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Prince Louis of Orleans, Duke of Nemours
Duke of Nemours
(Louis Charles Philippe Raphaël d'Orléans; 25 October 1814 – 26 June 1896) was the second son of King Louis-Philippe I of France, and his wife Maria Amalia of Naples and Sicily.

Contents

1 Life

1.1 Childhood 1.2 Marriage 1.3 Exile and return to France

2 Issue 3 Ancestors 4 Titles and styles 5 References

Life[edit] Childhood[edit] He was born at the Palais Royal, in Paris. At twelve years of age he was nominated colonel of the first regiment of chasseurs, and in 1830 he became a chevalier of the Order of the Saint Esprit and entered the Chambre des Pairs. As early as 1825 his name was mentioned as a possible candidate for the throne of Greece, and in February 1831 he was nominated king of the Belgians, but international considerations deterred Louis-Philippe from accepting the honour for his son, who was accompanying the French army that entered Belgium
Belgium
to support the new kingdom in its separation from the United Kingdom of the Netherlands; there he took part in the siege of Antwerp. He accompanied the Algerian expedition against the town of Constantine in the autumn of 1836, and in a second expedition (1837) he was entrusted with the command of a brigade and with the direction of the siege operations before Constantine. General Damrémont was killed at his side on 12 October, and the place was taken by assault on the 13th. He sailed a third time for Algeria in 1841, and served under General Bugeaud, taking part in the expedition to revictual Médéa
Médéa
on 29 April, and in sharp fighting near Miliana
Miliana
on 3 to 5 May. In the expedition against the fortified town of Takdempt he commanded the 1st infantry division. On his return to France he became commandant of the camp of Compiègne. He had been employed on missions of courtesy to England in 1835, in 1838 and in 1845, and to Berlin and Vienna
Vienna
in 1836. Marriage[edit] On 26 April 1840, he married Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha at the Château de Saint-Cloud. The occasion of his marriage in 1840 with Victoria was marked by a check to Louis-Philippe's government in the form of a refusal to bestow the marriage dowry proposed by Adolphe Thiers
Adolphe Thiers
in the Chamber of Deputies. The death of his elder brother, Ferdinand, duke of Orleans, in 1842 gave him a position of greater importance as the natural regent in the case of the accession of his nephew, the young count of Paris. His reserve, and dislike of public functions, with a certain haughtiness of manner, however, made him unpopular. On the outbreak of the revolution of 1848 he held the Tuileries long enough to cover the king's retreat, but refrained from initiating active measures against the mob. He followed his sister-in-law, Hélène, duchesse d'Orléans, and her two sons to the chamber of deputies, but was separated from them by the rioters, and only escaped finally by disguising himself in the uniform of a national guard. Exile and return to France[edit] He embarked for England, where he settled with his parents at Claremont. His chief aim during his exile, especially after his father's death, was a reconciliation between the two branches of the house of Bourbon, as indispensable to the re-establishment of the French monarchy in any form. These wishes were frustrated on the one hand by the attitude of the comte de Chambord, and on the other by the determination of the Duchess of Orleans to maintain the pretensions of the Count of Paris. Nemours was prepared to go further than the other princes of his family in accepting the principles of the legitimists. Lengthy negotiations ended in 1857 with a letter, written by Nemours, as he subsequently explained, at the dictation of his brother, François, prince de Joinville, in which he insisted that Chambord should express his adherence to the tricolour flag and to the principles of constitutional government. In 1871 the Orléans princes renewed their professions of allegiance to the senior branch of their house, but they were not consulted when the count of Chambord came to Paris in 1873, and their political differences remained until his death in 1883. Nemours lived at Bushy House
Bushy House
after the death in 1866 of Queen Marie Amélie, widow of Louis Philippe. In 1871 the exile imposed on the French princes was withdrawn, but he only transferred his establishment to Paris after their disabilities were also removed. In March 1872 he was restored to his rank in the army as general of division, and placed in the first section of the general staff. After his retirement from the active list he continued to act as president of the Red Cross Society
Red Cross Society
until 1886, when new decrees against the princes of the blood led to his withdrawal from Parisian society. During the presidency of Marshal MacMahon, he appeared from time to time at the Elysée. He died at Versailles on 26 June 1896 at the age of 81, the duchess having died at Claremont on 10 November 1857. He outlived all of his siblings apart from Princess Clémentine of Orléans and François d'Orléans the prince de Joinville. Issue[edit]

Prince Louis Philippe Marie Ferdinand Gaston of Orléans, Count of Eu (28 April 1842 – 28 August 1922), who married Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil, eldest daughter and heiress of Emperor Pedro II of Brazil; Prince Ferdinand Philippe Marie of Orléans, Duke of Alençon (12 July 1844 – 29 June 1910), who married Duchess Sophie Charlotte in Bavaria (1847–1897), sister of Elizabeth, Empress of Austria ("Sisi"), and who had been for a time engaged to Ludwig II of Bavaria; Princess Marguerite Adélaïde of Orléans
Princess Marguerite Adélaïde of Orléans
(1846–1893), who married Prince Ladislaus Czartoryski; Princess Blanche Marie Amelie Caroline Louise Victoire of Orléans (28 October 1857 – 4 February 1932).

Ancestors[edit]

Ancestors of Prince Louis, Duke of Nemours

16. Louis, Duke of Orléans

8. Louis Philippe I, Duke of Orléans

17. Auguste of Baden-Baden

4. Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans

18. Louis Armand II, Prince of Conti

9. Louise Henriette de Bourbon

19. Louise Élisabeth de Bourbon

2. Louis Philippe I
Louis Philippe I
of France

20. Louis Alexandre, Count of Toulouse

10. Louis Jean Marie, Duke of Penthièvre

21. Marie Victoire de Noailles

5. Louise Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon

22. Francesco III d'Este, Duke of Modena

11. Maria Teresa Felicitas d'Este

23. Charlotte Aglaé of Orléans

1. Prince Louis, Duke of Nemours

24. Philip V of Spain

12. Charles III of Spain

25. Elisabeth Farnese

6. Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies

26. Augustus III of Poland

13. Maria Amalia of Saxony

27. Maria Josepha of Austria

3. Maria Amalia of Naples and Sicily

28. Leopold, Duke of Lorraine

14. Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor

29. Élisabeth Charlotte of Orléans

7. Maria Carolina of Austria

30. Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor

15. Maria Theresa
Maria Theresa
of Austria

31. Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick

Titles and styles[edit]

25 October 1814 – 21 September 1824 His Serene Highness The Duke of Nemours. 21 September 1824 – 26 June 1896 His Royal Highness The Duke of Nemours.

References[edit]

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Nemours, Louis Charles Philippe Raphaël, Duc de". Encyclopædia Britannica. 19 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 370–371.  René Bazin, Le Duc de Nemours (1907); Paul Thureau-Dangin, Histoire de la monarchie de France (4 vols., 1884, etc.).

v t e

Princes of Orléans

1st generation

Philippe, Duke of Orléans^

2nd generation

Philippe Charles, Duke of Valois^ Alexandre Louis, Duke of Valois^ Philippe, Duke of Orléans^

3rd generation

Louis, Duke of Orléans^

4th generation

Louis Philippe, Duke of Orléans^

5th generation

Philippe, Duke of Orléans^

6th generation

Louis Philippe, King of the French^ Antoine, Duke of Montpensier^ Louis Charles, Count of Beaujolais^

7th generation

Ferdinand Philippe, Duke of Orléans Louis, Duke of Nemours François, Prince of Joinville Charles, Duke of Penthièvre^ Henri, Duke of Aumale Antoine, Duke of Montpensier

8th generation

Philippe, Count of Paris Robert, Duke of Chartres Gaston, Count of Eu Ferdinand, Duke of Alençon Pierre, Duke of Penthièvre Louis, Prince of Condé François Louis, Duke of Guise Prince Fernando Prince Felipe Infante Antonio, Duke of Galliera Prince Luis

9th generation

Philippe, Duke of Orléans Prince Charles Prince Jacques Ferdinand, Duke of Montpensier Prince Robert Prince Henri Jean, Duke of Guise Emmanuel, Duke of Vendôme Alfonso, Duke of Galliera Prince Luis Fernando

10th generation

Prince Henri, Count of Paris Charles Philippe, Duke of Nemours Álvaro, Duke of Galliera Prince Alonso Prince Ataúlfo

11th generation

Henri, Count of Paris, Duke of France François, Duke of Orléans Michel, Count of Évreux Jacques, Duke of Orléans Thibaut, Count of La Marche

12th generation

François, Count of Clermont Jean, Duke of Vendôme Eudes, Duke of Angoulême Charles Philippe, Duke of Anjou Prince François, Count of Dreux Charles Louis, Duke of Chartres Foulques, Duke of Aumale Robert, Count of La Marche Prince Louis Philippe

13th generation

Prince Gaston Prince Joseph Prince Pierre Prince Philippe Prince Constantin Prince Philippe

^never styled Prince of Orléans

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 32266146 LCCN: n94019525 ISNI: 0000 0001 0885 5618 GND: 142902284 BNF:

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