The President of the Dominican Republic (Spanish: Presidente de la República Dominicana) is both the head of state and head of government of the Dominican Republic. The presidential system was established in 1844, following the proclamation of the republic during the Dominican War of Independence. The President of the Dominican Republic is styled His Excellency during his time in office. His official residence is the National Palace.
The article CXXVIII of the constitution instructs the president of the "faithful execution of the Dominican Law" and confers on him the rank of commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces, the National Police and all the State security forces. It has the power to appoint ministers, grant pardons, moratoria and the duty of ensuring national security and the collection and faithful investment of national income. The constitution also places it as the head of the state's foreign policy and grants it the power to appoint diplomatic representatives on the recommendation and approval of the Senate of the Dominican Republic.
The president is elected by universal suffrage for a term of four years. Since the Constitution of the Dominican Republic of 1966, in its modification of 2015, no person can be elected to the position of president more than twice. In case of death, dismissal, resignation or resignation of a president, the vice president assumes the presidency. In the absence of both, the Executive Branch may organize an interim government or pass control of the government to the Legislative Branch.
There were 53 people who took office. The first president was Pedro Santana who was invested in November 1844 by decision of the Central Government Junta. The current President of the Dominican Republic is Danilo Medina of the Dominican Liberation Party (Partido de la Liberación Dominicana or PLD), who took office on August 16, 2012.
Beginning in the first decade of the 21st century, the Dominican presidency has taken on a more participatory role at the global level, strengthening diplomatic ties throughout the world and serving as a mediator in conflicts as close as the 2009 Honduran coup d'état and so far away as the Arab–Israeli conflict.
The origin of the Presidency of the Dominican Republic goes back to the War of Independence when the Central Government Junta (JCG) constituted the first form of government that the country had in independent and republican living conditions.
The main activities, at such a convulsive moment, were to lead the war against the invasion of the Haitians, since it depended on the survival of the newly born State and the application of emergency measures of a provisional nature in order to put the governmental machinery, the collection of taxes, inform foreign powers of the existence of the new State and extend its dominion over the newly liberated territory. At the beginning J.C.G. He had to keep Haitian laws in force for a while, since otherwise the courts, the collection of taxes, municipalities, customs and other indispensable organisms for the normal course of the institutional life of every society would not have worked. The J.C.G. He ruled the country for an 8 month period.
In July of 1844, General Pedro Santana, after a streak of successive victories in the south of the country, appeared with his army in Santo Domingo and was proclaimed President of the Junta Central Government. In the following month, Santana deported the Fathers of the Nation. On November 14 of the same year he took office as the first Constitutional President of the Dominican Republic.
The Constitution of the Dominican Republic, which was most recently amended in 2015, establishes the requirements, rights and obligations of the President of the Republic.
The office can be held for up to two consecutive four-year terms. Persons who have completed their presidencies cannot run for the presidency again. The change of command takes place every four years, on 16 August, which is the day of the Restoration of the Republic, a national holiday.
Prior to 2015, the President was limited to one consecutive term, but could run for the office again after at least one subsequent term.
The schools and powers of the President of the Dominican Republic are contained in the title fourth, chapter I, section II of Constitution of the Dominican Republic giving the following rights and obligations: 'in its status as head of state corresponding:'
According to the Constitution of the Dominican Republic of 1966, in its modification of the year 2015 by the Congress, the President:
|Danilo Medina Sánchez||Dominican Liberation Party||2,847,438||61.74|
|Luis Rodolfo Abinader Corona||Modern Revolutionary Party||1,613,222||34.98|
|Guillermo Antonio Moreno García||Country Alliance||84,399||1.83|
|Elías Wessin Chávez||Quisqueyano Christian Democratic Party||20,423||0.44|
|Pelegrín Horacio Castillo Semán||National Progressive Force||16,283||0.35|
|Minerva Josefina Tavárez Mirabal||Alliance for Democracy||16,256||0.35|
|Hatuey de Camps Jiménez||Revolutionary Social Democratic Party||8,264||0.18|
|Flor Soraya Aquino Campos de Checo||National Unity Party||5,678||0.12|