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The Pretoria
Pretoria
Convention was the peace treaty that ended the First Boer War (16 December 1880 until 23 March 1881) between the Transvaal Boers and the United Kingdom. The treaty was signed in Pretoria
Pretoria
on 3 August 1881, but was subject to ratification by the Volksraad
Volksraad
within 3 months from the date of signature. The Volksraad
Volksraad
first raised objections to a number of the clauses of the treaty, but did eventually ratify the version signed in Pretoria, after Britain refused any further concessions or changes to the treaty.[2][1] British preparation work for the Pretoria
Pretoria
Convention of 1881 was done at Newcastle.[3] Under this agreement, the South African Republic
South African Republic
regained self-government under nominal British suzerainty. This Convention was superseded in 1884 by the London Convention.[4]

Contents

1 Background 2 See also 3 References 4 External links

Background[edit] Main article: First Anglo-Boer War By the time of the Battle of Majuba, the governments of the South African Republic and the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
were in contact, President Brand of the Orange Free State
Orange Free State
acting as intermediary. See also[edit]

Treaty of Vereeniging

References[edit]

^ a b c tinashe (1 June 2012). "The convention of Pretoria, 'Convention' for the Settlement of the Transvaal Territory, 3 August 1881". www.sahistory.org.za.  ^ Haggard, H. Rider (1900). "VI - The Retrocession of the Transvaal". The last Boer war. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co. pp. 188–192. Retrieved 20 August 2009.  ^ Theal, George McCall (1919). History of South Africa, from 1873 to 1884, twelve eventful years, with continuation of the history of Galekaland, Tembuland, Pondoland, and Bethshuanaland until the annexation of those territories to the Cape Colony, and of Zululand until its annexation to Natal. London: Allen. p. 129. Retrieved 20 August 2009.  ^ Forbes, Avary William Holmes (1910). A history of the British Dominions beyond the seas (1558-1910). London: Holland. p. 208. Retrieved 20 August 2009. 

External links[edit]

Works related to Pretoria
Pretoria
Convention at Wikisource

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