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The Prime Minister of Vietnam
Vietnam
(Vietnamese: Thủ tướng Việt Nam), officially styled Prime Minister of the Government of the Socialist Republic (Vietnamese: Thủ tướng Chính phủ nước Cộng hòa Xã hội chủ nghĩa), is the head of government of Vietnam
Vietnam
who presides over the meetings of the Central Government (formerly the Council of Ministers). The prime minister directs the work of government members, and may propose deputy prime ministers to the National Assembly. The head of government is responsible to the National Assembly and serves as the Deputy Chairman of the Council for Defence and Security. Moreover, prime minister is also Chairman of the Council for National Education, Standing Member of the Central Military Commission and the Central Police Party Committee. The tenure of a prime minister is five years, and the term is renewable once. The current prime minister Nguyễn Xuân Phúc
Nguyễn Xuân Phúc
has served since 2016. In case of incapacity, a deputy prime minister assumes the office of acting prime minister until the prime minister resumes duty, or until the appointment of a new prime minister. The powers and prestige of the prime minister have varied through the years. Pham Van Dong, Vietnam's second prime minister, often lamented that in practice he had little power. Since the death of Pham Hung in 1988, the prime minister has been ranked 3rd in the order of precedence of the Communist Party's Politburo, the highest decision-making body in Vietnam.

Contents

1 History 2 Duties, powers and responsibilities 3 Living former prime ministers 4 References 5 Bibliography

History[edit] Main article: List of Prime Ministers of Vietnam Ho Chi Minh, who also served as the country's President, was appointed Vietnam's first prime minister in 1946 by the National Assembly, after having served months as Acting Chairman of the Provisional Government and foreign minister in the aftermath of the 1945 August Revolution.[1] Both the 1946 and 1959 Constitutions state that the National Assembly had the power to appoint and relieve the prime minister of his duties.[2] The prime minister presided over the Council of Ministers, the highest executive body of state, from 1981 until it was renamed to Government in the 1992 constitution. The office of prime minister was renamed in the 1980 constitution to that of Chairman of the Council of Ministers.[3] Pham Van Dong, the second Prime Minister of Vietnam, served as North Vietnamese Prime Minister from 1955 until 1976, when he became prime minister of a unified Vietnam, and then until 1987, when he resigned. At his resignation, he was the longest-serving prime minister in Vietnamese history, and the oldest serving prime minister in the world. He often lamented that he was one of the world's weakest prime ministers, on one occasion saying; "I can do nothing. When I say something, nobody listens. If I propose changing a deputy minister, it turns out to be impossible. I cannot even choose my own ministers."[4] Since the death of Pham Hung in 1988, the prime minister has been ranked Number 3 in the order of precedence of the Communist Party's Politburo.[5] Duties, powers and responsibilities[edit]

Vietnam

This article is part of a series on the politics and government of Vietnam

Ideology

Concepts

Collective leadership Marxism–Leninism Ho Chi Minh
Ho Chi Minh
Thought

Organizations

Central Propaganda Department Central Theoretical Council Nhân Dân

Constitution

History

1946 1959 1980 1992 2013

Communist Party

National Congress (12th) Central Committee (12th)

General Secretary: Nguyễn Phú Trọng

Politburo (12th) Secretariat

Executive Secretary: Đinh Thế Huynh

Central Military Commission

Secretary: Nguyễn Phú Trọng

Central Office

Director: Nguyễn Văn Nên

Central Inspection Commission

Chairman: Trần Quốc Vượng

Legislative

National Assembly

Standing Committee

Chairwoman: Nguyễn Thị Kim Ngân

Executive

President (list)

Trần Đại Quang

Vice President

Đặng Thị Ngọc Thịnh

Prime Minister (list):

Nguyễn Xuân Phúc

Deputy Prime Ministers:

Vương Đình Huệ Trương Hòa Bình Phạm Bình Minh Vũ Đức Đam Trịnh Đình Dũng

Ministries Governor of the State Bank Committee on Ethnic Minority Affairs

Fatherland Front

Central Committee

Chairman: Nguyễn Thiện Nhân Gen. Secretary: Trần Thanh Mẫn

Ho Chi Minh
Ho Chi Minh
Communist Youth Union

Central Committee First Secretary

Lê Quốc Phong

Vietnam
Vietnam
General Confederation of Labour Viet Nam Farmer's Union Vietnam
Vietnam
Women’s Union

Military

Central Military Commission

Secretary: Nguyễn Phú Trọng

Commander-in-Chief

Trần Đại Quang

People's Army People's Public Security

People's Security People's Police

Council for National Defense and Security

Chairman: President Vice-chairman: Prime Minister

Judiciary Law

National Assembly

Justice Committee

President

Steering Committee of the Central Judicial Reform

Director: Trần Đại Quang

Supreme People's Court

Chief Justice: Nguyễn Hòa Bình

Supreme People's Procuracy

Procurator-General: Lê Minh Trí

Foreign relations

Foreign aid

See also

Elections Administrative divisions Human rights

Other countries Atlas

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The National Assembly by a proposal of the President of Vietnam
President of Vietnam
elects the prime minister. The prime minister is responsible to the National Assembly, and the Assembly elects all ministers to government. Activity reports by the prime minister must be given to the National Assembly, while the Standing Committee of the National Assembly supervises the activities of the Central Government and the prime minister. Finally, the deputies of the National Assembly have the right to question the prime minister and other members of government.[6] The prime minister is the only member of government who must be a member of the National Assembly. This is because the prime minister is accountable to the National Assembly, and he reports to it, or to its Standing Committee, and to the president. The prime minister issues directives and supervises the implementation of formal orders given by the president, the National Assembly or the Standing Committee.[7] Cabinet members and members of the Central Government in general are responsible to the prime minister and the National Assembly for the fields they specialise in.[8] According to the Constitution of Vietnam, the following are the duties, powers and responsibilities of the prime minister:[9]

To head the Central Government, and direct the works of members of the Central Government, the People's Councils at all levels and to chair the meetings of the Cabinet;[9] To propose to the National Assembly that ministries, or organs with ministerial rank, be established or dissolved; to present to the National Assembly or, when the latter is not in session, to its Standing Committee, for approval, proposals on the appointment, release from duty, or dismissal of deputy prime ministers, cabinet ministers and other members of the Government;[9] To appoint, release from duty, or dismiss deputy ministers and officials of equal rank; to approve the election, release from duty, secondment and dismissal of chairmen and deputy chairmen of People's Committees of provinces and cities under direct central rule;[9] To suspend or annul decisions, directives and circulars of cabinet ministers and other Government members, decisions and directives of People's Councils and chairmen of People's Committees of provinces and cities under direct central rule that contravene the Constitution, the law, or other formal written documents of superior State organs;[9] To suspend the execution of resolutions of People's Councils of provinces and cities under direct central rule that contravene the Constitution, the law, or the formal written orders of superior State organs; at the same time to propose to the Standing Committee of the National Assembly to annul them;[9] To make regular reports to the people through the mass media on major issues to be settled by the Government.[9] When the prime minister is absent, he must choose one of his deputy prime ministers to direct the work of the government.[10]

The prime minister serves concurrently as the secretary of the CPV Government Caucus Commission. The National Assembly chairman serves as the commission's deputy. Currently there are ten members of the Commission, all of whom hold government posts.[11] Commission members are appointed by the Politburo, and the Commission itself is responsible to the Politburo and the Secretariat. The decision-making process within the Commission is based on the principles of collective leadership.[12] Living former prime ministers[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Prime Ministers of Vietnam.

Đỗ Mười, served 1988–1991 (1917-02-02) February 2, 1917 (age 101)

Nguyễn Tấn Dũng, served 2006–2016 (1949-11-17) November 17, 1949 (age 68)

References[edit]

^ Staff writer. "CAC THU TUONG CHINH PHU TIEN NHIEM" [Former Prime Ministers] (in Vietnamese). Office of the Prime Minister. Retrieved 3 May 2012.  ^ "Article 50 of the 1946/1959 Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam". the 1946/1959 Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^  This article incorporates public domain material from the  Library of Congress
Library of Congress
document: Ronald J. Cima (December 1987). Ronald J. Cima, ed. "Vietnam: A country study". Federal Research Division. Constitutional Evolution.  ^ Menétrey-Monchau 2006, p. 79. ^ Staff writer. "Ban chấp hanh Trung ương, Bo Chinh trị, Ban Bi thư" [Central Committee, Politburo, Secretariat] (in Vietnamese). Communist Party of Vietnam. pp. I–X. Archived from the original on 19 April 2012. Retrieved 23 April 2012.  ^ "Political system". Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. Retrieved 20 April 2012.  ^ "Article 115 of the Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam". the 1992 Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ "Article 117 of the Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam". the 1992 of the Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ a b c d e f g "Article 114 of the Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam". Article 114 of the Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ "Article 110 of the Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam". Article 110 of the Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ Staff writer (1 August 2006). "Ban Can su đang Chinh phu" [Government Caucus Commission of the Party] (in Vietnamese). Communist Party of Vietnam. Archived from the original on 8 April 2015. Retrieved 8 May 2012.  ^ Staff writer (3 April 2006). "Quyết định của Ban Bi thu so 48-QĐ/TW: Ve viec lap Ban Can sự đang o cac bo va co quan ngang bo, ngay 14 thang 12 nam 1992" [The decision of the Secretariat of 48-QD/TW: Commission for Elaboration of the party in government ministries and ministerial-level agencies, December 14, 1992] (in Vietnamese). Communist Party of Vietnam. Archived from the original on 12 September 2014. Retrieved 8 May 2012. 

Bibliography[edit]

Menétrey-Monchau, Cécile (2006). American–Vietnamese relations in the Wake of War: Diplomacy after the Capture of Saigon, 1975–1979. McFarland. ISBN 9780786423989. 

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Prime Ministers of Vietnam

Empire of Vietnam (1945)

Trần Trọng Kim

Republic of Cochinchina (1946–49)

Nguyễn Văn Thinh Lê Văn Hoạch Nguyễn Văn Xuân Trần Văn Hữu

Provisional Central Government of Vietnam (1948–49)

Nguyễn Văn Xuân

State of Vietnam (1949–55)

Bảo Đại Nguyễn Phan Long Trần Văn Hữu Nguyễn Văn Tâm Bửu Lộc Phan Huy Quát Ngô Đình Diệm

Republic of Vietnam (1955–75)

Nguyễn Ngọc Thơ2 Nguyễn Khánh2 Nguyễn Xuân Oánh1, 2 Nguyễn Khánh2 Trần Văn Hương2 Nguyễn Xuân Oánh1, 2 Phan Huy Quát2 Nguyễn Cao Kỳ2 Nguyễn Văn Lộc Trần Văn Hương Trần Thiện Khiêm Nguyễn Bá Cẩn Vũ Văn Mẫu

Democratic Republic of Vietnam (1945–76)

Ho Chi Minh Phạm Văn Đồng

Republic of South Vietnam (1975–76)

Huỳnh Tấn Phát

Socialist Republic of Vietnam (1976–)

Phạm Văn Đồng Phạm Hùng Võ Văn Kiệt1 Đỗ Mười Võ Văn Kiệt Phan Văn Khải Nguyễn Tấn Dũng Nguyễn Xuân Phúc

1acting 2head of a military government

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Leaders of present-day Southeast Asian countries

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Vietnam
(President) (list)

Heads of government

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(list)

Defunct heads of state and government

Burma (Monarch) Dutch East Indies (Governor-General) Indonesia (Prime Minister) Laos (Monarch) Myanmar (Prime Minister) Philippines (Consorts) (Governor-General) (Prime Minister) Vietnam
Vietnam
(Monarch) South Vietnam
Vietnam
(leaders)

ASEAN

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Prime minister

Prime Ministers by country

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