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Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, KG, GCVO, CD, ADC(P) (Edward Antony Richard Louis; born 10 March 1964)[1] is the youngest of four children and the third son of Queen Elizabeth II
Queen Elizabeth II
and Prince Philip, Duke
Duke
of Edinburgh. At the time of his birth, he was third in line of succession to the British throne; as of 2018, he is ninth in line.

Contents

1 Early life and education 2 Post-university

2.1 Royal Marines 2.2 Theatre and television 2.3 Ardent Productions

3 Marriage 4 Activities 5 Titles, styles, honours, and arms

5.1 Titles and styles 5.2 Honours

5.2.1 Military appointments

5.2.1.1 Honorary military appointments

5.2.2 Civic appointments 5.2.3 Academic appointments

5.3 Arms 5.4 Personal flag for Canada

6 Ancestry 7 See also 8 Notes 9 References 10 External links

Early life and education[edit] Prince Edward was born on 10 March 1964, at Buckingham Palace,[2] as the third son, and the fourth and youngest child of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke
Duke
of Edinburgh. He was baptised on 2 May 1964 in the private chapel at Windsor Castle[3] by the then-Dean of Windsor, Robin Woods.[b] As with his older siblings, a governess was appointed to look after Edward and was responsible for his early education at Buckingham Palace. At the age of seven, Edward was sent to Gibbs School before attending, in September 1972, Heatherdown School, near Ascot in Berkshire. He then, as his father and elder brothers had done before him, moved to Gordonstoun, in northern Scotland, and was appointed Head Boy in his last term. Edward obtained a C-grade and two D-grades at A-level,[5] and after leaving school spent a gap year abroad, working as a house tutor and junior master for two terms in September 1982 at the Wanganui Collegiate School
Wanganui Collegiate School
in New Zealand.[6][7] Upon his return to Britain, Edward matriculated at Jesus College, Cambridge, where he read history. His admission to Cambridge caused some controversy at the time, since his A-level
A-level
grades were far below the standard normally required, "straight As", for Oxbridge entrance.[8] Edward graduated in 1986 as BA (lower second class honours)[9] and proceeded Master of Arts (Cantab) in 1991, making him the fourth member of the royal family to obtain a university degree. Post-university[edit] Royal Marines[edit] On leaving university, Prince Edward joined the Royal Marines
Royal Marines
as an officer cadet, having been sponsored by the Marines with £12,000 towards his tuition at Cambridge University on condition of future service.[10] In January 1987, however, he dropped out of the gruelling commando course after completing just one third of the 12-month training. Media reported, at the time, that the move prompted a berating from Prince Philip
Prince Philip
who "reduced his son to prolonged tears."[11] Others claimed that Philip was the most sympathetic family member and that he understood his son's decision.[12] Theatre and television[edit] After leaving the Marines, Edward opted for a career in entertainment. He commissioned the 1986 musical Cricket from Andrew Lloyd Webber
Andrew Lloyd Webber
and Tim Rice, for his mother's 60th birthday celebration, which led to a job offer at Lloyd Webber's Really Useful Theatre Company, where he worked as a production assistant on musicals such as The Phantom of the Opera, Starlight Express, and Cats. His duties reportedly involved making tea for the artistic staff.[13] While there he met actress Ruthie Henshall, whom he dated for three years. Edward's first foray into television production was the programme The Grand Knockout Tournament, informally known as It's a Royal Knockout, on 15 June 1987, in which four teams sponsored by him, Princess Anne and the Duke
Duke
and Duchess of York competed for charity. The media attacked the programme; it was later reported that the Queen was not in favour of the event and that her courtiers had all advised against it.[14] Ardent Productions[edit] In 1993, Edward formed the television production company Ardent Productions.[15] Ardent was involved in the production of a number of documentaries and dramas,[16] but Edward was accused in the media of using his royal connections for financial gain,[17] and the company was referred to by some industry insiders as "a sad joke" due to a perceived lack of professionalism in its operations. The Guardian opined that "to watch Ardent's few dozen hours of broadcast output is to enter a strange kingdom where every man in Britain still wears a tie, where pieces to camera are done in cricket jumpers, where people clasp their hands behind their backs like guardsmen. Commercial breaks are filled with army recruiting advertisements".[18] Ardent's productions were somewhat better received in the United States[19] and a documentary Edward made about his great-uncle, Edward VIII (the late Duke
Duke
of Windsor) in 1996,[16] sold well worldwide.[20] Nonetheless, the company reported losses every year it operated save one when Edward did not draw a salary.[15] An Ardent two-man film crew was alleged to have invaded the privacy of his nephew Prince William in September 2001, when he was studying at the University of St Andrews, against industry guidelines regarding the privacy of members of the royal family.[21] The Prince of Wales was reportedly angered by the incident.[22] In March 2002, Edward announced that he would step down as production director and joint managing director of Ardent[15] to concentrate on his public duties and to support the Queen during her Golden Jubilee year. Ardent Productions was voluntarily dissolved in June 2009, with assets reduced to just £40.[23] Marriage[edit] Main article: Wedding of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, and Sophie Rhys-Jones

The Earl and Countess of Wessex at Trooping the Colour
Trooping the Colour
in June 2013

Edward met Sophie Rhys-Jones, then a public relations executive with her own firm, in 1994.[24] Their engagement was announced on 6 January 1999. Edward proposed to Sophie with an Asprey
Asprey
and Garrard engagement ring worth an estimated £105,000: a two-carat oval diamond flanked by two heart-shaped gemstones set in 18-carat white gold.[25] Their wedding took place on 19 June 1999 in St George's Chapel at Windsor Castle. This was a departure from the weddings of Edward's older siblings, which were large, formal events at Westminster Abbey or St Paul's Cathedral. On his wedding day, Prince Edward was created Earl of Wessex
Earl of Wessex
with the subsidiary title of Viscount Severn,[26] breaking from a tradition whereby sons of the sovereign were created royal dukes. It was however revealed that the Queen wishes that he be elevated from the rank of Earl to Duke
Duke
of Edinburgh after that dukedom, held by Prince Philip
Prince Philip
since 1947, reverts to the Crown[1] (namely, after "both the death of the current Duke
Duke
of Edinburgh and the Prince of Wales' succession as King"[27]), and for his children to be styled as the children of an Earl, rather than as prince/ss and royal highness.[28] He and his wife have two children: Lady Louise Windsor, born 8 November 2003, and James, Viscount Severn, born 17 December 2007, and they reside at Bagshot Park
Bagshot Park
in Surrey. Activities[edit]

The Earl of Wessex
Earl of Wessex
at Yate, Gloucestershire, December 2011

The Earl of Wessex
Earl of Wessex
has assumed many duties from his father, the Duke of Edinburgh, who has been reducing some commitments due to his age. Prince Edward succeeded Prince Philip
Prince Philip
as president of the Commonwealth Games Federation (vice-patron since 2006) and opened the 1990 Commonwealth Games in New Zealand and the 1998 Commonwealth Games
1998 Commonwealth Games
in Malaysia. He has also taken over the duke's role in the Duke
Duke
of Edinburgh's Award Scheme, attending Gold Award ceremonies around the world.[29] In February and March 2012, The Earl and Countess visited the Caribbean for the Diamond Jubilee. The itinerary consisted of Saint Lucia; Barbados, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; Grenada; Trinidad and Tobago; Montserrat; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda. Highlights included Independence Day celebrations in Saint Lucia,[30] addressing Senate and Assembly of Barbados
Barbados
jointly,[31] and a visit to sites affected by the volcanic eruptions in Montserrat. The Queen appointed the Earl of Wessex
Earl of Wessex
as Lord High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland for 2014.[32][33] Titles, styles, honours, and arms[edit] Titles and styles[edit]

10 March 1964 – 19 June 1999: His Royal Highness The Prince Edward 19 June 1999 – present: His Royal Highness The Earl of Wessex

He has been a British prince
British prince
since birth and his present style and full title is: "His Royal Highness The Prince Edward Antony Richard Louis, Earl of Wessex, Viscount Severn, Royal Knight Companion of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order, Honorary Member of the Saskatchewan Order of Merit, Aide-de-Camp
Aide-de-Camp
to Her Majesty". Before Edward's marriage in 1999, royal commentators conjectured that former royal dukedoms such as Cambridge or Sussex might be granted to him. Instead, the Palace announced its intention that Prince Edward would eventually succeed to the title Duke
Duke
of Edinburgh, currently held by his father.[34][c] In the meantime, in keeping with the tradition of sons of monarchs being ennobled upon marriage (while reserving the rank of duke for the future), Prince Edward became the first prince since the Tudors to be specifically created an earl, rather than a duke.[35] The Sunday Telegraph reported that he was drawn to the historic title Earl of Wessex
Earl of Wessex
after watching the 1998 film Shakespeare in Love, in which a character with that title is played by Colin Firth.[36] As Lord High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland for 2014,[32][33] he was also entitled to be styled as His Grace The Lord High Commissioner for the duration of General Assembly week (17–23 May). Honours[edit] See also: List of honours of the British Royal Family by country

Orders

23 April 2006 – present: Royal Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter (KG)[37] 10 March 2011 – present: Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order (GCVO)[38]

2 June 2003 – 10 March 2011: Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (KCVO)[39]

10 March 1989 – 2 June 2003: Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (CVO)[40]

11 May 2005 – present: Honorary Member of the Saskatchewan Order of Merit (SOM)[41]

Medals

6 February 1977: Queen Elizabeth II
Queen Elizabeth II
Silver Jubilee Medal 9 February 1990: New Zealand Commemorative Medal 6 February 2002: Queen Elizabeth II
Queen Elizabeth II
Golden Jubilee Medal 7 June 2005: Commemorative Medal for the Centennial of Saskatchewan 6 February 2012: Queen Elizabeth II
Queen Elizabeth II
Diamond Jubilee Medal 29 October 2015: Canadian Forces' Decoration[42]

Military appointments[edit]

Regular

October 1986 – January 1987: Officer Cadet, Royal Marines

Personal

1 August 2004 – present: Personal Aide-de-Camp
Aide-de-Camp
to Her Majesty The Queen (AdC(P))

Honorary military appointments[edit]

Canada

2002: Colonel-in-Chief
Colonel-in-Chief
of the Hastings and Prince Edward Regiment 2003: Colonel-in-Chief
Colonel-in-Chief
of the Saskatchewan Dragoons 2005: Colonel-in-Chief
Colonel-in-Chief
of the Prince Edward Island Regiment 2007: Honorary Deputy Commissioner of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police

United Kingdom

Prince Edward wearing the barrack dress uniform of The Rifles
The Rifles
in the rank of colonel (2014)

2003: Royal Honorary Colonel
Honorary Colonel
of the Royal Wessex Yeomanry[43] 2006: Commodore-in-Chief of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary 2007: Royal Colonel of 2nd Battalion, The Rifles 2008: Honorary Air Commodore
Honorary Air Commodore
of Royal Air Force Waddington 2011: Royal Honorary Colonel
Honorary Colonel
of the London
London
Regiment[44]

Civic appointments[edit]

2008: Liveryman
Liveryman
Honoris Causa, Worshipful Company of Haberdashers 2008: Liveryman
Liveryman
Honoris Causa, Worshipful Company of Gardeners 2011: Freeman of the City of London 2011: Member, Court of Assistants, Worshipful Company of Haberdashers[45] 2011: Member, Court of Assistants, Worshipful Company of Gardeners 2013: Master, Worshipful Company of Gardeners

Academic appointments[edit]

2013 – present: Chancellor of the University of Bath[46]

Academic degrees

1991: Master of Arts, University of Cambridge 1994: Honorary Doctor of Laws, University of Victoria 2007: Honorary Doctor of Laws, University of Prince Edward Island[47] 2013: Honorary Doctor of Laws, University of Bath[46]

Arms[edit]

Coat of arms
Coat of arms
of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex

This box:

view talk edit

Notes The Earl's personal coat of arms is that of the Royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
with a label for difference Adopted 1983 Coronet The coronet of a son of the sovereign Proper, thereon a lion statant gardant Or crowned of the same coronet charged with a label as in the arms. Escutcheon Quarterly, 1st and 4th Gules three lions passant guardant in pale Or armed and langed Azure, 2nd Or a lion rampant Gules armed and langued Azure within a double tressure flory counterflory of the Second, 3rd Azure a harp Or stringed Argent Supporters Dexter, a lion rampant gardant Or imperially crowned Proper; Sinister, a unicorn Argent, armed, crined and unguled Or, gorged with a coronet Or composed of crosses pattées and fleurs de lis a chain affixed thereto passing between the forelegs and reflexed over the back also Or Motto The Order of the Garter
Order of the Garter
circlet. Honi soit qui mal y pense (Shame be to him who thinks evil of it) Other elements The whole differenced by a label of three points Argent the central point charged with a Tudor rose. Banner The Royal Standard of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
labelled for difference as in his arms. (In Scotland: ) Symbolism As with the Royal Arms of the United Kingdom. The first and fourth quarters are the arms of England, the second of Scotland, the third of Ireland.

Personal flag for Canada[edit] Main article: Royal standards of Canada
Canada
§ Other members of the Royal Family

Flag of the Earl of Wessex
Earl of Wessex
for use in Canada

Since 2014, the Earl of Wessex
Earl of Wessex
has a personal heraldic flag for use in Canada. It is the Royal Arms of Canada
Canada
in banner form defaced with a blue roundel surrounded by a wreath of gold maple leaves, within which is a depiction of an "E" surmounted by a coronet. Above the roundel is a white label of three points, the centre one charged with a Tudor rose.[48][49] Ancestry[edit]

Ancestors of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex

16. Christian IX of Denmark

8. George I of Greece

17. Princess Louise of Hesse-Kassel

4. Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark

18. Grand Duke
Duke
Konstantin Nikolayevich of Russia

9. Grand Duchess Olga Constantinovna of Russia

19. Princess Alexandra of Saxe-Altenburg

2. Prince Philip
Prince Philip
of Greece and Denmark

20. Prince Alexander of Hesse and by Rhine

10. Prince Louis of Battenberg

21. Countess Julia Hauke

5. Princess Alice of Battenberg

22. Louis IV, Grand Duke
Duke
of Hesse and by Rhine

11. Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine

23. Princess Alice of the United Kingdom

1. Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex

24. Edward VII
Edward VII
of the United Kingdom

12. George V
George V
of the United Kingdom

25. Princess Alexandra of Denmark

6. George VI
George VI
of the United Kingdom

26. Francis, Duke
Duke
of Teck

13. Princess Mary of Teck

27. Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge

3. Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
of the United Kingdom

28. Claude Bowes-Lyon, 13th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne

14. Claude Bowes-Lyon, 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne

29. Frances Dora Smith

7. Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon

30. Charles Cavendish-Bentinck

15. Cecilia Cavendish-Bentinck

31. Caroline Louisa Burnaby

See also[edit]

List of British princes

Notes[edit]

^ Edward seldom needs a surname, but when one is used, Mountbatten-Windsor, Windsor and Wessex have been used ^ Edward's godparents were: Prince Richard of Gloucester (his mother's first cousin); the Duchess of Kent (his mother's first cousin by marriage, for whom Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent, his mother's aunt by marriage, stood proxy); Princess George William of Hanover (his paternal aunt); the Prince of Hesse and by Rhine (his first cousin twice removed); and the Earl of Snowdon (his maternal uncle by marriage).[4] ^ The Earl of Wessex
Earl of Wessex
would not automatically succeed his father, as titles are passed to the eldest son; hence, the Prince of Wales would succeed the present Duke. Once the Prince of Wales succeeds to the throne, any titles he has inherited from his father will merge with the Crown, and he will be free to re-create the Dukedom of Edinburgh

References[edit]

^ a b "TRH The Earl and Countess of Wessex". Members of The Royal Family. Buckingham Palace. Archived from the original on 8 March 2008. Retrieved 19 March 2008.  ^ "No. 43268". The London
London
Gazette. 11 March 1964. p. 2255.  ^ "Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex". The House Of Windsor. English Monarchs. Retrieved 7 January 2009. He was baptised on 2 May 1964, at the private chapel at Windsor Castle
Windsor Castle
by the Dean of Windsor
Dean of Windsor
and was given the names Edward Anthony Richard Louis.  ^ "Yvonne's Royalty Home Page: Royal Christenings". users.uniserve.com.  ^ "The family qualifications". The Daily Telegraph. London. 16 October 2006.  ^ " Wanganui Collegiate School
Wanganui Collegiate School
[Summary]". Heritage New Zealand. Archived from the original on January 30, 2016. Retrieved 26 January 2018.  ^ Butterworth, Hugh Montagu; Cooksey [ed.], Jon (2011). Blood and Iron: Letters from the Western Front. Casement. p. 218. ISBN 9781848844919. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) ^ "The prince with a difference". BBC News. 11 June 1999.  ^ Watson, Jeremy (12 June 2005). "William enjoys a degree of success". The Scotsman. Edinburgh.  ^ "Commando Life Losing Appeal for Prince?". New York Times. 12 January 1987. Retrieved 10 January 2014.  ^ "Edward Goes His Own Way". people.com. People. 26 January 1987. Retrieved 10 January 2014.  ^ Seward, Ingrid (2017). "Chapter 9: Watching the Family Grow". My Husband and I: The Inside Story of 70 Years of the Royal Marriage. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 1471159582.  ^ "Prince Edward Joins the Theater at 'Lowest Rung'". LA Times. 19 January 1988. Retrieved 10 January 2014.  ^ Ben Pimlott "Polishing Their Image", extract from The Queen, HarperCollins (1996) reprinted on the PBS Frontline webpage ^ a b c Beckett, Andy (5 March 2002). "It's a royal cock-up". The Guardian. London.  ^ a b Ardent Productions Filoography, BFI Film & TV Database ^ Karlin, Susan (26 September 1998). "Edward Windsor: Truly a Prince Among Producers". Los Angeles Times.  ^ Becket, Andy (4 March 2002). "It's a royal cock-up". The Guardian.  ^ "Edward: No intention to offend". BBC News. 2 September 1999.  ^ Summerskill, Ben (29 October 2000). "Losses double at Prince's TV firm". The Guardian. London.  ^ "Edward's turbulent media career". BBC News. 27 September 2001.  ^ Alderson, Andrew (30 September 2001). "Prince Edward to apologise to Queen and agrees to stop making royal films". The Sunday Telegraph. London.  ^ Moore, Matthew (29 March 2010). "Prince Edward's Ardent Productions left with assets of just £40". The Daily Telegraph. London.  ^ Skyes, Tom (25 July 2012). "Sex Lives of the New Royals". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 8 June 2013.  ^ "Crown jewels: The fabulous rings which sealed the love of Europe's royal couples". HELLO! magazine. UK.  ^ "No. 55536". The London
London
Gazette. 28 June 1999. p. 7011.  ^ Whitaker's Almanack
Whitaker's Almanack
2010, page 46 'Peers of the Blood Royal' ^ "The Royal Family > Members of the Royal Family > HRH The Earl of Wessex > Marriage and Family". Buckingham Palace. Archived from the original on 21 October 2008. Retrieved 26 October 2008.  ^ "The Duke
Duke
of Edinburgh's Award". Royal family. Retrieved 29 August 2013.  ^ "Royals to begin Caribbean tour bypasses Dominica". The Dominican. 16 February 2012. Retrieved 19 February 2012.  ^ Lynch, Sharon (27 January 2012). "Barbados: Royal Visit To Mark Queen's Diamond Jubilee". Bajan Sun Online. Archived from the original on 19 July 2012. Retrieved 6 February 2012.  ^ a b The Lord High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, Government, 2014 . ^ a b "No. 27354". The Edinburgh Gazette. 17 January 2014. p. 65.  ^ Styles and titles, Royal family . ^ www.debretts.com ^ Eden, Richard (12 December 2010). "Royal wedding: Prince William asks the Queen not to make him a duke". The Telegraph. Retrieved 12 December 2010.  ^ "Appointments to the Order of the Garter
Order of the Garter
2006" (Press release). Official website of the Royal Family. 23 April 2006. The Queen has also been graciously pleased to appoint His Royal Highness The Earl of Wessex, KCVO, to be a Royal Knight Companion of the Most Noble Order of the Garter.  ^ "No. 59724". The London
London
Gazette. 11 March 2011. p. 4555.  ^ "No. 56951". The London
London
Gazette. 2 June 2003. p. 6753.  ^ "No. 51673". The London
London
Gazette. 14 March 1989. p. 3193.  ^ "Prince Edward Awarded Saskatchewan Order of Merit" (Press release). Government of Saskatchewan. 11 May 2005. Archived from the original on 7 October 2008. Retrieved 27 October 2008.  ^ "Honours & recognition for the men and women of the Canadian Forces 2015" (PDF), Department of National Defence, p. 28  ^ "No. 57032". The London
London
Gazette (Supplement). 19 August 2003. p. 10318.  ^ "No. 59772". The London
London
Gazette (Supplement). 3 May 2011. p. 8211.  ^ "The Earl of Wessex: Honours and appointments". Royal Household.  ^ a b "The Chancellor". Retrieved 7 November 2013.  ^ "Prince Edward gives medals to P.E.I. soldiers". CTV. 14 October 2007. Archived from the original on 30 November 2007. Retrieved 11 July 2009.  ^ "Canadian Flags of the Royal Family". Canadian Crown. Government of Canada. Retrieved 4 January 2016.  ^ "The Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex". Public Register of Arms, Flags and Badges. Office of the Governor General of Canada: Canadian Heraldic Authority. Retrieved 4 January 2016. 

External links[edit]

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Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex House of Windsor Born: 10 March 1964

Lines of succession

Preceded by Princess Eugenie of York Succession to the British throne 9th in line Followed by Viscount Severn

Peerage of the United Kingdom

New creation Earl of Wessex 1999–present Incumbent Heir: James, Viscount Severn

Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom

Preceded by The Duke
Duke
of York Gentlemen The Earl of Wessex Followed by The Duke
Duke
of Cambridge

Gentlemenin current practice Followed by Prince Henry of Wales

Academic offices

Preceded by Lord Tugendhat Chancellor of the University of Bath 2013–present Incumbent

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Order of Precedence in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
(Gentlemen)

Shared (royal family)

Elizabeth II Prince Philip, Duke
Duke
of Edinburgh Charles, Prince of Wales
Charles, Prince of Wales
(in Scotland: the Duke
Duke
of Rothesay) Prince Andrew, Duke
Duke
of York Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex Prince William, Duke of Cambridge
Prince William, Duke of Cambridge
(in Scotland: the Earl of Strathearn) Prince Henry of Wales James, Viscount Severn Peter Phillips David Armstrong-Jones, 2nd Earl of Snowdon Prince Richard, Duke
Duke
of Gloucester Prince Edward, Duke
Duke
of Kent Prince Michael of Kent then...

England and Wales

Justin Welby, Archbishop of Canterbury David Lidington, Lord Chancellor John Sentamu, Archbishop of York John Bercow, Commons Speaker Norman Fowler, Baron Fowler, Lord Speaker Ian Burnett, Baron Burnett of Maldon, Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales Ambassadors and High Commissioners David Cholmondeley, 7th Marquess of Cholmondeley, Lord Great Chamberlain Edward Fitzalan-Howard, 18th Duke
Duke
of Norfolk, Earl Marshal James Ramsay, 17th Earl of Dalhousie, Lord Steward William Peel, 3rd Earl Peel, Lord Chamberlain Samuel Vestey, 3rd Baron Vestey, Master of the Horse

Scotland

Lord Lieutenants Sheriffs Principal David Lidington, Lord High Chancellor Russell Barr, Moderator of the General Assembly John Bercow, Commons Speaker David Neuberger, President of the UK Supreme Court David Mundell, Scottish Secretary Merlin Hay, 24th Earl of Erroll, Lord High Constable of Scotland Torquhil Campbell, 13th Duke
Duke
of Argyll, Master of the Household of Scotland

Northern Ireland

Richard Clarke, Archbishop of Armagh (Church of Ireland) Eamon Martin, Archbishop of Armagh (Roman Catholic) Diarmuid Martin, Archbishop of Dublin (Roman Catholic) Michael Jackson, Archbishop of Dublin (Church of Ireland) Ian McNie, Moderator of the Presbyterian Church Chris Grayling, Lord President of the Council (Commons Leader) John Bercow, Commons Speaker David Neuberger, President of the UK Supreme Court Edward Fitzalan-Howard, 18th Duke
Duke
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not including short-term appointments, visiting dignitaries and most peers

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British princes

The generations indicate descent from George I, who formalised the use of the titles prince and princess for members of the British royal family.

1st generation

King George II

2nd generation

Frederick, Prince of Wales Prince George William Prince William, Duke
Duke
of Cumberland

3rd generation

King George III Prince Edward, Duke
Duke
of York and Albany Prince William
Prince William
Henry, Duke
Duke
of Gloucester and Edinburgh Prince Henry, Duke
Duke
of Cumberland and Strathearn Prince Frederick

4th generation

King George IV Prince Frederick, Duke
Duke
of York and Albany King William IV Prince Edward, Duke of Kent
Prince Edward, Duke of Kent
and Strathearn King Ernest Augustus of Hanover Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke
Duke
of Sussex Prince Adolphus, Duke
Duke
of Cambridge Prince Octavius Prince Alfred Prince William
Prince William
Frederick, Duke
Duke
of Gloucester and Edinburgh

5th generation

Albert, Prince Consort1 King George V
George V
of Hanover Prince George, Duke
Duke
of Cambridge

6th generation

King Edward VII Prince Alfred, Duke
Duke
of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Prince Arthur, Duke
Duke
of Connaught and Strathearn Prince Leopold, Duke
Duke
of Albany Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover

7th generation

Prince Albert Victor, Duke
Duke
of Clarence and Avondale King George V Prince Alexander John of Wales Alfred, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Prince Arthur of Connaught Prince Charles Edward, Duke
Duke
of Albany and of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Prince George William of Hanover Prince Christian of Hanover Prince Ernest Augustus, Duke
Duke
of Brunswick

8th generation

King Edward VIII King George VI Prince Henry, Duke
Duke
of Gloucester Prince George, Duke
Duke
of Kent Prince John Alastair, 2nd Duke
Duke
of Connaught and Strathearn Johann Leopold, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Prince Hubertus of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Prince Ernest Augustus of Hanover Prince George William of Hanover

9th generation

Prince Philip, Duke
Duke
of Edinburgh2 Prince William
Prince William
of Gloucester Prince Richard, Duke
Duke
of Gloucester Prince Edward, Duke
Duke
of Kent Prince Michael of Kent

10th generation

Charles, Prince of Wales Prince Andrew, Duke
Duke
of York Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex

11th generation

Prince William, Duke
Duke
of Cambridge Prince Henry of Wales James, Viscount Severn3

12th generation

Prince George of Cambridge

1 Not a British prince
British prince
by birth, but created Prince Consort. 2 Not a British prince
British prince
by birth, but created a Prince of the United Kingdom. 3 Status debatable; see his article.

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Earls*

...of England

Shrewsbury, Waterford, and Talbot Derby Huntingdon Pembroke and Montgomery Devon Lincoln Suffolk and Berkshire Denbigh and Desmond Westmorland Lindsey and Abingdon Winchelsea and Nottingham Sandwich Essex Carlisle Shaftesbury Portland Scarbrough Albemarle Coventry Jersey

...of Scotland

Crawford and Balcarres Erroll** Sutherland Mar Rothes Morton Buchan Eglinton Caithness Mar and Kellie Moray Home Perth Strathmore and Kinghorne Haddington Galloway Lauderdale Lindsay Loudoun Kinnoull Elgin and Kincardine Wemyss and March Dalhousie Airlie Leven and Melville Dysart Selkirk (d) Northesk Dundee Newburgh Annandale and Hartfell Dundonald Kintore Dunmore Orkney Seafield Stair Rosebery Glasgow

...of Great Britain

Ferrers Dartmouth Tankerville Aylesford Macclesfield Waldegrave Harrington Portsmouth Brooke and Warwick Buckinghamshire Guilford Hardwicke Ilchester De La Warr Radnor Spencer Bathurst Clarendon Mansfield and Mansfield Mount Edgcumbe Fortescue Carnarvon Cadogan Malmesbury

...of Ireland (pre-1801)

Cork and Orrery Westmeath Meath Cavan Drogheda Granard Darnley Bessborough Carrick Shannon Arran Courtown Mexborough Winterton Kingston Roden Lisburne Clanwilliam Antrim Longford Portarlington Mayo Annesley Enniskillen Erne Lucan Belmore Castle Stewart Donoughmore Caledon

...of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and ...of Ireland (post-1801)

Rosslyn Craven Onslow Romney Chichester Wilton Limerick Clancarty Powis Nelson Gosford Rosse Normanton Grey Lonsdale Harrowby Harewood Minto Cathcart Verulam St Germans Morley Bradford Eldon Howe Stradbroke Temple of Stowe Kilmorey Listowel Norbury Cawdor Ranfurly Lichfield Durham Granville Effingham Ducie Yarborough Leicester Gainsborough Strafford Cottenham Cowley Dudley Russell Cromartie Kimberley Wharncliffe Cairns Lytton Selborne Iddesleigh Cranbrook Cromer Plymouth Liverpool St Aldwyn Beatty Haig Iveagh Balfour Oxford and Asquith Jellicoe Inchcape Peel** Baldwin of Bewdley Halifax Gowrie Lloyd George of Dwyfor Mountbatten of Burma Alexander of Tunis Swinton Attlee Woolton Snowdon*** Stockton Wessex***

*Current substantive earls, listed by precedence, from highest to lowest **Erroll ranks in Scotland as Lord High Constable; Peel ranks as Lord Chamberlain
Lord Chamberlain
***Wessex and Snowdon rank among family members of the Sovereign

v t e

Current members of the Order of the Garter

Ex officio

The Queen, Elizabeth II Charles, Prince of Wales

Knights and Ladies Companion

Peter, Lord Carrington Edwin, Lord Bramall John, Lord Sainsbury of Preston Candover John, Lord Ashburton Timothy Colman James Hamilton, Duke
Duke
of Abercorn Peter, Lord Inge Antony Acland Robin, Lord Butler of Brockwell John, Lord Morris of Aberavon John Major Richard, Lord Luce Thomas Dunne Nick, Lord Phillips of Worth Matravers Michael, Lord Boyce Jock, Lord Stirrup Eliza, Baroness Manningham-Buller Mervyn, Lord King of Lothbury Charles Kay-Shuttleworth, Lord Shuttleworth David Brewer 4 vacancies

Royal Knights and Ladies

Prince Philip, Duke
Duke
of Edinburgh Prince Edward, Duke
Duke
of Kent Anne, Princess Royal Prince Richard, Duke
Duke
of Gloucester Princess Alexandra Prince Andrew, Duke
Duke
of York Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex Prince William, Duke
Duke
of Cambridge

Stranger Knights and Ladies

Jean, Grand Duke
Duke
of Luxembourg Margrethe II of Denmark Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden King Juan Carlos I of Spain Princess Beatrix of the Netherlands Emperor Akihito
Akihito
of Japan Harald V of Norway Felipe VI of Spain

Officers

Tim Dakin, Bishop of Winchester
Bishop of Winchester
(Prelate) James Hamilton, Duke
Duke
of Abercorn (Chancellor) David Conner, Dean of Windsor
Dean of Windsor
(Registrar) Thomas Woodcock (Garter Principal King of Arms) Patric Dickinson, Clarenceux King of Arms
Clarenceux King of Arms
(Secretary) Sarah Clarke (Black Rod)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 72682887 LCCN: n80003836 ISNI: 0000 0001 1474 8608 GND: 119219417 BNF:

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