HOME
The Info List - Pre-Tridentine Mass


--- Advertisement ---



Pre- Tridentine Mass
Tridentine Mass
refers to the variants of the liturgical rite of Mass in Rome before 1570, when, with his bull Quo primum, Pope Pius V made the Roman Missal, as revised by him, obligatory throughout the Latin-Rite or Western Church, except for those places and congregations whose distinct rites could demonstrate an antiquity of two hundred years or more.[1] The Pope made this revision of the Roman Missal, which included the introduction of the Prayers at the Foot of the Altar and the addition of all that in his Missal follows the Ite missa est, at the request of Council of Trent
Council of Trent
(1545–63), presented to his predecessor at its final session.[2] Outside Rome before 1570, many other liturgical rites were in use, not only in the East, but also in the West. Some Western rites, such as the Mozarabic Rite, were unrelated to the Roman Rite
Roman Rite
which Pope Pius V revised and ordered to be adopted generally, and even areas that had accepted the Roman rite had introduced changes and additions. As a result, every ecclesiastical province and almost every diocese had its local use, such as the Use of Sarum, the Use of York and the Use of Hereford in England. In France
France
there were strong traces of the Gallican Rite. With the exception of the relatively few places where no form of the Roman Rite
Roman Rite
had ever been adopted, the Canon of the Mass remained generally uniform, but the prayers in the "Ordo Missae", and still more the "Proprium Sanctorum" and the "Proprium de Tempore", varied widely.[3]

Contents

1 Earliest accounts 2 Early changes 3 Middle Ages 4 Comparison of the Mass, c. 400 and 1000 AD 5 See also 6 References 7 Bibliography 8 External links

8.1 Scholarly works 8.2 Roman Missal
Roman Missal
before 1570 and precedents 8.3 Pre-1570 Missals used outside Rome by local variants of Roman Rite 8.4 Media on variants of Roman Rite
Roman Rite
outside Rome

Earliest accounts[edit] The earliest surviving account of the celebration of the Eucharist
Eucharist
or the Mass in Rome is that of Saint Justin Martyr
Justin Martyr
(died c. 165), in chapter 67 of his First Apology:[4]

On the day called Sunday, all who live in cities or in the country gather together to one place, and the memoirs of the apostles or the writings of the prophets are read, as long as time permits; then, when the reader has ceased, the president verbally instructs, and exhorts to the imitation of these good things. Then we all rise together and pray, and, as we before said, when our prayer is ended, bread and wine and water are brought, and the president in like manner offers prayers and thanksgivings, according to his ability, and the people assent, saying Amen; and there is a distribution to each, and a participation of that over which thanks have been given, and to those who are absent a portion is sent by the deacons.

In chapter 65, Justin Martyr
Justin Martyr
says that the kiss of peace was given before the bread and the wine mixed with water were brought to "the president of the brethren". Many religious historians speculate the language used was Greek[citation needed], except in particular for the Hebrew word "Amen", whose meaning Justin explains in Greek (γένοιτο), saying that by it "all the people present express their assent" when the president of the brethren "has concluded the prayers and thanksgivings". Also, in Chapter 66 of Justin Martyr's First Apology, he describes the change (explained to be transubstantiation) which occurs on the altar: "For not as common bread nor common drink do we receive these; but since Jesus Christ our Saviour was made incarnate by the word of God and had both flesh and blood for our salvation, so too, as we have been taught, the food which has been made into the Eucharist
Eucharist
by the Eucharistic prayer
Eucharistic prayer
set down by him, and by the change of which our blood and flesh is nurtured, is both the flesh and the blood of that incarnated Jesus". ( First Apology 66:1–20 [AD 148]). The descriptions of the Mass liturgy in Rome by Hippolytus (died c. 235) and Novatian
Novatian
(died c. 250) are similar to Justin's. Early changes[edit] It is unclear when the language of the celebration changed from Greek to Latin. Pope Victor I
Pope Victor I
(190–202), may have been the first to use Latin in the liturgy in Rome. Others think Latin was finally adopted nearly a century later.[5] The change was probably gradual, with both languages being used for a while.[6] Before the pontificate of Pope Gregory I
Pope Gregory I
(590–604), the Roman Mass rite underwent many changes, including a "complete recasting of the Canon" (a term that in this context means the Anaphora or Eucharistic Prayer),[7] the number of Scripture readings was reduced, the prayers of the faithful were omitted (leaving, however, the "Oremus" that once introduced them), the kiss of peace was moved to after the Consecration, and there was a growing tendency to vary, in reference to the feast or season, the prayers, the Preface, and even the Canon. With regard to the Roman Canon of the Mass, the prayers beginning Te igitur, Memento Domine and Quam oblationem were already in use, even if not with quite the same wording as now, by the year 400; the Communicantes, the Hanc igitur, and the post-consecration Memento etiam and Nobis quoque were added in the fifth century.[8][9] Pope Gregory I
Pope Gregory I
made a general revision of the liturgy of the Mass, "removing many things, changing a few, adding some," as his biographer, John the Deacon, writes. He is credited with adding the words 'diesque nostros in tua pace disponas' to the Hanc igitur, and he placed the Lord's Prayer
Lord's Prayer
immediately after the Canon. Middle Ages[edit] Towards the end of the eighth century Charlemagne
Charlemagne
ordered the Roman rite of Mass to be used throughout his domains. However, some elements of the preceding Gallican rites were fused with it north of the Alps, and the resulting mixed rite was introduced into Rome under the influence of the emperors who succeeded Charlemagne. Gallican influence is responsible for the introduction into the Roman rite of dramatic and symbolic ceremonies such as the blessing of candles, ashes, palms, and much of the Holy Week
Holy Week
ritual.[10] The recitation of the Credo
Credo
(Nicene Creed) after the Gospel is attributed to the influence of Emperor Henry II (1002–24). Gallican influence explains the practice of incensing persons, introduced in the eleventh or twelfth century; "before that time incense was burned only during processions (the entrance and Gospel procession)."[11] Private prayers for the priest to say before Communion were another novelty. About the thirteenth century, an elaborate ritual and additional prayers of French origin were added to the Offertory, at which the only prayer that the priest in earlier times said was the Secret; these prayers varied considerably until fixed by Pope Pius V in 1570. Pope Pius V
Pope Pius V
also introduced the Prayers at the Foot of the Altar, previously said mostly in the sacristy or during the procession to the altar as part of the priest's preparation, and also for the first time formally admitted into the Mass all that follows the Ite missa est in his edition of the Roman Missal. Later editions of the Roman Missal
Roman Missal
abbreviated this part by omitting the Canticle of the Three Young Men and Psalm
Psalm
150, followed by other prayers, that in Pius V's edition the priest was to say while leaving the altar.[12] From 1474 until Pope Pius V's 1570 text, there were at least 14 different printings that purported to present the text of the Mass as celebrated in Rome, rather than elsewhere, and which therefore were published under the title of "Roman Missal". These were produced in Milan, Venice, Paris
Paris
and Lyon. Even these show variations. Local Missals, such as the Parisian Missal, of which at least 16 printed editions appeared between 1481 and 1738, showed more important differences.[13] The Roman Missal
Roman Missal
that Pope Pius V
Pope Pius V
issued at the request of the Council of Trent, gradually established uniformity within the Western Church after a period that had witnessed regional variations in the choice of Epistles, Gospels, and prayers at the Offertory, the Communion, and the beginning and end of Mass. With the exception of a few dioceses and religious orders, the use of this Missal was made obligatory, giving rise to the 400-year period when the Roman-Rite Mass took the form now known as the Tridentine Mass.

A Pontifical Sung Mass at the close of the Middle Ages or early Renaissance (15th century)

Comparison of the Mass, c. 400 and 1000 AD[edit]

c. 400 c. 1000

Mass of the Catechumens Fore-Mass

Introductory greeting Entrance ceremonies

Introit Kyrie Gloria in Excelsis Deo Collect

Lesson 1: the Prophets Responsorial psalm Lesson 2: Epistle Responsorial psalm

Lesson 3: Gospel Service of readings

Epistle Gradual Alleluia
Alleluia
or Tract Sequence (optional) Gospel

Sermon Sermon
Sermon
(optional)

Prayer Dismissal of the catechumens Credo "Oremus"

Communion of the Faithful Sacrifice-Mass

Offering of gifts

Prayer over the offerings Offertory
Offertory
rites

Offertory Prayers and Psalm
Psalm
25 Little Canon (optional) Secret

Eucharistic prayers

Eucharistic prayers

Preface Sanctus Canon

Communion rites

Psalm
Psalm
accompanying communion Prayer

Communion cycle

Pater noster Agnus Dei Communion Prayers Postcommunion

Dismissal of the faithful Ite, missa est
Ite, missa est
or Benedicamus Domino

Source: Hoppin, Richard (1977), Medieval Music, New York: Norton, pp. 119, 122 . See also[edit]

Roman Catholic Church Eucharist The Mass Tridentine Mass Mass of Paul VI Roman Missal Sarum rite Missale Aboense Use of York Stowe Missal Durham Rite

References[edit]

^ Ghislieri, Antonio Michele, Quo primum
Quo primum
(bull), Papal encyclicals, We decided to entrust this work to learned men of our selection. They very carefully collated all their work with the ancient codices in Our Vatican Library and with reliable, preserved or emended codices from elsewhere. Besides this, these men consulted the works of ancient and approved authors concerning the same sacred rites; and thus they have restored the Missal itself to the original form and rite of the holy Fathers. When this work has been gone over numerous times and further emended, after serious study and reflection, We commanded that the finished product be printed and published . ^ "Trent". American Catholic Truth Society. . ^ "Catholic Encyclopedia". New Advent. 1913.  Missing or empty url= (help); contribution= ignored (help). ^ "Fathers". New Advent. . ^ Mohrmann, Christine (1961–77), Études sur le latin des chrétiens [Studies on the Latin of the Christian], I, Rome: Edizioni di Storia e Letteratura, p. 54, The complete and definitive Latinization of the Roman liturgy seems to have happened toward the middle of the fourth century  ^ Plummer, Alfred (1985), Boudens, Robrecht, ed., Conversations with Dr. Döllinger 1870–1890, Leuven University Press, p. 13, The first Christians in Rome were chiefly people who came from the East and spoke Greek. The founding of Constantinople naturally drew such people thither rather than to Rome, and then Christianity at Rome began to spread among the Roman population, so that at last the bulk of the Christian population in Rome spoke Latin. Hence the change in the language of the liturgy. [...] The liturgy was said (in Latin) first in one church and then in more, until the Greek liturgy was driven out, and the clergy ceased to know Greek. About 415 or 420 we find a Pope saying that he is unable to answer a letter from some Eastern bishops, because he has no one who could write Greek . ^ " Liturgy
Liturgy
of the Mass", Catholic Encyclopedia, New advent, ...the Eucharistic prayer
Eucharistic prayer
was fundamentally changed and recast . ^ Jungmann, Josef Andreas, SJ (1949), Missarum Sollemnia - Eine genetische Erklärung der römischen Messe [Solemn mass — A genetic explanation of the Roman Mass] (in German), I, Vienna: Herder, pp. 70–71 . ^ Schmidt, Hermannus AP (1960), Introductio in Liturgiam Occidentalem [Introduction to Western liturgy] (in Latin), Rome-Freiburg-Barcelona: Herder, p. 352  ^ "The Franks Adopt the Roman Rite". Liturgica. Retrieved January 31, 2014.  ^ Fathers, New Advent  ^ Sodi & Triacca 1998, pp. 291–92. ^ Sodi & Triacca 1998, pp. XV–XVI.

Bibliography[edit]

Sodi, Manlio; Triacca, Achille Maria, eds. (1998). Missale Romanum [Roman missal] (in Latin) (Princeps ed.). Libreria Editrice Vaticana. ISBN 88-209-2547-8. 

External links[edit] Scholarly works[edit]

Atchley, E. G., Ordo Romanus Primus, Archive . Davies, Michael, A Short History of the Roman Mass, Sure server, archived from the original on 2011-08-19 , based on Adrian Fortescue's The Mass: A Study of the Roman Liturgy. Father Adrian Fortescue (1910), " Liturgy
Liturgy
of the Mass", Catholic Encyclopedia (study), New York: Robert Appleton  by a renowned liturgist. Duchesne, Louis (1903), McClure, ML, ed., Christian Worship: Its Origin and Evolution; a Study of the Latin Liturgy
Liturgy
Up to the Time of Charlemagne, Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge . John Wickham Legg (1904). Tracts on the Mass: includes two variants of the Ordinary of the Sarum Mass and a Pre-Tridentine variant of the Curial Use of the Roman Mass. Henry Bradshaw Society. 27. Harrison & Sons. . Metzinger, Joseph (2000), Early Western Liturgics, Liturgica . ——— (2000b), Gregorian Reforms, Liturgica : the liturgical reforms of Pope Gregory I
Pope Gregory I
in about 600. ——— (2000c), Carolingian Reforms, Liturgica : the liturgical reforms promoted by Charlemagne
Charlemagne
in about 800. Christopher Wordsworth (1898), Notes on Mediæval Services in England: With an Index of Lincoln Ceremonies, Thomas Baker : a discussion of the ceremonies of the medieval Church of Lincoln.

Roman Missal
Roman Missal
before 1570 and precedents[edit]

Feltoe, Charles Lett, ed. (1896), Sacramentarium Leonianum, Cambridge University Press . Lippe, Robert, ed. (1899) [1474], Missale romanum Mediolani, Henry Bradshaw Society, 33, Henry Bradshaw Society ; vol. 2. Wilson, Henry Austin, ed. (1894), "The Gelasian Sacramentary", Liber sacramentorum Romanae Ecclesiae, Clarendon . "The Ordo Missae of the 1474 Missale Romanum" (PDF). Argentine: Uncu. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 September 2007.  Ordo Romanus Primus, Archive . Missale Romanum Mediolani, 1474, Henry Bradshaw Society (snippets only) Manuscript missal of before 1225 in the Real Academia de la Historia, Spain (Biblioteca Digital)

Pre-1570 Missals used outside Rome by local variants of Roman Rite[edit]

l’Ecuy, Jean Baptiste (1782), Missale ad usum ordinis Praemonstratensis [Praemonstrian/Norbertine Missal], Nantes: H Hæner . George Hay Forbes, ed. (1882), Missale Drummondiense: The ancient Irish missal, in the possession of the baroness Willoughby de Eresby [Drummond Missal] (in Latin) . An Irish Missal differing slightly from other uses of the Roman rite because St. Patrick and St. Gregory the Great are commemorated in the Canon of the Mass. William George Henderson, ed. (1874). "Missale ad usum percelebris ecclesiae Herfordensis" [Missal for the use of the celebrated church of Hereford] (in Latin). McCorquodale. : the Hereford Missal. William George Henderson, ed. (1874). "Missale ad usum insignis Ecclesiæ Eboracensis" [Missal for the use of the illustrious York church] (in Latin). 1 (59). The Surtees Society. , Vol. 2 (60): the York Missal in Latin. John Wickham Legg, ed. (1891). "Missale Ad Usum Ecclesie Westmonasteriensis" [The Westminster Missal]. Henry Bradshaw Society (in Latin). 1. London: Harrison & Sons. , vol. 2. de Vintimille, Charles Gaspar William (1766). "Missale Parisiense" [The Paris
Paris
Missal] (in Latin). Paris. . Warren, Frederick Edward, ed. (1883), The Leofric missal, as used in the Cathedral of Exeter during the episcopate of its first bishop, AD 1050–1072: together with some account of the Red book of Derby, the Missal of Robert of Jumièges, and a few other early manuscript service books of the English church, Clarendon Press . With introd. and notes; another link. Synopsis Rituum [Summary of the rites] (PDF) (in Latin), All merciful Savior, 2004 : eight pre-Tridentine variants of the Roman Mass side by side with the Tridentine Mass
Tridentine Mass
for comparison. Ordo Missæ Lugdonensis [Ordinary of the Lyons Missal] (in Latin), FR: Civitas Dei, archived from the original on November 13, 2009 . Ordinary of the York Missal in English (PDF), Project Canterbury, archived (PDF) from the original on 12 January 2006 . Missale Cisterciense juxta Romani recogniti correctionem [Cistercian Missal with corrections recognised by Rome] (in Latin), Paris, FR: Cramoisy, Sebastien & Cramoisy, Gabrielis, 1657 . Missale Lugdunensis ecclesiae, primae Galliarum sedis: Sedulo recognitum, et hac postrema editione accentibus affectum [Lyons Missal, of the most proeminent French seat: revised, and corrected in this most recent edition] (in Latin), Lyon, FR: Pierre Rousselet, 1688 . Ordinary of the Nidaros Missal ( Google
Google
Blogger) ( World Wide Web
World Wide Web
log), Valleadurni, Feb 2012 . Missale Bracarense [Braga Missal] (PDF) (Ordo Missae and Canon) (in Latin), All merciful savior , Alternative link[permanent dead link]. Missale Coloniense [Cologne Missal] (PDF) (Ordo Missae and Canon) (in Latin), All merciful savior , Alternative link. Missale Ordinis Praedictorium [The Dominican Missal] (PDF) (Ordo Missae and Canon) (in Latin), AR: Uncu [dead link], Alternate link. Ordo Missae Carthusiensis [The Carthusian Missal] (PDF) (ordo missae & canon) (in Latin), AR: Uncu [dead link]. Missale ad usum insignis et praeclarae ecclesiae Sarum [Missal for the use of the exalted and illuminated church of Salisbury] (in Latin), Francis Henry Dickinson, 1883 : the Sarum Missal. Pearson, Albert Harford, ed. (1884), The Sarum Missal
Sarum Missal
in English (2 ed.) . Robert of Jumièges
Robert of Jumièges
(1896), Wilson, Henry Austin, ed., The Missal, Henry Bradshaw Society, 11, London: Henry Bradshaw Society . Hugh Jackson Lawlor, ed. (1899), The Rosslyn Missal: An Irish Manuscript in the Advocates' Library, Edinburgh, Henry Bradshaw Society, 15, Harrison & sons ; alternate edition. Warren, Frederick Edward, ed. (1879), The manuscript Irish Missal belonging to... Corpus Christi college, Oxford, Corpus Christi College (University of Oxford) Library . Compared with later Medieval English Usages of the Roman Mass. Olavus Petri; John III of Sweden (1920), Yelverton, Eric Esskildsen, ed., The Mass in Sweden: Its Development from the Latin Rite from 1531 to 1917, Henry Bradshaw Society, 57, Harrison & Sons . Contains the ordinary of the medieval Use of Uppsala, Sweden. Comments of Helge Fæhn on the characteristics of the medieval Use of Nidaros as found in the surviving missals of the Archdiocese of Nidaros.[citation needed]

Media on variants of Roman Rite
Roman Rite
outside Rome[edit]

A Mass according to the Pre-Tridentine Use of Slesvig, Denmark
Denmark
(now Germany) (video), DK: Liturgy . A Sarum-rite Mass celebrated by a Roman Catholic priest (YouTube) (video), Oxford: Google, 1997 . A Sarum-rite Mass for the Feast of Candlemas (video), Google . A celebration of Mass according to the Medieval Use of York (YouTube) (video), Google .

v t e

Sacraments, rites, and liturgies of the Catholic Church

Sacraments

Baptism Confirmation Eucharist Penance Anointing of the Sick Holy Orders Matrimony

Mass

Low Mass Missa Cantata Solemn Mass Pontifical High Mass Papal Mass

Canonical liturgical hours

Matins (nighttime) Lauds (early morning) Prime (first hour of daylight) Terce (third hour) Sext (noon) Nones (ninth hour) Vespers
Vespers
(sunset evening) Compline (end of the day)

Other liturgical services

Asperges Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament Exorcism Funeral

Requiem

Liturgy
Liturgy
of the Hours

Liturgical literature

Antiphonary Book of hours Breviary Gospel Book Gradual Lectionary Martyrology Psalter Roman Missal Roman Ritual Sacramentary

Liturgical rites

Latin

Ambrosian Rite Rite of Braga Mozarabic Rite Roman Rite

Mass of Paul VI Extraordinary form Anglican Use Zaire Use

Eastern

Alexandrian Rite Armenian Rite Antiochene Rite Byzantine Rite East Syriac Rite West Syriac Rite: Malankara Rite

Orders

Benedictine Rite Carmelite Rite Carthusian Rite Cistercian Rite Dominican Rite Norbertine Rite

Defunct rites and liturgies

African Rite Aquileian Rite Celtic Rite Durham Rite Gallican Rite Use of Hereford Missa Nautica Missa Sicca Missa Venatoria Pre-Tridentine Mass Use of York Sarum Rite

Catholicism portal

v t e

History of the Roman Rite
Roman Rite
Mass

Forms

Pre-Tridentine Mass Tridentine Mass
Tridentine Mass
(Extraordinary form) Mass of Paul VI
Mass of Paul VI
(Ordinary form)

Calendars

Tridentine Calendar General Roman Calendar
General Roman Calendar
of 1954 General Roman Calendar
General Roman Calendar
of Pope Pius XII General Roman Calendar
General Roman Calendar
of 1960 General Roman Calendar
General Roman Calendar
(current)

Catholicism portal

v t e

Structure of the Mass of the Roman Rite
Roman Rite
of the Catholic Church

Forms

Pre-Tridentine Mass Tridentine Mass

Extraordinary form

Mass of Paul VI

Types

Low Mass Missa Cantata Solemn Mass Pontifical High Mass Papal Mass Ritual Masses

Blue Mass Chapter and Conventual Mass Coronation Mass Nuptial Mass Red Mass Requiem
Requiem
Mass

sine populo Votive Mass

Order of Mass

Pre-Mass

Vesting prayers in the sacristy Asperges
Asperges
me

Vidi aquam in Eastertide

Liturgy
Liturgy
of the Word

Sign of the Cross Psalm
Psalm
43 Entrance Antiphon Penitential Rite

Confiteor
Confiteor
/ Kyrie

Gloria Dominus vobiscum Collect

Oremus

First Reading Responsorial Psalm
Psalm
or Gradual Epistle Alleluia

Gospel verse / sequence

Gospel Homily Credo

Niceno-Constantinopolitan Creed
Niceno-Constantinopolitan Creed
or Apostles' Creed

General Intercessions

Liturgy
Liturgy
of the Eucharist

Offertory

Orate fratres / prayer over the gifts

Preface

Sursum corda / Sanctus
Sanctus
/ Hosanna

Eucharistic Prayer/Canon of the Mass

oblation / epiclesis / Words of Institution
Words of Institution
/ elevation / anamnesis texts and rubrics Roman Canon

history

Eucharistic Prayer II

Memorial Acclamation Lord's Prayer

embolism / doxology

Pax Sign of peace Agnus Dei Fraction Holy Communion

Communion antiphon

Ablutions Postcommunion Dismissal

Ite, missa est
Ite, missa est
/ Benedicamus Domino

Last Gospel

Post-Mass

Leonine Prayers Recessional hymn

Participants

Acolyte Altar server

female

Bishop Boat boy Cantor Choir Crucifer Deacon Extraordinary minister of Holy Communion Laity

Eucharistic Congress

Lector Priest Subdeacon Usher

Parts of the Sanctuary / Altar

Altar crucifix Altar rails Ambo Communion bench Credence table Kneeler Lavabo Misericord Piscina Tabernacle

Altar cloths

Altar linens Antependium Burse Chalice veil Corporal Lavabo
Lavabo
towel Pall Purificator

Candles and lamps

Altar candle Altar candlestick Paschal candle Sanctuary lamp Triple candlestick Votive candle

Liturgical objects

Altar bell Aspergillum Censer Chalice Ciborium Collection basket Cruet Flabellum Funghellino Holy water Incense

use

Manuterge Paten Processional cross Pyx Sacramental bread

wafer

Sacramental wine
Sacramental wine
(or must) Thurible Water

Liturgical books of the Roman Rite

Ceremonial of Bishops Evangeliary

Gospel Book

Graduale Lectionary Roman Missal

Vestments

Alb Amice Chasuble Dalmatic Episcopal sandals Liturgical colours Headcover Humeral veil Pallium Pontifical Stole Surplice Tunicle Vimpa

Liturgical year (Roman Calendar)

Advent Christmastide Ordinary Time Septuagesima Lent Passiontide Holy Week

Paschal Triduum

Eastertide Ascensiontide

Eucharistic discipline

Abstemius Anima Christi Concelebration Church etiquette Closed communion Communion and the developmentally disabled Communion under both kinds Denial of Communion

Canon 915

Eucharistic fast First Communion Frequent Communion Genuflection Host desecration Infant communion Intinction Reserved sacrament Thanksgiving after Communion Viaticum

Eucharistic theology

Body and Blood of Christ Corpus Christi (feast) Crucifixion of Jesus
Crucifixion of Jesus
and substitutionary atonement Epiousios Grace ex opere operato In persona Christi Historical roots of Catholic Eucharistic theology Koinonia Last Supper Mirae caritatis Mysterium fidei (encyclical) Origin of the Eucharist Real presence Transubstantiation Year of the Eucharist Stercoranism

Regulations and concepts

Ad orientem
Ad orientem
and versus populum Calendar of saints Canon law Code of Rubrics Commemoration Ecclesiastical Latin General Instruction of the Roman Missal Holy day of obligation Intercession of saints Ordinary and propers Pro multis Sunday

Lord's Day

Vernacular

Related

Agape feast Catholic liturgy Christian prayer

effects of prayer

Congregation for Divine Worship Council of Trent Ecclesia de Eucharistia Eucharistic adoration
Eucharistic adoration
and benediction

Dominicae Cenae
Dominicae Cenae
/ Holy Hour

Eucharistic miracle Fermentum Fourth Council of the Lateran Gelineau psalmody Gregorian chant History of the Roman Canon Lex orandi, lex credendi Liturgical Movement Liturgical reforms of Pope Pius XII Mediator Dei Missale Romanum (apostolic constitution) Pope Paul VI Catholic theology Sacraments of the Catholic Church Second Vatican Council

Sacrosanctum Concilium

Summorum Pontificum Tra le sollecitudini

.