RAINIER III (Rainier Louis Henri Maxence Bertrand Grimaldi; 31 May
1923 – 6 April 2005) ruled the
* 1 Early life * 2 Reign * 3 Marriage and family * 4 Philately * 5 Car collection * 6 Illness and death
* 7 Titles, styles, honours and awards
* 7.1 Titles
* 7.2 Honours
* 7.2.1 National honours * 7.2.2 Foreign honours
* 7.3 Awards
* 8 Ranks * 9 Ancestry * 10 Arms and Monograms * 11 References * 12 External links
Rainier was born at Prince\'s Palace in
Rainier's early education was conducted in England, at the
prestigious public schools of Summerfields in
In 1944, upon his 21st birthday, Rainier's mother renounced her right
to the Monegasque throne and Rainier became Prince Louis's direct
World War II
In the 1940s and 1950s, Rainier had a ten-year relationship with the French film actress Gisèle Pascal , whom he had met while a student at Montpellier University, and the couple lived at Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat. Rainier's sister, Princess Antoinette , wishing her own son to ascend the throne, spread rumours that Pascal was infertile. The rumours combined with a snobbery over Pascal's family origins ultimately ended the relationship.
Rainier became the Sovereign Prince of
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Prince Rainier III and Princess Grace arrive at the White House for a luncheon, 24 May 1961
After ascending the throne, Rainier worked assiduously to recoup
Monaco's lustre, which had become tarnished through neglect
(especially financial) and scandal (his mother, Princess Charlotte,
took a noted jewel thief known as René the Cane as her lover).
According to numerous obituaries, the prince was faced upon his
ascension with a treasury that was practically empty. The small
nation's traditional gambling clientele, largely European aristocrats,
found themselves with reduced funds after World War II. Other gambling
centers had opened to compete with Monaco, many of them successfully.
To compensate for this loss of income, Rainier decided to promote
As Prince of Monaco, Rainier was also responsible for the principality's new constitution in 1962 which significantly reduced the power of the sovereign. (He suspended the previous Constitution in 1959, saying that it "has hindered the administrative and political life of the country.") The changes ended autocratic rule, placing power with the prince and a National Council of eighteen elected members.
MARRIAGE AND FAMILY
Rainier, Albert, Caroline, Stéphanie,
After a year-long courtship described as containing "a good deal of
rational appraisal on both sides" (
The Times , 7 April 2005, page 59),
Prince Rainier married Oscar -winning American actress Grace Kelly
(1929–1982) in 1956. The ceremonies in
* Princess Caroline Louise Marguerite , born 23 January 1957 and now HRH The Princess of Hanover; * Albert II, Prince of Monaco , born 14 March 1958, inherited the throne of Monaco; * Princess Stéphanie Marie Elisabeth , born 1 February 1965.
In 1979, Prince Rainier made his acting debut alongside his wife Grace in a 33-minute independent film called Rearranged, produced in Monaco. According to co-star Edward Meeks, after premiering it in Monaco, Grace showed it to ABC TV executives in New York in 1982, who expressed interest if extra scenes were shot to make it an hour long. However, Grace died in a car crash caused by a stroke in 1982, making it impossible to expand the film for American release.
Rainier then may have been romantically involved with his second
Ira von Fürstenberg , a former actress turned
jewellery designer, who is also a
After Grace's death, Rainier refused to remarry.
Rainier established a postal museum in 1950: the Museum of Stamps and
Coins , in Monaco's Fontvieille district by using the collections of
the Monegasque princes Albert I and Louis II . The prestigious
philatelic collectors club Club de Monte-Carlo de l'Élite de la
Philatélie was established under his patronage in 1999; the club has
its headquarters at the museum, with its membership restricted to
institutions and one hundred prestigious collectors. Rainier
organized exhibitions of rare and exceptional postage stamps and
letters with the club's members. Throughout his reign, Rainier
surveyed all the process of creation of
Rainier's car collection was opened to the public as the
ILLNESS AND DEATH
Tombs of Prince Rainier III and Princess Grace
Prince Rainier smoked 60 cigarettes a day. In the last years of his
life his health progressively declined. He underwent surgery in late
1999 and 2000, and was hospitalized in November 2002 for a chest
infection. He spent three weeks in hospital in January 2004 for what
was described as general fatigue. In February 2004, he was
hospitalized with a coronary lesion and a damaged blood vessel. In
October he was again in hospital with a lung infection. In November of
that year, Prince Albert appeared on
On 7 March 2005, he was again hospitalized with a lung infection. Rainier was moved to the hospital's intensive care unit on 22 March. One day later, on 23 March, it was announced he was on a ventilator , suffering from renal and heart failure . On 26 March, the palace reported that despite intensive ongoing efforts to improve the prince's health, he was continuing to deteriorate; however, the following day, he was reported to be conscious, his heart and kidney conditions having stabilized. His prognosis remained "very reserved".
On 31 March 2005, following consultation with the Crown Council of
On 1 April 2005, the Palace announced that Rainier's doctors believe
his chances of recovery were "slim". On 6 April, Prince Rainier died
at the Cardiothoracic Center of
He was buried on 15 April 2005, beside his wife, Princess Grace , at
the Saint Nicholas Cathedral , the resting place of previous sovereign
Because his death occurred shortly after that of
Pope John Paul II ,
Rainier's death was overshadowed in the media. As a mark of respect,
his family did not attend that year's
TITLES, STYLES, HONOURS AND AWARDS
See also: List of titles of the Monegasque Crown
* 31 MAY 1923 – 9 MAY 1949: His Serene Highness Prince Rainier of Monaco * 9 MAY 1949 – 6 APRIL 2005: His Serene Highness Rainier III, Prince of Monaco
* International Automobile Federation : Recipient of the Gold Medal for Motor Sport
* International Olympic Committee : Recipient of the Gold Olympic Order
ANCESTORS OF RAINIER III, PRINCE OF MONACO
16. Count Camille Melchior de Polignac
8. Count Charles Marie de Polignac
17. Charlotte Calixte Le Vassor de la Touche
4. Count Maxence Melchior de Polignac
18. Joseph Le Normand de Morando
9. Caroline Joséphine Le Normand de Morando
19. Anne Marie Papin de Thevigné
2. Count Pierre de Polignac
20. Isidoro Francisco de la Torre
10. Isidoro Fernando de la Torre y Carsí
21. Teresa Carsí
5. Susana Mariana de la Torre y Mier y Terán
22. Gregorio de Mier y Terán
11. María Luisa de Mier y Terán y Celis
23. Mariana de Celis y Dosal
1. RAINIER III, PRINCE OF MONACO
24. Charles III, Prince of
12. Albert I, Prince of
25. Countess Antoinette de Mérode-Westerloo
28. Jacques Antoine Louvet
14. Jacques Henri Louvet
29. Marie Catherine Jouanne
30. Pierre Michel Piedefer
15. Joséphine Elmire Piedefer
31. Marie Anne Brunel
ARMS AND MONOGRAMS
Coat of Arms of Prince Rainier III of
* ^ "A Prayer for Monaco: Remembering the Faith Legacy of Prince
Rainier III & Princess Grace and Contemplating the Moral Challenges of
Prince Albert II - Featured Today - Catholic Online". Catholic.org.
* ^ "Prince Rainier III of Monaco". The Daily Telegraph. London. 7
* ^ A B C D "Obituary: Prince Rainier III of Monaco.",
The Times ,
London, 7 April 2005, pg. 58
* ^ "Obituary: Giselle Pascal". The Independent. 8 February 2007.
Retrieved 11 January 2014.
* ^ 1956: Prince Rainier marries Grace Kelly, BBC: On This Day.
Accessed 31 May 2008.
* ^ "Rearranged (1982)". IMDb.com. Retrieved 2017-03-07.
* ^ "CNN.com - Transcripts". Transcripts.cnn.com. 2005-04-15.
* ^ Thilo Wydra (2014-11-18). "Grace: A Biography".
Books.google.ca. Retrieved 2017-03-07.
* ^ Dennis Barker. "Prince Rainier of
* ^ * ^ * ^ "Photographic image" (JPG). Angelfire.com. Retrieved 2017-03-07. * ^ "Photographic image" (JPG). 40.media.tumblr.com. Retrieved 2017-03-07. * ^ A B "Rainier wearing his Italian orders". Gettyimages.cm. Retrieved 2017-03-07. * ^ "Le onorificenze della Repubblica Italiana". Quirinale.it. 1953-05-30. Retrieved 2017-03-07. * ^ "Photographic image" (JPG). S-media-cache.ak0.pinimg.com. Retrieved 2017-03-07. * ^ "Photographic image" (JPG). S-media-cache.ak0.pinimg.com. Retrieved 2017-03-07. * ^ "CIDADÃOS ESTRANGEIROS AGRACIADOS COM ORDENS PORTUGUESAS - Página Oficial das Ordens Honoríficas Portuguesas". Ordens.presidencia.pt. Retrieved 2017-03-07. * ^ "Photographic image" (JPG). C7.alamy.com. Retrieved 2017-03-07.
* ^ "Photographic image" (JPG). 40.media.tumblr.com. Retrieved 2017-03-07.
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