HOME
The Info List - Prime Minister Of Sri Lanka


--- Advertisement ---



The Prime Minister
Prime Minister
of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka (Sinhalese: ශ්‍රී ලංකා අග්‍රාමාත්‍ය Śrī Laṃkā agrāmāthya; Tamil: இலங்கை பிரதமர்) is the most senior member of parliament in the cabinet of ministers in Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
which is collectively accountable for their policies and actions to parliament. The President is both head of state and head of government in Sri Lanka. Since 1978, most prime ministers have served as mere deputies to the executive presidency, while at times served as the de-facto head of government. The current holder[update] of the office, Ranil Wickremesinghe, leader of the United National Party, was appointed by Maithripala Sirisena
Maithripala Sirisena
on 9 January 2015. This was the third time that Wickramasinghe was appointed Prime Minister
Prime Minister
of Sri Lanka.

Contents

1 Appointment 2 Powers and role

2.1 Head of the cabinet of ministers 2.2 Principal adviser to the president 2.3 Presidential succession

3 Privileges of office

3.1 Salary 3.2 Official residence
Official residence
and office 3.3 Travel 3.4 Security

4 History 5 Last election 6 List of Prime Ministers 7 See also 8 Notes 9 References 10 External links

Appointment[edit] The president will appoint a member of parliament as prime minister, who in the President’s opinion, "is most likely to command the confidence of Parliament". The prime minister will continue to hold office throughout the period during which the cabinet of ministers continues to function under the provisions of the constitution unless he/she resigns from the post or ceases to be a member of parliament.[3] Powers and role[edit] Under the Soulbury Constitution the post of Prime Minister
Prime Minister
was created in 1947 as the head of government in the Westminster system. In 1978, under the second amendment to the Republican Constitution of 1972 much of the powers of the premiership was transferred to the executive presidency as head of government and head of the cabinet of ministers in addition to being the head of state. As a result the Prime Minister became a senior most member cabinet of ministers and successor to the President. The prime minister would serve as the deputy to the president if both are from the same political party. In certain occasions, when the president is not from the majority party in parliament or a national government is formed, the prime minister would be appointed from a party different to the president. In such a situations the prime minister would serve as the de-facto head of government.[3] In 2015, the nineteenth amendment restored certain degree of powers to the premiership. The prime minister is the second in the order of precedence after the president and head of the cabinet of ministers. The prime minister would be a member of the constitutional council, national security council and the senior most member cabinet of ministers. Head of the cabinet of ministers[edit] As head of the cabinet of ministers, the Prime Minister
Prime Minister
has the power to:

Determine the number of Cabinet Ministers and Ministries and assignment of subjects. Determine the number of Non-cabinet Ministers and Ministries and assignment of subjects.

Principal adviser to the president[edit] By the constitution, the Prime Minister
Prime Minister
holds formal power to advise the president on:

Appoint, dismiss, or accept the resignation of cabinet and non-cabinet ministers.[3] Change of subjects assigned to cabinet ministers.[3]

Presidential succession[edit] As per the constitution, if the office of president becomes vacant, the prime minister would "act in the office of President during the period between the occurrence of such vacancy and the assumption of office by the new President and shall appoint one of the other Ministers of the Cabinet to act in the office of Prime Minister". In such as situation, the office of Prime Minister
Prime Minister
is vacant or the prime minister is unable to act, the Speaker shall act in the office of President.[3] The president may appoint the prime minister to exercise, perform and discharge the powers, duties and functions of the office of President for a period during the president is unable to exercise, perform and discharge the powers, duties and functions of his office due to illness, absence from Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
or any other cause.[3] Privileges of office[edit] Salary[edit] The Prime Minister
Prime Minister
would receive a salary (as of 2016) of LKR 858,000 annually paid from the Prime Minister's Office. Official residence
Official residence
and office[edit] The official residence of the prime minister is the Prime Minister's House most commonly referred to as Temple Trees. The Prime Minister's Office is located on Sir Ernest de Silva
Sir Ernest de Silva
Mawatha (formerly known as Flower Road) in Colombo. In recent years from time to time, Temple Trees
Temple Trees
has been by some presidents such as Kumaratunga and Rajapaksa. While certain Prime Ministers such as Wickremesinghe have chosen to stay at his personal residence. Travel[edit] For ground travel, the prime minister uses the prime ministerial car, which is an armored black Mercedes-Benz S-Class
Mercedes-Benz S-Class
(S600) Pullman Guard. For domestic air travel, helicopters from the No. 4 (VVIP/VIP) Helicopter Squadron of the Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
Air Force are used while for long distance travel, regular flights of the Sri Lankan Airlines
Sri Lankan Airlines
are used. Security[edit] Traditionally security for the prime minister has been provided by the Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
Police. During emergencies military units have been allocated to bolster security. At present the Prime Minister's Security Division is in charge of security of the Prime Minister. History[edit]

The first Prime Minister
Prime Minister
of Ceylon
Ceylon
with his Cabinet members

The post of Prime Minister
Prime Minister
of Ceylon
Ceylon
was created in 1947 prior to independence from Britain and the formation of the Dominion of Ceylon in 1948. United National Party
United National Party
leader D. S. Senanayake
D. S. Senanayake
became the first Prime Minister
Prime Minister
of Then Ceylon
Ceylon
in 1947 after independence. In 1972 when Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
became a republic the name of the post changed to Prime Minister
Prime Minister
of Sri Lanka. With a Westminster-based political system established the Prime Minister
Prime Minister
was the head of government therefore held the most powerful political office of the country at the time. This changed with a constitutional change in 1978, when the Executive Presidency was created, making the President both head of state and head of government. Until 1978 the Prime minister
Prime minister
was also the Minister of Defence and External Affairs. The Prime Minister
Prime Minister
is appointed by the President as a member of the cabinet of ministers. In the event the post president is vacant, the Prime Minister
Prime Minister
becomes the acting president until Parliament convenes to elect a successor or new elections could be held to elect a new president. This was the case with H.E. President Dingiri Banda Wijetunge. United National Party leaders Dudley Senanayake
Dudley Senanayake
and Ranil Wickramasinghe
Ranil Wickramasinghe
together with Sri Lanka Freedom Party leader Sirimavo Bandaranaike
Sirimavo Bandaranaike
was appointed three times to the position. With passing of the 19th amendment to the constitution in 2015, the prime minister was granted more powers when appointing ministers and leading the cabinet. Last election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 2015 Sri Lankan parliamentary election[4][5]

Alliances and parties Votes % Seats

District National Total

  United National Front for Good Governance[a]

All Ceylon
Ceylon
Makkal Congress[b] Democratic National Movement Jathika Hela Urumaya Muslim Tamil National Alliance National Front for Good Governance Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
Muslim Congress[c] Tamil Progressive Alliance

Democratic People's Front National Union of Workers Up-Country People's Front

United Left Front United National Party

5,098,916 45.66% 93 13 106

  United People's Freedom Alliance

Ceylon
Ceylon
Workers' Congress[d] Citizen's Front[e] Democratic National Front Democratic People's Congress Liberal Party[f] Mahajana Eksath Peramuna National Congress National Freedom Front Pivithuru Hela Urumaya Socialist Alliance

Communist Party of Sri Lanka Democratic Left Front Lanka Sama Samaja Party National Liberation People's Party Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
People's Party

Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
Freedom Party Tamil Makkal Viduthalai Pulikal United Citizens’ Front

4,732,664 42.38% 83 12 95

  Tamil National Alliance[g]

Eelam People's Revolutionary Liberation Front Illankai Tamil Arasu Kachchi People's Liberation Organisation of Tamil Eelam Tamil Eelam Liberation Organization

515,963 4.62% 14 2 16

  Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna 543,944 4.87% 4 2 6

  Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
Muslim Congress[c] 44,193 0.40% 1 0 1

  Eelam People's Democratic Party 33,481 0.30% 1 0 1

  Independents 42,828 0.38% 0 0 0

  All Ceylon
Ceylon
Makkal Congress[b] 33,102 0.30% 0 0 0

  Democratic Party 28,587 0.26% 0 0 0

Buddhist People's Front

Bodu Bala Sena United Lanka Great Council

20,377 0.18% 0 0 0

  Tamil National People's Front[h]

All Ceylon
Ceylon
Tamil Congress

18,644 0.17% 0 0 0

  Ceylon
Ceylon
Workers' Congress[d] 17,107 0.15% 0 0 0

  Frontline Socialist Party 7,349 0.07% 0 0 0

United People's Party 5,353 0.05% 0 0 0

Others 24,467 0.22% 0 0 0

Valid Votes 11,166,975 100.00% 196 29 225

Rejected Votes 517,123

Total Polled 11,684,098

Registered Electors 15,044,490

Turnout 77.66%

List of Prime Ministers[edit] Main article: List of Prime Ministers of Sri Lanka See also[edit]

President of Sri Lanka Prime Minister's Office

Notes[edit]

^ The UNFGG contested under the name and symbol of UNP. ^ a b The ACMC contested separately in one district (Ampara) and with the UNFGG in other districts. ^ a b The SLMC contested separately in two districts (Batticaloa and Vanni) and with the UNFGG in other districts. ^ a b The CWC contested separately in three districts (Badulla, Kandy and Kegalle) and with the UPFA in other districts. ^ The CF contested separately in two districts (Nuwara Eliya and Vanni) and with the UPFA in other districts. ^ The LP contested separately in four districts (Colombo, Galle, Kurunegala and Matara) and with the UPFA in other districts. ^ The TNA contested under the name and symbol of ITAK. ^ The TNPF contested under the name and symbol of ACTC.

References[edit]

^ Thomas, Kris (21 November 2016). "Of Ministers' Salaries And Parliamentary Perks". Roar.lk. Retrieved 30 August 2017.  ^ Thomas, Kavindya Chris (20 November 2016). "Do MPs get fat salaries?". Ceylontoday.lk. Ceylon
Ceylon
Today. Retrieved 30 August 2017.  ^ a b c d e f The Constitution of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka ^ "Parliamentary Election - 17-08-2015 - Official Election Results — All Island Results". Department of Elections, Sri Lanka.  ^ "Parliamentary Election - 17-08-2015 - Official Election Results — Composition of the Parliament". Department of Elections, Sri Lanka. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of Sri Lanka
Parliament of Sri Lanka
- Handbook of Parliament, Prime Ministers

v t e

Prime Ministers of Sri Lanka

Don Stephen Senanayake Dudley Senanayake John Kotelawala S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike Wijeyananda Dahanayake Dudley Senanayake Sirimavo Bandaranaike Dudley Senanayake Sirimavo Bandaranaike Junius Richard Jayewardene Ranasinghe Premadasa Dingiri Banda Wijetunga Ranil Wickremesinghe Chandrika Kumaratunga Sirimavo Bandaranaike Ratnasiri Wickremanayake Ranil Wickremesinghe Mahinda Rajapaksa Ratnasiri Wickremanayake Disanayaka Jayaratne Ranil Wickremesinghe

v t e

Parliament of Sri Lanka

15th Parliament Members of the 15th Parliament of Sri Lanka

Members

Current members

By length of service Youngest members Longest-serving members ever

Women and minority members

Sri Lankan Tamil members Sri Lankan Moor members Other minority members Lady members Appointed members

Leaders

Prime Minister
Prime Minister
(list) Speaker of the Parliament (list) Deputy Speaker and Chairman of Committees Deputy Chairman of Committees Leader of the House Leader of the Opposition Chief Government Whip Chief Opposition Whip

Parliament Secretariat

Secretariat leaders

Secretaries-General (list) Deputy Secretary General (list) Assistant Secretary General (list)

Departments

Serjeant-at-Arms Administration Legislative Services Finance and Supplies Hansard Co-ordinating Engineer Catering and Housekeeping Information Systems and Management

Powers, procedure and customs

Powers

Legislative Power of the Sri Lankan Parliament

Committees

Selection House Standing Orders Parliamentary Business Public Accounts Public Enterprises Privileges Public Petitions

Items

Mace Chair Bar

History

History of Parliament of Sri Lanka

Building of Parliament

Sri Lankan Parliament Building

Miscellaneous

Historic Sri Lankan legislature Parliaments Districts

Website: Parliament of Sri Lanka

v t e

Prime minister

Prime Ministers by country

Abkhazia Afghanistan Albania Algeria Angola Antigua and Barbuda Armenia Artsakh Aruba Australia Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Bermuda Bhutan Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Bulgaria Burkina Faso Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Congo (Kinshasa) Cook Islands Croatia Cuba Curaçao Northern Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica East Timor Egypt Equatorial Guinea Estonia Faroe Islands Fiji Finland France Ghana Georgia Greece Greenland Grenada Guinea Guyana Haiti Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya North Korea South Korea Kosovo Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia Lebanon Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Malaysia Malta Mauritius Moldova Mongolia Montenegro Morocco Myanmar (Burma) Nagorno-Karabakh Namibia Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Niue Norway Pakistan Papua New Guinea Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Qatar Romania Russia Rwanda Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa São Tomé and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Singapore Sint Maarten Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Ossetia Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Swaziland Sweden Syria Taiwan (Republic of China) Tajikistan Tanzania Thailand Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkmenistan Turkey Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Uzbekistan Vanuatu Vietnam Yemen Western Saha

.