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Prescott Sheldon Bush Sr. (May 15, 1895 – October 8, 1972) was an American banker and politician. After working as a Wall Street executive investment banker, he represented Connecticut
Connecticut
in the United States Senate from 1952 to 1963. A member of the Bush family, he is the father of President George H. W. Bush
George H. W. Bush
and the grandfather of President George W. Bush
George W. Bush
and Governor Jeb Bush. Born in Columbus, Ohio, Bush graduated from Yale College
Yale College
and served as an artillery officer during World War I. After the war, he worked for several companies, becoming partner of the A. Harriman & Co. investment bank in 1931. He also served as high-ranking official with the United States Golf Association. Bush settled in Connecticut
Connecticut
in 1925 and became active in Republican Party politics as well as other causes such as Planned Parenthood. Bush won election to the Senate in a 1952 special election, narrowly defeating Democratic nominee Abraham Ribicoff. In the Senate, Bush staunchly supported President Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower
and helped enact legislation to create the Interstate Highway System. Bush won re-election in 1956 but declined to seek re-election in 1962, retiring from the Senate the following year.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Business career

2.1 Union Banking Corporation

3 Political life 4 Personal life 5 Writings 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External links

Early life[edit] Bush was born in Columbus, Ohio,[1] to Samuel Prescott Bush
Prescott Bush
and Flora Sheldon Bush. Samuel Bush was a railroad middle manager, then a steel company president and, during World War I, also a federal government official in charge of coordination of and assistance to major weapons contractors. Bush attended St. George's School in Middletown, Rhode Island, from 1908–1913. In 1913, he enrolled at Yale College, where his paternal grandfather, Rev. James Smith Bush (class of 1844), and his maternal uncle Robert E. Sheldon Jr. (class of 1904) had matriculated. Three subsequent generations of the Bush family
Bush family
have been Yale alumni. Prescott Bush
Prescott Bush
was admitted to the Zeta Psi
Zeta Psi
fraternity and Skull and Bones secret society. George H. W. Bush
George H. W. Bush
and George W. Bush
George W. Bush
are also members of that society. According to Skull and Bones
Skull and Bones
lore, Prescott Bush
Prescott Bush
was among a group of Bonesmen who dug up and removed the skull of Geronimo
Geronimo
from his grave at Fort Sill, Oklahoma, in 1918.[2] According to historian David L. Miller, the Bonesmen probably dug up somebody at Fort Sill, but not Geronimo.[3] Prescott Bush
Prescott Bush
was a cheerleader,[4] played varsity golf and baseball, and was president of the Yale Glee Club. After graduation, Bush served as a field artillery captain with the American Expeditionary Forces
American Expeditionary Forces
(1917–1919) during World War I. He received intelligence training at Verdun, France, and was briefly assigned to a staff of French officers. Alternating between intelligence and artillery, he came under fire in the Meuse-Argonne offensive. Business career[edit] After his discharge in 1919, Prescott Bush
Prescott Bush
went to work for the Simmons Hardware Company
Simmons Hardware Company
in St. Louis, Missouri. The Bush family
Bush family
moved to Columbus, Ohio, in 1923, where Prescott briefly worked for the Hupp Products Company. In November 1923, he became president of sales for Stedman Products in South Braintree, Massachusetts. During this time, he lived in a Victorian house at 173 Adams Street in Milton, Massachusetts, where his son, George H. W. Bush, was born. In 1924, Bush became vice-president of the investment bank A. Harriman & Co. where his father-in-law, George Herbert Walker
George Herbert Walker
was president. Bush's Yale classmates and fellow Bonesmen E. Roland Harriman and Knight Woolley also worked with the company. In 1925, he joined the United States Rubber Company
United States Rubber Company
of New York City as manager of the foreign division, and moved to Greenwich, Connecticut. In 1931, he became a partner of Brown Brothers Harriman
Brown Brothers Harriman
& Co., which was created through the 1931 amalgamation of A. Harriman & Co with Brown Bros. & Co., (a merchant bank founded in Philadelphia
Philadelphia
in 1818) and with Harriman Brothers & Co. (established in New York City
New York City
in 1927). He was an avid golfer, and in 1935 was named head of the USGA.[5] From 1944–1956, Prescott Bush
Prescott Bush
was a member of the Yale Corporation, the principal governing body of Yale University. He was on the board of directors of CBS, having been introduced to chairman William S. Paley around 1932 by his close friend and colleague W. Averell Harriman, who became a major Democratic Party power broker. Union Banking Corporation [edit] Bush was a founding member and one of seven directors (including W. Averell Harriman) of the Union Banking Corporation (holding a single share out of 4,000 as a director), an investment bank that operated as a clearing house for many assets and enterprises held by German steel magnate Fritz Thyssen.[6][7] In July 1942, the bank was suspected of holding gold on behalf of Nazi leaders.[8] A subsequent government investigation disproved those allegations but confirmed the Thyssens' control, and in October 1942 the United States seized the bank under the Trading with the Enemy Act and held the assets for the duration of World War II.[6] Journalist Duncan Campbell pointed out documents showing that Prescott Bush
Prescott Bush
was a director and shareholder of a number of companies involved with Thyssen.[6] Prescott Bush
Prescott Bush
worked closely with Thyssen who was a prominent Nazi financier and did continue to manage his accounts during the Nazi occupation. Some historians dispute his allegiance to the Nazi party. [9] Historian Herbert Parmet agrees with the assessment that Bush was not a Nazi sympathizer.[7] Political life[edit] Prescott Bush
Prescott Bush
was politically active on social issues. He was involved with the American Birth Control League as early as 1942, and served as the treasurer of the first national capital campaign of Planned Parenthood in 1947. He was also an early supporter of the United Negro College Fund, serving as chairman of the Connecticut
Connecticut
branch in 1951. From 1947–1950, he served as Connecticut
Connecticut
Republican finance chairman, and was the Republican candidate for the United States Senate in 1950. A columnist in Boston
Boston
said that Bush "is coming on to be known as President Truman's Harry Hopkins. Nobody knows Mr. Bush and he hasn't a Chinaman's chance."[10] ( Harry Hopkins
Harry Hopkins
had been one of Franklin D. Roosevelt's closest advisors.) Bush's ties with Planned Parenthood also hurt him in strongly-Catholic Connecticut, and were the basis of a last-minute campaign in churches by Bush's opponents; the family vigorously denied the connection, but Bush lost to Sen. William Burnett Benton by only 1,000 votes. Prescott Bush
Prescott Bush
sought a rematch with Sen. Benton in 1952, but withdrew as the party turned to William Purtell. The death of Senator Brien McMahon later that year, however, created a vacancy and this time the Republicans nominated Bush.[11] He defeated the Democratic nominee, Abraham Ribicoff, and was elected to the Senate. A staunch supporter of President Dwight D. Eisenhower, he served until January 1963. He was re-elected in 1956 with 55% of the vote over Democrat Thomas J. Dodd (later U.S. Senator from Connecticut
Connecticut
and father of Christopher J. Dodd), and decided not to run for another term in 1962. He was a key ally for the passage of Eisenhower's Interstate Highway System,[12] and during his tenure supported the Polaris submarine project (built by Electric Boat Corporation
Electric Boat Corporation
in Groton, Connecticut), civil rights legislation, and the establishment of the Peace Corps.[13] On December 2, 1954, Prescott Bush
Prescott Bush
was part of the large (67–22) majority to censure Wisconsin
Wisconsin
Republican Senator Joseph McCarthy
Joseph McCarthy
after McCarthy had taken on the U.S. Army and the Eisenhower administration. During the debate leading to the censure, Bush said that McCarthy has "caused dangerous divisions among the American people because of his attitude and the attitude he has encouraged among his followers: that there can be no honest differences of opinion with him. Either you must follow Senator McCarthy blindly, not daring to express any doubts or disagreements about any of his actions, or, in his eyes, you must be a Communist, a Communist sympathizer, or a fool who has been duped by the Communist line."[14] Eisenhower later included Prescott Bush
Prescott Bush
on an undated handwritten list of prospective candidates he favored for the 1960 Republican presidential nomination. In terms of issues, Bush often agreed with New York Governor Nelson Rockefeller. According to Theodore H. White's book about the 1964 presidential election, Bush and Rockefeller were longtime friends. Bush favored a Nixon-Rockefeller ticket for 1960, and was presumed to support Rockefeller's 1964 presidential candidacy until the latter's remarriage in 1963. He then publicly denounced Rockefeller for divorcing his first wife and marrying a woman with whom Rockefeller had been having an affair while married to his first wife.[13] Bush then very publicly endorsed his former Senate colleague Henry Cabot Lodge Jr., who was also the older brother of one of Bush's proteges', former Connecticut
Connecticut
Governor John Davis Lodge.[13] Another of Senator Bush's major legislative interests was flood and hurricane protection. He drafted Public Law 71, the Bush Hurricane Survey Act, enabling U.S. Army engineers to develop a new program of community protection against tidal flooding.[15][16] Personal life[edit]

The grave of Prescott Bush

The headstone of Prescott Bush

Prescott Bush
Prescott Bush
married Dorothy Walker (July 1, 1901 – November 19, 1992) on August 6, 1920, in Kennebunkport, Maine. They had five children: Prescott Jr. (August 10, 1922 – June 23, 2010),[17] George (b. 1924, named after Dorothy's father George Herbert Walker), Nancy (b. 1926), Jonathan (b. 1931) and William "Bucky" (July 14, 1938 - February 28, 2018).[18] Bush founded the Yale Glee Club
Yale Glee Club
Associates, an alumni group, in 1937. As was his father-in-law, he was a member of the United States Golf Association, serving successively as secretary, vice-president and president, 1928–1935. He was a multi-year club champion of the Round Hill Club in Greenwich, Connecticut, and was on the committee set up by New York City
New York City
Mayor Robert F. Wagner Jr.
Robert F. Wagner Jr.
to help create the New York Mets. He was a member of the American Legion
American Legion
and the 40 & 8 Society. Bush maintained homes in New York, Long Island
Long Island
and Greenwich, Connecticut; the family compound at Kennebunkport, Maine; and a secluded island off the Connecticut
Connecticut
coast, Fishers Island. He died in 1972 at age 77 and was interred at Putnam Cemetery
Putnam Cemetery
in Greenwich, Connecticut. Writings[edit] Bush's articles include:

"Timely Monetary Policy," Banking, June 1955 and July 1955 "To Preserve Peace Let's Show the Russians How Strong We Are!" Reader's Digest, July 1959 "Politics Is Your Business," Chamber of Commerce, State of New York, Bulletin, May 1960

References[edit]

^ Chapman, Roger. Culture Wars: An Encyclopedia of Issues, Viewpoints and Voices Volume 1 M.E. Sharpe Inc. Armonk, New York, 2010, page 61 ^ "Geronimo's kin sue Skull and Bones". MSNBC. February 18, 2009. Retrieved January 10, 2013.  ^ Lassila, Kathrin Day; Branch, Mark Alden (May–June 2006). "Whose Skull and Bones?". Yale Alumni Magazine. Retrieved January 10, 2013.  ^ Cheerleading of the ’20s: Epitome of masculinity Archived October 21, 2016, at the Wayback Machine.. Yale Daily News (January 28, 2008). Retrieved on July 15, 2013. ^ " Prescott Bush
Prescott Bush
Named Head Of U.S.G.A.". The Washington Post. Associated Press. November 9, 1934.  ^ a b c Aris, Ben; Campbell, Duncan (September 25, 2004). "How Bush's grandfather helped Hitler's rise to power". The Guardian. London. Retrieved May 22, 2010.  ^ a b Parmet, Herbert. "What Should We Make of the Charge Linking the Bush Family Fortune to Nazism?". History News Network. Retrieved June 5, 2011.  ^ "Hitler's Angel Has $3m in US Bank". Washington Post. July 31, 1941. p. 1.  ^ Conason, Joe (October 26, 2003). "Bush 'Nazi' Smear Unworthy of Critics". The New York Observer. New York. Retrieved June 5, 2011.  ^ "Fair Enough" by Westbrook Pegler, Burlington Daily News-Times (North Carolina), August 22, 1950 ^ https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=oaA0AAAAIBAJ&sjid=InMFAAAAIBAJ&pg=1643,653871&dq=prescott+bush+brien+mcmahon&hl=en[permanent dead link] ^ "A Bush at Both Ends: Before and After the Interstate Era". U.S. Federal Highway Administration. January 18, 2005. Retrieved August 6, 2006.  ^ a b c Stephen Mansfield (2004). The Faith of George W. Bush. Tarcher. Archived from the original on September 26, 2007.  ^ "National Affairs: Splendid Job". Time. December 13, 1954.  ^ McQuaid, John; Schleifstein, Mark (2006). Path of Destruction: The Devastation of New Orleans and the Coming Age of Superstorms. Little, Brown and Company: Hachette Book
Book
Group USA. p. 54. ISBN 978-0-316-01642-1.  ^ Freudenburg, William R.; Gramling, Robert; Laska, Shirley; Erikson, Kai (2009). Catastrophe in the Making: The Engineering of Katrina and the Disasters of Tomorrow. Washington, DC: Island Press. p. 26. ISBN 978-1-59726-682-6.  ^ Shapiro, T. Rees (June 26, 2010). "Prescott S. Bush Jr., brother and uncle of U.S. presidents, dies at 87". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 27, 2017.  ^ William H.T. "Bucky" Bush was brother, uncle of presidents

Further reading[edit]

The Prescott Bush
Prescott Bush
Papers are at the University of Connecticut, Storrs. The Greenwich Library Oral History Project has interviews with Prescott Bush Jr.
Prescott Bush Jr.
and Mary Walker. There is material by and about Bush in the History of the Class of 1917 Yale College
Yale College
(1919) and the supplementary class albums. John Atlee Kouwenhoven, Partners in Banking: An Historical Portrait of a Great Private Bank, Brown Brothers Harriman
Brown Brothers Harriman
(1968). Obituaries are in the Washington Post, October 9, 1972; the New York Times, October 9, 1972; the Hartford Courant, October 9, 1972; and Yale Alumni Magazine, December 1972. "Prescott Sheldon Bush. "Dictionary of American Biography, Supplement 9: 1971–1975. Charles Scribner's Sons, 1994. Darwin Payne, Initiative in Energy: Dresser Industries, Inc., 1880–1978. New York: Simon and Schuster (1979).

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Prescott Bush.

University of Connecticut's profile of Prescott Bush Prescott Sheldon Bush on IMDb Bush Family Tree "Prescott Bush". Find a Grave. Retrieved February 24, 2009. 

U.S. Senate

Preceded by William A. Purtell U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Connecticut November 4, 1952 – January 3, 1963 Served alongside: William B. Benton, William A. Purtell, Thomas J. Dodd Succeeded by Abraham A. Ribicoff

Party political offices

Preceded by Raymond E. Baldwin Republican nominee for United States Senator from Connecticut (Class 1) 1950 Succeeded by William A. Purtell

v t e

United States Senators from Connecticut

Class 1

Ellsworth Hillhouse Dana Boardman Edwards Foot N. Smith Niles Betts Huntington R. S. Baldwin Toucey Dixon Buckingham Eaton Hawley Bulkeley McLean Walcott Maloney Hart R. E. Baldwin Benton Purtell T. Dodd Weicker Lieberman Murphy

Class 3

Johnson Sherman Mitchell Trumbull Tracy Goodrich Daggett Lanman Willey Tomlinson P. Smith Niles T. Smith Gillette Foster Ferry English Barnum Platt Brandegee Bingham Lonergan Danaher McMahon Purtell Bush Ribicoff C. Dodd Blumenthal

v t e

Bush family

Bush–Davis–Walker family political line Bush family Bush (surname)

Prescott Bush
Prescott Bush
ancestors

Samuel Prescott Bush
Prescott Bush
(1863–1948) James Smith Bush (1825–1889) Obadiah Newcomb Bush (1797–1851)

Samuel P. Bush
Samuel P. Bush
& Flora Sheldon

Prescott Sheldon Bush

Prescott Bush
Prescott Bush
(1895–1972) & Dorothy Wear Walker (1900-1990)

Prescott Bush Jr.
Prescott Bush Jr.
(1922–2010) George Herbert Walker
George Herbert Walker
Bush (m.) Barbara Pierce Nancy Walker Bush Ellis Jonathan James Bush William Henry Trotter Bush

George H. W. Bush
George H. W. Bush
(1924–) Nancy Walker Bush Ellis (1926–) Jonathan Bush (1931–)

George Walker Bush (m.) Laura Lane Welch Jeb Bush
Jeb Bush
(m.) Columba Bush Neil Mallon Bush Marvin Pierce Bush Dorothy Walker Bush (m.) Robert P. Koch

John Prescott Ellis Alexander Ellis III Josiah Wear Ellis

Billy Bush Jonathan S. Bush

George W. Bush
George W. Bush
(1946–) Jeb Bush
Jeb Bush
(1953–) Neil Bush
Neil Bush
(1955–)

Barbara Pierce Bush Jenna Welch Bush

George Prescott Bush

Lauren Bush
Lauren Bush
(m.) David Lauren

The Bush Compound Buckeye Steel Castings G. H. Walker & Co. The Family: The Real Story of the Bush Dynasty Family of Secrets Political line W.

v t e

George H. W. Bush

41st President of the United States
President of the United States
(1989–1993) 43rd Vice President of the United States
President of the United States
(1981–1989) Director of Central Intelligence
Director of Central Intelligence
(1976–1977) UN Ambassador (1971–1973) U.S. Representative for TX-7 (1967–1971)

Life

Presidential Library The Bush School of Government and Public Service Bush compound

Presidency

Inauguration Environmental policy 1989 Malta Summit Invasion of Panama 1990 Chemical Weapons Accord Gulf War 1991 Madrid Conference National Space Council New world order Somali Civil War

Unified Task Force

Negotiations for the North American Free Trade Agreement Vomiting incident Presidential pardons International trips Oval Office desk Cabinet Judicial appointments

Supreme Court controversies

Speeches

State of the Union Address (1990 1991 1992) Chicken Kiev speech

Elections

United States Senate
United States Senate
elections, 1964 1970 United States House of Representatives
United States House of Representatives
elections, 1966 1968 Republican Party presidential primaries, 1980 1988 1992 Republican National Convention, 1980 1984 1988

"a thousand points of light" "Read my lips: no new taxes"

1992 United States presidential election, 1980 1984 1988 1992

Public image

George Bush Intercontinental Airport The Naked Gun 2½: The Smell of Fear (1991) What It Takes: The Way to the White House (1993) The Family: The Real Story of the Bush Dynasty (2004) Bad for Democracy (2008) Family of Secrets (2009)

Books

A World Transformed
A World Transformed
(1998) All the Best (1999)

Family

Barbara Bush
Barbara Bush
(wife) George W. Bush
George W. Bush
(son presidency) Jeb Bush
Jeb Bush
(son) Neil Bush
Neil Bush
(son) Marvin P. Bush
Marvin P. Bush
(son) Dorothy Bush Koch
Dorothy Bush Koch
(daughter) Barbara Pierce Bush (granddaughter) Jenna Bush Hager
Jenna Bush Hager
(granddaughter) George P. Bush
George P. Bush
(grandson) Prescott Bush
Prescott Bush
(father) Nancy Walker Bush Ellis (sister) Jonathan Bush (brother) William H. T. Bush (brother) Samuel P. Bush
Samuel P. Bush
(grandfather) George Herbert Walker
George Herbert Walker
(grandfather) Millie (family dog)

← Ronald Reagan Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton

Book Category

v t e

George W. Bush

43rd President of the United States
President of the United States
(2001–2009) 46th Governor of Texas
Governor of Texas
(1995–2000) Owner of the Texas Rangers (1989–1998) Born July 6, 1946

Presidency

First inauguration Second inauguration First term Second term Domestic policy Legislation and programs Economic policy Foreign policy International trips Bush Doctrine War in Afghanistan

Status of Forces Agreement

Patriot Act No Child Left Behind Act Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act USA Freedom Corps Department of Homeland Security Space policy Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty "War on Terror" President's Council on Service and Civic Participation

award

Dismissal of U.S. attorneys controversy Email controversy Judicial appointments

Supreme Court controversies

Cabinet Pardons Impeachment efforts

Life

Presidential library Early life Military service controversy ( Killian documents controversy
Killian documents controversy
and authenticity issues) Professional life Governorship of Texas Prairie Chapel Ranch Bush compound Clinton Bush Haiti Fund

Speeches

Axis of evil Mission Accomplished State of the Union address

2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008

Elections

United States House of Representatives
United States House of Representatives
elections, 1978 Texas gubernatorial election 1994 1998 Presidential campaign 2000 2004 Republican Party presidential primaries, 2000 2004 Republican National Convention 2000 2004 United States presidential election, 2000

Bush v. Gore

United States presidential election, 2004

Public image

Bushisms Nicknames As the subject of books and films Fictionalized portrayals Miss Me Yet?

Books

A Charge to Keep
A Charge to Keep
(1999) Decision Points
Decision Points
(2010) 41: A Portrait of My Father (2014) Portraits of Courage
Portraits of Courage
(2017)

Family

Laura Bush
Laura Bush
(wife) Barbara Pierce Bush (daughter) Jenna Bush Hager
Jenna Bush Hager
(daughter) George H. W. Bush
George H. W. Bush
(father presidency) Barbara Bush
Barbara Bush
(mother) Jeb Bush
Jeb Bush
(brother) Neil Bush
Neil Bush
(brother) Marvin Bush
Marvin Bush
(brother) Dorothy Bush Koch
Dorothy Bush Koch
(sister) Prescott Bush
Prescott Bush
(grandfather) George P. Bush
George P. Bush
(nephew) Barney (dog) Miss Beazley (dog) India (cat) Spot Fetcher
Spot Fetcher
(dog)

← Bill Clinton Barack Obama
Barack Obama

Book Category

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 62658158 LCCN: n2002047710 GND: 130531804 US Congress: B001

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