The Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, sometimes also referred to informally as the "Prime Minister", is the head of the central government of China and is the holder of the highest rank in the Civil Service. This position replaced the role of Premier of the Government Administration Council of the Central People's Government (Chinese: 中央人民政府政务院总理), which existed from 1949 to 1954.
The Premier is formally approved by the National People's Congress upon the nomination of the President. In practice, the candidate is chosen within the Communist Party of China (CPC) through the same process that determines the composition of the CPC Central Politburo. Both the President and the Premier are selected once every five years. The premier is limited to two terms, but the president is not. The Premier has always been a member of the powerful Politburo Standing Committee.
As of December 2020, there are two living former premiers: