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PRESCOTT SHELDON BUSH SR. (May 15, 1895 – October 8, 1972) was an American banker and senator. He was a Wall Street
Wall Street
executive investment banker and a U.S. Senator , representing Connecticut
Connecticut
from 1952 until January 1963. He was the father of President George H. W. Bush
George H. W. Bush
and the grandfather of President George W. Bush
George W. Bush
, Florida Governor Jeb Bush
Jeb Bush
, healthcare entrepreneur Jonathan S. Bush and television personality Billy Bush .

CONTENTS

* 1 Early life

* 2 Business career

* 2.1 Union Banking Corporation

* 3 Political life * 4 Personal life * 5 Writings * 6 References * 7 Further reading * 8 External links

EARLY LIFE

Bush was born in Columbus, Ohio
Columbus, Ohio
, to Samuel Prescott Bush
Prescott Bush
and Flora Sheldon Bush. Samuel Bush was a railroad middle manager, then a steel company president and, during World War I
World War I
, also a federal government official in charge of coordination of and assistance to major weapons contractors .

Bush attended St. George\'s School in Middletown, Rhode Island
Middletown, Rhode Island
, from 1908-13. In 1913, he enrolled at Yale College , where his paternal grandfather, Rev. James Smith Bush (class of 1844), and his maternal uncle Robert E. Sheldon, Jr (class of 1904) had matriculated. Three subsequent generations of the Bush family
Bush family
have been Yale alumni. Prescott Bush
Prescott Bush
was admitted to the Zeta Psi
Zeta Psi
fraternity and Skull and Bones secret society . George H. W. Bush
George H. W. Bush
and George W. Bush
George W. Bush
are also members of that society.

According to Skull and Bones lore, Prescott Bush
Prescott Bush
was among a group of Bonesmen who dug up and removed the skull of Geronimo
Geronimo
from his grave at Fort Sill, Oklahoma , in 1918. According to historian David L. Miller, the Bonesmen probably dug up somebody at Fort Sill, but not Geronimo.

Prescott Bush
Prescott Bush
was a cheerleader, played varsity golf and baseball, and was president of the Yale Glee Club .

After graduation, Bush served as a field artillery captain with the American Expeditionary Forces (1917–1919) during World War I
World War I
. He received intelligence training at Verdun , France, and was briefly assigned to a staff of French officers. Alternating between intelligence and artillery, he came under fire in the Meuse-Argonne offensive .

BUSINESS CAREER

After his discharge in 1919, Prescott Bush
Prescott Bush
went to work for the Simmons Hardware Company
Simmons Hardware Company
in St. Louis, Missouri
St. Louis, Missouri
.

The Bush family
Bush family
moved to Columbus, Ohio, in 1923, where Prescott briefly worked for the Hupp Products Company. In November 1923, he became president of sales for Stedman Products in South Braintree, Massachusetts . During this time, he lived in a Victorian house at 173 Adams Street in Milton, Massachusetts
Milton, Massachusetts
, where his son, George H. W. Bush, was born.

In 1924, Bush became vice-president of the investment bank A. Harriman & Co. where his father-in-law, George Herbert Walker was president. Bush's Yale classmates and fellow Bonesmen E. Roland Harriman and Knight Woolley also worked with the company.

In 1925, he joined the United States Rubber Company
United States Rubber Company
of New York City as manager of the foreign division, and moved to Greenwich, Connecticut
Connecticut
.

In 1931, he became a partner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co.
Brown Brothers Harriman & Co.
, which was created through the 1931 amalgamation of A. Harriman & Co with Brown Bros. & Co.
Brown Bros. & Co.
, (a merchant bank founded in Philadelphia
Philadelphia
in 1818) and with Harriman Brothers the family vigorously denied the connection, but Bush lost to Sen. William Burnett Benton by only 1,000 votes.

Prescott Bush
Prescott Bush
sought a rematch with Sen. Benton in 1952, but withdrew as the party turned to William Purtell . The death of Senator Brien McMahon later that year, however, created a vacancy and this time the Republicans nominated Bush. He defeated the Democratic nominee, Abraham Ribicoff
Abraham Ribicoff
, and was elected to the Senate. A staunch supporter of President Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower
, he served until January 1963. He was re-elected in 1956 with 55% of the vote over Democrat Thomas J. Dodd (later U.S. Senator from Connecticut
Connecticut
and father of Christopher J. Dodd ), and decided not to run for another term in 1962. He was a key ally for the passage of Eisenhower's Interstate Highway System , and during his tenure supported the Polaris submarine project (built by Electric Boat Corporation in Groton, Connecticut
Connecticut
), civil rights legislation, and the establishment of the Peace Corps .

On December 2, 1954, Prescott Bush
Prescott Bush
was part of the large (67–22) majority to censure Wisconsin
Wisconsin
Republican Senator Joseph McCarthy
Joseph McCarthy
after McCarthy had taken on the U.S. Army and the Eisenhower administration . During the debate leading to the censure, Bush said that McCarthy has "caused dangerous divisions among the American people because of his attitude and the attitude he has encouraged among his followers: that there can be no honest differences of opinion with him. Either you must follow Senator McCarthy blindly, not daring to express any doubts or disagreements about any of his actions, or, in his eyes, you must be a Communist, a Communist sympathizer, or a fool who has been duped by the Communist line." Eisenhower later included Prescott Bush on an undated handwritten list of prospective candidates he favored for the 1960 Republican presidential nomination.

In terms of issues, Bush often agreed with New York Governor Nelson Rockefeller . According to Theodore H. White's book about the 1964 presidential election, Bush and Rockefeller were longtime friends. Bush favored a Nixon-Rockefeller ticket for 1960, and was presumed to support Rockefeller's 1964 presidential candidacy until the latter's remarriage in 1963. He then publicly denounced Rockefeller for divorcing his first wife and marrying a woman with whom Rockefeller had been having an affair while married to his first wife. Bush then very publicly endorsed his former Senate colleague Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. , who was also the older brother of one of Bush's proteges', former Connecticut
Connecticut
Governor John Davis Lodge .

Another of Senator Bush's major legislative interests was flood and hurricane protection. He drafted Public Law 71, the Bush Hurricane Survey Act, enabling U.S. Army engineers to develop a new program of community protection against tidal flooding.

PERSONAL LIFE

The grave of Prescott Bush
Prescott Bush

Prescott Bush
Prescott Bush
married Dorothy Walker (1 July 1901 - 19 November 1992) on August 6, 1921, in Kennebunkport, Maine . They had five children: Prescott Jr. (August 10, 1922 – June 23, 2010), George (b. 1924, named after Dorothy's father George Herbert Walker ), Nancy (b. 1926), Jonathan (b. 1931) and William "Bucky" (b. 1938).

Bush founded the Yale Glee Club Associates, an alumni group, in 1937. As was his father-in-law, he was a member of the United States Golf Association , serving successively as secretary, vice-president and president, 1928–1935. He was a multi-year club champion of the Round Hill Club in Greenwich, Connecticut
Connecticut
, and was on the committee set up by New York City
New York City
Mayor Robert F. Wagner Jr.
Robert F. Wagner Jr.
to help create the New York Mets .

He was a member of the American Legion and the 40 the family compound at Kennebunkport, Maine ; the 10,000-acre (40 km ²) Duncannon Plantation near Barnwell, South Carolina ; and a secluded island off the Connecticut
Connecticut
coast, Fishers Island . The headstone of Prescott Bush

He died in 1972 at age 77 and was interred at Putnam Cemetery
Putnam Cemetery
in Greenwich, Connecticut
Connecticut
.

WRITINGS

Bush's articles include:

* "Timely Monetary Policy," Banking, June 1955 and July 1955 * "To Preserve Peace Let's Show the Russians How Strong We Are!" Reader\'s Digest , July 1959 * "Politics Is Your Business," Chamber of Commerce, State of New York, Bulletin, May 1960

REFERENCES

* ^ Chapman, Roger Culture Wars: an Encyclopedia of Issues, Viewpoints and Voices Volume 1 M.E. Sharpe Inc. Armonk, New York 2010 page 61 * ^ "Geronimo\'s kin sue Skull and Bones". MSNBC
MSNBC
. February 18, 2009. Retrieved January 10, 2013. * ^ Lassila, Kathrin Day; Branch, Mark Alden (May–June 2006). "Whose Skull and Bones?". Yale Alumni Magazine. Retrieved January 10, 2013. * ^ Cheerleading of the ’20s: Epitome of masculinity Archived October 21, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
.. Yale Daily News (January 28, 2008). Retrieved on 2013-07-15. * ^ " Prescott Bush
Prescott Bush
Named Head Of U.S.G.A.". The Washington Post. Associated Press. November 9, 1934. * ^ A B C Aris, Ben; Campbell, Duncan (September 25, 2004). "How Bush\'s grandfather helped Hitler\'s rise to power". The Guardian. London. Retrieved May 22, 2010. * ^ A B Parmet, Herbert. "What Should We Make of the Charge Linking the Bush Family Fortune to Nazism?". History News Network . Retrieved June 5, 2011. * ^ "Hitler's Angel Has $3m in US Bank". Washington Post
Washington Post
. July 31, 1941. p. 1. * ^ Conason, Joe (October 26, 2003). "Bush \'Nazi\' Smear Unworthy of Critics". The New York Observer . New York. Retrieved June 5, 2011.

* ^ "Fair Enough" by Westbrook Pegler, Burlington Daily News-Times (North Carolina), August 22, 1950 * ^ https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=oaA0AAAAIBAJ&sjid=InMFAAAAIBAJ&pg=1643,653871&dq=prescott+bush+brien+mcmahon"> * ^ "A Bush at Both Ends: Before and After the Interstate Era". U.S. Federal Highway Administration . January 18, 2005. Retrieved August 6, 2006. * ^ A B C Stephen Mansfield (2004). The Faith of George W. Bush. Tarcher. * ^ "National Affairs: Splendid Job". Time. December 13, 1954. * ^ McQuaid, John; Schleifstein, Mark (2006). Path of Destruction: The Devastation of New Orleans and the Coming Age of Superstorms. Little, Brown and Company: Hachette Book
Book
Group USA. p. 54. ISBN 978-0-316-01642-1 . * ^ Freudenburg, William R.; Gramling, Robert; Laska, Shirley; Erikson, Kai (2009). Catastrophe in the Making: The Engineering of Katrina and the Disasters of Tomorrow. Washington, DC: Island Press. p. 26. ISBN 978-1-59726-682-6 . * ^ Shapiro, T. Rees (June 26, 2010). "Prescott S. Bush Jr., brother and uncle of U.S. presidents, dies at 87". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 27, 2017.

FURTHER READING

* The Prescott Bush
Prescott Bush
Papers are at the University of Connecticut, Storrs. * The Greenwich Library Oral History Project has interviews with Prescott Bush Jr. and Mary Walker. * There is material by and about Bush in the History of the Class of 1917 Yale College (1919) and the supplementary class albums. * John Atlee Kouwenhoven, Partners in Banking: An Historical Portrait of a Great Private Bank, Brown Brothers Harriman (1968). * Obituaries are in the Washington Post, October 9, 1972; the New York Times, October 9, 1972; the Hartford Courant, October 9, 1972; and Yale Alumni Magazine, December 1972. * "Prescott Sheldon Bush. "Dictionary of American Biography, Supplement 9: 1971–1975. Charles Scribner's Sons, 1994. * Darwin Payne, Initiative in Energy: Dresser Industries, Inc., 1880–1978. New York: Simon and Schuster (1979).

EXTERNAL LINKS