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The Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Blessed Virgin Mary
(as it is known in the West), or The Entry of the Most Holy Theotokos
Theotokos
into the Temple (its name in the East), is a liturgical feast celebrated on November 21[1] by the Catholic and Orthodox Churches. The feast is associated with an event recounted not in the New Testament, but in the apocryphal Infancy Narrative of James. According to that text, Mary's parents, Joachim
Joachim
and Anne, who had been childless, received a heavenly message that they would have a child. In thanksgiving for the gift of their daughter, they brought her, when still a child, to the Temple in Jerusalem
Temple in Jerusalem
to consecrate her to God. Later versions of the story (such as the Gospel of Pseudo-Matthew
Gospel of Pseudo-Matthew
and the Gospel of the Nativity of Mary) tell us that Mary was taken to the Temple at around the age of three in fulfillment of a vow. Tradition held that she was to remain there to be educated in preparation for her role as Mother of God. In Eastern Orthodox tradition, this is one of the days when women named Mary (Μαρία in Greek) and Despoina (Δέσποινα in Greek) celebrate their Name Day.

Contents

1 Story 2 Feast day 3 Liturgical celebration 4 Legacy 5 In art 6 Gallery 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

Story[edit]

A series of articles on

Mother of Jesus

Chronology

Presentation of Mary Annunciation

Visitation Marriage

Joseph

Virgin birth Nativity

Holy Family

Presentation of Jesus
Jesus
at the Temple

Flight into Egypt

Finding in the Temple Cana

Crucifixion Resurrection

Pentecost

Marian perspectives

Catholic Eastern Orthodox

Protestant

Anglican Lutheran

Ecumenical Latter Day Saint Islamic

Catholic Mariology

Mariology History of Mariology

Papal teachings Saints

Marian dogmas

Immaculate Conception

Theotokos
Theotokos
(Mother of God)

Assumption

Perpetual virginity

Mary in culture

Art Feast days Hymns

Music Shrines Titles

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The account of the Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Blessed Virgin Mary
in the Temple is principally based on the Protoevangelium of James, which has been dated by historians prior to the year 200 AD. The story relates that in thanksgiving for the birth of their daughter, Mary, Joachim and Anne decide to consecrate her to God, and bring her, at the age of three years, to the temple in Jerusalem. Mary’s presentation in the temple draws parallels to that of the prophet Samuel, whose mother Hannah, like Anne was also thought to be barren, and who offered her child as a gift to God at Shiloh.[2] Mary remained in the Temple until her twelfth year,[2] at which point she was assigned to Joseph as guardian. According to Coptic tradition, her father Joachim
Joachim
died when Mary was six years old and her mother when Mary was eight.[2] While the story is a legend with no foundation in history, the point is to show that even in her childhood Mary was completely dedicated to God. It is from this account that arose the feast of Mary's Presentation.[3] Feast day[edit]

The Presentation of the Virgin Mary by Titian
Titian
(1534-38, Gallerie dell'Accademia, Venice).

The feast originated as a result of the dedication of the Basilica of Saint Mary the New, built in 543 by the Byzantines under Emperor Justinian I
Justinian I
near the site of the ruined Temple in Jerusalem.[3] This basilica was destroyed by the Sassanid
Sassanid
Persians under Khosrau II
Khosrau II
after the Siege of Jerusalem (614). The first documented celebration of the feast in any calendar is the mention of the Εἴσοδος τῆς Παναγίας Θεοτόκου (Entry of the All-Holy Theotokos, i.e., into the Temple) in the Menologion of Basil II, an 11th-century menology of the Eastern Roman (also known as Byzantine) emperor Basil II. The feast continued to be celebrated throughout the East, was celebrated in the monasteries of Southern Italy
Southern Italy
by the ninth century, and was introduced into the Papal Chapel in Avignon
Avignon
in 1372 by decree of Pope Gregory XI.[4][5] The feast was included in the Roman Missal in 1472, but was suppressed by Pope Pius V
Pope Pius V
in 1568.[4] As a result, it did not appear in the Tridentine Calendar. Pope Sixtus V
Pope Sixtus V
reintroduced it into the Roman Calendar in 1585.[6] Pope Clement VIII
Pope Clement VIII
made this feast a greater double in 1597.[4] The feast also continued as a memorial in the Roman Calendar of 1969. Liturgical celebration[edit] The Eastern Orthodox Church
Orthodox Church
celebrates it on November 21 as one of its twelve Great Feasts. For those churches which follow the Julian Calendar, November 21 falls on December 4 of the modern Gregorian Calendar. In the Orthodox Church
Orthodox Church
the feast always falls during the Nativity Fast, and on the day of the feast the fasting rules are lessened somewhat so that fish, wine, and oil may be eaten. For the Roman Catholic Church, on the day of the Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary, "we celebrate that dedication of herself which Mary made to God from her very childhood under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit who filled her with grace ... ."[7] In the 1974 encyclical Marialis Cultus, Pope Paul VI wrote that "despite its apocryphal content, it presents lofty and exemplary values and carries on the venerable traditions having their origins in the Eastern churches".[3] The three feasts of the Birthday of Our Lady, the Holy Name of Mary, and her Presentation in the Temple correspond in the Marian cycle with the first three feasts of the cycle of feasts of Jesus: namely, Christmas, the Holy Name of Jesus, and His Presentation at the Temple.[8] November 21 is also a "Pro Orantibus" Day, a day of prayer for cloistered religious "totally dedicated to God in prayer, silence, and concealment".[9] Legacy[edit] During the World Youth Day
World Youth Day
in July 2016, Pope Francis
Pope Francis
paid a private morning visit to the Convent of the Sisters of the Presentation (lat. Congregatio Virginum a Praesentatione Beatae Mariae Virginis) founded in 1627 in Cracow
Cracow
as the first Polish active Holy Order.[10] St. Peter's Basilica contains the "Cappella della Presentazione" (Presentation Chapel); the altar is dedicated to St. Pius X.[11] The Presentation of the Virgin Mary Orthodox Monastery is located in Marshfield, Missouri.[12] The Presentation Sisters, also known as the Sisters of the Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Blessed Virgin Mary
(PBVM for short), a religious institute of Roman Catholic women, was founded in Cork, Ireland, by Nano (Honoria) Nagle in 1775. The congregation of the Sisters of the Presentation of Mary, dedicated to the education of youth, was founded November 21, 1796, in Thueyts, France, by Marie Rivier.[13]

Presentation of the Virgin in the Temple, Testa

In art[edit] Western depictions of the subject usually focused on the lone figure of the child Mary climbing the steep steps of the Temple. Having left her parents at the bottom, she is to be received by the High Priest and other Temple officials waiting at the top of the steps. The Presentation was one of the usual scenes in larger cycles of the Life of the Virgin, although it was not usually one of the scenes shown in a Book of Hours. One of the most important illustrations of this event was Pietro Testa´s famous painting. Gallery[edit]

Giotto, Presentation of the Virgin, Scrovegni Chapel, c. 1305.

Taddeo Gaddi, Presentation of the Virgin, Baroncelli Chapel, Santa Croce, Florence, c. 1330.

Bartolo di Fredi, Presentation of the Virgin, c. 1360.

Limbourg Brothers, Miniature from Les Très Riches Heures du duc de Berry, c. 1415.

Sano di Pietro, Presentation of the Virgin, c. 1450.

Fra Carnevale, Presentation of the Virgin, (detail), c. 1467.

Ghirlandaio, Presentation of the Virgin, Tornabuoni Chapel, Santa Maria Novella, Florence, 1486-90.

Master of Wilten, 15th century.

Hans Holbein the Elder, 1493.

Cima da Conegliano
Cima da Conegliano
circa 1500.

Titian, Presentation of the Virgin, c. 1535.

Entry of the Most Holy Theotokos
Theotokos
into the Temple (Russian icon, 16th century).

Eustache Le Sueur, 1640-1645.

Alfonso Boschi, 17th century.

See also[edit]

Presentation Sisters

References[edit]

^ Some but not all Eastern Rite churches reckon by the Julian calendar, in which this date falls 13 days later on December 4 of the Gregorian calendar. ^ a b c Peters, Sr. Danielle. "The Holy Land: In the Footsteps of Mary of Nazareth", Marian Library, University of Dayton ^ a b c Mauriello, Matthew R., "November 21: Presentation of Mary", Fairfield County Catholic, 1996 ^ a b c "The Saint Andrew Missal, with Sundays and Feasts," by Dom Gaspar LeFebvre, O.S.B., Saint Paul, MN: The E. M. Lohmann Co., 1952, p. 1684 ^ William E. Coleman, Ed. "Philippe de Mezieres' Campaign for the Feast of Mary's Presentation," Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 1981, pp. 3-4. ^ "Calendarium Romanum" (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1969), pp. 108-109 ^ " Liturgy
Liturgy
of the Hours," November 21 ^ "The Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary", Passionist Nuns ^ Angelus Address of Pope Benedict XVI, November 19, 2006 ^ Presentation Sisters ^ "Presentation Chapel", St. Peter's Basilica ^ Presentation of the Virgin Mary Orthodox Monastery ^ Sisters of the Presentation of Mary
Presentation of Mary
Archived 2012-10-10 at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Presentation of Virgin Mary.

The Entry of the Most Holy Mother of God
Mother of God
into the Temple Orthodox Icon and Synaxarion Feast of the Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Blessed Virgin Mary
- Catholic Encyclopedia article Foley O.F.M., Leonard. "Presentation of Mary",Saint of the Day, Lives, Lessons, and Feast, (revised by Pat McCloskey O.F.M.), Franciscan Media ISBN 978-0-86716-887-7 Butler, Alban. "The Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary", The Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs and Other Principal Saints, Vol. III

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Mary, mother of Jesus

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Theotokos
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