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Prince
Prince
of Orange is a title originally associated with the sovereign Principality of Orange, in what is now southern France. Under the Treaty of Utrecht[3] of 1713, Frederick William I of Prussia
Frederick William I of Prussia
ceded the Principality of Orange
Principality of Orange
to King Louis XIV of France
France
(while retaining the title as part of his dynastic titulature). After William III of England died without children, a dispute arose between Johan Willem Friso and Frederick I of Prussia, which was settled in the Treaty of Partition (1732);[4] consequently, Friso's son, William IV had to share use of the title " Prince
Prince
of Orange" (which had accumulated prestige in the Netherlands and throughout the Protestant
Protestant
world) with Frederick William I of Prussia.[5] The title is traditionally borne by the heir apparent of the Dutch monarch. The title descends via absolute primogeniture since 1983, meaning that its holder can be either Prince
Prince
or Princess of Orange. The Dutch royal dynasty, the House of Orange-Nassau, is not the only family to claim the dynastical title. Rival claims to the title have been made by German emperors and kings of the House of Hohenzollern and by the head of the French noble family of Mailly. The current users of the title are Princess Catharina-Amalia of the Netherlands (Orange-Nassau), Georg Friedrich, Prince of Prussia
Georg Friedrich, Prince of Prussia
(Hohenzollern), and Guy, Marquis
Marquis
de Mailly-Nesle (Mailly).

Contents

1 History

1.1 County of Orange 1.2 Principality of Orange 1.3 Abolition of the principality, continuation of the title

2 Bearers of the title

2.1 As Counts of Orange

2.1.1 House of Orange

2.2 As sovereign prince of Orange

2.2.1 House of Baux 2.2.2 House of Baux-Orange 2.2.3 House of Châlon-Arlay
House of Châlon-Arlay
(also House of Ivrea
House of Ivrea
of Anscarid dynasty) 2.2.4 House of Châlon-Orange 2.2.5 House of Orange-Nassau
House of Orange-Nassau
(first incarnation)

2.3 Title
Title
without territory

2.3.1 House of Orange-Nassau
House of Orange-Nassau
(second incarnation)

2.3.1.1 Head of house 2.3.1.2 Netherlands heir apparent

2.3.2 House of Hohenzollern 2.3.3 House of Mailly 2.3.4 House of Bourbon

3 Princes of Orange of the House of Orange-Nassau

3.1 Historical background 3.2 Style 3.3 Arms

4 The Counts of Orange of the First House of Orange 5 See also 6 References 7 Literature 8 External links

History[edit] County of Orange[edit]

Composite portrait of four generations of Princes of Orange – William I (in office 1554–1584), Maurice (1618–1625) and Frederick Henry (1625–1647), William II (1647–1650), William III (1650–1702) – (Willem van Honthorst, 1662)

The title originally referred to Orange in the Vaucluse
Vaucluse
department in the Rhone valley of southern France, which was a property of the House of Orange, then of the House of Baux
House of Baux
and the House of Châlon-Arlay before passing in 1544 to the House of Orange-Nassau. The Principality originated as the County of Orange, a fief in the Holy Roman Empire, in the Empire's constituent Kingdom of Burgundy. It was awarded to William of Gellone
William of Gellone
(born 755), a grandson of Charles Martel and therefore a cousin of Charlemagne, around the year 800 for his services in the wars against the Moors and in the reconquest of southern France
France
and the Spanish March. His Occitan
Occitan
name is Guilhem; however, as a Frankish lord, he probably knew himself by the old Germanic version of Wilhelm. William also ruled as count of Toulouse, duke of Aquitaine,[citation needed] and marquis of Septimania. The horn that came to symbolize Orange when heraldry came in vogue much later in the 12th century represented a pun on William of Gellone's name in French, from the character his deeds inspired in the chanson de geste, the Chanson de Guillaume: "Guillaume au Court-nez" (William the Short-Nosed) or its homophone "Guillaume au Cornet" (William the Horn).[6] The chanson appears to incorporate material relating to William of Gellone's battle at the Orbieu
Orbieu
or Orbiel river near Carcassonne
Carcassonne
in 793 as well as to his seizure of the town of Orange.[7] Principality of Orange[edit] As the kingdom of Burgundy fragmented in the early Middle Ages, the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa elevated the lordship of Orange to a principality in 1163 to shore up his supporters in Burgundy against the Pope and the King of France. As the Empire's boundaries retreated from those of the principality, the prince acceded to the sovereign rights that the Emperor formerly exercised.[6]:7 As William the Silent
William the Silent
wrote in his marriage proposal to the uncle of his second wife, the Elector August of Saxony, he held Orange as "my own free property", not as a fief of any suzerain; neither the Pope, nor the Kings of Spain or France.[8][9] That historical position of honor and reputation would later drive William the Silent forward, as much as it also fueled the opposition of his great grandson William III to Louis XIV, when that king invaded and occupied Orange. The last descendant of the original princes, René of Châlon, left the principality to his cousin William the Silent, who was not a descendant of the original Orange family but the heir to the principality of Orange by testament, however in violation against the inheritance pattern enacted by the last will of Marie des Baux, the Princess of Orange through kinship to whom Prince
Prince
René derived his own right thereto.

Map of the principality of Orange in the 16th century.

In 1673, Louis XIV of France
France
annexed all territory of the principality to France
France
and to the royal domain, as part of the war actions against the stadtholder William III of Orange — who later became King William III of Great Britain. Orange ceased to exist as a sovereign realm, de facto. In 1673, Louis XIV bestowed the titular princedom on Louis Charles de Mailly, Marquis
Marquis
de Nesle, whose wife was a direct descendant, and heiress-general by primogeniture, of the original princes of Orange.[10] After the marquis (who died in 1713), the next holder was Louis of Mailly-Nesle (fr), marquis de Nesle (1689–1764). Although no longer descended from Louis-Charles, a branch of the Mailly
Mailly
family still claim the title today. In 1714 Louis XIV bestowed the usufruct of the principality on his kinsman, Louis Armand of Bourbon, Prince
Prince
de Conti. After his death in 1727 the principality was deemed merged in the Crown by 1731.[11] Abolition of the principality, continuation of the title[edit] Because William III died without legitimate children, the principality was regarded as having been inherited by his closest cognate relative on the basis of the testament of Frederic-Henry, Frederick I of Prussia, who ceded the principality — at least the lands, but not the formal title — to France
France
in 1713.[12] France
France
supported his claim. In this way, the territory of the principality lost its feudal and secular privileges and became a part of France. The Treaty of Utrecht
Utrecht
allowed the King of Prussia
Prussia
to erect part of the duchy of Gelderland (the cities of Geldern, Straelen and Wachtendonk with their bailiwicks, Krickenbeck, Viersen, the land of Kessel, the lordships of Afferden, Arcen-Velden-Lomm, Walbeck-Twisteden, Raay and Klein-Kevelaer, Well, Bergen and Middelaar) into a new Principality of Orange.[13] The kings of Prussia
Prussia
and the German emperors styled themselves Princes of Orange till 1918.

A detailed map of the principality in the first half of the 17th century reproduced from the famous 1627 Atlas of Willem Janszoon Blaeu. The area of the principality was approximately 12 miles long by 9 miles wide, or 108 sq. miles.[14]

An agnatic relative of William III, John William Friso of Nassau, who was also cognatically descended from William the Silent, was designated the heir to the princes of Orange in the Netherlands by the last will of William III. Several of his descendants became stadtholders. They claim the principality of Orange on the basis of agnatic inheritance, similar to that of William the Silent, who had inherited Orange from his cousin René of Châlon. They did however have a claim, albeit distant, to the principality itself due to John William Friso's descent from Louise de Coligny, who was a descendant of the original Princes of Orange. (Louise's great grandmother, Anne Pot, Countess
Countess
of St. Pol, was a descendant of Tiburge d'Orange, who married into the des Baux family) [15][16][17][18] They could also claim descent from the del Balzo, an Italian branch of the des Baux family, via the marriage of Princess Anne to William IV, Prince
Prince
of Orange. Anne was the eldest daughter of George II of Great Britain, who was a descendant of Elizabeth Woodville, wife of Edward IV of England. Elizabeth Woodwille's grandmother was Margherita del Balzo, another descendant of Tiburge d'Orange.[19][20][21] They also claimed on the basis of the testament of Philip William, Maurice and William III. Finally, they claimed on the basis that Orange was an independent state whose sovereign had the right to assign his succession according to his will. France
France
never recognized any of this, nor allowed the Orange-Nassaus or the Hohenzollerns to obtain anything of the principality itself. The Oranje-Nassaus nevertheless assumed the title and also erected several of their lordships into a new principality of Orange.[22] [23] [24] From that derivation of the title comes the tradition of the house of Nassau-Dietz, the later stadtholders of the Netherlands, and the present-day royal family of the Netherlands, of holding this title. They maintain the tradition of William the Silent
William the Silent
and the house of Orange-Nassau. There are two other [25] claimants to this title:

The House of Hohenzollern, who reigned in Prussia
Prussia
until 1918 The House of Mailly-Nesles

Bearers of the title[edit] As Counts of Orange[edit] House of Orange[edit]

No Name Picture Birth Became Count(ess) of Orange Ceased to be Count(ess) Death Other titles Spouse

1. Pons de Mevouillon

Blismodis

2. Pons II de Mevouillon

Richilde

3. Laugier de Nice

Odile de Provence

3. Rambaud de Nice

Accelena d’Apt

4. Bertrand-Rambaud d'Orange

1. Adélaïde de Cavenez Gerberge

5. Raimbaut II

?

6. Tiburge d'Orange

1. Giraud Adhémar de Monteil 2. Guillaume d'Aumelas

7. Raimbaut of Orange

Lord
Lord
of Aumelas None

As sovereign prince of Orange[edit] Until 1340, it was customary for all sons of the prince of Orange to inherit the title. Only the direct line of descent to Raimond V is shown here. House of Baux[edit] The house of Baux succeeded to the principality of Orange when Bertrand of Baux married the heiress of the last native count of Orange, Tiburge, daughter of William of Orange, Omelaz, and Montpellier. Their son was William I of Baux-Orange. Bertrand was the son of Raymond of Baux and Stephanie of Gevaudan. Stephanie was the younger daughter of Gerberga, the heiress of the counts of Provence.[6] For a genealogical table, see the reference cited:[26]

No Name Picture Birth Created Prince
Prince
of Orange Ceased to be Prince
Prince
of Orange Death Other titles while Prince
Prince
of Orange Princess of Orange

1. Prince
Prince
Bertrand I

1110/1115 1173 After the death of his brother-in-law, Raimbaut, Count
Count
of Orange, the County of Orange was elevated to a principality in 1163 by the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I. April/October 1180 Lord
Lord
of Baux Tibors de Sarenom

Bertrand I used as Prince
Prince
of Orange the coat of arms of the House of Baux: a 16-pointed white star placed on a field of gules. Later on, the Princes of Orange quartered the legendary bugle-horn as a heraldic figure into their coat of arms. House of Baux-Orange[edit]

No Name Arms Birth Became Prince
Prince
of Orange Ceased to be Prince
Prince
of Orange Death Other titles while Prince
Prince
of Orange Princess of Orange

2. Prince
Prince
William I

1155 31 October 1180 bef. 30 July 1218 Co- Prince
Prince
(with brothers); Lord
Lord
of Baux 1. Ermengarde of Mévouillon 2. Alix

3. Prince
Prince
William II

– 31 October 1180 bef. 1 November 1239 Co- Prince
Prince
(with brothers); Lord
Lord
of Baux Précieuse

4. Prince
Prince
Raymond I

– bef. 30 July 1218 1282 Lord
Lord
of Baux Malberjone of Aix

5. Prince
Prince
Bertrand II

– 1282 aft. 21 July 1314 Lord
Lord
of Baux Eleanore of Geneva

6. Prince
Prince
Raymond II

– aft. 21 July 1314 1340, aft. 9 September Lord
Lord
of Baux and Condorcet Anne of Viennois

7. Prince
Prince
Raymond III

– aft. 9 September 1340 10 February 1393 Lord
Lord
of Baux 1. Constance of Trian 2. Jeanne of Geneva

8. Princess Mary

– 10 February 1393 October 1417 Lady
Lady
of Arlay, Cuiseaux, and Vitteaux Prince
Prince
John I

House of Châlon-Arlay
House of Châlon-Arlay
(also House of Ivrea
House of Ivrea
of Anscarid dynasty)[edit] The lords of Chalons and Arlay
Arlay
were a cadet branch of the ruling house of the county of Burgundy, the Anscarids
Anscarids
or House of Ivrea. They married the heiress of Baux-Orange.

No Name Picture Arms Birth Became Prince
Prince
of Orange Ceased to be Prince
Prince
of Orange Death Other titles while Prince
Prince
of Orange Princess of Orange

9. Prince
Prince
John I none

– 10 February 1393 October 1417 2 September 1418 Lord
Lord
of Arlay, Cuiseaux
Cuiseaux
and Vitteaux Princess Mary

10. Prince
Prince
Louis I none

1390 October 1417 3 December 1463 Lord
Lord
of Arlay, Arguel, Orbe, and Echelens 1. Jeanne of Montbéliard 2. Eleanor d'Armagnac 3. Blanche of Gamaches

11. Prince
Prince
William II none

– 3 December 1463 27 September 1475 Lord
Lord
of Arlay
Arlay
and Arguel Catherine of Brittany

12. Prince
Prince
John II none

1443 27 September 1475 15 April 1502 Count
Count
of Tonnerre; Lord
Lord
of Arlay, Arguel and Montfaucon; Admiral
Admiral
of Guyenne 1. Jeanne de Bourbon 2. Philiberte of Luxembourg

13. Prince
Prince
Philibert

18 March 1502 15 April 1502 3 August 1530 Viceroy of Naples; Prince
Prince
of Melfi; Duke of Gravina; Count
Count
of Tonnerre, Charny, Penthièvre; Viscount
Viscount
of Besançon; Lord
Lord
of Arlay, Nozeroy, Rougemont, Orgelet
Orgelet
and Montfaucon, Lieutenant-General
Lieutenant-General
in the Imperial army. no wife

House of Châlon-Orange[edit] Rene inherited the principality of Orange from his uncle Philbert on the condition that he bear the name and arms of the house of Châlon-Orange. Therefore, he is usually counted as one of the Châlon-Orange and history knows him as Rene of Châlon, rather than "of Nassau".[6]

No Name Picture Arms Birth Became Prince
Prince
of Orange Ceased to be Prince
Prince
of Orange Death Other titles while Prince
Prince
of Orange Princess of Orange

14. Prince
Prince
René

5 February 1519 3 August 1530 15 July 1544 Stadtholder
Stadtholder
of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht
Utrecht
and Guelders; Count
Count
of Nassau, and Vianden; Viscount
Viscount
of Antwerp; Baron
Baron
of Breda, Diest, Herstal, Warneton, Beilstein, Arlay, and Nozeroy; Lord
Lord
of Dasburg, Geertruidenberg, Hooge en Lage Zwaluwe, Klundert, Montfort, Naaldwijk, Niervaart, Polanen, Steenbergen, Bütgenbach, Sankt Vith, and Besançon. Anna of Lorraine

House of Orange-Nassau
House of Orange-Nassau
(first incarnation)[edit] William of Nassau inherited the principality of Orange from his cousin René. Although William descended from no previous Prince
Prince
of Orange, as René had no children or siblings, he exercised his right as sovereign prince to will Orange to his first cousin on his father's side, who actually had no Orange blood. This began the Dutch Royal House of Orange-Nassau.

No Name Picture Arms Birth Became Prince
Prince
of Orange Ceased to be Prince
Prince
of Orange Death Other titles while Prince
Prince
of Orange Princess of Orange

15. Prince
Prince
William I

.:[1][27][28] 24 April 1533 15 July 1544 10 July 1584 Stadtholder
Stadtholder
of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht
Utrecht
and Friesland; Marquis
Marquis
of Veere
Veere
and Vlissingen, Count
Count
of Nassau-Dillenburg, Katzenelnbogen, and Vianden; Viscount
Viscount
of Antwerp; Baron
Baron
of Breda, Lands of Cuijk, City of Grave, Diest, Herstal, Warneton, Beilstein, Arlay, and Nozeroy; Lord of Dasburg, Geertruidenberg, Hooge en Lage Zwaluwe, Klundert, Montfort, Naaldwijk, Niervaart, Polanen, Steenbergen, Willemstad, Bütgenbach, Sankt Vith, and Besançon. 1. Anna van Egmont 2. Anna of Saxony 3. Charlotte de Bourbon 4. Louise de Coligny

16. Prince
Prince
Philip William

[29] 19 December 1554 10 July 1584 20 February 1618 Count
Count
of Nassau-Dillenburg, Buren, Leerdam, Katzenelnbogen, and Vianden; Viscount
Viscount
of Antwerp; Baron
Baron
of Breda, Cranendonck, Lands of Cuijk, Eindhoven, City of Grave, IJsselstein, Diest, Herstal, Warneton, Beilstein, Arlay, and Nozeroy; Lord
Lord
of Dasburg, Geertruidenberg, Hooge en Lage Zwaluwe, Klundert, Montfort, Naaldwijk, Niervaart, Polanen, Steenbergen, Sint-Maartensdijk, Willemstad, Bütgenbach, Sankt Vith, and Besançon. Éléonore de Bourbon

17. Prince
Prince
Maurice

[30][31][32] 14 November 1567 20 February 1618 23 April 1625 Stadtholder
Stadtholder
of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Guelders, Overijssel
Overijssel
and Groningen; Marquis
Marquis
of Veere
Veere
and Vlissingen; Count
Count
of Nassau-Dillenburg, Buren, Leerdam, Katzenelnbogen, and Vianden; Viscount
Viscount
of Antwerp; Baron
Baron
of Aggeris, Breda, Cranendonck, Lands of Cuijk, Daesburg, Eindhoven, City of Grave, Lek, IJsselstein, Diest, Grimbergen, Herstal, Warneton, Beilstein, Bentheim-Lingen, Moers, Arlay, and Nozeroy; Lord
Lord
of Dasburg, Geertruidenberg, Hooge en Lage Zwaluwe, Klundert, Montfort, Naaldwijk, Niervaart, Polanen, Steenbergen, Sint-Maartensdijk, Willemstad, Bütgenbach, Sankt Vith, and Besançon. no wife

18. Prince
Prince
Frederick Henry

[1] 29 January 1584 23 April 1625 14 March 1647 Stadtholder
Stadtholder
of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Guelders, and Overijssel; Marquis
Marquis
of Veere
Veere
and Vlissingen; Count
Count
of Nassau-Dillenburg, Buren, Leerdam, Katzenelnbogen, and Vianden; Viscount
Viscount
of Antwerp; Baron
Baron
of Aggeris, Breda, Cranendonck, Lands of Cuijk, Daesburg, Eindhoven, City of Grave, Lek, IJsselstein, Diest, Grimbergen, Herstal, Warneton, Beilstein, Bentheim-Lingen, Moers, Arlay, and Nozeroy; Lord
Lord
of Dasburg, Geertruidenberg, Hooge en Lage Zwaluwe, Klundert, Montfort, Naaldwijk, Niervaart, Polanen, Steenbergen, Sint-Maartensdijk, Willemstad, Bütgenbach, Sankt Vith, and Besançon. Amalia of Solms-Braunfels

19. Prince
Prince
William II

[1] 27 May 1626 14 March 1647 6 November 1650 Stadtholder
Stadtholder
of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Guelders
Guelders
and Overijssel; Marquis
Marquis
of Veere
Veere
and Vlissingen; Count
Count
of Nassau-Dillenburg, Buren, Leerdam, Katzenelnbogen, and Vianden; Viscount
Viscount
of Antwerp; Baron
Baron
of Aggeris, Breda, Cranendonck, Lands of Cuijk, Daesburg, Eindhoven, City of Grave, Lek, IJsselstein, Diest, Grimbergen, Herstal, Warneton, Beilstein, Bentheim-Lingen, Moers, Arlay, and Nozeroy; Lord
Lord
of Dasburg, Geertruidenberg, Hooge en Lage Zwaluwe, Klundert, Montfort, Naaldwijk, Niervaart, Polanen, Steenbergen, Sint-Maartensdijk, Turnhout, Willemstad, Zevenbergen, Bütgenbach, Sankt Vith, and Besançon. Mary, Princess Royal

20. William III

[1] 14 November 1650 14 November 1650 8 March 1702 King of England, Scotland, and Ireland, Stadtholder
Stadtholder
of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Guelders, and Overijssel; Marquis
Marquis
of Veere
Veere
and Vlissingen; Count
Count
of Nassau-Dillenburg, Buren, Leerdam, Katzenelnbogen, and Vianden; Viscount
Viscount
of Antwerp; Baron
Baron
of Aggeris, Breda, Cranendonck, Lands of Cuijk, Daesburg, Eindhoven, City of Grave, Lek, IJsselstein, Diest, Grimbergen, Herstal, Warneton, Beilstein, Bentheim-Lingen, Moers, Arlay, and Nozeroy; Lord
Lord
of Baarn, Bredevoort, Dasburg, Geertruidenberg, Hooge en Lage Zwaluwe, Klundert, 't Loo, Montfort, Naaldwijk, Niervaart, Polanen, Steenbergen, Sint-Maartensdijk, Soest, Ter Eem, Turnhout, Willemstad, Zevenbergen, Bütgenbach, Sankt Vith, and Besançon. Queen Mary II of England

Title
Title
without territory[edit] House of Orange-Nassau
House of Orange-Nassau
(second incarnation)[edit] The 2nd house of Orange-Nassau (see House of Orange-Nassau
House of Orange-Nassau
family tree) were cousins on their father and mother's side of the 1st house. Head of house[edit]

No Name Picture Arms Heir of Birth Became Prince
Prince
of Orange Ceased to be Prince
Prince
of Orange Death Other titles while Prince
Prince
of Orange Princess of Orange

21. Prince
Prince
John William Friso

[33] William III 4 August 1687 8 March 1702 14 July 1711 Stadtholder
Stadtholder
of Friesland
Friesland
and Groningen; Fürst
Fürst
of Nassau-Dietz → Fürst
Fürst
of Orange-Nassau; Marquis
Marquis
of Veere
Veere
and Vlissingen; Count
Count
of Buren, Leerdam, Katzenelnbogen, Spiegelberg, and Vianden; Viscount
Viscount
of Antwerp; Baron
Baron
of Aggeris, Breda, Cranendonck, Lands of Cuijk, Daesburg, Eindhoven, City of Grave, Lek, IJsselstein, Diest, Grimbergen, Herstal, Warneton, Beilstein, Arlay, and Nozeroy; Hereditary Lord
Lord
of Ameland; Lord
Lord
of Baarn, Bredevoort, Dasburg, Geertruidenberg, Hooge en Lage Zwaluwe, Klundert, Liesveld, 't Loo, Montfort, Naaldwijk, Niervaart, Polanen, Steenbergen, Sint-Maartensdijk, Soest, Ter Eem, Turnhout, Willemstad, Zevenbergen, Bütgenbach, Sankt Vith, and Besançon. Landgravine Marie Louise of Hesse-Kassel

22. Prince
Prince
William IV

Prince
Prince
John William Friso 1 September 1711 22 October 1751 General Stadtholder
Stadtholder
of the United Provinces; Fürst
Fürst
of Orange-Nassau; Marquis
Marquis
of Veere
Veere
and Vlissingen; Count
Count
of Buren, Culemborg, Leerdam, and Vianden; Viscount
Viscount
of Antwerp; Baron
Baron
of Aggeris, Breda, Cranendonck, Lands of Cuijk, Daesburg, Eindhoven, City of Grave, Lek, IJsselstein, Diest, Grimbergen, Herstal, Warneton, Arlay, and Nozeroy; Hereditary Lord
Lord
of Ameland; Lord
Lord
of Baarn, Bredevoort, Dasburg, Geertruidenberg, Hooge en Lage Zwaluwe, Klundert, Liesveld, 't Loo, Montfort, Naaldwijk, Niervaart, Polanen, Steenbergen, Sint-Maartensdijk, Soest, Ter Eem, Turnhout, Willemstad, Zevenbergen, Bütgenbach, Sankt Vith, and Besançon. Anne, Princess Royal

23. Prince
Prince
William V

Prince
Prince
William IV 8 March 1748 22 October 1751 9 April 1806 General Stadtholder
Stadtholder
of the United Provinces; Fürst
Fürst
of Orange-Nassau; Marquis
Marquis
of Veere
Veere
and Vlissingen; Count
Count
of Buren, Culemborg, Leerdam, and Vianden; Viscount
Viscount
of Antwerp; Baron
Baron
of Aggeris, Breda, Cranendonck, Lands of Cuijk, Daesburg, Eindhoven, City of Grave, Lek, IJsselstein, Diest, Grimbergen, Herstal, Warneton, Arlay, and Nozeroy; Hereditary Lord
Lord
of Ameland; Lord
Lord
of Baarn, Bredevoort, Borculo, Dasburg, Geertruidenberg, Hooge en Lage Zwaluwe, Klundert, Lichtenvoorde, Liesveld, 't Loo, Montfort, Naaldwijk, Niervaart, Polanen, Steenbergen, Sint-Maartensdijk, Soest, Ter Eem, Turnhout, Willemstad, Zevenbergen, Bütgenbach, Sankt Vith, and Besançon. Princess Wilhelmine of Prussia

24. Prince
Prince
William VI later William I

Prince
Prince
William V 24 August 1772 9 April 1806 16 March 1815 title dropped when invested as first King of the Netherlands 7 October 1840 Fürst
Fürst
of Orange-Nassau; Marquis
Marquis
of Veere
Veere
and Vlissingen; Count
Count
of Buren, Culemborg, Leerdam, and Vianden; Viscount
Viscount
of Antwerp; Baron
Baron
of Aggeris, Breda, Cranendonck, Lands of Cuijk, Daesburg, Eindhoven, City of Grave, Lek, IJsselstein, Diest, Grimbergen, Herstal, Warneton, Arlay, and Nozeroy; Hereditary Lord
Lord
of Ameland; Lord
Lord
of Baarn, Bredevoort, Borculo, Geertruidenberg, Hooge en Lage Zwaluwe, Klundert, Lichtenvoorde, Liesveld, 't Loo, Montfort, Naaldwijk, Niervaart, Polanen, Steenbergen, Sint-Maartensdijk, Soest, Ter Eem, Turnhout, Willemstad, Zevenbergen, Bütgenbach, Sankt Vith, and Besançon. Wilhelmine of Prussia

Netherlands heir apparent[edit]

No Name Picture Arms Heir of Birth Became Heir to the Crown Created Prince(ss) of Orange Ceased to be Prince(ss) of Orange Death Other titles while Prince(ss) of Orange Spouse

25. Prince
Prince
William later William II

[34][35] William I 6 December 1792 16 March 1815 father's accession as King 7 October 1840 became King 17 March 1849 Prince
Prince
of the Netherlands, Prince
Prince
of Orange-Nassau Grand Duchess Anna Pavlovna of Russia

26. Prince
Prince
William later William III

[34][35] William II 19 February 1817 7 October 1840 father's accession as King 17 March 1849 became King 23 November 1890 Prince
Prince
of the Netherlands, Prince
Prince
of Orange-Nassau Princess Sophie of Württemberg

27. Prince
Prince
William

[34][35] William III 4 September 1840 17 March 1849 father's accession as King 11 June 1879 Prince
Prince
of the Netherlands, Prince
Prince
of Orange-Nassau none

28. Prince
Prince
Alexander

[34][35] 25 August 1851 11 June 1879 brother's death 21 June 1884 Prince
Prince
of the Netherlands, Prince
Prince
of Orange-Nassau none

29. Prince
Prince
Willem-Alexander later Willem-Alexander [36]

Beatrix 27 April 1967 30 April 1980 mother's accession as Queen regnant 30 April 2013 became King – Prince
Prince
of the Netherlands, Prince
Prince
of Orange-Nassau, Jonkheer van Amsberg Princess Máxima of the Netherlands

30. Princess Catharina-Amalia [37]

Willem-Alexander 7 December 2003 30 April 2013 father's accession as King Incumbent – Princess of the Netherlands, Princess of Orange-Nassau –

House of Hohenzollern[edit]

Frederick I of Prussia
Frederick I of Prussia
(1702–1713), a senior descendant in female line from William the Silent, who ceded his claims to the lands of Orange to France
France
in 1713, and his descendants, but kept his right to use the title in its German form: currently Georg Friedrich, Prince
Prince
of Prussia, "Prinz von Oranien" (1976–)

House of Mailly[edit]

Louis de Mailly, Marquis
Marquis
de Nesle et de Mailly, appointed by the French king, and his descendants, descended through another line of the house of Chalons-Arlay, currently Guy, Marquis
Marquis
de Nesle et de Mailly, Prince
Prince
d'Orange.

House of Bourbon[edit]

Louis Armand II, Prince
Prince
of Conti, appointed by the French king, and his descendants, the Princes of Conti becoming extinct in 1815.

Princes of Orange of the House of Orange-Nassau[edit] Historical background[edit] William the Silent
William the Silent
(Willem I) was the first stadtholder of the Dutch Republic and the most significant representative of the House of Orange in the Netherlands. He was count of a portion of the German territory of Nassau and heir to some of his father's fiefs in Holland. William obtained more extensive lands in the Netherlands (the lordship of Breda
Breda
and several other dependencies) as an inheritance from his cousin René of Châlon, Prince
Prince
of Orange, when William was only 11 years old. After William's assassination in 1584, the title passed to his son Philip William (who had been held hostage in Spain until 1596), and after his death in 1618, to his second son Maurice, and finally to his youngest son, Frederick Henry. The title of Prince
Prince
of Orange became associated with the stadtholder of the Netherlands. William III (Willem III) was also King of England, Scotland and Ireland, and his legacy is commemorated annually by the Protestant Orange Order. William III and Mary II had no legitimate children. After his death in 1702, his heir in the Netherlands was John William Friso of Nassau-Diez, who assumed the title, King William having bequeathed it to him by testament. The other contender was the King in Prussia, who based his claim to the title on the will of Frederick Henry, William III's grandfather. Eventually, a compromise was reached by which both families were entitled to bear the title of Prince
Prince
of Orange. By then, it was no more than a title because the principality had been annexed by Louis XIV of France. Friso's line held it as their principal title during the 18th century. The French army expelled them from the Netherlands in 1795, but on their return, the Prince
Prince
of Orange became the first sovereign of the Netherlands in 1813. After the establishment of the current Kingdom of the Netherlands in 1815, the title was partly reconstitutionalized by legislation and granted to the eldest son of King William I of the Netherlands, Prince William, who later became William II of the Netherlands. Since 1983, the heir to the Dutch throne, whether male or female, bears the title Prince
Prince
or Princess of Orange.[38] The first-born child of the heir to the Dutch throne bears the title Hereditary Prince(ss) of Orange.[39] When her father Willem-Alexander became King of the Netherlands following the abdication of Queen Beatrix, Princess Catharina-Amalia became the Princess of Orange. Style[edit] The Prince(ss) of Orange is styled His/Her Royal Highness the Prince(ss) of Orange (Dutch: Zijne/Hare Koninklijke Hoogheid de Prins(es) van Oranje). During the 15th, 16th and 17th Centuries, the Prince(ss) of Orange was styled His/Her Highness the Prince(ss) of Orange (Dutch: Zijne/Hare Hoogheid de Prins(es) van Oranje), except for William III, who rated the "Royal/Koninklijke". Arms[edit] The princes of Orange in the 16th and 17th century used the following sets of arms. On becoming Prince
Prince
of Orange, William placed the Châlon- Arlay
Arlay
arms in the center ("as an inescutcheon") of his father's arms. He used these arms until 1582 when he purchased the marquisate of Veere
Veere
and Vlissingen. He then used the arms attributed to Frederick Henry, etc. with the arms of the marquisate in the top center, and the arms of the county of Buren
Buren
in the bottom center.[27] Their growing complexity shows how arms are used to reflect the growing political position and royal aspirations of the house of Orange-Nassau.

Coat of arms of René of Châlon
René of Châlon
as Prince
Prince
of Orange.[1]

Coat of arms of William the Silent
William the Silent
as Prince
Prince
of Orange until 1582 and his eldest son Philip William[40]

The coat of arms used by Maurice showing the county of Moers
Moers
(top left center and bottom right center) and his mother's arms of Saxony (center) [1][31][32]

The coat of arms used by William the Silent
William the Silent
after 1582, Frederick Henry, William II, and William III as Prince
Prince
of Orange[40]

An alternate coat of arms sometimes used by Frederick Henry, William II, and William III as Prince
Prince
of Orange showing the county of Moers
Moers
in the top center rather than Veere.[41]

When William VI of Orange returned to the Netherlands in 1813 and was proclaimed Sovereign Prince
Prince
of the Netherlands, he quartered the former Arms of the Dutch Republic
Dutch Republic
(1st and 4th quarter) with the "Châlon-Orange" arms (2nd and 3rd quarter), which had come to symbolize Orange. As an in escutcheon he placed his ancestral arms of Nassau. When he became King in 1815, he combined the Dutch Republic Lion with the billets of the Nassau arms and added a royal crown to form the Coat of arms of the Netherlands. In the 19th century, the Dutch Crown prince, who holds the title " Prince
Prince
of Orange" ("Prins van Oranje"), and his son, who holds the title "Hereditary Prince
Prince
of Orange" ("Erfprins van Oranje") had their own pre-defined arms. The House of Orange, now the Royal House of the Netherlands, and their descendants the House of Orange-Nassau, kept this title for their family. Wilhelmina further decreed that in perpetuity her descendants should be styled "princes and princesses of Orange-Nassau" and that the name of the house would be "Orange-Nassau" (in Dutch "Oranje-Nassau"). Since then, individual members of the House of Orange-Nassau are also given their own arms by the reigning monarch, similar to the United Kingdom. This is usually the royal arms, quartered with the arms of the principality of Orange, and an in escutcheon of their paternal arms.[42]

Arms of William VI as sovereign prince of the Netherlands.[43]

Arms of the Dutch Crown prince, the prince of Orange in the 19th Century.[44][45]

Arms of the son of the Dutch Crown Prince
Prince
in the 19th Century, who also held the title of Hereditary Prince
Prince
of Orange.[46][47]

Juliana of the Netherlands & Oranje-Nassau Personal Arms

Beatrix of the Netherlands
Beatrix of the Netherlands
& Oranje-Nassau Personal Arms

William Alexander of the Netherlands and Oranje-Nassau Personal Arms

Sons of Princess Margriet of the Netherlands, Pieter van Vollenhoven [48]

As a former territory of the Holy Roman Empire, the princes of Orange used an independent prince's crown. Sometimes, only the coronet part was used (see, here and here). After the establishment of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, they used the Dutch Royal Crowns:

Princely Hat

Princely Crown

Crown for a Prince
Prince
or Princess of the Netherlands

Crown of a Prince
Prince
or Princess of Orange-Nassau (Heraldic)

The Counts of Orange of the First House of Orange[edit] The first house of Orange is somewhat of a conjecture given the fragmentary nature of documentation in the early medieval era. The French page for the first House of Orange
House of Orange
has presented what is known with references. Their chart is reproduced here. Descendants of Pons de Mevouillon (the arms of the counts d'Orange is a reference point. (Arms did not exist until the late 12th century.)

Pons de Mevouillon x Blismodis --> Humbert évêque de Vaison, jusqu’en 1005 --> Garnier, évêque d’Avignon (976–991) --> Ison --> Pons II de Mevouillon (ca 920–986) x Richilde, originaire de l’Uzège --> Féraud de Nice évêque de Gap --> Pierre de Mirabel évêque de Vaison --> Pons III de Mevouillon ... --> Descendance Mevouillon... --> Arnoul de Theys ... --> Descendance Theys... --> Gérard --> Rambaud --> Raoul --> Laugier de Nice (ca 1050-1032) x Odile de Provence (976–1032), fille de Guillaume Ier de Provence --> Rostan de Gréolières ... --> Descendance Gréolières... --> Pierre de Nice, évêque de Sisteron (1043–1059) --> Jauccara de Nice x Amic de Vence-Avignon --> Gerberge de Nice x fr:Bérenger d’Avignon:Bérenger d’Avignon. --> Rambaud de Nice (1006–1073) x 1032 Accelena d’Apt --> Laugier d’Apt x Amancia de Lacoste-Castellane --> Odila de Nice x Boniface de Reillanne --> Gisla de Nice x Rostang d'Agoult --> Laugier d'Agout, évêque d'Apt, croisé --> Pierre II de Nice évêque de Sisteron, puis évêque de Vaison --> Rostan de Fréjus x Accelena de Marignane --> Rambaud de Nice, seigneur de Gréolières (+ jeune) x Bélieldis de Marseille --> Amic --> Guillaume x avant 1045 Azalaïs de Reillanne, veuve de Guilhem d'Agoult --> Bertrand-Rambaud d’Orange x 1068 Adélaïde de Cavenez, veuve de Guillaume V Bertrand de Provence --> Léger ou Laugerus, évêque d’Avignon(1124 ou 1126–1142) --> Jausserand Laugier, seigneur de Gréolières x 1064 Gerberge, fille de Foulques Bertrand de Provence --> Pierre --> Rambaud II d'Orange, the crusader or English Wiki --> Thiburge d'Orange x 1104 Giraud Adhémar de Monteil

x 1129 Guillaume d'Aumelas --> Raimbaut d'Orange, the famous troubadour. or English Wiki --> Thiburge II d'Orange x 1171 Bertrand des Baux --> Hughes IV --> Bertrand II --> Thiburge --> Guillaume des Baux or English Wiki x Ermengarde de Mévouillon --> Guillaume II des Baux or English Wiki

See also[edit]

Kingdom of France
France
portal

List of heirs to the Dutch throne

References[edit]

^ a b c d e f g Rietstap, Johannes Baptist (1861). Armorial général, contenant la description des armoiries des familles nobles et patriciennes de l'Europe: précédé d'un dictionnaire des termes du blason. G.B. van Goor. p. 746.  ^ "Histoire de la ville d'Orange". Retrieved May 5, 2011.  ^ Harkness, D (April 1924). "The Opposition to the 8th and 9th Articles of the Commercial Treaty of Utrecht". The Scottish Historical Review. 21 (83): 219–226. Retrieved 2 December 2016.  ^ "Treaty between Prussia
Prussia
and Orange-Nassau, Berlin, 1732". Heraldica.org (in French). Retrieved 16 June 2015.  ^ Peele, Ada (2013). "Part 1: "De verdeling van de nalatenschap van Willem III"". Een uitzonderlijke erfgenaam: De verdeling van de nalatenschap van Koning-Stadhouder Willem II en een consequentie daarvan: Pruisisch heerlijk gezag in Hooge en Lage Zwaluwe, 1702–1754 (1st ed.). Uitgeverij Verloren B.V. ISBN 978-9-087-04393-3.  ^ a b c d Grew, Marion Ethel (1947). The House of Orange. 36 Essex Street, Strand, London W.C.2: Methuen & Co. Ltd. pp. 2–3.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ Geneviève Hasenohr and Michel Zink, ed. (1992). Dictionnaire des lettres françaises: Le Moyen Age. Collection La Pochothèque. Paris: Fayard. ISBN 2-253-05662-6.  ^ Rowen, Herbert H. (1988). The princes of Orange: the stadholders in the Dutch Republic. Cambridge University Press. p. 11. ISBN 0-8063-4811-9.  ^ William I to Elector August I of Saxony, 16 April 1564 (1835–1915). van Prinsterer, F.Groen; et al., eds. Archives ou correspondance inedite de la Maison d'Orange-Nassau. series 1. vol. 1. Leiden and Utrecht. p. 232.  ^ Pontbriant, A. de. Histoire de la principauté d'Orange ; suivie de lettres inédites des princes d'Orange, des rois de France, du Cte de Grignan, etc., etc. Seguin frères (in French). Avignon: Bibliothèque nationale de France. p. 262. ark:/12148/bpt6k298581f. Retrieved 19 May 2011.  ^ Pontbriant, A. de. Histoire de la principauté d'Orange ; suivie de lettres inédites des princes d'Orange, des rois de France, du Cte de Grignan, etc., etc. Seguin frères (in French). Avignon: Bibliothèque nationale de France. p. 262 & following, 273 & following. ark:/12148/bpt6k298581f. Retrieved 19 May 2011.  ^ Vast, , Henri (1847–1921). Éditeur scientifique. Treaty ceding the Principality to Louis XIV "Traité de paix d' Utrecht
Utrecht
entre Louis XIV et Frédéric-Guillaume, roi de Prusse" Check url= value (help). Les grands traités du règne de Louis XIV ([Reprod.]) publ. par Henri Vast (in French). IDC (Leiden). p. 125 (article X.). Retrieved 16 May 2011.  ^ Vast, , Henri (1847–1921). Éditeur scientifique. "Traité de paix d' Utrecht
Utrecht
entre Louis XIV et Frédéric-Guillaume, roi de Prusse" [Peace treaty of Utrecht
Utrecht
between Louis XIV and Frédéric-Guillaume, King of Prussia]. Les grands traités du règne de Louis XIV ([Reprod.]) publ. par Henri Vast (in French). IDC (Leiden). p. 126 (article X.). Retrieved 16 May 2011.  ^ George Ripley; Charles A. Dana (1873). "Principality of Orange". The New American Cyclopædia. 16 volumes complete. D. Appleton and Company. CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) ^ "Pedigree Chart for Louise de Coligny: Genealogics". www.genealogics.org.  ^ "Pedigree Chart for Anne Pot, Comtesse de St.Pol  : Genealogics". www.genealogics.org.  ^ "Pedigree Chart for Jean II de Villiers de L'Isle-Adam, Seigneur de L'Isle-Adam  : Genealogics". www.genealogics.org.  ^ "Pedigree Chart for Marguerite de Beaumont, Dame de Martigné-Ferchaut  : Genealogics". www.genealogics.org.  ^ "Pedigree Chart for Elizabeth Widville (Woodville-Wydville): Genealogics". www.genealogics.org.  ^ "Pedigree Chart for Francesco del Balzo, 1.Duca d'Andria  : Genealogics". www.genealogics.org.  ^ "Pedigree Chart for Guillaume de Baux, Seigneur de Berre et d'Istres  : Genealogics". www.genealogics.org.  ^ Velde, François. "Treaty between Prussia
Prussia
and Orange-Nassau, Berlin, 1732". Preussens Staatsvertraege aus der Regierungzzeit König Friedrich Wilhelms I. (in French). 33 CTS 487. p. 404. Retrieved 16 May 2011.  ^ Dumont, Jean, Baron
Baron
de Carlscroon ( continued after Dumonts death by J. Rousset). "Treaty between Prussia
Prussia
and Orange-Nassau, Berlin, 1732". Corps universel diplomatique du droit des gens, contenant un recueil des traités de paix, d'alliance, &c., faits en Europe, depuis Charlemagne
Charlemagne
jusqu'à present, Supplement (in French). Amsterdam. II, part II: 335. Retrieved 16 May 2011.  ^ Blok, Petrus Johannes (1970). The History of the People of the Netherlands. 5, Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries. New York, NY: AMS Press. p. 60.  ^ Pontbriant, A. de. Histoire de la principauté d'Orange ; suivie de lettres inédites des princes d'Orange, des rois de France, du Cte de Grignan, etc., etc. Seguin frères (in French). Avignon: Bibliothèque nationale de France. p. 262 & following. ark:/12148/bpt6k298581f. Retrieved 19 May 2011.  ^ Ross, Kelley L. Ph.D. "Princes of Orange, 1171–1584 AD". Retrieved 27 April 2011.  ^ a b Rowen, Herbert H. (1988). The princes of Orange: the stadholders in the Dutch Republic. Cambridge University Press. p. 29. ISBN 0-8063-4811-9.  ^ "The Official Website of the Dutch Royal House in English, see tour of Noordeinde Palace, Royal Archives, Front Entrance Hall". Archived from the original on 18 March 2012. Retrieved 1 June 2011.  ^ Rietstap, Johannes Baptist (1861). Armorial général, contenant la description des armoiries des familles nobles et patriciennes de l'Europe: précédé d'un dictionnaire des termes du blason. G.B. van Goor. p. 746. Philip William used his father's original arms  ^ Rietstap, Johannes Baptist (1861). Armorial général, contenant la description des armoiries des familles nobles et patriciennes de l'Europe: précédé d'un dictionnaire des termes du blason. G.B. van Goor. p. 746. a la exception de celebre prince Maurice qui portai les armes ...  ^ a b Haley, K(enneth) H(arold) D(obson) (1972). The Dutch in the Seventeenth Century. Thames and Hudson. p. 78. ISBN 0-15-518473-3.  ^ a b Anonymous. "Wapenbord van Prins Maurits met het devies van de Engelse orde van de Kouseband". Exhibit of a painted woodcut of Maurice's Arms encircled by the Order of the Garter in the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam. Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam. Archived from the original on 11 January 2012. Retrieved 26 April 2011.  ^ "" Coat of Arms
Coat of Arms
as depicted on the "Familiegraf van de Oranje-Nassau's in de Grote of Jacobijnerkerk te Leeuwarden"". Familiegraf van de Oranje-Nassau's in de Grote of Jacobijnerkerk te Leeuwarden. Retrieved 9 November 2011.  ^ a b c d Rietstap, Johannes Baptist (1875). Handboek der Wapenkunde. Netherlands: Theod. Bom. pp. 347–348. De PRINS VAN ORANJE Gevierendeeld: 1 en 4 het koninklijke wapen; 2 en 3 nogmaals gevierendeeld van rood met een gouden schuinbalk, en van goud met een blaauwen, rood-gesnoerden en beslagen jagthoorn, benevens een hartschildje op het snijpunt, beladen met vijf gouden vakken grenzende aan vier blaauewe. Overigens geheel als het koninklijke wapen.  ^ a b c d Junius, J.H. (1894). Heraldiek. Netherlands: Frederik Muller. p. 151. In Nederland voert de PRINS VAN ORANJE het koninklijk wapen gekwartileerd met dat van ORANJE-CHALONS.  ^ Website Dutch Royal House on Willem-Alexander Archived 2010-11-24 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Website Dutch Royal House on Catharina-Amalia Archived 2013-03-05 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "De Prins van Oranje". Rijksvoorlichtingsdienst (RVD). 23 August 2012. Archived from the original on 23 August 2012. Retrieved 23 August 2012. Sinds de inhuldiging van de Koningin op 30 april 1980 heeft Prins Willem-Alexander de titel Prins van Oranje. Deze titel is voorbehouden aan de troonopvolger van de Koning(in)." In english: "Since the inauguration of the Queen on 30 April 1980, Prince Willem-Alexander the title of Prince
Prince
of Orange. This title is reserved to the heir to the throne of the King (Queen).  ^ "Prinses Catharina-Amalia". Rijksvoorlichtingsdienst (RVD). 23 August 2012. Archived from the original on 5 March 2013. Retrieved 23 August 2012. Prinses Catharina-Amalia is de tweede in de lijn van troonopvolging. Als haar vader Koning wordt, krijgt zij als vermoedelijke troonopvolger de titel 'Prinses van Oranje'." In English: "Princess Catharina-Amalia is the second in line of succession to the throne. When her father is King, she becomes, as heir apparent, 'Princess of Orange'.  ^ a b Rietstap, Johannes Baptist (2003). Armorial general. vol.2. Genealogical Publishing Co. p. 297. ISBN 0-8063-4811-9.  ^ Post, Pieter (1651). " Coat of Arms
Coat of Arms
as depicted in "Begraeffenisse van syne hoogheyt Frederick Hendrick"". engraving, in the collection of. Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam. Archived from the original on 11 January 2012. Retrieved 1 June 2011.  ^ "Wapens van leden van het Koninklijk Huis". Coats of Arms of the Dutch Royal Family, Website of the Dutch Monarchy, the Hague. Rijksvoorlichtingsdienst (RVD), the Hague, the Netherlands. Archived from the original on 23 January 2013. Retrieved 30 April 2012.  ^ Rietstap, Johannes Baptist (2003). Armorial general. vol.2. Genealogical Publishing Co. p. 297. ISBN 0-8063-4811-9. Retrieved 26 May 2015. Ecartelé : au 1. d'azur, semé de billettes d'or au lion d'or, armé et lampassé de gueules, brochant sur le tout (Maison de Nassau) ; II, d'or, au léopard lionné de gueules, arméc ouronné et lampassé d'azur (Katzenelnbogen) ; III, de gueules à la fasce d'argent (Vianden) ; IV, de gueules à deux lions passant l'un sur l'autre ; sur-le-tout écartelé, aux I et IV de gueules, à la bande d'or (Châlon), et aux II et III d'or, au cor de chasse d'azur, virolé et lié de gueules (Orange) ; sur-le-tout-du-tout de cinq points d'or équipolés à quatre d'azur (Genève) ; un écusson de sable à la fasce d'argent brochant en chef ( Marquis
Marquis
de Flessingue et Veere); un écusson de gueules à la fasce bretessée et contre-bretessée d'argent brochant en pointe (Buren)  ^ Rietstap, Johannes Baptist (1875). Handboek der Wapenkunde. the Netherlands: Theod. Bom. pp. 347–348. De PRINS VAN ORANJE Gevierendeeld: 1 en 4 het koninklijke wapen; 2 en 3 nogmaals gevierendeeld van rood met een gouden schuinbalk, en van goud met een blaauwen, rood-gesnoerden en beslagen jagthoorn, benevens een hartschildje op het snijpunt, beladen met vijf gouden vakken grenzende aan vier blaauewe. Overigens geheel als het koninklijke wapen.  ^ Junius, J.H. (1894). Heraldiek. the Netherlands: Frederik Muller. p. 151. In Nederland voert de PRINS VAN ORANJE het koninklijk wapen gekwartileerd met dat van ORANJE-CHALONS.  ^ Rietstap, Johannes Baptist (1875). Handboek der Wapenkunde. the Netherlands: Theod. Bom. p. 348. De ERFPRINS VAN ORANJE, casu quo: Gelijk de Prins van Oranje, met een rooden barensteel over de beide eerste kwartieren heen.  ^ Junius, J.H. (1894). Heraldiek. the Netherlands: Frederik Muller. p. 151. ...behalve de erfprins die 's vaders wapen met een barensteel breekt. Bij ons vorstenhuis is die barenstell altijk van keel.  ^ Klaas. "Maurits van Vollenhoven". Article on Maurits van Vollenhoven, 18-09-2008 10:28. klaas.punt.nl. Retrieved 4 April 2013. 

Literature[edit]

Herbert H. Rowen, The princes of Orange: the stadholders in the Dutch Republic. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1988. John Lothrop Motley, "History of the United Netherlands from the Death of William the Silent
William the Silent
to the Synod of Dort". London: John Murray, 1860. John Lothrop Motley, "The Life and Death of John of Barenvelt". New York & London: Harper and Brothers Publishing, 1900. Petrus Johannes Blok, "History of the people of the Netherlands". New York: G. P. Putnam's sons, 1898. Reina van Ditzhuyzen, Het Huis van Oranje: prinsen, stadhouders, koningen en koninginnen. Haarlem : De Haan, [1979].

External links[edit]

Treaty ceding the Principality to Louis XIV Treaty of Partition (1732)

v t e

Dutch royal titles

King & Queen

Netherlands

Prince
Prince
& Princess

Orange Orange-Nassau

Grand Duke & Grand Duchess

Luxemburg

Duke & Duchess

Limburg

Count
Count
& Countess

Orange-Nassau

Count

Buren Culemborg Leerdam Dietz Katzenelnbogen Spiegelberg Vianden

Viscount

Antwerp

Marquis

Flushing Veere

Baron

Breda, Cranendonck Lands of Cuijk Eindhoven City of Grave IJsselstein Liesveld Diest Herstal Warneton Beilstein Arlay Nozeroy

Hereditary Lord

Baarn Borculo Bredevoort Geertruidenberg Hooge en Lage Zwaluwe Klundert, Lichtenvoorde 't Loo Naaldwijk Niervaart Polanen Steenbergen Sint Maartensdijk Soest Ter Eem Willemstad Zevenbergen Bütgenbach Sankt Vith Turnhout Besançon Montfort Daasburg

Lord

Ameland

v t e

Princes of Orange

William (1815–1840) William (1840–1849) William (1849–1879) Alexander (1879–1884) Willem-Alexander (1980–2013) Catharina-Amali

.