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The Info List - President Of Bolivia


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The PRESIDENT OF THE PLURINATIONAL STATE OF BOLIVIA (Spanish : Presidente del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia) or PRESIDENT OF BOLIVIA (Spanish : Presidente de Bolivia), is head of state and head of government of Bolivia
Bolivia
. According to the current Constitution , the president is elected by popular vote to a five-year term, renewable once. In 2016, in a referendum the country voted to maintain term limits. Since 2009, if no candidate wins a majority, the top two candidates advance to a runoff election. Prior to 2009, if no candidate won half the popular vote, the president was chosen by a vote in a joint legislative session from among the top two candidates (prior to 1995, the top three candidates were eligible).

The current President of Bolivia
Bolivia
is Evo Morales
Evo Morales
, since 22 January 2006. He was elected in 2005 , and reelected in 2009 and again in 2014 . On 17 October 2015, Morales surpassed Andrés de Santa Cruz's nine years, eight months, and twenty-four days in office to become the president with the longest unbroken term in office. Víctor Paz Estenssoro is the longest-serving president with just over 12 years in office, but these terms were nonconsecutive.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 List of Presidents of Bolivia
Bolivia
* 3 Historical reputation * 4 Latest election

* 5 Presidential succession

* 5.1 Acting President

* 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links

HISTORY

During its more than 191 years of independence, Bolivia
Bolivia
has been ruled by the military leaders who fought for independence, the leaders of the War of the Pacific
War of the Pacific
, representatives of the aristocracy, and democratically elected leaders. Also, the history of the presidency has involved civil wars, more than 190 coups and violence.

Different titles have been used, such as "Liberator of Bolivia" (used by Simón Bolívar and Antonio José de Sucre), and "Supreme Protector" (by Andrés de Santa Cruz).

The following table contains a list of the individuals who have served as President of Bolivia.

LIST OF PRESIDENTS OF BOLIVIA

NO. PICTURE Name (Birth–Death) TERM OF OFFICE PARTY TITLE(S)

1

Simón Bolívar (1783–1830) 11 August 1825 29 December 1825 Independent Liberator of Bolivia

2

Antonio José de Sucre (1795–1830) 29 December 1825 18 April 1828 Independent Liberator of Bolivia
Bolivia
(29 December 1825 – 19 June 1826) President (19 June 1826 – 18 April 1828)

3

José María Pérez de Urdininea (1784–1865) 18 April 1828 2 August 1828 Independent President

4

José Miguel de Velasco Franco (1795–1859) 2 August 1828 18 December 1828 Independent Acting President

5

Pedro Blanco Soto (1795–1829) 18 December 1828 1 January 1829 Independent Provisional President

6

José Miguel de Velasco Franco (1795–1859) 1 January 1829 24 May 1829 Independent Acting President

7

Andrés de Santa Cruz
Andrés de Santa Cruz
(1792–1865) 24 May 1829 20 February 1839 Independent Provisional President (29 May 1829 – 15 August 1831) President (15 August 1831 – 20 February 1839) Supreme Protector of the Peru–Bolivian Confederation (28 October 1836 – 20 February 1839)

8

José Miguel de Velasco Franco (1795–1859) 20 February 1839 10 June 1841 Independent Provisional Supreme Chief (20 February 1839 – 16 June 1839) Provisional President (16 June 1839 – 15 August 1840) President (15 August 1840 – 10 June 1841)

9

Sebastián Ágreda (1795–1875) 10 June 1841 9 July 1841 Independent Provisional Chief

10

Mariano Calvo (1782–1842) 9 July 1841 22 September 1841 Independent Acting President

11

José Ballivián (1805–1852) 22 September 1841 23 December 1847 Independent Provisional President (22 September 1841 – 15 August 1844) President (15 August 1844 – 23 December 1847)

12

Eusebio Guilarte Vera (1805–1849) 23 December 1847 2 January 1848 Independent Interim President

13

José Miguel de Velasco Franco (1795–1859) 18 January 1848 6 December 1848 Independent Provisional President

14

Manuel Isidoro Belzu (1808–1865) 6 December 1848 15 August 1855 Independent Provisional President (6 December 1848 – 15 August 1850) President (15 August 1850 – 15 August 1855)

15

Jorge Córdova (1822–1861) 15 August 1855 21 October 1857 Independent President

16

José María Linares (1808–1861) 21 October 1857 14 January 1861 Independent Provisional President (21 October 1857 – 1858) Dictator for Life (1858 – 14 January 1861)

Government Junta 14 January 1861 4 May 1861 Independent Members: Ruperto Fernández José María Achá Manuel Antonio Sánchez (to 9 April 1861)

17

José María Achá (1810–1868) 4 May 1861 28 December 1864 Independent Provisional President (4 May 1861 – 15 August 1862) President (15 August 1862 – 28 December 1864)

18

Mariano Melgarejo (1820–1871) 28 December 1864 15 January 1871 Independent Provisional President (28 December 1864 – 15 August 1870) President (15 August 1870 – 15 January 1871)

19

Agustín Morales (1808–1872) 15 January 1871 27 November 1872 Independent Supreme Chief of the Revolution (15 January 1871 – 21 January 1871) Provisional President (21 January 1871 – 25 August 1872) President (25 August 1872 – 27 November 1872)

20

Tomás Frías Ametller (1804–1884) 28 November 1872 9 May 1873 Independent President

21

Adolfo Ballivián (1831–1874) 9 May 1873 14 February 1874 Independent President

22

Tomás Frías Ametller (1804–1884) 14 February 1874 4 May 1876 Independent President

23

Hilarión Daza (1840–1894) 4 May 1876 17 April 1879 Independent President

24

Pedro José Domingo de Guerra (1809–1879) 17 April 1879 10 September 1879 Independent President

25

Narciso Campero (1813–1896) 19 January 1880 3 September 1884 Conservative Party President

26

Gregorio Pacheco (1823–1899) 3 September 1884 15 August 1888 Democratic Party President

27

Aniceto Arce (1824–1906) 15 August 1888 11 August 1892 Conservative Party President

28

Mariano Baptista (1832–1907) 11 August 1892 19 August 1896 Conservative Party President

29

Severo Fernández (1849–1925) 19 August 1896 12 April 1899 Conservative Party President

Government Junta 12 April 1899 25 October 1899

Members: José Manuel Pando Serapio Reyes Ortiz Macario Pinilla Vargas

30

José Manuel Pando (1849–1917) 25 October 1899 14 August 1904 Liberal Party President

31

Ismael Montes (1861–1933) 14 August 1904 12 October 1909 Liberal Party President

32

Eliodoro Villazón (1848–1939) 12 October 1909 14 October 1913 Liberal Party President

33

Ismael Montes (1861–1933) 14 October 1913 15 October 1917 Liberal Party President

34

José Gutiérrez Guerra (1869–1929) 15 October 1917 12 July 1920 Liberal Party President

Government Junta 13 July 1920 28 January 1921

Members: Bautista Saavedra José María Escalier José Manuel Ramírez

35

Bautista Saavedra (1870–1939) 28 January 1921 3 September 1925 Socialist Republican Party President

36

Felipe S. Guzmán (1879–1932) 3 September 1925 10 January 1926 Socialist Republican Party Provisional President

37

Hernando Siles Reyes (1882–1942) 10 January 1926 28 May 1930 Nationalist Party President

Council of Ministers 28 May 1930 25 June 1930

Members: Alberto Díez de Medina Germán Antelo Arauz (to 17 June 1930) Franklin Mercado David Toro José Aguirre Achá Fidel Vega Carlos Banzer Ezequiel Romecín Calderón (from 17 June 1930)

38

Carlos Blanco Galindo (1882–1943) 28 June 1930 5 March 1931 Military Chairman of the Military Government Junta

Members: José L. Lanza Filiberto Osorio Bernardino Bilbao Rioja Emilio González Quint José Ayoroa

39

Daniel Salamanca Urey (1869–1935) 5 March 1931 27 November 1934 Genuine Republican Party President

40

José Luis Tejada Sorzano (1882–1938) 28 November 1934 17 May 1936 Liberal Party President

41

Germán Busch (1904–1939) 17 May 1936 20 May 1936 Military Chairman of the Government Junta

42

David Toro (1898–1977) 20 May 1936 13 July 1937 Military Chairman of the Government Junta

43

Germán Busch (1904–1939) 13 July 1937 23 August 1939 Military Chairman of the Government Junta (13 July 1937 – 28 May 1938) President (28 May 1938 – 23 August 1939)

44

Carlos Quintanilla (1888–1964) 23 August 1939 15 April 1940 Military Provisional President

45

Enrique Peñaranda (1892–1969) 15 April 1940 20 December 1943 Concordance President

46

Gualberto Villarroel (1908–1946) 20 December 1943 21 July 1946 Military Chairman of the Government Junta (20 December 1943 – 5 April 1944) Provisional President (5 April 1944 – 6 August 1944) President (6 August 1944 – 21 July 1946)

47

Néstor Guillén (1890–1966) 21 July 1946 15 August 1946 Independent Chairman of the Provisional Government Junta

48

Tomás Monje (1884–1954) 15 August 1946 10 March 1947 Independent Chairman of the Provisional Government Junta

49

Enrique Hertzog (1896–1980) 10 March 1947 22 October 1949 Republican Socialist Unity Party President

50

Mamerto Urriolagoitía (1895–1974) 22 October 1949 16 May 1951 Republican Socialist Unity Party Acting President (22 October 1949 – 24 October 1949) President (24 October 1949 – 16 May 1951)

51

Hugo Ballivián (1901–1993) 16 May 1951 11 April 1952 Military Chairman of the Military Junta

Members: Antonió Seleme Vargas Humberto Torres Ortiz

52

Hernán Siles Zuazo (1914–1996) 11 April 1952 16 April 1952 Revolutionary Nationalist Movement Provisional President

53

Víctor Paz Estenssoro (1907–2001) 16 April 1952 6 August 1956 Revolutionary Nationalist Movement President

54

Hernán Siles Zuazo (1914–1996) 6 August 1956 6 August 1960 Revolutionary Nationalist Movement President

55

Víctor Paz Estenssoro (1907–2001) 6 August 1960 4 November 1964 Revolutionary Nationalist Movement President

56

René Barrientos (1919–1969) 5 November 1964 26 May 1965 Military Chairman of the Military Junta

René Barrientos (1919–1969) 26 May 1965 2 January 1966 Military Co-Chairmen of the Military Junta

Alfredo Ovando Candía
Alfredo Ovando Candía
(1918–1982)

57

Alfredo Ovando Candía
Alfredo Ovando Candía
(1918–1982) 2 January 1966 6 August 1966 Military Chairman of the Military Junta

58

René Barrientos (1919–1969) 6 August 1966 27 April 1969 Popular Christian Movement President

59

Luis Adolfo Siles Salinas (1925–2005) 27 April 1969 26 September 1969 Social Democratic Party President

60

Alfredo Ovando Candía
Alfredo Ovando Candía
(1918–1982) 26 September 1969 6 October 1970 Military President

Junta of Commanders of the Armed Forces 1970 6 October 1970 7 October 1971 Military Members: Efraín Guachalla Ibáñez Fernando Sattori Ribera Alberto Albarracín Crespo

61

Juan José Torres (1920–1976) 7 October 1970 21 August 1971 Military President

Junta of Commanders of the Armed Forces 1971 21 August 1971 22 August 1971 Military Members: Andrés Selich Chop Hugo Banzer
Hugo Banzer
Jaime Florentino Mendieta Vargas

62

Hugo Banzer
Hugo Banzer
(1926–2002) 22 August 1971 21 July 1978 Military President

Víctor González Fuentes 21 July 1978 21 July 1978 Military Chairman of the Military Junta

63

Juan Pereda (1931–2012) 21 July 1978 24 November 1978 Military President

64

David Padilla (1927–2016) 24 November 1978 8 August 1979 Military Chairman of the Military Junta

65

Wálter Guevara (1912–1996) 8 August 1979 1 November 1979 Authentic Revolutionary Party Acting President

66

Alberto Natusch (1933–1994) 1 November 1979 16 November 1979 Military President

67

Lidia Gueiler Tejada (1921–2011) 16 November 1979 17 July 1980 Revolutionary Left Front Acting President

Junta of Commanders of the Armed Forces 1980 17 July 1980 18 July 1980 Military Members: Luis García Meza Tejada Waldo Bernal Pereira Ramiro Terrazas Rodríguez

68

Luis García Meza Tejada (1929–) 18 July 1980 4 August 1981 Military President

Junta of Commanders of the Armed Forces 1981 4 August 1981 4 September 1981 Military Members: Waldo Bernal Pereira Celso Torrelio Óscar Jaime Pammo

69

Celso Torrelio (1933–1999) 4 September 1981 19 July 1982 Military President

Junta of Commanders of the Armed Forces 1982 19 July 1982 21 July 1982 Military Members: Natalio Morales Mosquera Óscar Jaime Pammo Ángel Mariscal Gómez

70

Guido Vildoso (1937–) 21 July 1982 10 October 1982 Military President

71

Hernán Siles Zuazo (1914–1996) 10 October 1982 6 August 1985 Democratic and Popular Union President

72

Víctor Paz Estenssoro (1907–2001) 6 August 1985 6 August 1989 Revolutionary Nationalist Movement President

73

Jaime Paz Zamora (1939–) 6 August 1989 6 August 1993 Revolutionary Left Movement President

74

Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada (1930–) 6 August 1993 6 August 1997 Revolutionary Nationalist Movement President

75

Hugo Banzer
Hugo Banzer
(1926–2002) 6 August 1997 7 August 2001 Nationalist Democratic Action President

76

Jorge Quiroga (1960–) 7 August 2001 6 August 2002 Nationalist Democratic Action President

77

Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada (1930–) 6 August 2002 17 October 2003 Revolutionary Nationalist Movement President

78

Carlos Mesa (1953–) 17 October 2003 9 June 2005 Independent President

79

Eduardo Rodríguez (1956–) 9 June 2005 22 January 2006 Independent President

80

Evo Morales
Evo Morales
(1959–) 22 January 2006 Incumbent Movement for Socialism President

HISTORICAL REPUTATION

In 1983, a poll was taken by the newspaper Última Hora to determine which seven historical presidents were regarded as most significant. The "winners" were Antonio José de Sucre , Andrés de Santa Cruz
Andrés de Santa Cruz
, Manuel Isidoro Belzu , Mariano Melgarejo , Aniceto Arce , Ismael Montes , and Víctor Paz Estenssoro .

LATEST ELECTION

Main article: Bolivian general election, 2014

PARTY PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE VOTES % SEATS

CHAMBER SENATE

SEATS +/– SEATS +/–

Movement for Socialism Evo Morales
Evo Morales
3,173,304 61.36 88 0 25 –1

Democrat Unity Samuel Doria Medina 1,253,288 24.23 32 – 9 –

Christian Democratic Party Jorge Quiroga 467,311 9.04 10 – 2 –

Movement without Fear Juan del Granado 140,285 2.71 0 –4 0 –

Green Party of Bolivia
Bolivia
Fernando Vargas 137,240 2.65 0 – 0 –

Invalid/blank votes 316,248 – – – – –

TOTAL 5,487,676 100 130 0 36 0

Registered voters/turnout 5,971,152 91.90 – – – –

Source: TSE

PRESIDENTIAL SUCCESSION

In the event of the death or permanent incapacity of the President, the Vice President of Bolivia would assume the office. The President of the Senate and the President of the Chamber of Deputies are third and fourth in the line of succession. In the 2005 political crisis, with all of these positions exhausted, Eduardo Rodríguez Veltzé , the Chief Justice of the Bolivian Supreme Court, assumed the presidency. Under the 2009 Constitution, however, the assumption of power by the President of the Chamber of Deputies automatically precipitates an election within 90 days.

ACTING PRESIDENT

In the case of temporary incapacity or absence from the country, the title of Acting President