President of the Board of Trade
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The president of the Board of Trade is head of the
Board of Trade The Board of Trade is a British government body concerned with commerce and industry, currently within the Department for International Trade. Its full title is The Lords of the Committee of the Privy Council appointed for the consideration of ...
. This is a committee of the
Privy Council of the United Kingdom The Privy Council (PC), officially His Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, is a formal body of advisers to the sovereign of the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the Uni ...
, first established as a temporary committee of inquiry in the 17th century, that evolved gradually into a government department with a diverse range of functions. The current holder is
Kemi Badenoch Olukemi Olufunto Badenoch ( ; née Adegoke, 2 January 1980) is a British politician serving as Secretary of State for International Trade, President of the Board of Trade and Minister for Women and Equalities since 2022. She previously served in ...
, who is concurrently the
Secretary of State for International Trade The secretary of state for international trade, also referred to as the international trade secretary, is a Secretary of State (United Kingdom), secretary of state in the Government of the United Kingdom, with overall responsibility for the bus ...
.


History

The idea of a
Board of Trade The Board of Trade is a British government body concerned with commerce and industry, currently within the Department for International Trade. Its full title is The Lords of the Committee of the Privy Council appointed for the consideration of ...
was first translated into action by
Oliver Cromwell Oliver Cromwell (25 April 15993 September 1658) was an English politician and military officer who is widely regarded as one of the most important statesmen in History of England, English history. He came to prominence during the 1639 to 1651 ...
in 1655 when he appointed his son
Richard Cromwell Richard Cromwell (4 October 162612 July 1712) was an English statesman who was the second and last Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland and son of the first Lord Protector, Oliver Cromwell. On his father's death ...
to head a body of Lords of the
Privy Council A privy council is a body that advice (constitutional), advises the head of state of a State (polity), state, typically, but not always, in the context of a monarchy, monarchic government. The word "privy" means "private" or "secret"; thus, a pr ...
, judges and merchants to consider measures to promote trade. Charles II established a Council of Trade on 7 November 1660 followed by a Council of Foreign Plantations on 1 December that year. The two were united on 16 September 1672 as the Board of Trade and Plantations. After the Board was re-established in 1696, there were 15 (and later 16) members of the Boardthe 7 (later 8)
great officers of state Government in medieval In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages or medieval period lasted approximately from the late 5th to the late 15th centuries, similar to the post-classical period of global history. It began with the ...
, and 8 unofficial members, who did the majority of the work. The senior unofficial member of the board was the president of the board, commonly known as the first lord of trade. The board was abolished on 11 July 1782, but a Committee of the Privy Council was established on 5 March 1784 for the same purposes. On 23 August 1786 a new committee was set up, more strongly focused on commercial functions than the previous boards of trade. At first the president of the Board of Trade only occasionally sat in the Cabinet, but from the early 19th century it was usually a cabinet-level position. In 2020, there was an unusual appointment of a
deputy president A vice president, also director in British English, is an officer in government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a state. In the case of its broad associative definition, ...
to assist the president, but the holder remained only an adviser to the Board. This appears to have been a one-off appointment, and this role no longer exists. However, the president was previously assisted by the
vice president A vice president, also director in British English, is an Corporate officer, officer in government or business who is below the President (corporate title), president (chief executive officer) in rank. It can also refer to executive vice presid ...
.


List of presidents of the Board of Trade


First Lord of Trade (1672–1782)


President of the Committee on Trade and Foreign Plantations (1784–1786)


President of the Board of Trade (1786–1900)


President of the Board of Trade (1900–1963)


President of the Board of Trade (1963–present)


Notes


References

{{Use dmy dates, date=March 2017 Lists of government ministers of the United Kingdom Ministerial offices in the United Kingdom Trade ministers of the United Kingdom