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The Info List - Princess Marie Of Baden (1782–1808)


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Marie of Baden (Marie Elisabeth Wilhelmine; 7 September 1782 – 8 December 1808) was a Duchess consort of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
and Brunswick-Oels. She was married to Frederick William, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, and was the daughter of Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden, and Landgravine Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt.

Contents

1 Biography 2 Family 3 Ancestry 4 Notes

Biography[edit] Marie was born in Karlsruhe. At the time of the war against France, she stayed at Prenzlau. In 1806, her father-in-law fled from the troops of Napoleon
Napoleon
to Altona, where he died of the wounds he sustained in the war against France. Marie and her mother-in-law, Princess Augusta of Great Britain, came to see him at his sick-bed, but when the French army headed toward Hamburg, they were advised by the British ambassador to flee, and left shortly before his death. They were both invited to Sweden by Marie's brother-in-law king Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden. Augusta preferred to stay with her niece, Louise Augusta of Denmark in Augustenburg, but Marie accepted the offer and joined the king and queen of Sweden with her children at Malmö, were the royal family stayed without the royal court at the time to be close to the war during the difficult situation.[1] Her spouse was granted permission by the emperor to stay in Altona. Her brother, the Hereditary Prince of Baden, was married to Stephanie de Beauharnais, and an ally of Napoleon, and joined the emperor in Berlin at the same time. Napoleon
Napoleon
refused to see Marie's consort but said that he would like to see her, and Marie's brother wrote to her and asked her to come to Napoleon
Napoleon
in Berlin as the ambassador of Brunswick to speak on behalf of her husband. She accepted the suggestion and travelled alone toward Berlin, but was stopped in Stralsund
Stralsund
on the order of her husband,[2] as it was believed at the time that Napoleon
Napoleon
had plans to marry her to his brother Jérôme Bonaparte.[3] Her husband was reportedly genuinely fond of her and visited her incognito in Sweden two times, despite the fact that Sweden was considered enemy territory by Napoleon.[4] During her stay in Sweden Marie lived with the royal family in Malmö, where they stayed informally during her stay, rather than in state in Stockholm. She was reportedly used to an informal interaction with her ladies-in-waiting and felt restricted in the household of her strict and temperamental brother-in-law the king, whom she found it difficult to get along with.[5] In May 1807, her sister, Queen Frederica, was leaving Malmö
Malmö
and returning to the court at Stockholm to give birth, and asked Marie to come with her, but her husband demanded her to return to Germany,[6] which she did. Family[edit] On 1 November 1802, in Karlsruhe, Marie married Frederick William, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. Marie had three children before she died at Bruchsal
Bruchsal
of puerperal fever four days after giving birth to a stillborn daughter.

Charles (1804–1873) William (1806–1884) Stillborn daughter (b. & d. 16 April 1808 Bruchsal)

Ancestry[edit]

Ancestors of Princess Marie of Baden (1782–1808)

16. Charles III William, Margrave of Baden-Durlach

8. Friedrich, Hereditary Prince of Baden-Durlach

17. Magdalena Wilhelmine of Württemberg

4. Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Baden

18. John William Friso, Prince of Orange

9. Princess Amalia of Nassau-Dietz

19. Landgravine Marie Louise of Hesse-Kassel

2. Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden

20. Ernest Louis, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt

10. Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt

21. Dorothea Charlotte of Brandenburg-Ansbach

5. Landgravine Karoline Luise of Hesse-Darmstadt

22. Johann Reinhard III of Hanau-Lichtenberg

11. Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg

23. Dorothea Friederike of Brandenburg-Ansbach

1. Princess Marie of Baden

24. Ernest Louis, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Ernest Louis, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
=20

12. Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
=10

25. Dorothea Charlotte of Brandenburg-Ansbach
Dorothea Charlotte of Brandenburg-Ansbach
=21

6. Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt

26. Johann Reinhard III of Hanau-Lichtenberg
Johann Reinhard III of Hanau-Lichtenberg
=22

13. Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg
Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg
=11

27. Dorothea Friederike of Brandenburg-Ansbach
Dorothea Friederike of Brandenburg-Ansbach
=23

3. Landgravine Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt

28. Christian II, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken

14. Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken

29. Countess Katharina Agathe of Rappoltstein

7. Countess Palatine Caroline of Zweibrücken

30. Ludwig Kraft, Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken

15. Caroline of Nassau-Saarbrücken

31. Philippine Henriette of Hohenlohe-Langenburg

Notes[edit]

^ Charlottas, Hedvig Elisabeth (1936) [1800–1806]. af Klercker, Cecilia, ed. Hedvig Elisabeth Charlottas dagbok [The diary of Hedvig Elizabeth Charlotte] (in Swedish). VII 1800-1806. Translated by Cecilia af Klercker. Stockholm: P.A. Norstedt & Söners förlag. p. 471. OCLC 14111333.  (search for all versions on WorldCat) ^ Charlottas, Hedvig Elisabeth (1936) [1800–1806]. af Klercker, Cecilia, ed. Hedvig Elisabeth Charlottas dagbok [The diary of Hedvig Elizabeth Charlotte] (in Swedish). VII 1800-1806. Translated by Cecilia af Klercker. Stockholm: P.A. Norstedt & Söners förlag. p. 473. OCLC 14111333.  (search for all versions on WorldCat) ^ Charlottas, Hedvig Elisabeth (1936) [1800–1806]. af Klercker, Cecilia, ed. Hedvig Elisabeth Charlottas dagbok [The diary of Hedvig Elizabeth Charlotte] (in Swedish). VII 1800-1806. Translated by Cecilia af Klercker. Stockholm: P.A. Norstedt & Söners förlag. pp. 483–484. OCLC 14111333.  (search for all versions on WorldCat) ^ Charlottas, Hedvig Elisabeth (1939) [1807–1811]. af Klercker, Cecilia, ed. Hedvig Elisabeth Charlottas dagbok [The diary of Hedvig Elizabeth Charlotte] (in Swedish). VIII 1807-1811. Translated by Cecilia af Klercker. Stockholm: P.A. Norstedt & Söners förlag. p. 25. OCLC 14111333.  (search for all versions on WorldCat) ^ Charlottas, Hedvig Elisabeth (1939) [1807–1811]. af Klercker, Cecilia, ed. Hedvig Elisabeth Charlottas dagbok [The diary of Hedvig Elizabeth Charlotte] (in Swedish). VIII 1807-1811. Translated by Cecilia af Klercker. Stockholm: P.A. Norstedt & Söners förlag. pp. 38–39. OCLC 14111333.  (search for all versions on WorldCat) ^ Charlottas, Hedvig Elisabeth (1939) [1807–1811]. af Klercker, Cecilia, ed. Hedvig Elisabeth Charlottas dagbok [The diary of Hedvig Elizabeth Charlotte] (in Swedish). VIII 1807-1811. Translated by Cecilia af Klercker. Stockholm: P.A. Norstedt & Söners förlag. p. 38. OCLC 14111333.  (search for all versions on WorldCat)

German nobility

Preceded by Princess Augusta of Great Britain Duchess consort of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel 1806–1807 Vacant Title next held by Princess Victoria Louise of Prussia

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 47605900 GN

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