* 24 April 1991 (passage of presidency law ) * 24 May 1991 (constitutional amendments ) * 10 July 1991 (inauguration of the first President)
Modern status is defined by the
Constitution of Russia
SALARY 3.6 million rubles annually
WEBSITE (in Russian) президент.рф (in English) eng.kremlin.ru
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The PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION (Russian : Президент
Российской Федерации, tr. Prezident Rossiiskoi
Federatsii) is the elected head of state , Supreme Commander-in-Chief
, and holder of the highest office in the
In 1991, the office was briefly known as the President of the Russian
Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (Russian : Президент
Российской Советской Федеративной
Социалистической Республики) until 25
December 1991. According to the
1978 Russian Constitution , the
In all cases where the President of the
The power includes execution of federal law, alongside the
responsibility of appointing federal ministers, diplomatic, regulatory
and judicial officers, and concluding treaties with foreign powers
with the advice and consent of the
The president is elected directly through a popular vote to a six-year term. The law prohibits anyone from ever being elected to the presidency for a third consecutive term. In all, 3 individuals have served 4 presidencies spanning 6 full terms. On May 7, 2012, Vladimir Putin became the 4th and current president.
* 1 Selection process
* 1.1 Eligibility * 1.2 Election * 1.3 Inauguration * 1.4 Vacancy or disability
* 2 Insignia
* 2.1 Chain of office
* 2.2 Standard (flag)
* 3 Powers and duties
* 3.1 Guarantor of the Constitution * 3.2 Nominations * 3.3 Legislation * 3.4 Domestic policy * 3.5 Foreign policy * 3.6 Ceremonial duties
* 4 Residences * 5 Political affiliation * 6 Transport
* 7 Post-presidency
* 7.1 Living former Presidents * 7.2 Presidential centers
* 8 List of presidents
* 8.1 Presidential administrations
* 9 See also * 10 References * 11 External links
A candidate for office must be a citizen of the Russian Federation who is at least 35 years old and has "permanently resided" in Russia for at least 10 years.
Constitution of Russia
The election of the President is mainly regulated by the Presidential Election Law (PEL) and the Basic Guarantees of Electoral Rights (BGL).
Federation Council calls the presidential elections. If it does
not call a presidential election that is due, the Central Election
Commission will call the presidential election. The Election Day is
the second Sunday of the month and the presidential electoral
constituency is the territory of the
Each faction in the
Terms were extended from four to six years in 2008, during Dmitry Medvedev 's administration. The President is elected in a two-round system every six years, with a two consecutive term limitation. If no candidate wins by an absolute majority in the first round, a second election round is held between two candidates with the most votes. The last presidential election was in 2012 , and the next is expected in 2018 .
Inauguration of the President of
Before executing the powers of the office, a president is constitutionally required to take the presidential oath:
I swear in exercising the powers of the President of the Russian Federation to respect and safeguard the rights and freedoms of man and citizen, to observe and protect the Constitution of the Russian Federation, to protect the sovereignty and independence, security and integrity of the State, to faithfully serve the people.
VACANCY OR DISABILITY
Vacancies in the office of President may arise under several possible circumstances: death, resignation and removal from office . In all cases when the President is unable to perform his duties, his powers are temporarily transferred to the Prime Minister until the new President takes office.
Chain of office
After the oath of office has been taken by the elected president, these following insignia are handed over to the president. These devices are used to display the rank of his office and are used on special occasions.
CHAIN OF OFFICE
The first insignia that is issued is the chain of office with an
emblem. The central emblem is a red cross, with arms in equal size,
charged with the
Russian coat of arms . On the reverse of the cross,
the words "Benefit, Honor and Glory" appear in the form of a circle. A
golden wreath is used to connect the cross with the rest of the chain.
There are 17 "links" in the emblem, with nine consisting of the
Russian coat of arms. The other eight consist of a rosette, also
bearing the motto "Benefit, Honor and Glory." At the inauguration of
The standard is a square version of the Russian flag , charged in the center with the Russian coat of arms. Golden fringe is added to the standard. Copies of the standard are used inside his office, at the Kremlin, other state agencies, and while the president is traveling in a vehicle inside Russia. A 2:3 ratio version of the flag is used when the President is at sea. This is the most used symbol to denote the presence of the Russian President.
SPECIAL COPY OF THE CONSTITUTION
The President also has a special copy of the Russian Constitution that is used during the inauguration. This copy has a hard, red cover with gold lettering. An image of the Russian coat of arms appears in silver. The special copy is kept in the Presidential Library.
LEGAL BASIS OF THE INSIGNIA
These insignia and the procedure were established by the presidential decree 1138 from 5 August 1996. and modified by decree 832 from 6 May 2000. In the new decree the special copy of the Constitution was removed as the third symbol of the Russian Presidency; the other two symbols remained intact because they were and are regulated by separate decrees. Nonetheless, the special copy of the Constitution still exists and serves for inauguration purposes only without being officially presented as a symbol of the Russian Presidency.
POWERS AND DUTIES
GUARANTOR OF THE CONSTITUTION
As the guarantor of the Constitution and the entire system of constitutional law, the President ensures that the constitutions, laws and regulations of the constituent territories of the Russian Federation be in full compliance with the country’s Constitution and federal laws.
The President is highly active in appointing top officials in the
country. He nominates candidates for official state positions, who
must ultimately be appointed based on parliamentary vote. The
President submits nominations to the
Federation Council , the upper
house of the parliament , for judges of the
Constitutional Court , the
Supreme Court and the Supreme Arbitration Court , as well as for
Prosecutor General of
Under the procedure stipulated by the Constitution, the President exercises his right to submit draft legislation , as well as the right to sign bills into law or to veto them.
The President has the right to suspend laws and regulations issued by executive bodies of Russia’s constituent territories if such laws and regulations contravene the Constitution, federal laws or international obligations of the Russian Federation, or violate human and civil rights and liberties, pending the resolution of the issue in an appropriate court.
The president is further empowered to grant federal pardons and reprieves, and to convene and adjourn either or both houses of the Federal Assembly under extraordinary circumstances.
Other powers of the President in the sphere of legal activities and
in his interaction with the Parliament include calling elections to
the State Duma, dissolving the
Under the Constitution, the President is not empowered to determine
the full range of short-, middle-, and long-term objectives and
targets of domestic policy, but only its basic guidelines. They are to
be implemented both by the President himself and by the Government of
Within the bounds of the authority granted to the head of state by the Constitution and other laws, the President also shapes the basic domestic policy guidelines by issuing legal regulations and through organizational and regulatory activity, such as issuing decrees and executive orders. Each year the President is required to make an Address to the Federal Assembly regarding the situation in the country and the internal and foreign policy of the state.
The President is invested with extensive rights to implement the
state's foreign policy. The President determines Russia\'s position in
international affairs and represents the state in international
relations, conducts negotiations and signs ratification documents. The
President appoints and recalls diplomatic representatives of
An important ceremonial role of the President is awarding state
awards. State Awards of the
The primary working President's residence is the Senate building
(also known as 1st building) in the
Since 2000 the current home residence of the President is
Novo-Ogaryovo (Russian : Ново-Огарёво). It was planned that
it would remain at the disposal of
Also, the President has several vacation residences outside of Moscow.
* Rus' (Russian : Русь),
None of the Russian presidents to date were ever a member of a
political party while in office. In 2012, commenting on stepping down
from the post of United
National transport services for the Russian President and the
Presidential state car are provided by the
ZIL-41047 Presidential executive car .
* Escort cars
* Honorary escort (motorcycles)
Ilyushin Il-96-300PU – The official Russian presidential aircraft
Air transport services for the President are provided by the airline company Rossiya Airlines . Main article: Russian presidential aircraft
* Airplanes for long-distance travel
* Ilyushin Il-96-300PU (long-range) – main aircraft
Ilyushin Il-62 M (long-range)
Dassault Falcon 900
* Mil Mi-8
The presidential aircraft uses the same colour scheme as standard
Rossiya aircraft, except for the use of the
Russian coat of arms or
the Presidential Standard on the empennage instead of the flag of
In the spring of 2013 a helipad was constructed in the
On 16 August 1995, President
On 31 December 1999, the day of the resignation of Boris Yeltsin, the president issued a decree "On guarantees of the Russian Federation President, stop exercising his powers, and his family," and the eponymous federal law was adopted by 25 January 2001.
This law establishes the legal, social and other guarantees of the
* President of Russia, ceased to carry out its mandate, regardless of age, is entitled to a monthly lifetime pay of 75% of the monthly remuneration of the President of Russia. * In the case of the President's death his family members are entitled to a monthly allowance in the amount equal to six times the minimum old-age pension, established by the federal law on the day of his death. * President of Russia, ceased to carry out its mandate, has immunity. He can not be held criminally or administratively liable for acts committed by them during the execution of the President's powers, as well as arrested, detained, interrogated and subjected to a personal search, if these actions are carried out in the course of proceedings relating to the execution of his powers as President.
Beginning in 1999, all living former presidents were granted a pension, an office, and a staff. The pension has increased numerous times. Retired presidents receive a pension based on the salary of the government. All former presidents, their spouses, and their children until age 16 are protected by the Federal Protective Service until the president's death. A spouse who remarries or divorced from president is no longer eligible for Federal Protective Service protection.
LIVING FORMER PRESIDENTS
As of August 2017, there is only one living former president (if you
except Vladimir Putin, who was president from 2000 to 2008, and became
president again in 2012). The most recent death of a former president
was that of
Dmitry Medvedev (2008–2012) (1965-09-14) September 14, 1965 (age 51)
In May 2008, the Federal law №68, "On centers of historical
heritage of presidents of the
LIST OF PRESIDENTS
Main article: List of presidents of
NAME TERM OF OFFICE LENGTH OF TERM
Dmitry Medvedev 2008–2012 7003146100000000000♠4 years, 0 days
* List of Presidents of
* ^ RSFSR Law "On President of the Russian SFSR
* ^ RSFSR Law on amendments to the Constitution of the RSFSR
* ^ I.E. Kozlova and O. E. Kutafin, Konstitutsionnoe Pravo Rossii
(Constitutional Law of Russia) (4th ed, 2006) p. 383
* ^ "Конституция Российской
Федерации". Eng.constitution.kremlin.ru. Retrieved 3 March
* ^ "Пост Председателя Совета
Федерации РФ – это третий пост в
стране. В случае недееспособности
президента и премьера именно
председатель верхней палаты
парламента должен возглавить
государство.". Ria.ru. Retrieved 3 March 2014.
* ^ ""Почему у нас третье лицо в
государстве Председатель Совета
Федерации? Потому что это федерация,
он не распускается, он действует
постоянно." – Сергей Шахрай". Newstube.ru.
Retrieved 3 March 2014.
* ^ The Constitution of the
Attribution note: Material from the powers and duties section of this article was originally published by the website of the Office of the President of Russia.
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