HOME
The Info List - Pressure Point


--- Advertisement ---



A pressure point (Chinese: 穴位; Japanese: kyūsho 急所 "vital point, tender spot";[1] Sinhala: නිල/මර්ම ස්ථාන Nila/Marma Sthana (in Angampora); Telugu: మర్మ స్థానం Marma Sthanam; Malayalam: മര്‍മ്മം marmam; Tamil: வர்மம் varmam) derives from the meridian points in Traditional Chinese Medicine
Traditional Chinese Medicine
and Indian Ayurveda
Ayurveda
and Siddha medicine, and the field of martial arts, and refers to an area on the human body that may produce significant pain or other effects when manipulated in a specific manner.[2] The concept of pressure points spread through the Tamil martial art called Varma kalai, which is a martial art that concentrates on the body's pressure points.[3][4] The concept of pressure points is also present in the old school Japanese martial arts; in a 1942 article in the Shin Budo magazine, Takuma Hisa
Takuma Hisa
asserted the existence of a tradition attributing the first development of pressure-point attacks to Shinra Saburō Minamoto no Yoshimitsu (1045–1127).[5] Hancock and Higashi (1905) published a book which pointed out a number of vital points in Japanese martial arts.[6] Accounts of pressure-point fighting appeared in Chinese Wuxia
Wuxia
fiction novels and became known by the name of Dim Mak, or " Death
Death
Touch", in western popular culture in the 1960s. While it is undisputed that there are sensitive points on the human body where even comparatively weak pressure may induce significant pain or serious injury, the association of kyūsho with notions of Death
Death
are not scientific and are disproven.[7] References[edit]

^ Andrew Nathaniel Nelson, The Original Modern Reader's Japanese-English Character Dictionary, Tuttle Publishing, 2004, p.399. [1] ^ "Untitled Document". spa.exeter.ac.uk. Retrieved 2016-03-01.  ^ Institute, Suresh K Manoharan, Thirumoolar Varmalogy. "Thirumoolar Varmalogy Institute - Articles - History of Varmakalai". www.varmam.org. Retrieved 2016-03-01.  ^ "Untitled Document". spa.exeter.ac.uk. Retrieved 2016-03-01.  ^ It is also called Internal point. Takuma Hisa
Takuma Hisa
Sensei, Shin Budo magazine, November 1942. republished as Hisa, Takuma (Summer 1990). "Daito-Ryu Aiki Budo". Aiki News. 85. Archived from the original on 2007-10-11. Retrieved 2007-07-18.  "Yoshimitsu [...] dissected corpses brought back from wars in order to explore human anatomy and mastered a decisive counter-technique as well as discovering lethal atemi. Yoshimitsu then mastered a technique for killing with a single blow. Through such great efforts, he mastered the essence of aiki and discovered the secret techniques of Aiki Budo. Therefore, Yoshimitsu is the person who is credited with being the founder of the original school of Daito-ryu." ^ Hancock, H. Irving and Higashi, Katsukuma, The complete Kano Jiu-Jitsu (Judo), New York, G. P. Putnam & Sons, 1905. ^ Felix Mann: "...acupuncture points are no more real than the black spots that a drunkard sees in front of his eyes." (Mann F. Reinventing Acupuncture: A New Concept of Ancient Medicine. Butterworth Heinemann, London, 1996,14.), quoted by Matthew Bauer in Chinese Medicine Times Archived 2009-01-22 at the Wayback Machine., vol 1 issue 4, Aug. 2006, "The Final Days of Traditional Beliefs? - Part One"

v t e

Martial arts

List of styles History Timeline Hard and soft

Regional origin

China Europe India Indonesia Japan Korea Philippines

Unarmed techniques

Chokehold Clinch Footwork Elbow strike Headbutt Hold Kick Knee strike Joint lock Punch Sweep Takedown Throw

Weapons

Archery Knife fighting Melee weapons Shooting Stick-fighting Swordsmanship

Training

Kata Practice weapon Punching bag Pushing hands Randori Sparring

Grappling

Brazilian jiu-jitsu Judo Jujutsu Sambo Sumo Wrestling

Striking

Boxing Capoeira Karate Kickboxing Muay Thai Lethwei Sanshou Savate Taekwondo Vovinam

Internal

Aikido Aikijutsu Baguazhang Tai chi Xing Yi Quan

Full contact / combat sports

Professional boxing Professional kickboxing Knockdown karate Mixed martial arts Submission wrestling

Self-defense
Self-defense
/ combatives

Arnis Bartitsu Hapkido Kajukenbo Krav Maga MCMAP Pencak Silat Systema Wing Chun Legal aspects

Eclectic / hybrids

American Kenpo Chun Kuk Do Jeet Kune Do Kuk Sool Shooto Shorinji Kempo Unifight

Entertainment

Fighting game Martial arts
Martial arts
film (Chanbara) Professional wrestling Stage combat Wuxia

The M

.