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(i) (i)

Provinces -------------------------

Autonomous regions ------------------------- Special
Special
administrative regions

Sub-provincial level Sub-provincial cities -------------------------

Sub-provincial autonomous prefectures ------------------------- Sub-provincial city districts

Prefectural level (2nd) Prefectural cities -------------------------

Autonomous prefectures -------------------------

Leagues -------------------------

Prefectures (abolishing)

Sub-prefectural-level Sub-prefectural cities -------------------------

Provincial-controlled cities -------------------------

Provincial-controlled counties ------------------------- Provincial-controlled districts

County level (3rd) Counties -------------------------

Autonomous counties -------------------------

County-level cities -------------------------

Districts Ethnic districts -------------------------

Banners Autonomous banners -------------------------

Shennongjia Forestry District -------------------------

Liuzhi Special District -------------------------

Wolong Special Administrative Region -------------------------

Workers and peasants districts (obsolete)

Analogous county level units Management areas Management committee

Township level (4th) Townships -------------------------

Ethnic townships -------------------------

Towns -------------------------

Subdistricts Subdistrict bureaux -------------------------

Sums -------------------------

Ethnic sums -------------------------

County-controlled districts County-controlled district bureaux (obsolete) -------------------------

Management committees -------------------------

Town-level city (pilot)

Analogous township level units Management areas Management committee -------------------------

Areas ------------------------- Farms area , Prison area , University towns etc.

Village level (5th) informal (Grassroots Autonomous Organizations) -------------------------

Villages · Gaqas Village Committees -------------------------

Residential communities Residential Committees

Other Regions -------------------------

Capital cities -------------------------

New areas -------------------------

Autonomous administrative divisions -------------------------

National Central Cities ------------------------- Special
Special
Economic Zones

History: before 1912 , 1912–49 , 1949–present ------------------------- Administrative division codes

* v * t * e

A PREFECTURAL-LEVEL MUNICIPALITY (Chinese : 地级市), PREFECTURAL-LEVEL CITY or PREFECTURAL CITY; formerly known as PROVINCE-CONTROLLED CITY (Chinese : 省辖市) from 1949 to 1983, is an administrative division of the People\'s Republic of China
China
(PRC), ranking below a province and above a county in China's administrative structure. Prefectural level cities form the second level of the administrative structure (alongside prefectures , leagues and autonomous prefectures ). Administrative chiefs (mayors ) of prefectural level cities generally have the same rank as a division chief (Chinese : 司长) of a national ministry. Since the 1980s, most former prefectures have been renamed into prefectural level CITIES.

A prefectural level city is a "city" (Chinese : 市; pinyin : shì) and "prefecture" (Chinese : 地区; pinyin : dìqū) that have been merged into one consolidated and unified jurisdiction. As such it is simultaneously a city, which is a municipal entry with subordinate districts, and a prefecture with subordinate county-level cities and counties which is an administrative division of a province.

A prefectural level city is often not a "city" in the usual sense of the term (i.e., a large continuous urban settlement), but instead an administrative unit comprising, typically, a main central urban area (a city in the usual sense, usually with the same name as the prefectural level city), and its much larger surrounding rural area containing many smaller cities, towns and villages. The larger prefectural level cities span over 100 kilometres (62 mi).

Prefectural level cities nearly always contain multiple counties , county level cities , and other such sub-divisions. This results from the fact that the formerly predominant prefectures , which prefectural level cities have mostly replaced, were themselves large administrative units containing cities, smaller towns, and rural areas. To distinguish a prefectural level city from its actual urban area (city in the strict sense), the term 市区 shìqū ("urban area"), is used.

The first prefectural level cities were created on 5 November 1983. Over the following two decades, prefectural level cities have come to replace the vast majority of Chinese prefectures ; the process is still ongoing.

Most provinces are composed entirely or nearly entirely of prefectural level cities. Of the 22 provinces and 5 autonomous regions of the PRC, only 9 provinces ( Yunnan
Yunnan
, Guizhou
Guizhou
, Qinghai , Heilongjiang , Sichuan
Sichuan
, Gansu
Gansu
, Jilin
Jilin
, Hubei
Hubei
, Hunan ) and 3 autonomous regions ( Xinjiang
Xinjiang
, Tibet , Inner Mongolia ) have at least one or more second level or prefectural level divisions that are not prefectural level cities.

Criteria that a prefecture must meet to become a prefectural level city:

* An urban centre with a non-rural population over 250,000 * gross output of value of industry of 200,000,000 RMB (US$ 32 million) * the output of tertiary industry supersedes that of primary industry , contributing over 35% of the GDP

15 large prefectural level cities have been granted the status of sub-provincial city , which gives them much greater autonomy.

Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
and Zhengzhou are the largest prefectural level cities with populations approaching or exceeding some sub-provincial cities.

A sub-prefecture-level city is a county-level city with powers approaching those of prefectural level cities.

CONTENTS

* 1 Classification * 2 Cartographic expression and statistics

* 3 Prefecture-level city
Prefecture-level city
list

* 3.1 Dissolved Prefecture-level cities

* 4 See also * 5 References

CLASSIFICATION

There are total of three classification of prefecture-level city:

* REGULAR PREFECTURAL LEVEL CITY which consist of counties , county level cities , and districts subdivisions.

* CONSOLIDATED DISTRICT-GOVERNED PREFECTURAL LEVEL CITY which only consist of districts as it subdivisions.

* Currently there are only 13 cities are under this classification: Ezhou
Ezhou
, Foshan , Guangzhou
Guangzhou
, Haikou , Karamay , Laiwu , Nanjing
Nanjing
, Sanya , Shenzhen
Shenzhen
, Wuhai , Wuhan
Wuhan
, Xiamen
Xiamen
, Zhuhai
Zhuhai

* PREFECTURAL LEVEL CITY WITH NO COUNTY-LEVEL DIVISIONS (DIRECT-PIPED CITY) are cities that are not governed by any county-level divisions such as counties, county level cities, or legal administrative districts.

* Currently there are only 5 cities are under this classification: Danzhou , Dongguan
Dongguan
, Jiayuguan , Sansha , Zhongshan
Zhongshan

CARTOGRAPHIC EXPRESSION AND STATISTICS

In Europe and North America, cities are generally represented as points, while counties are represented as areas. Thus, Bloomington, Indiana is indicated on the map by a point, which is distinct from, and enclosed by, the area of Monroe County, Indiana . In China, however, large cities such as City of Xianning
Xianning
may, in reality, contain both urban and rural elements. Moreover, they may enclose counties or other cities. On a less detailed map, City of Xianning would be indicated by a point, more or less corresponding to the coordinates of its city government. Other populous areas may also be exhibited as points, such as County of Tongshan , with no indication that County of Tongshan is, in fact, enclosed by City of Xianning. On a more detailed map, City of Xianning
Xianning
would be drawn as an area, similar to a county of the United States, and County of Tongshan would be drawn as a smaller area within City of Xianning.

This convention may lead to difficulty in the identification of places mentioned in older sources. For example, Guo Moruo writes that he was born in Town of Shawan, within Prefecture
Prefecture
of Leshan, and attended primary school in Town of Jiading. A modern map is unlikely to show either town: Shawan, because it is too small, and Jiading, because it is the seat of City of Leshan, and is therefore indicated on the map by a point labelled "Leshan." A more detailed map would show Shawan as a district within City of Leshan, but Jiading would still be missing.

Statistics of China
China
such as population and industrial activity are generally reported along prefectural city lines. Thus, the relatively unknown City of Huangshi has 2.5 million residents, more than most European capitals, but upon closer inspection, the city covers an area almost 100 kilometers across. Furthermore, Huangshi contains several other cities, such as City of Daye . If a person wished to calculate the population of the urban area of Huangshi, and had a map of Huangshi, and a table of its population by district, the task might not be easy. The urban area might be split between several districts, and some of those districts may include rural elements as well.

PREFECTURE-LEVEL CITY LIST

As of August 2017, there are 294 prefecture-level cities total:

CITY CHINESE PROVINCE Area (km²) Founded (PRC) FORMER DIVISIONS

Anqing 安庆市 Anhui 13,528 1979-11-04 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)

Bengbu 蚌埠市 Anhui 5,912 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government

Bozhou 亳州市 Anhui 8,429 2000-05-21 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)

Chizhou 池州市 Anhui 8,272 2000-06-25 Reorganized from Chizhou Prefecture
Prefecture
(池州地区)

Chuzhou 滁州市 Anhui 13,398 1992-12-20 Reorganized from Chuxian Prefecture
Prefecture
(滁县地区)

Fuyang
Fuyang
阜阳市 Anhui 9,775 1996-01-01 Reorganized from Fuyang
Fuyang
Prefecture
Prefecture
(阜阳地区)

Hefei
Hefei
合肥市 Anhui 11,496 1949-10-01 Carved out of Hefei
Hefei
County (合肥县)

Huaibei 淮北市 Anhui 2,732 1960-04-16 Upgraded from Huaibei Mining District (淮北矿区)

Huainan 淮南市 Anhui 5,650 1951-01-18 Upgraded from Huainan Mining District (淮南矿区)

Huangshan 黄山市 Anhui 9,807 1987-11-27 Reorganized from Huizhou Prefecture
Prefecture
(徽州地区)

Lu\'an 六安市 Anhui 15,452 1999-09-02 Reorganized from Lu\'an Prefecture
Prefecture
(六安地区)

Ma\'anshan 马鞍山市 Anhui 4,042 1956-10-12 Upgraded from Ma\'anshan Mining District (马鞍山矿区)

Suzhou 宿州市 Anhui 9,787 1998-12-06 Reorganized from Suxian Prefecture
Prefecture
(宿县地区)

Tongling 铜陵市 Anhui 3,008 1971-12-11 Reorganized from Tongling Prefecture
Prefecture
(铜陵特区)

Wuhu 芜湖市 Anhui 5,987 1972-12-30 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)

Xuancheng 宣城市 Anhui 12,340 2000-06-25 Reorganized from Xuancheng Prefecture
Prefecture
(宣城地区)

Fuzhou
Fuzhou
福州市 Fujian
Fujian
11,788 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government

Longyan 龙岩市 Fujian
Fujian
19,052 1996-11-20 Reorganized from Longyan Prefecture
Prefecture
(龙岩地区)

Nanping 南平市 Fujian
Fujian
26,312 1994-09-05 Reorganized from Nanping Prefecture
Prefecture
(南平地区)

Ningde 宁德市 Fujian
Fujian
13,644 1999-11-14 Reorganized from Ningde Prefecture
Prefecture
(宁德地区)

Putian 莆田市 Fujian
Fujian
3,895 1983-09-09 Carved out of Putian County (莆田县)

Quanzhou
Quanzhou
泉州市 Fujian
Fujian
10,864 1985-05-14 Reorganized from Jinjiang Prefecture
Prefecture
(晋江地区)

Sanming 三明市 Fujian
Fujian
23,191 1983-04-28 Reorganized from Sanming Prefecture
Prefecture
(三明地区)

Xiamen
Xiamen
厦门市 Fujian
Fujian
1,516 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government

Zhangzhou 漳州市 Fujian
Fujian
12,608 1985-05-14 Reorganized from Longxi Prefecture
Prefecture
(龙溪地区)

Baiyin 白银市 Gansu
Gansu
21,210 1985-05-14 Upgraded from Baiyin District, Lanzhou
Lanzhou
(兰州市白银区)

Dingxi 定西市 Gansu
Gansu
20,330 2003-04-04 Reorganized from Dingxi Prefecture
Prefecture
(定西地区)

Jiayuguan 嘉峪关市 Gansu
Gansu
2,935 1971-09-10 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)

Jinchang 金昌市 Gansu
Gansu
8,927 1981-02-09 Carved out of Yongchang County (永昌县)

Jiuquan
Jiuquan
酒泉市 Gansu
Gansu
189,997 2002-06-18 Reorganized from Jiuquan
Jiuquan
Prefecture
Prefecture
(酒泉地区)

Lanzhou
Lanzhou
兰州市 Gansu
Gansu
13,083 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government

Longnan 陇南市 Gansu
Gansu
27,838 2004-01-11 Reorganized from Longnan Prefecture
Prefecture
(陇南地区)

Pingliang 平凉市 Gansu
Gansu
11,169 2002-06-02 Reorganized from Pingliang Prefecture
Prefecture
(平凉地区)

Qingyang 庆阳市 Gansu
Gansu
27,119 2002-06-22 Reorganized from Qingyang Prefecture
Prefecture
(庆阳地区)

Tianshui 天水市 Gansu
Gansu
14,431 1985-07-08 Reorganized from Tianshui Prefecture
Prefecture
(天水地区)

Wuwei 武威市 Gansu
Gansu
33,238 2001-05-09 Reorganized from Wuwei Prefecture
Prefecture
(武威地区)

Zhangye 张掖市 Gansu
Gansu
40,826 2002-03-01 Reorganized from Zhangye Prefecture
Prefecture
(张掖地区)

Chaozhou
Chaozhou
潮州市 Guangdong
Guangdong
3,098 1991-12-07 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)

Dongguan
Dongguan
东莞市 Guangdong
Guangdong
2,512 1988-01-07 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)

Foshan 佛山市 Guangdong
Guangdong
3,875 1975-11-22 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)

Guangzhou
Guangzhou
广州市 Guangdong
Guangdong
7,436 1954-06-19 Downgraded from municipality (直辖市)

Heyuan 河源市 Guangdong
Guangdong
15,644 1988-01-07 Upgraded from Heyuan County (河源县)

Huizhou 惠州市 Guangdong
Guangdong
11,159 1988-01-07 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)

Jiangmen 江门市 Guangdong
Guangdong
9,554 1975-11-22 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)

Jieyang 揭阳市 Guangdong
Guangdong
5,269 1991-12-07 Upgraded from Jieyang County (揭阳县)

Maoming 茂名市 Guangdong
Guangdong
11,345 1975-11-22 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)

Meizhou 梅州市 Guangdong
Guangdong
15,925 1988-01-07 Reorganized from Meixian Prefecture
Prefecture
(梅县地区)

Qingyuan 清远市 Guangdong
Guangdong
19,265 1988-01-07 Upgraded from Qingyuan County (清远县)

Shantou 汕头市 Guangdong
Guangdong
2,123 1975-11-22 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)

Shanwei 汕尾市 Guangdong
Guangdong
4,957 1988-01-07 Carved out of Haifeng County (海丰县)

Shaoguan 韶关市 Guangdong
Guangdong
18,398 1975-11-22 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)

Shenzhen
Shenzhen
深圳市 Guangdong
Guangdong
2,019.95 1979-03-05 Upgraded from Bao\'an County (宝安县)

Yangjiang 阳江市 Guangdong
Guangdong
8,006 1988-01-07 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)

Yunfu 云浮市 Guangdong
Guangdong
7,778 1994-04-05 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)

Zhanjiang 湛江市 Guangdong
Guangdong
11,692 1975-11-22 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)

Zhaoqing
Zhaoqing
肇庆市 Guangdong
Guangdong
15,006 1988-01-07 Reorganized from Zhaoqing
Zhaoqing
Prefecture
Prefecture
(肇庆地区)

Zhongshan
Zhongshan
中山市 Guangdong
Guangdong
1,770 1988-01-07 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)

Zhuhai
Zhuhai
珠海市 Guangdong
Guangdong
1,696 1979-03-05 Upgraded from Zhuhai
Zhuhai
County (珠海县)

Baise 百色市 Guangxi
Guangxi
36,206 2002-06-02 Reorganized from Baise Prefecture
Prefecture
(百色地区)

Beihai 北海市 Guangxi
Guangxi
3,337 1983-10-08 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)

Chongzuo 崇左市 Guangxi
Guangxi
17,331 2002-12-23 Reorganized from Nanning
Nanning
Prefecture
Prefecture
(南宁地区)

Fangchenggang 防城港市 Guangxi
Guangxi
6,227 1993-05-23 Upgraded from Fangcheng County (防城各族自治县)

Guigang 贵港市 Guangxi
Guangxi
10,596 1995-10-27 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)

Guilin
Guilin
桂林市 Guangxi
Guangxi
27,809 1961-11-25 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)

Hechi
Hechi
河池市 Guangxi
Guangxi
33,494 2002-06-18 Reorganized from Hechi
Hechi
Prefecture
Prefecture
(河池地区)

Hezhou 贺州市 Guangxi
Guangxi
11,855 2002-06-18 Reorganized from Hezhou Prefecture
Prefecture
(贺州地区)

Laibin 来宾市 Guangxi
Guangxi
13,386 2002-09-29 Reorganized from Liuzhou Prefecture
Prefecture
(柳州地区)

Liuzhou 柳州市 Guangxi
Guangxi
18,652 1961-11-25 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)

Nanning
Nanning
南宁市 Guangxi
Guangxi
22,341 1961-12-23 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)

Qinzhou 钦州市 Guangxi
Guangxi
10,783 1994-06-28 Reorganized from Qinzhou Prefecture
Prefecture
(钦州地区)

Wuzhou 梧州市 Guangxi
Guangxi
12,582 1961-11-25 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)

Yulin 玉林市 Guangxi
Guangxi
12,839 1997-04-22 Reorganized from Yulin Prefecture
Prefecture
(玉林地区)

Anshun 安顺市 Guizhou
Guizhou
9,269 2000-06-23 Reorganized from Anshun Prefecture
Prefecture
(安顺地区)

Bijie 毕节市 Guizhou
Guizhou
26,852 2011-10-22 Reorganized from Bijie Prefecture
Prefecture
(毕节地区)

Guiyang 贵阳市 Guizhou
Guizhou
8,035 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government

Liupanshui 六盘水市 Guizhou
Guizhou
9,914 1978-12-18 Reorganized from Liupanshui Prefecture
Prefecture
(六盘水地区)

Tongren 铜仁市 Guizhou
Guizhou
18,002 2011-10-22 Reorganized from Tongren Prefecture
Prefecture
(铜仁地区)

Zunyi 遵义市 Guizhou
Guizhou
30,750.41 1997-06-10 Reorganized from Zunyi Prefecture
Prefecture
(遵义地区)

Danzhou 儋州市 Hainan
Hainan
3,400 2015-02-19 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)

Haikou 海口市 Hainan
Hainan
2,315 1986-05-31 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)

Sansha 三沙市 Hainan
Hainan
13 2012-06-21 Upgraded from XNZ Islands Authority (西沙群岛、南沙群岛、中沙群岛办事处)

Sanya 三亚市 Hainan
Hainan
1,918 1987-11-20 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)

Baoding 保定市 Hebei 22,135 1983-11-15 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)

Cangzhou 沧州市 Hebei 13,488 1983-11-15 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)

Chengde 承德市 Hebei 39,719 1983-11-15 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)

Handan 邯郸市 Hebei 12,066.18 1983-11-15 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)

Hengshui 衡水市 Hebei 8,758 1996-05-31 Reorganized from Hengshui Prefecture
Prefecture
(衡水地区)

Langfang 廊坊市 Hebei 6,420 1988-09-13 Reorganized from Langfang Prefecture
Prefecture
(廊坊地区)

Qinhuangdao
Qinhuangdao
秦皇岛市 Hebei 7,813 1983-03-03 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)

Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
石家庄市 Hebei 14,530 1978-03-11 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)

Tangshan
Tangshan
唐山市 Hebei 13,829 1978-03-11 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)

Xingtai 邢台市 Hebei 12,143 1983-11-15 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)

Zhangjiakou 张家口市 Hebei 36,303 1983-11-15 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)

Daqing 大庆市 Heilongjiang 21,643 1965-12-28 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)

Harbin 哈尔滨市 Heilongjiang 53,186 1954-06-19 Downgraded from municipality (直辖市)

Hegang 鹤岗市 Heilongjiang 14,665 1966-02-08 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)

Heihe 黑河市 Heilongjiang 68,285 1993-02-08 Reorganized from Heihe Prefecture
Prefecture
(黑河地区)

Jiamusi 佳木斯市 Heilongjiang 32,470 1983-10-08 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)

Jixi 鸡西市 Heilongjiang 22,551 1966-02-08 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)

Mudanjiang 牡丹江市 Heilongjiang 38,827 1983-10-08 Reorganized from Mudanjiang Prefecture
Prefecture
(牡丹江地区)

Qiqihar 齐齐哈尔市 Heilongjiang 44,287 1964-01-15 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)

Qitaihe 七台河市 Heilongjiang 6,221 1983-10-08 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)

Shuangyashan 双鸭山市 Heilongjiang 22,802 1966-02-08 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)

Suihua
Suihua
绥化市 Heilongjiang 35,211 1999-12-28 Reorganized from Suihua
Suihua
Prefecture
Prefecture
(绥化地区)

Yichun 伊春市 Heilongjiang 32,800 1979-12-14 Reorganized from Yichun Prefecture
Prefecture
(伊春地区)

Anyang
Anyang
安阳市 Henan
Henan
7,355 1982-03-10 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)

Hebi 鹤壁市 Henan
Henan
2,299 1974-01-19 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)

Jiaozuo 焦作市 Henan
Henan
4,072 1974-01-19 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)

Kaifeng 开封市 Henan
Henan
6,247 1961-12-25 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)

Luohe 漯河市 Henan
Henan
2,617 1986-01-18 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)

Luoyang
Luoyang
洛阳市 Henan
Henan
15,492 1964-04-30 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)

Nanyang 南阳市 Henan
Henan
26,591 1994-07-01 Reorganized from Nanyang Prefecture
Prefecture
(南阳地区)

Pingdingshan 平顶山市 Henan
Henan
7,874 1969-03-15 Reorganized from Pingdingshan Prefecture
Prefecture
(平顶山特区)

Puyang 濮阳市 Henan
Henan
4,266 1983-09-01 Upgraded from Puyang County (濮阳县)

Sanmenxia 三门峡市 Henan
Henan
10,475 1986-01-18 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)

Shangqiu 商丘市 Henan
Henan
10,658 1997-06-10 Reorganized from Shangqiu Prefecture
Prefecture
(商丘地区)

Xinxiang 新乡市 Henan
Henan
8,629 1982-03-10 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)

Xinyang 信阳市 Henan
Henan
18,819 1998-06-09 Reorganized from Xinyang Prefecture
Prefecture
(信阳地区)

Xuchang 许昌市 Henan
Henan
4,977 1986-01-18 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)

Zhengzhou 郑州市 Henan
Henan
7,507 1949-10-01 Upgraded from Zheng County (郑县)

Zhoukou 周口市 Henan
Henan
11,968 2000-06-08 Reorganized from Zhoukou Prefecture
Prefecture
(周口地区)

Zhumadian 驻马店市 Henan
Henan
14,974 2000-06-08 Reorganized from Zhumadian Prefecture
Prefecture
(驻马店地区)

Ezhou
Ezhou
鄂州市 Hubei
Hubei
1,505 1983-08-19 Upgraded from Echeng (鄂城市) & Echeng County (鄂城县)

Huanggang 黄冈市 Hubei
Hubei
17,453 1995-12-23 Upgraded from Huanggang Prefecture
Prefecture
(黄冈地区)

Huangshi 黄石市 Hubei
Hubei
4,576 1950-08-30 Reorganized from Huangshi Special
Special
District (黄石特区)

Jingmen 荆门市 Hubei
Hubei
12,100 1983-08-19 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)

Jingzhou 荆州市 Hubei
Hubei
14,104 1994-09-29 Reorganized from Jingzhou Prefecture
Prefecture
(荆州地区) & Shashi (沙市市)

Shiyan 十堰市 Hubei
Hubei
23,698 1973-02-17 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)

Suizhou 随州市 Hubei
Hubei
9,636 2000-06-25 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)

Wuhan
Wuhan
武汉市 Hubei
Hubei
8,483 1954-06-19 Downgraded from municipality (直辖市)

Xiangyang 襄阳市 Hubei
Hubei
19,626 1979-06-21 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)

Xianning
Xianning
咸宁市 Hubei
Hubei
10,019 1998-12-06 Reorganized from Xianning
Xianning
Prefecture
Prefecture
(咸宁地区)

Xiaogan
Xiaogan
孝感市 Hubei
Hubei
8,941 1993-04-10 Reorganized from Xiaogan
Xiaogan
Prefecture
Prefecture
(孝感地区)

Yichang 宜昌市 Hubei
Hubei
21,081 1979-06-21 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)

Changde 常德市 Hunan 18,190 1988-01-23 Reorganized from Changde Prefecture
Prefecture
(常德地区)

Changsha
Changsha
长沙市 Hunan 11,816 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government

Chenzhou 郴州市 Hunan 19,342 1994-12-17 Reorganized from Chenzhou Prefecture
Prefecture
(郴州地区)

Hengyang 衡阳市 Hunan 15,300 1980-02-20 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)

Huaihua 怀化市 Hunan 27,573 1997-11-29 Reorganized from Huaihua Prefecture
Prefecture
(怀化地区)

Loudi 娄底市 Hunan 8,110 1999-01-20 Reorganized from Loudi Prefecture
Prefecture
(娄底地区)

Shaoyang 邵阳市 Hunan 20,822 1980-02-20 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)

Xiangtan 湘潭市 Hunan 5,005 1980-02-20 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)

Yiyang 益阳市 Hunan 12,320 1994-03-07 Reorganized from Yiyang Prefecture
Prefecture
(益阳地区)

Yongzhou 永州市 Hunan 22,259 1995-11-21 Reorganized from Lingling Prefecture
Prefecture
(零陵地区)

Yueyang 岳阳市 Hunan 14,858 1983-02-08 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)

Zhangjiajie
Zhangjiajie
张家界市 Hunan 9,534 1988-05-18 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)

Zhuzhou
Zhuzhou
株洲市 Hunan 11,248 1956-11-30 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)

Baotou 包头市 Inner Mongolia 27,652 1950-02-13 Inherited from Nationalist government

Bayannur 巴彦淖尔市 Inner Mongolia 66,263 2003-12-01 Reorganized from Bayannur League (巴彦淖尔盟)

Chifeng
Chifeng
赤峰市 Inner Mongolia 90,064 1983-10-10 Reorganized from Ju\'ud League (昭乌达盟)

Hohhot 呼和浩特市 Inner Mongolia 17,344 1950-01-18 Inherited from Nationalist government

Hulunbuir 呼伦贝尔市 Inner Mongolia 262,062 2001-10-10 Reorganized from Hulunbuir League (呼伦贝尔盟)

Ordos 鄂尔多斯市 Inner Mongolia 86,873.55 2001-02-26 Reorganized from Ihju League (伊克昭盟)

Tongliao 通辽市 Inner Mongolia 59,364 1999-01-13 Reorganized from Jirem League (哲里木盟)

Ulanqab 乌兰察布市 Inner Mongolia 54,795 2003-12-01 Reorganized from Ulanqab League (乌兰察布盟)

Wuhai 乌海市 Inner Mongolia 1,754 1975-08-30 Merger of Wuda (乌达市) & Haibowan (海勃湾市) cities

Changzhou
Changzhou
常州市 Jiangsu
Jiangsu
4,374 1962-06-25 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)

Huai\'an 淮安市 Jiangsu
Jiangsu
10,047 1983-01-18 Reorganized from Huaiyin Prefecture
Prefecture
(淮阴地区)

Lianyungang 连云港市 Jiangsu
Jiangsu
7,614 1962-06-25 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)

Nanjing
Nanjing
南京市 Jiangsu
Jiangsu
6,586 1953-12-17 Downgraded from municipality (直辖市)

Nantong 南通市 Jiangsu
Jiangsu
8,001 1962-06-25 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)

Suqian 宿迁市 Jiangsu
Jiangsu
8,462 1996-07-19 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)

Suzhou 苏州市 Jiangsu
Jiangsu
8,488 1962-06-25 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)

Taizhou 泰州市 Jiangsu
Jiangsu
5,788 1996-07-19 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)

Wuxi
Wuxi
无锡市 Jiangsu
Jiangsu
4,628 1949-10-01 Carved out of Wuxi
Wuxi
County (无锡县)

Xuzhou 徐州市 Jiangsu
Jiangsu
11,258 1962-06-25 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)

Yancheng 盐城市 Jiangsu
Jiangsu
16,972 1983-01-18 Reorganized from Yancheng Prefecture
Prefecture
(盐城地区)

Yangzhou
Yangzhou
扬州市 Jiangsu
Jiangsu
6,592 1983-01-18 Reorganized from Yangzhou
Yangzhou
Prefecture
Prefecture
(扬州地区)

Zhenjiang 镇江市 Jiangsu
Jiangsu
3,847 1983-01-18 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)

Fuzhou
Fuzhou
抚州市 Jiangxi 18,817 2000-06-23 Reorganized from Fuzhou
Fuzhou
Prefecture
Prefecture
(抚州地区)

Ganzhou 赣州市 Jiangxi 39,379 1998-12-24 Reorganized from Ganzhou Prefecture
Prefecture
(赣州地区)

Ji\'an 吉安市 Jiangxi 25,341 2000-05-11 Reorganized from Ji\'an Prefecture
Prefecture
(吉安地区)

Jingdezhen
Jingdezhen
景德镇市 Jiangxi 5,270 1953-06-15 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)

Jiujiang 九江市 Jiangxi 18,823 1980-03-28 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)

Nanchang 南昌市 Jiangxi 7,402 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government

Pingxiang 萍乡市 Jiangxi 3,802 1970-03-10 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)

Shangrao 上饶市 Jiangxi 22,791 2000-06-23 Reorganized from Shangrao Prefecture
Prefecture
(上饶地区)

Xinyu 新余市 Jiangxi 3,178 1983-07-27 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)

Yichun 宜春市 Jiangxi 18,707 2000-05-22 Reorganized from Yichun Prefecture
Prefecture
(宜春地区)

Yingtan 鹰潭市 Jiangxi 3,554 1983-07-27 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)

Baicheng 白城市 Jilin
Jilin
25,683 1993-06-14 Reorganized from Baicheng Prefecture
Prefecture
(白城地区)

Baishan 白山市 Jilin
Jilin
17,485 1985-02-04 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)

Changchun
Changchun
长春市 Jilin
Jilin
20,565 1954-06-19 Downgraded from municipality (直辖市)

Jilin
Jilin
吉林市 Jilin
Jilin
27,722 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government

Liaoyuan 辽源市 Jilin
Jilin
5,125 1983-08-30 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)

Siping 四平市 Jilin
Jilin
14,323 1983-08-30 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)

Songyuan 松原市 Jilin
Jilin
20,159 1992-06-06 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)

Tonghua 通化市 Jilin
Jilin
15,698 1985-02-04 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)

Anshan 鞍山市 Liaoning
Liaoning
9,252 1954-06-19 Downgraded from municipality (直辖市)

Benxi
Benxi
本溪市 Liaoning
Liaoning
8,413 1954-06-19 Downgraded from municipality (直辖市)

Chaoyang 朝阳市 Liaoning
Liaoning
19,736 1984-06-30 Reorganized from Chaoyang Prefecture
Prefecture
(朝阳地区)

Dalian
Dalian
大连市 Liaoning
Liaoning
13,238 1954-06-19 Downgraded from municipality (直辖市)

Dandong 丹东市 Liaoning
Liaoning
15,030 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government

Fushun 抚顺市 Liaoning
Liaoning
11,344 1954-06-19 Downgraded from municipality (直辖市)

Fuxin 阜新市 Liaoning
Liaoning
10,445 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government

Huludao 葫芦岛市 Liaoning
Liaoning
10,434 1989-06-12 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)

Jinzhou
Jinzhou
锦州市 Liaoning
Liaoning
10,059 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government

Liaoyang 辽阳市 Liaoning
Liaoning
4,741 1965-12-27 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)

Panjin
Panjin
盘锦市 Liaoning
Liaoning
4,121 1984-06-05 Upgraded from Panshan County (盘山县)

Shenyang
Shenyang
沈阳市 Liaoning
Liaoning
12,980 1954-06-19 Downgraded from municipality (直辖市)

Tieling 铁岭市 Liaoning
Liaoning
13,029 1984-06-30 Reorganized from Tieling Prefecture
Prefecture
(铁岭地区)

Yingkou 营口市 Liaoning
Liaoning
5,262 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government

Guyuan 固原市 Ningxia
Ningxia
13,450 2001-07-07 Reorganized from Guyuan Prefecture
Prefecture
(固原地区)

Shizuishan 石嘴山市 Ningxia
Ningxia
5,208 1975-11-23 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)

Wuzhong 吴忠市 Ningxia
Ningxia
21,420 1998-05-11 Reorganized from Yinnan Prefecture
Prefecture
(银南地区)

Yinchuan
Yinchuan
银川市 Ningxia
Ningxia
8,874 1958-08-11 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)

Zhongwei 中卫市 Ningxia
Ningxia
17,448 2003-12-31 Upgraded from Zhongwei County (中卫县)

Haidong 海东市 Qinghai 13,202 2013-02-08 Reorganized from Haidong Prefecture
Prefecture
(海东地区)

Xining 西宁市 Qinghai 7,679 1956-07-14 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)

Ankang 安康市 Shaanxi
Shaanxi
23,535 2000-06-23 Reorganized from Ankang Prefecture
Prefecture
(安康地区)

Baoji 宝鸡市 Shaanxi
Shaanxi
18,162 1971-10-05 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)

Hanzhong 汉中市 Shaanxi
Shaanxi
27,093 1996-02-21 Reorganized from Hanzhong Prefecture
Prefecture
(汉中地区)

Shangluo 商洛市 Shaanxi
Shaanxi
19,581 2001-08-31 Reorganized from Shangluo Prefecture
Prefecture
(商洛地区)

Tongchuan 铜川市 Shaanxi
Shaanxi
3,881 1966-06-24 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)

Weinan 渭南市 Shaanxi
Shaanxi
13,033 1994-12-17 Reorganized from Weinan Prefecture
Prefecture
(渭南地区)

Xi\'an 西安市 Shaanxi
Shaanxi
10,106 1954-06-19 Downgraded from municipality (直辖市)

Xianyang 咸阳市 Shaanxi
Shaanxi
10,283 1983-09-09 Reorganized from Xianyang Prefecture
Prefecture
(咸阳地区)

Yan\'an 延安市 Shaanxi
Shaanxi
37,032 1996-11-05 Reorganized from Yan\'an Prefecture
Prefecture
(延安地区)

Yulin 榆林市 Shaanxi
Shaanxi
42,923 1999-12-05 Reorganized from Yulin Prefecture
Prefecture
(榆林地区)

Binzhou 滨州市 Shandong
Shandong
9,156 2000-06-10 Reorganized from Binzhou Prefecture
Prefecture
(滨州地区)

Dezhou 德州市 Shandong
Shandong
10,361 1994-12-17 Reorganized from Dezhou Prefecture
Prefecture
(德州地区)

Dongying 东营市 Shandong
Shandong
8,617 1982-11-10 Carved out of Huimin Prefecture
Prefecture
(惠民地区)

Heze 菏泽市 Shandong
Shandong
12,256 2000-06-23 Reorganized from Heze Prefecture
Prefecture
(菏泽地区)

Jinan
Jinan
济南市 Shandong
Shandong
8,177 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government

Jining 济宁市 Shandong
Shandong
11,191 1983-08-30 Reorganized from Jining Prefecture
Prefecture
(济宁地区)

Laiwu 莱芜市 Shandong
Shandong
2,246 1992-11-22 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)

Liaocheng 聊城市 Shandong
Shandong
8,721 1997-08-29 Reorganized from Liaocheng Prefecture
Prefecture
(聊城地区)

Linyi 临沂市 Shandong
Shandong
17,192 1994-12-17 Reorganized from Linyi Prefecture
Prefecture
(临沂地区)

Qingdao
Qingdao
青岛市 Shandong
Shandong
11,064 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government

Rizhao 日照市 Shandong
Shandong
5,359 1989-06-12 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)

Tai\'an 泰安市 Shandong
Shandong
7,762 1985-03-27 Reorganized from Tai\'an Prefecture
Prefecture
(泰安地区)

Weifang 潍坊市 Shandong
Shandong
16,138 1983-08-30 Reorganized from Weifang Prefecture
Prefecture
(潍坊地区)

Weihai
Weihai
威海市 Shandong
Shandong
5,797 1987-06-15 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)

Yantai 烟台市 Shandong
Shandong
13,654 1983-08-30 Reorganized from Yantai Prefecture
Prefecture
(烟台地区)

Zaozhuang
Zaozhuang
枣庄市 Shandong
Shandong
4,564 1961-09-12 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)

Zibo
Zibo
淄博市 Shandong
Shandong
5,964 1961-09-12 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)

Changzhi
Changzhi
长治市 Shanxi
Shanxi
13,945 1975-07-09 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)

Datong 大同市 Shanxi
Shanxi
14,056 1972-03-09 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)

Jincheng 晋城市 Shanxi
Shanxi
9,425 1985-04-30 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)

Jinzhong 晋中市 Shanxi
Shanxi
16,391 1999-09-24 Reorganized from Jinzhong Prefecture
Prefecture
(晋中地区)

Linfen
Linfen
临汾市 Shanxi
Shanxi
20,301 2000-06-23 Reorganized from Linfen
Linfen
Prefecture
Prefecture
(临汾地区)

Lüliang 吕梁市 Shanxi
Shanxi
21,140 2003-10-23 Reorganized from Lüliang Prefecture
Prefecture
(吕梁地区)

Shuozhou 朔州市 Shanxi
Shanxi
10,626 1988-03-24 Upgraded from Shuo County (朔县) vertical-align: top;">

* Administrative divisions of China * Provincial city * List of prefectures in China
China
* Top prefecture-level cities by GDP * Top prefecture-level cities by GDP per capita * List of cities in China
China
by population * List of cities in China
China
* List of twin towns and sister cities in China
China

* List of capitals in China * Sub-provincial divisions in Mainland China
China
* List of urban agglomerations in China
China
* Sub-provincial divisions in China
China
* Global city
Global city

REFERENCES

* ^ China\'s Politic

.