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PRENZLAU (formerly also PRENZLOW) is a town in Brandenburg
Brandenburg
, Germany , the administrative seat of Uckermark
Uckermark
District . It is also the centre of the historic Uckermark
Uckermark
region.

CONTENTS

* 1 Geography * 2 History * 3 Demography * 4 Politics * 5 International relations * 6 Notable people * 7 Photo gallery * 8 References * 9 External links

GEOGRAPHY

The town is located on the Ucker river, about 100 km (62 mi) north of Berlin
Berlin
. Prenzlau
Prenzlau
station , opened in 1863, is a stop on the Angermünde–Stralsund railway line.

HISTORY

Settled since Neolithic
Neolithic
times, the Prenzlau
Prenzlau
area from the 7th century AD was the site of several gords erected by the Polabian Slavs
Polabian Slavs
. In the late 12th century, the Dukes of Pomerania had the region colonized by Low German settlers.

Prenzlau
Prenzlau
itself, named after Slavic Premyslaw was first mentioned in 1187. It received town privileges by Duke Barnim I of Pomerania in 1234. When Duke Barnim signed the Treaty of Landin with the Ascanian margraves of Brandenburg
Brandenburg
in 1250, Prenzlau
Prenzlau
was already a fortified town with walls and moats, four parish churches and a monastery. Together with Berlin
Berlin
- Cölln , Frankfurt and Stendal
Stendal
, it ranked among the largest towns in the margraviate.

Prenzlau
Prenzlau
and the Uckermark
Uckermark
region were devastated during the Thirty Years\' War . From the late 17th century onwards French Huguenot refugees settled here and an economic recovery started. Also a garrison town, Prenzlau
Prenzlau
was again ravaged by passing troops during the Seven Years\' War and the Napoleonic Wars
Napoleonic Wars
. In the mid 19th century, several citizens emigrated to Australia
Australia
, where they founded the town of Prenzlau, Queensland west of Brisbane
Brisbane
.

In World War II
World War II
the town centre was largely destroyed. The East German authorities had it rebuilt with large panel Plattenbau buildings.

DEMOGRAPHY

*

Development of Population since 1875 within the Current Boundaries (Blue Line: Population; Dotted Line: Comparison to Population Development of Brandenburg
Brandenburg
state; Grey Background: Time of Nazi rule; Red Background: Time of Communist rule) *

Recent Population Development (Blue Line) and Forecasts

Prenzlau: Population development within the current boundaries (2013)

YEAR POPULATION

1875 18 512

1890 20 823

1910 24 327

1925 24 572

1933 25 118

1939 27 697

1946 21 532

1950 22 960

1964 23 267

1971 24 890

YEAR POPULATION

1981 26 020

1985 26 326

1989 26 211

1990 25 900

1991 25 167

1992 24 743

1993 24 451

1994 24 120

1995 23 847

1996 23 630

YEAR POPULATION

1997 23 501

1998 23 133

1999 22 946

2000 22 737

2001 22 225

2002 21 785

2003 21 341

2004 21 039

2005 20 904

2006 20 735

YEAR POPULATION

2007 20 461

2008 20 285

2009 20 173

2010 20 078

2011 19 139

2012 19 045

2013 19 023

POLITICS

Seats in the town's assembly (Stadtverordnetenversammlung) as of 2014 local elections:

* Christian Democratic Union (CDU): 7 * Social Democratic Party of Germany
Germany
(SPD): 7 * The Left : 6 * Bürgerfraktion (Independent ): 4 * Wir Prenzlauer (Independent): 2 * Free Democratic Party (FDP): 1 * National Democratic Party of Germany
Germany
(NPD): 1

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany
Germany

Prenzlau
Prenzlau
has twinning relationships with:

* Barlinek , Poland
Poland
* Pokhvistnevo , Russia
Russia
* Uster
Uster
, Switzerland
Switzerland
* Varėna , Lithuania
Lithuania

NOTABLE PEOPLE

Natalia Alexeievna of Russia
Russia
in 1776

* Christian Friedrich Schwan (1733–1815), publisher and bookseller * Jacob Philipp Hackert (1737–1807), landscape painter * Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt
Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt
(1751–1805), queen consort of Prussia * Louis I, Grand Duke of Hesse (1753–1830) * Princess Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt (1754–1832) * Princess Wilhelmina Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt (1755–1776) * Wilhelm Grabow (1802–1874), civil servant, judge, and politician * Adolf Wilhelm Theodor Stahr (1805–1876), writer and literary historian * Ernst Christian Friedrich Schering (1824–1889), apothecary and industrialist * Johannes Schmidt (1843–1901), linguist * Paul Hirsch (1868–1940), politician * Hans Felix Husadel (1897–1964), composer and conductor * Otto Kaiser (born 1924), scholar * Brigitte Rohde (born 1954), sprinter * Carola Zirzow (born 1954), sprint canoer * Christiane Wartenberg (born 1956), athlete * René Bielke (born 1962), ice hockey player

PHOTO GALLERY

*

Gate Tower of the Brick Gothic
Brick Gothic
'Mitteltor' *

War memorial ruin of the Holy Spirit Church *

St. Mary's Church *

Old townhall of Prenzlau
Prenzlau
*

Historical painting of Dedelow castle, a part of Prenzlau
Prenzlau
*

Dominican abbey of Prenzlau
Prenzlau
*

'Unteruckersee' (Lower Ucker Lake) in Prenzlau
Prenzlau
*

Ucker canal watergate *

Platform of the train station *

Martin Luther
Martin Luther
memorial in Prenzlau
Prenzlau
*

Medieval city wall of Prenzlau, gate tower

REFERENCES

* ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg
Brandenburg
nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2015 (Fortgeschriebene amtliche Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)". Amt für Statistik Berlin- Brandenburg
Brandenburg
(in German). 2016. * ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg
Brandenburg
at Wikimedia Commons * ^ A. Hilpert. "Partnerstädte der Stadt Prenzlau". www.prenzlau.eu (in German). Büroleiterin des Bürgermeisters, Geschäftsbereich Bürgermeister. Retrieved 2014-04-06.

EXTERNAL LINKS

Media related to

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