Early Neolithic
Neolithic
findings were discovered dating as far back as the 8th century BC, in the areas surrounding Pristina, which includes Matiçan, Gracanica and Ulpiana.[13][14] In the 4th century BC, King Bardyllis
Bardyllis
brought various Illyrian tribes together in the region, establishing the Dardanian Kingdom.[3][4][5] After the Roman conquest of Illyria in 168 BC, Romans
Romans
colonized and founded several cities in the region which they named Dardania.[15] Ulpiana
Ulpiana
was one of the most important Roman cities in the Balkans
Balkans
and in the 2nd century BC it became a municipium. The city suffered tremendous damage from an earthquake in 518 AD.[16] The Byzantine Emperor Justinian I
Emperor Justinian I
rebuilt the city in great splendor and renamed it Justiniana Secunda, but with the arrival of Slav tribes in the 6th century the city again fell into disrepair.[16] Middle Ages See also: Ottoman Kosovo

The inscription above the entrance of Imperial Mosque built during the Ottoman rule

Pristina
Pristina
was an important town in Medieval Serbia. The župe (counties) of Sitnica and Lipljan, which had territory around present-day Pristina, are mentioned in Life of Saint Simeon, a text written by the Serbian historical figure Saint Sava
Saint Sava
between 1201 and 1208.[citation needed] The city was also a royal estate of Stefan Milutin, Stefan Uroš III, Stefan Dušan, Stefan Uroš V
Stefan Uroš V
and Vuk Branković.[6][17] The medieval fort of Višegrad, whose ruins lie three kilometres east of the city centre, was mentioned in Milutin's time,[18] and served as his capital,[19] and the nearby Gračanica monastery was founded by him in ca. 1315. The first historical record mentioning Pristina
Pristina
by its name dates back to 1342 when the Byzantine
Byzantine
Emperor John VI Kantakouzenos
John VI Kantakouzenos
described Pristina
Pristina
as a 'village'.[13][better source needed] In the course of the 14th and 15th centuries, Pristina
Pristina
developed as an important mining and trading center thanks to its proximity to the rich mining town of Novo Brdo, and due to its position of the Balkan trade routes. The old town stretching out between the Vellusha and Prishtevka rivers which are both covered over today, became an important crafts and trade center. Pristina
Pristina
was famous for its annual trade fairs (Panair)[13] and its goat hide and goat hair articles. Around 50 different crafts were practiced from tanning to leather dying, belt making and silk weaving, as well as crafts related to the military – armorers, smiths, and saddle makers. As early as 1485, Pristina
Pristina
artisans also started producing gunpowder. Trade was thriving and there was a growing colony of Ragusan traders (from modern day Dubrovnik) providing the link between Pristina's craftsmen and the outside world.[13] The first mosque was constructed in the late 14th century while still under Serbian rule.[13] The 1487 defter recorded 412 Christian and 94 Muslim
Muslim
households in Pristina, which at the time was administratively part of the Sanjak of Vučitrn. In the early Ottoman era, Islam
Islam
was an urban phenomenon and only spread slowly with increasing urbanization. The travel writer Evliya Celebi, visiting Pristina
Pristina
in the 1660s was impressed with its fine gardens and vineyards.[13] In those years, Pristina
Pristina
was part of the Vıçıtırın Sanjak and its 2,000 families enjoyed the peace and stability of the Ottoman era. Economic life was controlled by the guild system (esnafs) with the tanners' and bakers' guild controlling prices, limiting unfair competition and acting as banks for their members. Religious life was dominated by religious charitable organizations often building mosques or fountains and providing charity to the poor. During the Austrian-Turkish War
Austrian-Turkish War
in the late 17th century, Pristina
Pristina
citizens under the leadership of the Catholic Albanian priest Pjetër Bogdani
Pjetër Bogdani
pledged loyalty to the Austrian army and supplied troops. He contributed a force of 6,000 Albanian soldiers to the Austrian army which had arrived in Pristina. Under Austrian occupation, the Fatih Mosque (Mbretit Mosque) was briefly converted to a Jesuit
Jesuit
church.[13] Following the Austrian defeat in January 1690, Pristina's inhabitants were left at the mercy of Ottoman and Tatar troops who took revenge against the local population as punishment for their co-operation with the Austrians. A French officer traveling to Pristina
Pristina
noted soon afterwards that " Pristina
Pristina
looked impressive from a distance but close up it is a mass of muddy streets and houses made of earth".[13] Modern

The Monument of Brotherhood and Unity
Brotherhood and Unity
in the centre. Brotherhood and unity was a popular slogan of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia.

The year 1874 marked a turning point. That year the railway between Salonika
Salonika
and Mitrovica started operations and the seat of the vilayet of Prizren
Prizren
was relocated to Pristina. This privileged position as capital of the Ottoman vilayet lasted only for a short while. from January until August 1912, Pristina
Pristina
was liberated from Ottoman rule by Albanian rebel forces led by Hasan Prishtina.[20] However, The Kingdom of Serbia
Serbia
opposed the plan for a Greater Albania, preferring a partition of the European territory of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
among the four Balkan allies.[21] On October 22, 1912, Serb forces took Pristina. However, Bulgaria, dissatisfied with its share of the first Balkan War, occupied Kosovo
Kosovo
in 1915 and took Pristina
Pristina
under Bulgarian occupation.[22] In late October 1918, the 11th French colonial division took over Pristina
Pristina
and returned Pristina
Pristina
back to what then became the 'First Yugoslavia' on the 1st of December 1918.[22] In September 1920, the decree of the colonization of the new southern lands' facilitated the takeover by Serb colonists of large Ottoman estates in Pristina
Pristina
and land seized from Albanians.[22] The interwar period saw the first exodus of Albanian and Turkish speaking population.[13][22] From 1929 to 1941, Priština was part of the Vardar Banovina
Vardar Banovina
of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

Plaque on a war memorial in Pristina. The text reads At this location on October 23, 1944, German Nazis executed 104 Albanian patriots who gave their lives for the freedom and independence of their country - Society of anti-Nazi and national liberation veterans of Kosovo.

On 17 April 1941, Yugoslavia
Yugoslavia
surrendered unconditionally to axis forces. On 29 June, Benito Mussolini
Benito Mussolini
proclaimed a greater Albania, with most of Kosovo
Kosovo
under Italian occupation united with Albania. There ensued mass killings of Serbs, in particular colonists, and an exodus of tens of thousands of Serbs.[23][24] After the capitulation of Italy, Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
took control of the city. In May 1944, 281 local Jews were arrested by units of the 21st Waffen Mountain Division of the SS Skanderbeg (1st Albanian), which was made up mostly of Muslim
Muslim
Albanians. The Jews were later deported to Germany, where many were killed.[25][26] The few surviving Jewish families in Pristina eventually left for Israel in 1949.[13] As a result of World War II and forced migration, Pristina's population dropped to 9,631 inhabitants.[13] The communist decision to make Pristina
Pristina
the capital of Kosovo
Kosovo
in 1947 ushered a period of rapid development and outright destruction. The Yugoslav communist slogan at the time was uništi stari graditi novi (destroy the old, build the new). In a misguided effort to modernize the town, communists set out to destroy the Ottoman bazaar and large parts of the historic center, including mosques, catholic churches and Ottoman houses.[13] A second agreement signed between Yugoslavia
Yugoslavia
and Turkey
Turkey
in 1953 led to the exodus of several hundreds more Albanian families from Pristina. They left behind their homes, properties and businesses.[13] However, this policy changed under the new constitution ratified in 1974. Few of the Ottoman town houses survived the communists' modernization drive, with the exception of those that were nationalized like today's Emin Gjiku Museum or the building of the Institute for the Protection of Monuments.[citation needed] As capital city and seat of the government, Pristina
Pristina
creamed off a large share of Yugoslav development funds channeled into Kosovo. As a result, the city's population and its economy changed rapidly. In 1966, Pristina
Pristina
had few paved roads, the old town houses had running water and Cholera
Cholera
was still a problem. Prizren
Prizren
continued to be the largest town in Kosovo. Massive investments in state institutions like the newly founded University of Pristina, the construction of new high-rise socialist apartment blocks and a new industrial zone on the outskirts of Pristina
Pristina
attracted large number of internal migrants. This ended a long period when the institution had been run as an outpost of Belgrade
Belgrade
University and gave a major boost to Albanian-language education and culture in Kosovo. The Albanians
Albanians
were also allowed to use the Albanian flag.[citation needed] Within a decade, Pristina
Pristina
nearly doubled its population from about 69,514 in 1971 to 109,208 in 1981.[13] This golden age of externally financed rapid growth was cut short by Yugoslavia's economic collapse and the 1981 student revolts. Pristina, like the rest of Kosovo
Kosovo
slid into a deepening economic and social crisis. The year 1989 saw the revocation of Kosovo's autonomy under Milošević, the rise of Serb nationalism and mass dismissal of ethnic Albanians.[13] Kosovo
Kosovo
War Main article: Kosovo
Kosovo
War

Graves of those who died in the Kosovo
Kosovo
War in Pristina.

War-torn Pristina.

Following the reduction of Kosovo's autonomy by Serbian President Slobodan Milošević
Slobodan Milošević
in 1989, a harshly repressive regime was imposed throughout Kosovo
Kosovo
by the Yugoslav government with Albanians
Albanians
largely being purged from state industries and institutions.[13] The LDK's[clarification needed] role meant, that when the Kosovo Liberation Army began to attack Serbian and Yugoslav forces from 1996 onwards, Pristina
Pristina
remained largely calm until the outbreak of the Kosovo
Kosovo
War in March 1999. Pristina
Pristina
was spared large scale destruction compared to towns like Gjakova
Gjakova
or Peć
Peć
that suffered heavily at the hands of Serbian forces. For their strategic importance, however, a number of military targets were hit in Pristina
Pristina
during NATO's aerial campaign, including the post office, police headquarters and army barracks (today's Adem Jashari
Adem Jashari
garrison on the road to Kosovo Polje).[citation needed] Widespread violence broke out in Pristina. Serbian and Yugoslav forces shelled several districts and, in conjunction with paramilitaries, conducted large-scale expulsions of ethnic Albanians
Albanians
accompanied by widespread looting and destruction of Albanian properties. Many of those expelled were directed onto trains apparently brought to Pristina's main station for the express purpose of deporting them to the border of the Republic of Macedonia, where they were forced into exile.[27]

On, or about, 1 April 1999, Serbian police went to the homes of Kosovo Albanians
Albanians
in the city of Pristina/Prishtinë and forced the residents to leave in a matter of minutes. During the course of Operation Horseshoe, a number of people were killed. Many of those forced from their homes went directly to the train station, while others sought shelter in nearby neighbourhoods. Hundreds of ethnic Albanians, guided by Serb police at all the intersections, gathered at the train station and then were loaded onto overcrowded trains or buses after a long wait where no food or water was provided. Those on the trains went as far as Đeneral Janković, a village near the Macedonian border. During the train ride many people had their identification papers taken from them.[28] — War Crimes Indictment against Milošević and others

Modern Pristina

The majority Albanian population fled the town in large numbers to escape Serb policy and paramilitary units. The first NATO
NATO
troops to enter Pristina
Pristina
in early June 1999 were Norwegian special forces from FSK Forsvarets Spesialkommando
Forsvarets Spesialkommando
and soldiers from the British Special Air Service 22 S.A.S,[29][30] although to NATO's diplomatic embarrassment Russian troops arrived first at the airport. Apartments were occupied illegally and the Roma quarters behind the city park was torched. Several strategic targets in Pristina
Pristina
were attacked by NATO during the war, but serious physical damage appears to have largely been restricted to a few specific neighbourhoods shelled by Yugoslav security forces. At the end of the war, almost all of the city's 45,000 Serb inhabitants fled from Kosovo
Kosovo
and today only several dozen remain within the city.[31] As a capital city and seat of the UN administration (UNMIK), Pristina has benefited greatly from a high concentration of international staff with disposable income and international organizations with sizable budgets. The injection of reconstruction funds from donors, international organizations and the Albanian diaspora
Albanian diaspora
has fueled an unrivaled, yet short-lived, economic boom. A plethora of new cafes, restaurants and private businesses opened to cater for new (and international) demand with the beginning of a new era for Pristina.[citation needed] Environment See also: Environmental issues in Pristina
Environmental issues in Pristina
and Water in Pristina Geography

A view of the city from the south towards the north.

Pristina
Pristina
covers an area of 572 square kilometres (221 sq mi). Strategically placed in the north-eastern part of Kosovo, the city is close to the Goljak
Goljak
mountains. Due to its status as the capital city of Kosovo, Pristina
Pristina
has grown over the past years, that it has connected with Fushë Kosovë. By road it is 520 kilometres (320 mi) south of Belgrade, 90 kilometres (56 mi) north of Skopje, 250 kilometres (160 mi) north-east of Tirana, and 300 kilometres (190 mi) east of Podgorica. Pristina
Pristina
is one of the urban areas with the most severe water shortages in the nation.[32] The population of the city have to cope with daily water curbs due to the lack of rainfall and snowfall which has left the city's water supplies in a dreadful condition.[32] The current water resources do not fulfil the needs of the overgrowing population of Pristina. The water supply comes from the two main reservoirs of Batllava and Badovc.[32] However, there are many problems with the water supply that comes from these two reservoirs which supply 92% of the population in Pristina.[33] As such, the authorities have increased their efforts to remedy the situation and to make sure that such crises do not hit the city again.[34] After the war of 1999, the city has changed dramatically.[citation needed] The City
City
Park of Pristina
Pristina
has been fully changed with new stone pathways, tall trees, flowers have been planted and a public area has been built for children.[citation needed] Lately a new green place called Tauk Bashqe has been built halfway between the Gërmia and the City
City
Park.[citation needed] After the reconstruction of the Mother Teresa
Mother Teresa
Square, many trees and flowers have been planted. Many old buildings in front of the government building have been cleared to provide open space.[citation needed]

Climate Pristina
Pristina
has a humid continental climate (Dfb in the Köppen climate classification), with maritime influences. The city features warm summers and relatively cold, often snowy winters.

Climate data for Pristina
Pristina
(1961–1990)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 15.8 (60.4) 20.2 (68.4) 26.0 (78.8) 29.0 (84.2) 32.3 (90.1) 36.3 (97.3) 39.2 (102.6) 36.8 (98.2) 34.4 (93.9) 29.3 (84.7) 22.0 (71.6) 15.6 (60.1) 39.2 (102.6)

Average high °C (°F) 2.4 (36.3) 5.5 (41.9) 10.5 (50.9) 15.7 (60.3) 20.7 (69.3) 23.9 (75) 26.4 (79.5) 26.7 (80.1) 23.1 (73.6) 17.1 (62.8) 10.1 (50.2) 4.1 (39.4) 15.5 (59.9)

Daily mean °C (°F) −1.3 (29.7) 1.1 (34) 5.0 (41) 9.9 (49.8) 14.7 (58.5) 17.8 (64) 19.7 (67.5) 19.5 (67.1) 15.9 (60.6) 10.6 (51.1) 5.1 (41.2) 0.4 (32.7) 9.8 (49.6)

Average low °C (°F) −4.9 (23.2) −2.8 (27) 0.2 (32.4) 4.2 (39.6) 8.5 (47.3) 11.4 (52.5) 12.5 (54.5) 12.3 (54.1) 9.4 (48.9) 5.0 (41) 0.9 (33.6) −3.1 (26.4) 4.4 (39.9)

Record low °C (°F) −27.2 (−17) −24.5 (−12.1) −14.2 (6.4) −5.3 (22.5) −1.8 (28.8) 0.5 (32.9) 3.9 (39) 4.4 (39.9) −4.0 (24.8) −8.0 (17.6) −17.6 (0.3) −20.6 (−5.1) −27.2 (−17)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 38.9 (1.531) 36.1 (1.421) 38.8 (1.528) 48.8 (1.921) 68.2 (2.685) 60.3 (2.374) 51.6 (2.031) 44.0 (1.732) 42.1 (1.657) 45.4 (1.787) 68.2 (2.685) 55.5 (2.185) 597.9 (23.539)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 13.6 12.3 11.4 12.1 12.8 11.9 8.3 7.9 7.5 8.6 12.3 14.5 133.2

Average snowy days 10.2 8.3 6.2 1.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 3.4 8.1 38.2

Average relative humidity (%) 83 77 70 65 67 67 63 62 68 74 80 83 71

Mean monthly sunshine hours 70.8 96.0 143.0 184.0 227.9 246.3 299.3 289.6 225.8 173.5 96.9 70.2 2,123.3

Source: Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia[35]

Politics Main article: Politics in Pristina

The government building in Pristina.

Capital Being the capital city of Kosovo, it influences the politic, culture and economic aspects of the country. Pristina
Pristina
is the seat of the Government of Kosovo. The Mayor of Pristina
Mayor of Pristina
is one of the most influential political figures in the nation as well as serving as an urban figure through the youth of the city. Kosovo
Kosovo
is known for having the youngest population in Europe, with an average of 25 years old.[36] During the 2013 elections, Shpend Ahmeti, a professor of economics, gathered most of the youth of Pristina
Pristina
around his campaign also due to the fact that he was nearly 30 years younger than the former Mayor Isa Mustafa. His team and staff consisted of young people and Ahmeti delivered a more modern public image, presenting himself closer to the voters. A lot of young people chose to volunteer in his meetings, therefore his campaign in general represented a novelty in Kosovan politics.[37] Ahmeti promised to go to work by public transport in order to save money from the use of expensive official cars and has been doing so until now.[38] City
City
Council The city council consists of 51 members. One out of three of the members have to be women according to the Statute of the Municipality approved in 2010. The city council has seen the LDK having the most members in all elections held until now. In the 2013 elections, although LDK candidate Isa Mustafa
Isa Mustafa
lost to Shpend Ahmeti, the LDK won 18 seats in Assembly with Vetëvendosje
Vetëvendosje
with 10. The PDK followed with 8 seats and the AKR with 4.[39] The current head of the City
City
Council is Halim Halimi from the LDK.[40] In February 2014 a majority of the City
City
Council after a heated debate, voted to sell the official car of the municipality in order to decrease the distance between the politicians and the population.[41]

Demographics Main article: Demographics of Pristina

Historical population

Year Pop. ±% p.a.

1948 44,089 —    

1953 51,457 +3.14%

1961 69,810 +3.89%

1971 105,273 +4.19%

1981 148,656 +3.51%

1991 199,654 +2.99%

2011 198,897 −0.02%

2016 est. 204,721 +0.58%

Source: Division of Kosovo

The population development in the last one hundred years.

According to the last official census done in 2011, the city of Pristina
Pristina
has 198,897 inhabitants. The city's urban area has 145,419 inhabitants. During the 2000-s, the administrative division of Kosovo and Pristina
Pristina
was changed under UNMIK, and new municipalities were created from some of the Pristina's settlements, thus creating more ethnically connected settlements. The rural area as well as the area near the center of Pristina, in terms of socio-economic processes, is under the influence of population dynamics, both in terms of demographic regime, which is more expansive, and in addition mechanical population. This part of the municipality has a high density of population. The density of population is 247 inhabitants per square kilometres.[42] While the population density of suburban area of the municipality without Pristina, as an urban center, is 123 inhabitants per km²[43] As an urban center with representative functions and its economic strength, has changed the population structure. With the surrounding space has become increasingly a concentration to a large population. While the mountain area, especially more distant areas have a displacement due to depopulation, especially after the Kosovo
Kosovo
War. The network of settlements in the territory of the Municipality of Pristina
Pristina
has some specifics. Such as distribution of settlements depends on the degree of economic development, natural conditions, socio-political circumstances, position. One of the features is also uneven distribution of the settlements. Ethnic groups According to the census done in 1991 (boycotted by the Albanian majority), the population of the Pristina
Pristina
municipality was 199,654, including 77.63% Kosovo
Kosovo
Albanians, 15.43% Kosovo
Kosovo
Serbs and Montenegrins, 1.72% of Muslims by nationality and others.[44] This census cannot be considered accurate as it is based on previous records and estimates.[citation needed] In early 1999, Pristina
Pristina
had around 230,000 inhabitants. There were more than 40,000 Serbs and about 6,500 Roma with the remainder being Kosovo
Kosovo
Albanians. Today, after new administrative division was established in the 2000-s, the city of Pristina
Pristina
has Kosovo
Kosovo
Albanians
Albanians
ethnic majority amounting to 98% of total population with small number of minorities. The Serbian population in the city has fallen significantly since 1999, as many of the Serbs who lived in the city have fled or been expelled following the end of the war. Also, many of them moved to the municipality of Gračanica, expanded municipality located southern of Pristina. Religion Main article: Religion in Pristina

The Great Hamam of Pristina
Great Hamam of Pristina
and the Imperial Mosque. (left) The Catholic Cathedral of Blessed Mother Teresa. (right)

As the rest of the country, the majority of its population consider themselves Muslim. The small minority of Pristina’s religious population, practices Christianity in the form of Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy. It has always been considered as a city where tolerance and coexistence in terms of religion and culture has been part of the society in the last centuries. When the city became under the rule of the Serbian Empire
Serbian Empire
during the Middle Ages, Eastern Orthodoxy was a predominant faith other than Roman Catholicism.[45] All inhabitants of Pristina
Pristina
have the right to freedom of belief, conscience and religion, which are guaranteed to all persons in Pristina
Pristina
and Kosovo. Christianity has been around in Pristina
Pristina
for a long time, going back all the way to the time of the Dardanian Kingdom and Roman Empire. Islam
Islam
in Pristina
Pristina
began to be spread very early, during the Ottoman Rule. Before the Battle of Kosovo
Kosovo
in 1369 the whole Balkan was Christianized by the Western and Eastern Roman Empire. From that time until 1912 Kosovo
Kosovo
was governed by the Ottoman Empire resulting in high level of Islamization. Economy Further information: Economy of Kosovo Pristina
Pristina
is the economic heart of Kosovo
Kosovo
and home to many domestic and international companies operating in the country. Major roads and railways pass through Pristina
Pristina
and connect the northern part of the country to the south and the west with the east. Since the independence of Kosovo, the city has undergone significant changes in the past 9 years, vastly modernizing and expanding the road infrastructure, urban transport and air transport.[46] Years before its declaration of independence in 2008, Kosovo
Kosovo
and in particular its capital Pristina
Pristina
have been a large financial and business center in the Balkans
Balkans
with a GDP of 4.0% in 2009.[47] The Lakrishte area, a former industrial zone in the center of Pristina, was designated by the government as high-rise area with many complex buildings. The regulation of this plan started in 2008. Some of the buildings include the ENK Tower (among the largest in the Balkans), the World Trade Center, the AXIS towers and the Arting Highrise.[48]

Infrastructure Main article: Transport in Pristina

The International Airport of Pristina
Pristina
is one of the largest in the Balkans.

Pristina
Pristina
traffic in the evening.

Pristina
Pristina
is the transport hub of road, rail and air in Kosovo. The city's buses, trains and planes together all serve to maintain a high level of connectivity between Pristina
Pristina
many different districts and beyond. Analysis from the Traffic Police have shown that, of 240,000 cars registered in Kosovo, around 100,000 (41%) are from the region of Pristina.[citation needed] The Pristina railway station
Pristina railway station
is located near the city centre. R7 Motorway is the first motorway constructed in Kosovo
Kosovo
and linking the Albanian border at the village of Vërmicë with Pristina. The construction of the motorway started in April 2010 and finished in 2013. The R7, along the A1 Motorway in Albania, have set the travel time from Pristina
Pristina
to Tirana
Tirana
to 3 hours.[49] Once the remaining E80 Pristina- Merdare
Merdare
section is completed, it will link the Adriatic Sea with the Pan-European corridor X
Pan-European corridor X
at the European route E80
European route E80
near the town of Merdare
Merdare
between the disputed Kosovo- Serbia
Serbia
border. The R6 Motorway is a currently under construction. Forming part of the European route E65, it is the second motorway constructed in Kosovo and will link the capital with the Macedonian border at Hani i Elezit, about 20 kilometres from Skopje. The Pristina International Airport
Pristina International Airport
(PIA) is located 15 kilometres southwest of Pristina. It is Kosovo's only international airport that handles over 1.7 million passengers per year and the only port of entry for air travelers to Kosovo.[50] In 2006 PIA it was awarded the Best Airport 2006 by Airports Council International Europe
Europe
for airports with fewer than a million passengers.[51] It is under the authority of the Republic of Kosovo[citation needed]. The Airport is a secondary hub for Adria Airways
Adria Airways
of Slovenia. Pristina
Pristina
effectively has two train stations. Pristina
Pristina
railway station lies west of the center, while Fushë Kosovë
Fushë Kosovë
railway station is Kosovo's railway hub.[52] Pristina
Pristina
is serviced by a train that travels through Pristina
Pristina
to Skopje
Skopje
daily. The station is located in the industrial section of Pristina.

Tourism Main article: Tourism in Pristina

The Swiss Diamond Prishtina.

Pristina
Pristina
is the primary tourist destination in Kosovo
Kosovo
as well as the main air gateway to the country.[53] It is known as a university center of students from neighbouring countries as Albania, Macedonia, Montenegro
Montenegro
and Serbia. In 2012, Tourism in Pristina
Tourism in Pristina
attracted 36,186 foreign visitors.[54] which represents 74.2%[55] Most foreign tourists come from Albania, Turkey, Germany, United States, Slovenia, Montenegro, Macedonia, with the number of visitors from elsewhere growing every year.[56] The city has a large number of luxury hotels, modern restaurants, bars, pubs and very large nightclubs. Coffee bars are a representative icon of Pristina
Pristina
and they can be found almost everywhere. The largest hotels of the city are the Swiss Diamond and the Grand Hotel Prishtina situated in the heart of the city. Other major hotels present in Pristina
Pristina
include the Emerald Hotel, Sirius Hotel and Hotel Garden. Some of the most visited sights near the city include the Batlava Lake and Marble Cave, which are also among the most visited places in country.[57] Pristina
Pristina
has played a very important role during the World War II, being a shelter for Jews, whose cemeteries now can be visited.[58][59][60]

Media Further information: Media in Pristina Media in Pristina
Media in Pristina
include some of the most important newspapers, largest publishing houses and most prolific television studios of Kosovo. Pristina
Pristina
is the largest communications center of media in Kosovo. Almost all of the major media organizations in Kosovo
Kosovo
are based in Pristina.[61] The television industry developed in Pristina and is a significant employer in the city's economy. The four major broadcast networks, RTK, RTV21, KTV and KLAN KOSOVA are all headquartered in Pristina. Radio Television of Kosovo
Kosovo
(RTK) is the only public broadcaster both in Pristina
Pristina
and in all of Kosovo
Kosovo
as well, who continues to be financed directly by the state. All of the daily newspapers in Pristina
Pristina
have a readership throughout Kosovo. [62] An important event which affected the development of the media, is that in University of Pristina
Pristina
since 2005 is established the Journalism Faculty within the Faculty of Philology in which are registered a large number of youth people.[63]

Culture Main article: Culture in Pristina

The Kosovo
Kosovo
Museum is the earliest institution of cultural heritage in Kosovo, established with the goal of preserving, restoration-conservation and presentation of movable heritage on the territory.

The National Library of Kosovo
National Library of Kosovo
is known for its unique history, and the style of the building designed by Croatian architect, Andrija Mutnjaković followed by controversies about the outside appearance of it.

As the capital city of the Republic of Kosovo, it is the center of cultural and artistic development of all Albanians
Albanians
that live in Kosovo. Pristina
Pristina
is home to the largest cultural institutions of the country, such as the National Theatre of Kosovo, National Archaeology, Ethnography and Natural science Museum, National Art Gallery and the Ethnological Museum. The National Library of Kosovo
National Library of Kosovo
has than 1.8 million books, periodicals, maps, atlases, microfilms and other library materials. There are many foreign cultural institutions in Pristina, including the Albanian Albanological Institute, the French Alliance Française[64], the British Council,[65] and the German Goethe-Institut[66] and Friedrich Ebert Foundation.[67] The Information Office of the Council of Europe
Europe
was also established in Pristina.[68]

Sights Main article: Historical monuments in Pristina

The Goddess on the Throne
Goddess on the Throne
is one of the most precious archaeological artifacts of the country and has been adopted as the symbol of Pristina.

The Clock Tower served as a means of informing the town in order to let people know when to pray as well as the traders closing their shops. (left) The Ethnological Museum. (right)

Of 426 protected historical monuments in Kosovo, 21 are in Pristina.[69] A large number of these monuments date back to the Byzantine
Byzantine
and Ottoman periods.[70] Starting in 1945, the Yugoslav authorities began constructing a modern Pristina
Pristina
with the idea of “destroy the old, build the new”[71]. This modernization led to major changes in the structure of the buildings, their function and their surrounding environment.[72] However, numerous types of monuments have been preserved, including four mosques, a restored orthodox church, an Ottoman bath, a public fountain, a clock tower, several traditional houses as well as European-influenced architecture buildings such as Kosovo
Kosovo
Museum.[73] These symbolize the historical and cultural character of Pristina
Pristina
as it was developed throughout centuries in the spirit of conquering empires (Roman, Byzantine, Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian).[70] The Hivzi Sylejmani library was founded 70 years ago and it is one of the largest libraries regarding the number of books in its inventory which is nearly 100.000. All of those books are in service for the library's registered readers.[74][not in citation given] The Mbretëresha e Dardanisë (Queen of Dardania) or Hyjnesha ne Fron (The Goddess on the Throne) is an artifact that was found during some excavations in 1955[75] in the area of Ulpiana,[76] a suburb of Pristina. It dates back to 3500 BC in the Neolithic
Neolithic
Era and it is made of clay.[77] In Pristina
Pristina
there is also "Hamami i Qytetit"(The City
City
Bath) and the house of Emin Gjika which has been transformed to the Ethnographic Museum. Pristina
Pristina
also has its municipal archive which was established in the 1950s and holds all the records of the city, municipality and the region.[74]

Music Further information: Music composition and composers in Pristina

Well-known singer Rita Ora
Rita Ora
was born in Pristina
Pristina
to Albanian parents.

Albanian music
Albanian music
is considered to be very rich in genres and their development. But before talking about genre development, a key point that has to be mentioned is without doubt the rich folklore of Kosovo most of which unfortunately has not been digitalized and saved in archives. The importance of folklore is reflected in two main keys, it is considered a treasure” of cultural heritage of our country and it helps to enlighten the Albanian history
Albanian history
of that time, and the importance of that is of a high level especially when mentioning the circumstances of our territory in that time.[78][79] Folklore has also served as inspiration and influence in many fields including music composition in the next generations[80] One of the most notable and very first composers, Rexho Mulliqi in whose work, folklore inspiration and influence is very present.[81] When highlighting the music creativity and its starts in Kosovo
Kosovo
and the relation between it and the music creativity in Albania
Albania
even though they have had their development in different circumstances, it is proved that they share some characteristics in a very natural way. This fact shows that they belong to one "Cultural Tree". Some of few international music artists of Albanian heritage are born and raised in the city including Rita Ora, Dua Lipa
Dua Lipa
and Era Istrefi. Theater Main article: Theatres in Pristina The city of Pristina
Pristina
hosts only three active theatres such as the National Theater, Oda and Dodona Theatre placed in center of Pristina. They offers live performances every week. The National Theatre is placed in the middle downtown of the city, near the main government building and was founded in 1946.[82] ODA Theatre is situated in the Youth Centre Building and Dodona Theatre is placed in Vellusha district, which is near Ibrahim Rugova Square. The National Theater of Kosovo
Kosovo
is the highest ranked theater institution in the country which has the largest number of productions. The theater is the only public theater in Kosovo
Kosovo
and therefore it is financed by Ministry of Culture, Youth and Sport. This theater has produced more than 400 premieres which have been watched by more than 3 million spectators.[83]

Festivals and Fairs Main articles: Events and festivals in Pristina
Events and festivals in Pristina
and Fairs in Pristina

Peter Donohoe playing piano in Pristina
Pristina
in 2013.

Festivals and events are one of some things that people in Pristina enjoy properly, without rushing to get it over with. Despite having quite a small territorial space, Pristina
Pristina
has a pleasant number of festivals and events. The diversity of festivals makes it possible for people of different tastes to find themselves in a city this small. The Prishtina International Film Festival
Prishtina International Film Festival
screens prominent international cinema productions in the Balkan region and beyond, and draws attention to the Kosovar film industry. It was created after the 2008 Kosovo
Kosovo
declaration of independence. After its independence in 2008, Kosovo
Kosovo
looked for ways to promote its cultural and artistic image. One of major festivals include the Chopin Piano Fest Pristina
Chopin Piano Fest Pristina
that was established for the first time on the occasion of the 200th birth anniversary of Frédéric Chopin
Frédéric Chopin
in 2010 by the Kosovo
Kosovo
Chopin Association.[84] The festival is becoming a traditional piano festival held in spring every year. It is considered to be a national treasure.[85] In its 5 years of formation it has offered interpretations by both world-famous pianists such as Peter Donohoe, Janina Fialkowska, Kosovo-Albanian musicians of international renown like Ardita Statovci, Alberta Troni and local talents.[86][85] The Festival strives to promote the art of interpretation, the proper value of music and the technicalities that accompany it.[85] The Festival has served as inspiration for the formation of other music festivals like Remusica and Kamerfest.[86] The DAM Festival Pristina
DAM Festival Pristina
is one of the most prominent cultural events taking place in the capital. It is an annual music festival which gathers young and talented national and international musicians from all over the world. This festival works on enriching the Kosovar cultural scene with the collision of the traditional and the contemporary. The festival was founded by back then art student, now well known TV producer, musician, journalist and manager of the Kosovo's Philharmonic Orchestra, Dardan Selimaj.[87] Pristina
Pristina
had always a development in trading due to its position of the Balkan trade routes. Fairs started since the medieval period, at the time when it was famous for its annual trade fairs and its goat hide and goat hair articles. Despite that fact Pristina, or Kosovo
Kosovo
in general is not known for occurrence of fairs. With the development of culture and especially after the last war in 1999, Pristina
Pristina
had a progress on holding these kinds of events. Every year various types of trade fairs take place in the capital city. The essence of these fairs is usually temporary; some last only an afternoon while others may last around 3 days, a week or even longer. They have grown in size and importance over the years. These fairs are organized annually and are open to trade visitors and public. The number of exhibitors and visitors is usually very high. Education Further information: Education in Pristina

Academy of Sciences and Arts, honorary members include Albanian-American Nobel Prize winner, Ferid Murad
Ferid Murad
and Mother Teresa.

Pristina
Pristina
is host to many higher education institutions. Finance, arts, journalism, medicine, dentistry, pharmaceuticals, veterinary programs, and engineering are among the most popular fields for foreigners to undertake in the city. This brings a many of young students from other cities and countries to Pristina. It is known for its many educational institutions such as the University of Prishtina, Academy of Arts and the Academy of Sciences. Today, the city hosts a considerable number of intellectuals, professors, academics, students and professionals in various spheres. Among the first schools known in the city were those opened during the Ottoman period.[88] Albanians
Albanians
were allowed to attend these schools, most of which were religious, with only few of them being secular.[88] Media Further information: Media in Pristina Media in Pristina
Media in Pristina
include some of the most important newspapers, largest publishing houses and most prolific television studios of Kosovo. Pristina
Pristina
is the largest communications center of media in Kosovo. Almost all of the major media organizations in Kosovo
Kosovo
are based in Pristina.[61] The television industry developed in Pristina and is a significant employer in the city's economy. The four major broadcast networks, RTK, RTV21, KTV and KLAN KOSOVA are all headquartered in Pristina. Radio Television of Kosovo
Kosovo
(RTK) is the only public broadcaster both in Pristina
Pristina
and in all of Kosovo
Kosovo
as well, who continues to be financed directly by the state. All of the daily newspapers in Pristina
Pristina
have a readership throughout Kosovo. [62] An important event which affected the development of the media, is that in University of Pristina
Pristina
since 2005 is established the Journalism Faculty within the Faculty of Philology in which are registered a large number of youth people.[63]

Sports Further information: Sport in Pristina

Streetballers at the Germia Park

Pristina
Pristina
is the center of sport in Kosovo, where activity is organized across amateur and professional levels, sport organizations and clubs, regulated by the Kosovo
Kosovo
Olympic Committee and the Ministry of Culture, Youth and Sport.[89] Sport is organized in units called Municipal Leagues. There are seven Municipal Leagues in Pristina. The Football Municipal consists of 18 clubs, the Basketball
Basketball
Municipal 5 clubs, the Handball Municipal 2 clubs, Table Tennis and Chess 6 clubs each, the Karate Municipal 15 and the Tennis Municipal 2 clubs.[90] Football is the most popular sport in the city. It is represented by KF Prishtina, which plays their home games in the City
City
Stadium. Basketball
Basketball
has been also one of the most popular sports in Pristina and is represented by Sigal Prishtina. It is the most successful basketball club in Kosovo
Kosovo
and is part of the Balkan League.[91] Joining it in the Superleague is another team from Pristina, RTV 21.[92] Streetball is a traditionally organised sport and cultural event at the Germia Park
Germia Park
since 2000. Apart from indoor basketball success, Che Bar team has been crowned the champion of the national championship in 2013. This victory coincided with Streetball Kosovo's acceptance in the FIBA.[93] Handball is also very popular. Pristina's representatives are recognised internationally and play international matches.[citation needed]

Notable people Further information: Category:People from Pristina International relations Main article: List of twin towns and sister cities in Kosovo Pristina
Pristina
is twinned with:

Ankara
Ankara
(Turkey)[94]

Tirana
Tirana
(Albania)[95][96]

See also

History of Kosovo Geography of Kosovo

Kosovo
Kosovo
portal

Notes

^ a b Kosovo
Kosovo
is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo
Kosovo
and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels
Brussels
Agreement. Kosovo
Kosovo
has received formal recognition as an independent state from 113 out of 193 United Nations
United Nations
member states.

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Office in Pristina. Retrieved 28 May 2017.  ^ "Një e ardhme për të kaluarën e Pishtinës" (PDF) (in Albanian). Kosova Stability Initiative, European Stability Initiative. p. 9. Retrieved 23 February 2014.  ^ a b Limani, Jeta. "Kulla of Mazrekaj family in Dranoc" (PDF). p. 2.  ^ Warrander, Gail; Verena Knaus. Kosovo. Bradt Travel Guides
Bradt Travel Guides
Ltd., UK. p. 3. ISBN 978 1 84162 331 3.  ^ "CONSERVATION BASIS FOR THE "HISTORIC CENTRE" OF PRISHTINË" (PDF) (in English, Albanian, and Serbian). December 2012. p. 3.  ^ "Conservation Basis for the "historic Centre" of Prishtinë" (PDF) (in English, Albanian, and Serbian). December 2012. p. 16.  ^ a b Letërnjoftim i shkurtër për kulturën e kryeqytetit Short notice of capital culture. Retrieved 25 February 2014. ^ 'Tjerrtorja' Archaeological Site (listed since 1955). Retrieved 1 March 2014 ^ Goldsworthy, Adrian Keith; Haynes, Ian; Adams, Colin E. P. (1997). The Roman army as a community. Journal of Roman Archaeology. p. 100. ISBN 1887829342.  Retrieved 2 March 2014. ^ Idhulli i Dardanisë apo Hyjnesha në fron[permanent dead link] Dardanian idol or Goddess on the Throne. Retrieved 22 February 2014. ^ Rudi, Rafet (2002). Sprova Estetike - Muzika e shekullit XX (Esthetical Challenges" - Music of the 20th Century). Dukagjini. p. 135.  ^ "Portali Shqiperia".  ^ "Gazeta Jeta në Kosovë - Kosovë - Gazeta Jeta në Kosovë". Gazeta Jeta në Kosovë.  ^ "Zeri.info - Rexho Mulliqi- Nismëtar i muzikës artistike në Kosovë". zeri.info. Archived from the original on 2014-03-02.  ^ "The National theatre of Kosovo".  ^ "Profili". Retrieved 17 November 2015.  ^ Luzha, Besa. "Chopin Piano Fest Prishtina". WordPress. Retrieved 2014-02-23.  ^ a b c Selmani, Arber. "'Chopin Fest' eshte pasuri shteterore". Retrieved 01/03/2014.  Check date values in: access-date= (help) ^ a b ""Chopin Piano Fest", në kujtim të Verdit". Koha Net. Retrieved 2014-02-23.  ^ "DAM Festival-KadMusArts".  ^ a b "The History, Culture and Identity of Albanians
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External links

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Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Pristina.

 "Prishtina". Encyclopædia Britannica. 22 (11th ed.). 1911. p. 361.  Pristina
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Pristina
Airport Pristina
Pristina
Bus Timetables and Maps

Links to related articles

v t e

Capitals of European states and territories

Capitals of dependent territories and states whose sovereignty is disputed shown in italics.

Western

Amsterdam, Netherlands1 Andorra la Vella, Andorra Bern, Switzerland Brussels, Belgium2 Douglas, Isle of Man (UK) Dublin, Ireland London, United Kingdom Luxembourg, Luxembourg Paris, France Saint Helier, Jersey (UK) Saint Peter Port, Guernsey (UK)

Northern

Copenhagen, Denmark Helsinki, Finland Longyearbyen, Svalbard (Norway) Mariehamn, Åland Islands (Finland) Nuuk, Greenland (Denmark) Olonkinbyen, Jan Mayen (Norway) Oslo, Norway Reykjavík, Iceland Stockholm, Sweden Tórshavn, Faroe Islands (Denmark)

Central

Berlin, Germany Bratislava, Slovakia Budapest, Hungary Ljubljana, Slovenia Prague, Czech Republic Vaduz, Liechtenstein Vienna, Austria Warsaw, Poland

Southern

Ankara, Turkey3 Athens, Greece Belgrade, Serbia Bucharest, Romania Gibraltar, Gibraltar (UK) Lisbon, Portugal Madrid, Spain Monaco, Monaco Nicosia, Cyprus4 North Nicosia, Northern Cyprus4, 5 Podgorica, Montenegro Pristina, Kosovo5 Rome, Italy San Marino, San Marino Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina Skopje, Macedonia Sofia, Bulgaria Tirana, Albania Valletta, Malta Vatican City, Vatican City Zagreb, Croatia

Eastern

Astana, Kazakhstan3 Baku, Azerbaijan3 Chișinău, Moldova Kiev, Ukraine Minsk, Belarus Moscow, Russia3 Riga, Latvia Stepanakert, Artsakh4, 5 Sukhumi, Abkhazia3, 5 Tallinn, Estonia Tbilisi, Georgia3 Tiraspol, Transnistria5 Tskhinvali, South Ossetia3, 5 Vilnius, Lithuania Yerevan, Armenia3

1 Also the capital of the Kingdom of the Netherlands 2 Also the seat of the European Union, see Institutional seats of the European Union
European Union
and Brussels
Brussels
and the European Union 3 Transcontinental country 4 Entirely in Southwest Asia but having socio-political connections with Europe 5 Partially recognised country

v t e

Pristina

Religion

Cathedral of Saint Mother Teresa Church of Christ the Saviour Church of Saint Nicholas Imperial Mosque Jashar Pasha Mosque

Parks and landmarks

Germia Park Bear Sanctuary Bazaar of Pristina Palace of Justice Palace of Youth and Sports Newborn monument Great Hamam

Culture

Ethnological Museum National Art Gallery National Museum National Library National Theatre National Assembly Miss Universe Kosovo Miss Kosovo Prishtina International Film Festival Chopin Piano Fest Pristina DAM Festival Pristina

Squares

Bill Clinton Boulevard Bregu i Diellit

Economy

Grand Hotel Prishtina Swiss Diamond Prishtina IPKO Kujtesa

Education

AAB University Iliria College Sami Frashëri High School RIT Kosovo Universiteti i Prishtinës Universiteti i Prishtinës
Universiteti i Prishtinës
Faculty of Arts Univerzitet u Prištini Faculty of Arts

Sport

KF Flamurtari KF 2 Korriku KF Beselidhja KF Kosova Prishtinë KF Ramiz Sadiku Pristina
Pristina
City
City
Stadium Sigal Prishtina

Transport

Pristina
Pristina
International Airport R6 Motorway R7 Motorway Pristina
Pristina
railway station

Media

Radio Television of Kosovo Kohavision RTV21 Bota Sot Gazeta Express Koha Ditore Kosova Sot Lajm Epoka e Re

People

Rita Ora Lorik Cana Behgjet Pacolli Milena Rašić Marko Simonović

v t e

Municipalities of Kosovo1

Ferizaj
Ferizaj
District

Ferizaj
Ferizaj
(Uroševac) Elez Han
Elez Han
(Đeneral Janković) Kaçanik Štimlje Štrpce

Gjakova
Gjakova
District

Deçan Gjakova Junik Orahovac

Gjilan
Gjilan
District

Gjilan Kamenica Klokot Parteš Ranilug Vitina

Mitrovica District

Leposavić Mitrovica North Mitrovica Skenderaj
Skenderaj
(Srbica) Vučitrn Zubin Potok Zvečan

Peć
Peć
District

Peć Istok Klina

Pristina
Pristina
District

Glogovac Kosovo
Kosovo
Polje (Fushë Kosovë) Gračanica Obilić Lipljan Novo Brdo Podujevo Pristina

Prizren
Prizren
District

Mališevo Mamuša Prizren Dragaš Suva Reka

1  Kosovo
Kosovo
is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo
Kosovo
and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels
Brussels
Agreement. Kosovo
Kosovo
has received formal recognition as an independent state from 113 out of 193 United Nations
United Nations
member states.

v t e

Hero Cities of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

Beograd Cetinje Drvar Ljubljana Novi Sad Prilep Pristina Zagreb

v t e

Historical capitals of Serbia

Ras (950–1276) Debrc
Debrc
(1276–1283) Belgrade
Belgrade
(1283–1430; since 1841) Prizren
Prizren
(1300–1345) Skopje
Skopje
(1345–1371) Priština and Kruševac
Kruševac
(1371–1389) Smederevo
Smederevo
(1430–1453) Subotica
Subotica
(1526–1527) Kragujevac
Kragujevac
(1818–1841) Temišvar (1849–1860) Kragujevac
Kragujevac
(1914–1915) Niš
Niš
(1915)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 141885458 LCCN: n79125

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