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Primolius
Primolius
is a genus of macaws comprising three species,[4] which are native to South America. They are mainly green parrots with complex colouring including blues, reds and yellows. They have long tails, a large curved beak, and bare facial skin typical of macaws in general. They are less than 50 cm long, much smaller than the macaws of the Ara genus. Macaws less than about 50 cm long, including the Primolius
Primolius
genus, are sometimes called "mini-macaws".

Contents

1 Taxonomy 2 Species 3 See also 4 References

Taxonomy[edit] The genus has three monotypic species:[4] The Primolius
Primolius
genus, Bonaparte 1857:

Blue-headed macaw, Primolius
Primolius
couloni (Sclater PL, 1876) Blue-winged macaw
Blue-winged macaw
or Illiger's macaw, Primolius
Primolius
maracana (Vieillot, 1816) Golden-collared macaw, Primolius
Primolius
auricollis (Cassin, 1853)

Species[edit]

Primolius

Common and binomial names[4] Image Description Range

Blue-headed macaw or Coulon's macaw ( Primolius
Primolius
couloni)

41 cm (16 in) long, mostly green with head, flight feathers and primary coverts blue. The uppertail has a maroon base, a narrow green center and a blue tip. The undertail and underwing are greenish-yellow/ The bill is pale greyish-horn with a black base. Unlike most other macaws, the facial skin and lores are dark greyish.[5] South America

Blue-winged macaw or Illiger's macaw ( Primolius
Primolius
maracana)

40 cm (16 in) long, mostly green, the upperside of some of the wing feathers are blue, and the underside of the wings are yellowish, the tail-tip, crown and cheeks are bluish, and the tail-base and a belly-patch are red. The iris is amber. The bare facial-skin is yellowish, which may be white in captivity, the beak is all black[6] South America

Golden-collared macaw or yellow-collared macaw ( Primolius
Primolius
auricollis)

38 cm (15 in) long, mostly green, yellow band on the back of the neck, tail feathers have are red at the base fading to greens and blues, dark brown or black forehead, pink legs, the beak is dark grey with a paler grey tip South America

See also[edit]

List of macaws

References[edit]

^ Salvadori, T. (1891). Catalogue of the Psittaci, or Parrots, in the Collection of the British Museum. Catalogue of the Birds in the British Museum. 20. London: Taylor and Francis. p. 151.  ^ Ribeiro, Alipio de Miranda (1920). "Revisão dos Psittacideos brasileiros". Revista do Museu Paulista. 12 (2): 18–19.  ^ Penhallurick, John (2001). " Primolius
Primolius
Bonaparte, 1857 has priority over Propyrrhura Ribeiro, 1920". Bulletin of the British Ornithologist's Club. 121 (1): 38–39.  ^ a b c "Zoological Nomenclature Resource: Psittaciformes (Version 9.004)". www.zoonomen.net. 2008-07-05.  ^ " Species
Species
factsheet: Primolius
Primolius
couloni". BirdLife International (2008). Retrieved 24 July 2008.  ^ " Species
Species
factsheet: Primolius
Primolius
maracana". BirdLife International (2008). Retrieved 24 July 2008. 

v t e

Macaws

Genus

Species
Species
(extinctions: † indicates a species confirmed to be extinct, ₴ indicates evidence only from sub-fossils)

Anodorhynchus

Glaucous macaw Hyacinth macaw Lear's macaw

Cyanopsitta

Spix's macaw

Ara

Blue-and-yellow macaw
Blue-and-yellow macaw
(or blue-and-gold macaw) Blue-throated macaw Military macaw Great green macaw
Great green macaw
(or Buffon's macaw) Scarlet macaw Red-and-green macaw
Red-and-green macaw
(or green-winged macaw) Red-fronted macaw Chestnut-fronted macaw
Chestnut-fronted macaw
(or severe macaw) Cuban macaw
Cuban macaw
Saint Croix macaw
Saint Croix macaw
† ₴ Lesser Antillean macaw
Lesser Antillean macaw
† ₴

Orthopsittaca

Red-bellied macaw

Primolius

Blue-headed macaw Blue-winged macaw
Blue-winged macaw
(or Illiger's macaw) Golden-collared macaw
Golden-collared macaw
(or yellow-collared macaw)

Diopsittaca

Red-shouldered macaw
Red-shouldered macaw
(Hahn's macaw or noble macaw)

Hypothetical extinct macaws

Martinique macaw Red-headed macaw Jamaican red macaw Dominican green-and-yellow macaw

Neotropical parrots (tribe: Arini) List of macaws Mini-macaws

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q337753 ADW: Primolius EoL: 37123 GBIF: 2479267 ITIS: 7

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