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The Info List - Princess Mary Of Great Britain


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PRINCESS MARY OF GREAT BRITAIN (5 March 1723 – 14 January 1772) was the second-youngest daughter of King George II and Landgravine of Hesse- Kassel
Kassel
as the wife of Landgrave Frederick II .

CONTENTS

* 1 Early life * 2 Marriage

* 3 Titles, styles, honours and arms

* 3.1 Titles and styles * 3.2 Arms

* 4 Issue * 5 Ancestors * 6 References * 7 Sources * 8 External links

EARLY LIFE

Princess Mary

Princess Mary was born at Leicester House , Westminster
Westminster
, London
London
. Her father was the Prince of Wales
Prince of Wales
, later King George II . Her mother was Caroline of Ansbach
Caroline of Ansbach
, daughter of Johann Friedrich, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach .

Her father succeeded, as George II, on 11 June 1727, and she became HRH THE PRINCESS MARY. Upon her death in 1737, her mother, queen Caroline, entrusted Mary to her elder sister Caroline, urging her to "do what she could to support the meek and mild disposition of Princess Mary".

MARRIAGE

A marriage was negotiated with Landgrave Frederick of Hesse- Kassel
Kassel
, the only son and heir of William VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel . For the marriage, Parliament voted Mary £40,000.

They married by proxy at the Chapel Royal of St. James\'s Palace in London
London
on 8 May, then in person on 28 June 1740 at Kassel
Kassel
. They had four sons, three of whom survived to adulthood.

The marriage was unhappy, and Frederick was said to be "brutal" and "a boor". Frederick reportedly subjected Mary to spousal abuse. In late 1746, Mary made an extended trip to Britain to escape his maltreatment. The couple separated in 1754 on Frederick's conversion to Roman Catholicism
Roman Catholicism
. She was supported by her father-in-law, who provided her with a residence in Hanau, as she did not wish to return to Great Britain, but to stay on the continent to raise her children.

In 1756, Mary moved to Denmark, to take care of the children of her sister, Louise of Great Britain
Louise of Great Britain
, who had died in 1751. She took her children with her, and they were raised at the royal court and her sons were married to Danish princesses. Her husband succeeded his father as Landgrave of Hesse- Kassel
Kassel
in 1760, and so Mary was technically Landgravine consort for the last twelve years of her life, despite her estrangement from her husband.

Mary died on 14 or 16 January 1772, aged 48 at Hanau
Hanau
, Germany
Germany
.

TITLES, STYLES, HONOURS AND ARMS

TITLES AND STYLES

* 5 MARCH 1723 – 11 JUNE 1727: Her Royal Highness Princess Mary * 11 JUNE 1727 – 8 MAY 1740: Her Royal Highness The Princess Mary * 8 MAY 1740 – 25 MARCH 1751: Her Royal Highness Princess Frederick of Hesse-Kassel * 25 MARCH 1751 - 1 FEBRUARY 1760: Her Royal Highness The Hereditary Princess of Hesse-Kassel * 1 FEBRUARY 1760 – 14 JANUARY 1772: Her Royal Highness The Landgravine of Hesse-Kassel

ARMS

On 30 August 1727, as a child of the sovereign, Mary was granted use of the arms of the realm, differenced by a label argent of three points, each bearing a canton gules.

ISSUE

NAME BIRTH DEATH NOTES

Prince William of Hesse-Kassel 1741 1742 died in infancy

William I, Elector of Hesse
William I, Elector of Hesse
1743 1821 married, 1763, Wilhelmina Caroline of Denmark and Norway ; had issue

Prince Charles of Hesse-Kassel 1744 1836 married, 1766, Louise of Denmark ; had issue

Prince Frederick of Hesse-Kassel
Prince Frederick of Hesse-Kassel
1747 1837 married, 1786, Caroline of Nassau-Usingen ; had issue

ANCESTORS

ANCESTORS OF PRINCESS MARY OF GREAT BRITAIN

16. George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg

8. Ernest Augustus, Elector of Hanover

17. Anne Eleonore of Hesse-Darmstadt

4. George I of Great Britain
George I of Great Britain

18. Frederick V, Elector Palatine
Frederick V, Elector Palatine

9. Sophia, Princess Palatine of the Rhine

19. Elizabeth of Scotland

2. George II of Great Britain
George II of Great Britain

20. George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
(= 16)

10. George William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
George William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg

21. Anne Eleonore of Hesse-Darmstadt (= 17)

5. Duchess Sophia Dorothea of Celle
Sophia Dorothea of Celle

22. Alexander II d'Olbreuse

11. Eleonore d\'Esmier d\'Olbreuse

23. Jacquette Poussard de Vendre

1. PRINCESS MARY OF GREAT BRITAIN

24. Joachim Ernst, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach

12. Albert II, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach

25. Countess Sophie of Solms-Laubach

6. John Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach

26. Joachim Ernest, Count of Oettingen

13. Princess Sophia Margaret of Oettingen-Oettingen

27. Countess Anna Sibylle of Solms-Sonnenwald

3. Margravine Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach

28. William, Duke of Saxe-Weimar

14. John George I, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach

29. Princess Eleonore Dorothea of Anhalt-Dessau

7. Princess Eleonore Erdmuthe of Saxe-Eisenach

30. Ernest of Sayn-Wittgenstein

15. Princess Johanetta of Sayn-Wittgenstein

31. Countess Luise Juliane of Erbach

REFERENCES

* ^ The Peerage – Landgrave William VIII * ^ A B C D Weir, Alison (2008). Britain's Royal Families, The Complete Genealogy. London: Vintage Books. p. 284. ISBN 978-0-09-953973-5 . * ^ Michael A. Beatty: The English Royal Family of America, from Jamestown to the American Revolution * ^ A B C Williamson, David (2004). "Mary, Princess (1723–1772)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. doi :10.1093/ref:odnb/18253 . Retrieved 15 March 2011. * ^ James Panton:Historical Dictionary of the British Monarchy * ^ James Panton:Historical Dictionary of the British Monarchy * ^ The London
London
Gazette refers to her as "Princess Mary" * ^ Marks of Cadency in the British Royal Family

SOURCES

* Rigg, James McMullen (1893). "Mary (1723-1772)". In Lee, Sidney . Dictionary of National Biography
Dictionary of National Biography
. 36. London: Smith, Elder & Co. * Weir, Alison (2008). Britain's Royal Families, The Complete Genealogy. London: Vintage Books. ISBN 978-0-09-953973-5 . * Williamson, David (2004). "Mary, Princess (1723–1772)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. doi :10.1093/ref:odnb/18253 . Retrieved 15 March 2011.

EXTERNAL LINKS

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