The Info List - President Of The Storting

Government (80)

     Conservative (45)      Progress (27)      Liberal (8)

Opposition (89)

     Labour (49)      Centre (19)      Socialist Left (11)      Christian Democratic (8)      Green (1)      Red (1)


Voting system

Open list
Open list
proportional representation Modified Sainte-Laguë method

Last election

11 September 2017

Next election


Meeting place

Parliament of Norway
Building Oslo, Norway



The Storting
(Norwegian: Stortinget [²stuːʈiŋə], "the great thing" or "the great assembly") is the supreme legislature of Norway, established in 1814 by the Constitution of Norway. It is located in Oslo. The unicameral parliament has 169 members, and is elected every four years based on party-list proportional representation in nineteen plural member constituencies. A member of the Storting
is known in Norwegian as a Stortingsrepresentant, literally "Storting representative".[1] The assembly is led by a president and, since 2009 five vice presidents — the presidium. The members are allocated to twelve standing committees, as well as four procedural committees. Three ombudsmen are directly subordinate to parliament: the Parliamentary Intelligence Oversight Committee and the Office of the Auditor General. Parliamentarianism
was established in 1884. In 2009, qualified unicameralism was replaced by unicameralism, through the dissolution of the two chambers: the Lagting and the Odelsting. Following the 2017 election, nine parties are represented in parliament: the Labour Party (49 representatives), Conservative Party (45), the Progress Party (27), the Centre Party (19), the Christian Democratic Party (8), the Liberal Party (8), the Socialist Left Party (11), the Green Party (1), and the Red Party (1). Since 2018, Tone Wilhelmsen Trøen has been President of the Storting.


1 History

1.1 World War II 1.2 Qualified unicameralism (1814–2009) 1.3 Number of seats

2 Procedure

2.1 Legislative 2.2 Royal assent

3 Organisation

3.1 Presidium 3.2 Standing committees 3.3 Other committees 3.4 Appointed agencies 3.5 Administration 3.6 Party groups

4 Elections

4.1 2017 election result

5 Members

5.1 1980s–present

6 Code of conduct 7 Building 8 See also 9 References 10 External links

History[edit] The parliament in its present form was first constituted at Eidsvoll in 1814, although its origins can be traced back as early as the 9th century to the allting, a type of thing, or common assembly of free men in Germanic societies that would gather at a place called a thingstead and were presided by lawspeakers. The alltings were where legal and political matters were discussed. These gradually were formalised so that the things grew into regional meetings and acquired backing and authority from the crown, even to the extent that on occasions they were instrumental in effecting change in the monarchy itself. As oral laws became codified and Norway
unified as a geopolitical entity in the 10th century, the lagtings ("law things") were established as superior regional assemblies. During the mid-13th century, the by then archaic regional assemblies, the Frostating, the Gulating, the Eidsivating
and the Borgarting were amalgamated and the corpus of law was set down under the command of King Magnus Lagabøte. This jurisdiction remained significant until King Frederick III proclaimed absolute monarchy in 1660; this was ratified by the passage of the King Act of 1665, and this became the constitution of the Union of Denmark and Norway
and remained so until 1814 and the foundation of the Storting. The Parliament of Norway Building
Parliament of Norway Building
opened in 1866. World War II[edit] On 27 June 1940 the presidium signed an appeal to King Haakon, about [the desire for] his abdication.[2] (The presidium back then consisted of the presidents and vicepresidents of parliament, Odelstinget
and Lagtinget.[3] Ivar Lykke stepped in (according to mandate) for president in exile, C. J. Hambro;[4] Lykke was one [of the six] who signed.[2]) In September 1940 the representatives were summoned to Oslo, and voted in favour of the results of the negotiations between the presidium and the authorities of the German invaders.[2] (92 voted for, and 53 voted against.[2]) However, directives from Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
resulted in the obstruction of "the agreement of cooperation between parliament and [the] occupation force".[2] Qualified unicameralism (1814–2009)[edit] Although the Storting
has always been unicameral, until 2009 it would divide itself into two departments in legislative matters. After elections, the Storting
would elect a quarter of its membership to form the Lagting a sort of "upper house", with the remaining three-quarters forming the Odelsting
or "lower house".[5] The division was also used on very rare occasions in cases of impeachment. The original idea in 1814 was probably to have the Lagting act as an actual upper house, and the senior and more experienced members of the Storting
were placed there. Later, however, the composition of the Lagting closely followed that of the Odelsting
so that there was very little that differentiated them, and the passage of a bill in the Lagting was mostly a formality.

Lagting Hall, which also serves as the meeting room for the Christian Democratic Party's parliamentary group. The Lagting was discontinued in 2009.

Bills were submitted by the Government to the Odelsting
or by a member of the Odelsting; members of the Lagting were not permitted to propose legislation by themselves. A standing committee, with members from both the Odelsting
and Lagting, would then consider the bill, and in some cases hearings were held. If passed by the Odelsting, the bill would be sent to the Lagting for review or revision. Most bills were passed unamended by the Lagting and then sent directly to the king for royal assent. If the Lagting amended the Odelsting's decision, the bill would be sent back to the Odelsting. If the Odelsting
approved the Lagting's amendments, the bill would be signed into law by the King.[6] If it did not, then the bill would return to the Lagting. If the Lagting still proposed amendments, the bill would be submitted a plenary session of the Storting. In order to be passed, the bill should have then had the approval of a two-thirds majority of the plenary session. In all other cases a simple majority would suffice.[7] Three days had to pass between each time a department voted on a bill.[6] In all other cases, such as taxes and appropriations, the Storting
would meet in plenary sessions. A proposal to amend the constitution and abolish the Odelsting
and Lagting was introduced in 2004 and was passed by the Storting
on 20 February 2007 (159–1 with nine absentees).[8] It took effect with the newly elected Storting
in 2009.[9] Number of seats[edit] The number of seats in the Storting
has varied: from 1882 there were 114 seats, from 1903 117, from 1906 123, from 1918 126, from 1921 150, from 1973 155, from 1985 157, from 1989 165 and from 2005 169 seats. Procedure[edit] Legislative[edit]

Interpellation (spørretimen) being held inside the hemicycle of the building

The legislative procedure goes through five stages. First, a bill is introduced to parliament either by a member of government or, in the case of a private member's bill, by any individual representative. Parliament will refer the bill to the relevant standing committee, where it will be subjected to detailed consideration in the committee stage. The first reading takes place when parliament debates the recommendation from the committee, and then takes a vote. If the bill is dismissed, the procedure ends. The second reading takes place at least three days after the first reading, in which parliament debates the bill again. A new vote is taken, and if successful, the bill is submitted to the King in Council for royal assent. If parliament comes to a different conclusion during the second reading, a third reading will be held at least three days later, repeating the debate and vote, and may adopt the amendments from the second reading or finally dismiss the bill. Royal assent[edit] Once the bill has reached the King in Council, the bill must be signed by the monarch and countersigned by the prime minister. It then becomes Norwegian law from the date stated in the act or decided by the government. Articles 77–79 of the Norwegian constitution specifically grant the King of Norway
the right to withhold Royal Assent from any bill passed by the Storting,[10] however, this right has never been exercised by any Norwegian monarch following the dissolution of the union between Norway
and Sweden in 1905 (though it was exercised by Swedish monarchs prior to that time when they ruled Norway). Should the king ever choose to exercise this privilege, Article 79 provides a means by which his veto may be overridden: "If a Bill has been passed unaltered by two sessions of the Storting, constituted after two separate successive elections and separated from each other by at least two intervening sessions of the Storting, without a divergent Bill having been passed by any Storting
in the period between the first and last adoption, and it is then submitted to the King with a petition that His Majesty shall not refuse his assent to a Bill which, after the most mature deliberation, the Storting
considers to be beneficial, it shall become law even if the Royal Assent is not accorded before the Storting
goes into recess."[10] Organisation[edit]

Kingdom of Norway

This article is part of a series on the politics and government of Norway



King Harald V Crown Prince Haakon


Council of State (current cabinet) Prime Minister (list)

Erna Solberg

List of governments



President: O. Thommessen

Political parties


Recent elections

Parliamentary: 2013 2009 2005

Local: 2015 2011 2007

Local government

Administrative divisions

Counties (Fylker) Municipalities (Kommuner)

Sámi Parliament

Foreign relations

European Union
European Union

Other countries Atlas

v t e

Presidium[edit] Main article: List of Presidents of the Storting The presidium is chaired by the President of the Parliament, in Norway called the Storting, consists of the president and the five vice presidents of the Storting. The system with five vice presidents was implemented in 2009. Before this there was a single holder of the office.[11]

Position Representative Party

President Trøen, Tone W.Tone W. Trøen Conservative

First Vice President Hansen, Eva KristinEva Kristin Hansen Labour

Second Vice President Wold, MortenMorten Wold Progress

Third Vice President Rommetveit, MagneMagne Rommetveit Labour

Fourth Vice President Bjørke, Nils T.Nils T. Bjørke Centre

Fifth Vice President Raja, AbidAbid Raja Liberal

Standing committees[edit] The members of parliament are allocated into twelve standing committees, of which eleven are related to specific political topics. The last is the Standing Committee on Scrutiny and Constitutional Affairs. The standing committees have a portfolio that covers that of one or more government ministers.

Committee Chair Chair's party

Business and Industry Pollestad, GeirGeir Pollestad Centre

Education, Research and Church Affairs Giske, TrondTrond Giske Labour

Energy and the Environment Elvestuen, OlaOla Elvestuen Liberal

Family and Cultural Affairs Harberg, SveinSvein Harberg Conservative

Finance and Economic Affairs Syversen, Hans OlavHans Olav Syversen Christian Democrats

Foreign Affairs and Defence Huitfeldt, AnnikenAnniken Huitfeldt Labour

Health and Care Services Kjos, Kari KjønaasKari Kjønaas Kjos Progress

Justice Tajik, HadiaHadia Tajik Labour

Labour and Social Affairs Kambe, ArveArve Kambe Conservative

Local Government and Public Administration Njåstad, Helge AndréHelge André Njåstad Progress

Scrutiny and Constitutional Affairs Kolberg, MartinMartin Kolberg Labour

Transport and Communications Helleland, Linda Cathrine HofstadLinda Cathrine Hofstad Helleland Conservative

Other committees[edit] There are four other committees, that run parallel to the standing committees. The Enlarged Committee on Foreign Affairs consists of members of the Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and Defence, the presidium and the parliamentary leaders. The committee discusses important issues related to foreign affairs, trade policy and national safety with the government. Discussions are confidential. The European Committee consists of the members of the Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and Defence and the parliamentary delegation to the European Economic Area (EEA) and the European Free Trade Area
European Free Trade Area
(EFTA). The committee conducts discussions with the government regarding directives from the European Union. The Election Committee consists of 37 members, and is responsible for internal elections within the parliament, as well as delegating and negotiating party and representative allocation within the presidium, standing committees and other committees. The Preparatory Credentials Committee has 16 members and is responsible for approving the election. Appointed agencies[edit] Five public agencies are appointed by parliament rather than by the government. The Office of the Auditor General is the auditor of all branches of the public administration and is responsible for auditing, monitoring and advising all state economic activities. The Parliamentary Ombudsman
is an ombudsman responsible for public administration. It can investigate any public matter that has not been processed by an elected body, the courts or within the military. The Ombudsman
for the Armed Forces is an ombudsman responsible for the military. The Ombudsman
for Civilian National Servicemen is responsible for people serving civilian national service. The Parliamentary Intelligence Oversight Committee is a seven-member body responsible for supervising public intelligence, surveillance and security services. Parliament also appoints the five members of the Norwegian Nobel Committee
Norwegian Nobel Committee
that award the Nobel Peace Prize. Administration[edit] Parliament has an administration of about 450 people, led by Secretary-General Ida Børresen, who assumed office in 2012. She also acts as secretary for the presidium. Party groups[edit] Each party represented in parliament has a party group. It is led by a group board and chaired by a parliamentary leader. It is customary for the party leader to also act as parliamentary leader, but since party leaders of government parties normally sit as ministers, governing parties elect other representatives as their parliamentary leaders. The table reflects the results of the September 2017 election.

Party Seats Parliamentary leader

Labour Party 49 Støre, Jonas Gahr Jonas Gahr Støre
Jonas Gahr Støre
(also party leader)

Progress Party 27 Nesvik, Harald TomHarald Tom Nesvik

Conservative Party 45 Helleland, TrondTrond Helleland

Socialist Left Party 11 Lysbakken, Audun Audun Lysbakken
Audun Lysbakken
(also party leader)

Centre Party 19 Arnstad, MaritMarit Arnstad

Christian Democratic Party 8 Hareide, Knut Arild Knut Arild Hareide
Knut Arild Hareide
(also party leader)

Liberal Party 8 Grande, Trine Skei Trine Skei Grande
Trine Skei Grande
(also party leader)

Green Party 1 Hansson, RasmusRasmus Hansson

Red Party 1 Moxnes, Bjørnar Bjørnar Moxnes
Bjørnar Moxnes
(also party leader)

Elections[edit] Main article: Elections in Norway

An election booth at the event of municipal and county voting, 2007.

Members to Stortinget are elected based on party-list proportional representation in plural member constituencies. This means that representatives from different political parties are elected from each constituency. The constituencies are identical to the 19 counties of Norway. The electorate does not vote for individuals but rather for party lists, with a ranked list of candidates nominated by the party. This means that the person on top of the list will get the seat unless the voter alters the ballot. Parties may nominate candidates from outside their own constituency, and even Norwegian citizens currently living abroad.[12] The Sainte-Laguë method is used for allocating parliamentary seats to parties. As a result, the percentage of representatives is roughly equal to the nationwide percentage of votes. Still, a party with a high number of votes in only one constituency can win a seat there even if the nationwide percentage is low. This has happened several times in Norwegian history. Conversely, if a party's initial representation in Stortinget is proportionally less than its share of votes, the party may seat more representatives through leveling seats, provided that the nationwide percentage is above the election threshold, currently at 4%. In 2009, nineteen seats were allocated via the leveling system.[12] Elections are held each four years (in odd-numbered years occurring after a year evenly divisible by four), normally on the second Monday of September. Unlike most other parliaments, the Storting
always serves its full four-year term; the Constitution does not allow snap elections. Substitutes for each deputy are elected at the same time as each election, so by-elections are rare. 2017 election result[edit] Main article: Norwegian parliamentary election, 2017 In the previous election, held on 11 September 2017, Erna Solberg
Erna Solberg
of the Conservatives retained her position as prime minister after four years in power. Her premiership additionally received the support of the Progress Party, the Liberals and the Christian Democrats, who combined secured 88 of the 169 seats in parliament.[13] The opposition, led by Jonas Gahr Støre
Jonas Gahr Støre
and his Labour Party, won 81 seats. Other opposition parties included the Centre Party, Socialist Left, the Greens and the Red Party.

e • d Summary of the 11 September 2017 Norwegian parliamentary election results

Party Votes Seats

# % ± # ±

Labour Party (Ap) 800,949 27.4 -3.5 49 -6

Conservative Party (H) 732,897 25.0 -1.8 45 -3

Progress Party (FrP) 444,683 15.2 -1.2 27 -2

Centre Party (Sp) 302,017 10.3 +4.8 19 +9

Socialist Left Party (SV) 176,222 6.0 +1.9 11 +4

Liberal Party (V) 127,911 4.4 -0.8 8 -1

Christian Democratic Party (KrF) 122,797 4.2 -1.4 8 -2

Green Party (MDG) 94,788 3.2 +0.4 1 0

Red Party (R) 70,522 2.4 +1.3 1 +1

Pensioners' Party (PP) 12,855 0.4 +0.0 0 +0

Health Party 10,337 0.4 new 0 new

The Christians (PDK) 8,700 0.3 -0.3 0 +0

Capitalist Party 5,599 0.2 new 0 new

Democrats in Norway
(DEM) 3,830 0.1 +0.1 0 +0

Pirate Party 3,356 0.1 -0.2 0 +0

The Alliance 3,311 0.1 new 0 new

Coastal Party
Coastal Party
(KP) 2,467 0.1 +0.0 0 +0

Nordmøre List 2,135 0.1 new 0 new

Feminist Initiative (FI) 696 0.0 new 0 new

Communist Party of Norway
(NKP) 309 0.0 +0.0 0 +0

Party 151 0.0 new 0 new

Party of Values 151 0.0 new 0 new

Society Party 104 0.0 +0.0 0 +0

Northern Assembly 59 0.0 new 0 new

Totals 2,945,352 100.0 – 169 ±0

Blank and invalid votes 23,681 0.8 +0.2 – –

Registered voters/turnout 3,765,245 78.2 -0.1 – –

Source: valgresultat.no

Members[edit] For the current list of members, see List of members of the Parliament of Norway, 2017–21. The parliament has 169 members. If a member of parliament cannot serve (for instance because he or she is a member of the cabinet), a deputy representative serves instead. The deputy is the candidate from the same party who was listed on the ballot immediately behind the candidates who were elected in the last election. For deputy members, see List of deputy members of the Storting. In the plenary chamber, the seats are laid out in a hemicycle. Seats for cabinet members in attendance are provided on the first row, behind them the members of parliament are seated according to county, not party group. Viewed from the president's chair, Aust-Agder's representatives are seated near the front, furthest to the left, while the last members (Østfold) are seated furthest to the right and at the back.[14] 1980s–present[edit]

List of members of the Parliament of Norway, 1981–1985 List of members of the Parliament of Norway, 1985–1989 List of members of the Parliament of Norway, 1989–1993 List of members of the Parliament of Norway, 1993–1997 List of members of the Parliament of Norway, 1997–2001 List of members of the Parliament of Norway, 2001–2005 List of members of the Parliament of Norway, 2005–2009 List of members of the Parliament of Norway, 2009–2013 List of members of the Parliament of Norway, 2013–2017 List of members of the Parliament of Norway, 2017–2021

Code of conduct[edit] Unparliamentary language includes: one-night stand, smoke screen government, pure nonsense, Molbo
politics, may God forbid, lie, and "som fanden leser Bibelen".[15] Building[edit] Main article: Parliament of Norway
Building Since 5 March 1866, parliament has met in the Parliament of Norway Building at Karl Johans gate 22 in Oslo. The building was designed by the Swedish architect Emil Victor Langlet
Emil Victor Langlet
and is built in yellow brick with details and basement in light gray granite. It is a combination of several styles, including inspirations from France and Italy. Parliament also meets[clarification needed] in several other offices in the surrounding area, since the building is too small to hold the current staff of the legislature. See also[edit]

List of Presidents of the Storting Chambers of parliament Interpellation and Question Hour


^ Stortingsrepresentant ulovlig pågrepet, NTB, Dagens Næringsliv, 18 August 2016 ^ a b c d e Tor Bomann-Larsen (14 March 2014). "Stortinget hvitvasker sin krigshistorie". Aftenposten.  ^ Stortingets presidentskap ^ Ivar Lykke ^ A Europe of Rights: The Impact of the ECHR on National Legal Systems, Helen Keller, Alec Stone Sweet Oxford University Press, 2008, page 210 ^ a b Norway
and the Norwegians, Robert Gordon Latham, Richard Bentley, 1840, page 89 ^ Political Systems Of The World, J Denis Derbyshire and Ian Derbyshire, Allied Publishers, page 204 ^ Historical Dictionary of Norway, Jan Sjåvik, Scarecrow Press, 2008, page 191 ^ Chronicle of Parliamentary Elections, Volume 43, International Centre for Parliamentary Documentation, 2009, page 192 ^ a b "The Norwegian Constitution". The Storting
information office. Retrieved on 12 April 2007. Archived 3 May 2007 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Stortinget.no ^ a b Ryssevik, Jostein (2002). I samfunnet. Norsk politikk (in Norwegian). Oslo: Aschehoug. ISBN 978-82-03-32852-7.  ^ "Valgresultat". valgresultat.no. Norwegian Directorate of Elections. Retrieved 22 September 2017.  ^ Plasseringen i stortingssalen (in Norwegian) Stortinget.no, a map of seating by county is also available ^ Dustepolitikk

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Stortinget.

External links[edit]

Official website

v t e


Odelsting Lagting Building

Standing committees

Business and Industry Education, Research and Church Affairs Energy and the Environment Family and Cultural Affairs Finance and Economic Affairs Foreign Affairs and Defence Health and Care Services Justice Labour and Social Affairs Local Government and Public Administration Scrutiny and Constitutional Affairs Transport and Communications

Other committees

Enlarged Committee on Foreign Affairs and Defence Election Committee European Committee Preparatory Credentials Committee


Parliamentary Ombudsman Ombudsman
for the Armed Forces Ombudsman
for Civilian National Servicemen Office of the Auditor General of Norway Parliamentary Intelligence Oversight Committee


Storting Odelsting
(discontinued) Lagting (discontinued)

v t e

Elections and referendums in Norway

Parliamentary elections

1814 (Constitution) 1814 (Autumn) 1815 1817 1820 1823 1826 1829 1832 1835 1838 1841 1844 1847 1850 1853 1856 1859 1862 1865 1868 1870 1873 1876 1879 1882 1885 1888 1891 1894 1897 1900 1903 1906 1909 1912 1915 1918 1921 1924 1927 1930 1933 1936 1945 1949 1953 1957 1961 1965 1969 1973 1977 1981 1985 1989 1993 1997 2001 2005 2009 2013 2017 2021

Local elections

1907 1910 1913 1916 1919 1922 1925 1928 1931 1934 1937 1945 1947 1951 1955 1959 1963 1967 1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999 2003 2007 2011 2015 2019

Sami elections

1989 1993 1997 2001 2005 2009 2013 2017


1905 (Aug) 1905 (Nov) 1919 1926 1972 1994

v t e

Norway articles


Stone Age Bronze Age Petty kingdoms Viking Age Unification High Middle Ages Kingdom of Norway

Hereditary Kingdom of Norway

Kalmar Union Denmark–Norway Kingdom of Norway
(1814) Sweden–Norway End of the union World War II

Reichskommissariat Quisling regime Norwegian government-in-exile

1945–2000 21st century


Climate Extreme points Islands Lakes Mammals Mountains Municipalities Cities Protected areas Rivers


Administrative divisions National budget Constitution Correctional service Courts Customs Elections Flag flying days Foreign relations Governments Health care services LGBT history Military Monarchy Parliament Police Political parties Prime Minister Vinmonopolet


Energy Fisheries Government Pension Fund Industry Mining Natural gas Krone (currency) National bank Norwegian paradox Oil Renewable energy Stock Exchange Taxation Tourism Transport Whaling


Crime Demographics Education Ethnic groups Immigration Languages Norwegians Pensions Religion


Architecture Art Bunad
(clothing) Christmas (season) Cinema Cuisine Jante law Music Norwegian language Literature Media Prostitution Public holidays Sport Romantic nationalism


Anthem Coat of arms Flags

national flag

Mottos Name of Norway


Category Portal

v t e

Parliament of Europe

Sovereign states

Albania Andorra Armenia Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Georgia Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland

Italy Kazakhstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Malta Moldova Monaco Montenegro Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russia San Marino Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Ukraine United Kingdom Vatican City

States with limited recognition

Abkhazia Artsakh Kosovo Northern Cyprus South Ossetia Transnistria

Dependencies and other entities

Åland Faroe Islands Gibraltar Guernsey Isle of Man Jersey Svalbard

Other entities

European Union

v t e

National unicameral legislatures


Comoros Iraq Federated States of Micronesia United Arab Emirates Venezuela


Albania Andorra Angola Armenia Azerbaijan Bangladesh Benin Botswana Brunei Bulgaria Burkina Faso Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad China Costa Rica Croatia Cuba Cyprus Denmark Djibouti Dominica East Timor Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Eritrea Estonia Fiji Finland Gambia Georgia Ghana Greece Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Honduras Hungary Iceland Iran Israel Kiribati North Korea South Korea Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia Lebanon Libya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Malawi Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Mozambique Nauru New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Norway Palestine Panama Papua New Guinea Peru Portugal Qatar Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino São Tomé and Príncipe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Solomon Islands Sri Lanka Suriname Sweden Syria Tanzania Thailand Togo Tonga Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine Vanuatu Vatican City Vietnam Yemen Zambia

Dependent and other territories

Åland Islands Anguilla Aruba British Virgin Islands Cayman Islands Curaçao Falkland Islands Faroe Islands French Polynesia Gibraltar Greenland Guam Guernsey Hong Kong Jersey Macau Montserrat New Caledonia Pitcairn Islands Saint Barthélemy Saint Helena Saint Martin Saint Pierre and Miquelon Sint Maarten Tokelau Turks and Caicos Islands U.S. Virgin Islands Wales Wallis and Futuna

Non-UN states

Abkhazia Artsakh Cook Islands Kosovo Niue Northern Cyprus Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic South Ossetia Taiwan Transnistria


Czechoslovakia (1948–1969) Irish Republic (1919–22) Scotland Sicily South African Republic


Bicameralism List of legislatures by country

National bicameral legislatures National lower houses National upper houses

Coordinates: 59°54′46.20″N 10°44′24.52″E / 59.9128333°N 10.7401444°E / 59.9128333