CECIL BUSTAMENTE CAMPBELL OD (24 May 1938 – 8 September 2016), known professionally as PRINCE BUSTER, was a Jamaican singer-songwriter and producer. The records he released in the 1960s influenced and shaped the course of Jamaican contemporary music and created a legacy of work that would be drawn upon later by reggae and ska artists.
* 1 Early life
* 2 Career
* 2.1 1960s * 2.2 1970s and beyond
* 3 Legacy * 4 Death * 5 Selected album discography * 6 UK hit singles * 7 References
Cecil Bustamente Campbell was born in Orange Street in Kingston ,
While at school Campbell performed three or four times a week at the Glass Bucket Club, as part of Frankie Lymon 's Sing and Dance Troupe; rock 'n' roll-themed shows were popular during the 1950s, with the Glass Bucket Club establishing a reputation as the premier music venue and social club for Jamaican teenagers at that time. Upon leaving school he found himself drawn to the ranks of followers that supported the sound system of Tom the Great Sebastian . Jamaican sound systems at that time were playing American rhythm 'n' blues and Campbell credits Tom the Great Sebastian with his first introduction to the songs and artists that would later influence his own music: the Clovers ' "Middle of the Night", Fats Domino 's "Mardi Gras in New Orleans", the Griffin Brothers featuring Margie Day , and Shirley both parties agreed. Campbell's 'Voice of the People' sound system was soon operational and within a short time had established itself as a rival to the sound systems of Coxsone and Reid. Campbell applied to the Farm Work Program (guest worker scheme for the US agricultural sector) with the intention of buying music for his sound system but on the day of departure was refused entry into the scheme. Knowing that he wouldn't be able to personally source records from the US, Campbell decided to record his own music. He approached Arkland "Drumbago" Parks, a professional drummer at the Baby Grand Club who had arranged and recorded a special (exclusive recording) for the Count Boysie sound system. Drumbago agreed to help and Campbell immediately began rehearsing with the musicians at the Baby Grand Club, including the guitarist Jah Jerry, who played on Campbell's first recording session.
In 1961, Campbell released his first single "Little Honey"/"Luke Lane Shuffle" featuring Jah Jerry, Drumbago and Rico Rodriquez recording under the name of Buster's Group. In that same year, he produced "Oh Carolina " by the Folkes Brothers , which was released on his Wild Bells label. The drumming on the record was provided by members of the Count Ossie Group , nyabinghi drummers from the Rastafarian community, Camp David, situated on the Wareika Hill above Kingston. After becoming a hit in Jamaica, "Oh Carolina" was licensed to Melodisc , a UK label owned by Emil Shalet. Melodisc released the track on their subsidiary label Blue Beat ; the label would go on to become synonymous with 1960s ska releases for the UK market.
Campbell recorded prolifically throughout the 1960s; notable early
ska releases include: "Madness" (1963), "Wash Wash" (1963, with Ernest
Ranglin on bass), "One Step Beyond " (1964) and "Al Capone " (1964).
The documentary This is