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The Prime Minister of Norway (Norwegian: statsminister, literally the "minister of the state") is the head of government of Norway and the most powerful person in Norwegian politics. The Prime Minister and Cabinet (consisting of all the most senior government department heads) are collectively accountable for their policies and actions to the Monarch, to the Storting (Parliament of Norway), to their political party, and ultimately the electorate. In practice, since it is nearly impossible for a government to stay in office against the will of the Storting, the Prime Minister is primarily answerable to the Storting. He or she is almost always the leader of the majority party in the Storting, or the leader of the senior partner in the governing coalition.

Norway has a Constitution, which was adopted on 17 May 1814.[1] The position of Prime Minister is the result of legislation. Modern Prime Ministers have few statutory powers, but provided they can command the support of their parliamentary party, they can control both the legislature and the executive (the Cabinet) and hence wield considerable de facto powers. As of 2018, the Prime Minister of Norway is Erna Solberg, of the Conservative Party.

Unlike their counterparts in the rest of Europe, Norwegian Prime Ministers do not have the option of advising the King to dissolve the Storting and call a snap election. The Constitution requires that the Storting serve out its full four-year term. If the Prime Minister loses the confidence of the Storting, he or she must resign.

Longest-sitting Prime Ministers

Nr. Prime Minister Party Days Years, months, days
1. Einar Gerhardsen Labour Party 6226 17 years and 17 days
2. Johan Nygaardsvold Labour Party 3750 10 years, 3 months and 5 days
3. Gro Harlem Brundtland Labour Party 3691 10 years, 1 month and 9 days
4. Jens Stoltenberg Labour Party 3518 9 years, 7 months and 17 days
5. Gunnar Knudsen Liberal Party 3383 9 years, 3 months and 4 days
6. Johan Ludwig Mowinckel Liberal Party 2517 6 years, 10 months and 21 days
7. Kjell Magne Bondevik Christian Democratic Party 2341 6 years, 4 months and 29 days
8. Johannes Steen Liberal Party 2311 6 years, 3 months and 30 days
9. Per Borten Centre Party 1982 5 years, 5 months and 5 days
10. Odvar Nordli Labour Party 1847 5 years and 20 days

Former Prime Ministers

As of 2018 five former Prime Ministers are alive:

  • Kåre Willoch born (1928-10-03) 3 October 1928 (age 89), served 1981–1986.
  • Gro Harlem Brundtland born (1939-04-20) 20 April 1939 (age 78), served 1981, 1986–1989 and 1990–1996.
  • Kjell Magne Bondevik born (1947-09-03) 3 September 1947 (age 70), served 1997–2000 and 2001–2005.
  • Thorbjørn Jagland born (1950-11-05) 5 November 1950 (age 67), served 1996–1997.
  • Jens Stoltenberg born (1959-03-16) 16 March 1959 (age 59), served 2000–2001 and 2005–2013.

See also

References

  1. ^ "NORWAY'S STRUGGLE WITH HER KING" (PDF). The New York Times. 11 November 1882. Retrieved 3 February 2009. 

External links