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The Info List - Pre-Pottery Neolithic


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farming, animal husbandry pottery, metallurgy, wheel circular ditches, henges, megaliths Neolithic
Neolithic
religion

↓ Chalcolithic

The Pre- Pottery
Pottery
Neolithic
Neolithic
(PPN, around 8500-5500 BCE)[2] represents the early Neolithic
Neolithic
in the Levantine and upper Mesopotamian region of the Fertile Crescent. It succeeds the Natufian culture
Natufian culture
of the Epipaleolithic
Epipaleolithic
(Mesolithic), as the domestication of plants and animals was in its formative stages, having possibly been induced by the Younger Dryas. The Pre- Pottery
Pottery
Neolithic
Neolithic
culture came to an end around the time of the 8.2 kiloyear event, a cool spell centred on 6200 BCE that lasted several hundred years.

Contents

1 Pre- Pottery
Pottery
Neolithic
Neolithic
A 2 Pre- Pottery
Pottery
Neolithic
Neolithic
B 3 Pre- Pottery
Pottery
Neolithic
Neolithic
C 4 See also 5 References 6 Further reading

Pre- Pottery
Pottery
Neolithic
Neolithic
A[edit] Main article: Pre- Pottery
Pottery
Neolithic
Neolithic
A The Pre- Pottery
Pottery
Neolithic
Neolithic
is divided into Pre- Pottery
Pottery
Neolithic
Neolithic
A ( PPNA
PPNA
8500 BCE - 7600 BCE) and the following Pre- Pottery
Pottery
Neolithic
Neolithic
B (PPNB 7600 BCE - 6000 BCE).[3] These were originally defined by Kathleen Kenyon
Kathleen Kenyon
in the type site of Jericho
Jericho
(Palestine). The Pre- Pottery
Pottery
Neolithic
Neolithic
precedes the ceramic Neolithic
Neolithic
(Yarmukian). At 'Ain Ghazal
'Ain Ghazal
in Jordan
Jordan
the culture continued a few more centuries as the so-called Pre- Pottery
Pottery
Neolithic
Neolithic
C culture. Around 8000 BCE during the Pre- Pottery
Pottery
Neolithic
Neolithic
A (PPNA) the world's first town Jericho
Jericho
appeared in the Levant. Pre- Pottery
Pottery
Neolithic
Neolithic
B[edit] Main article: Pre- Pottery
Pottery
Neolithic
Neolithic
B PPNB differed from PPNA
PPNA
in showing greater use of domesticated animals, a different set of tools, and new architectural styles. Pre- Pottery
Pottery
Neolithic
Neolithic
C[edit] Work at the site of 'Ain Ghazal
'Ain Ghazal
in Jordan
Jordan
has indicated a later Pre- Pottery
Pottery
Neolithic
Neolithic
C period. Juris Zarins has proposed that a Circum Arabian Nomadic Pastoral Complex developed in the period from the climatic crisis of 6200 BCE, partly as a result of an increasing emphasis in PPNB cultures upon domesticated animals, and a fusion with Harifian hunter gatherers in the Southern Levant, with affiliate connections with the cultures of Fayyum
Fayyum
and the Eastern Desert
Eastern Desert
of Egypt. Cultures practicing this lifestyle spread down the Red Sea shoreline and moved east from Syria
Syria
into southern Iraq.[4] See also[edit]

Pre-history of the Southern Levant History of pottery in the Southern Levant

References[edit]

^ Diamond, J.; Bellwood, P. (2003). "Farmers and Their Languages: The First Expansions". Science. 300 (5619): 597–603. Bibcode:2003Sci...300..597D. doi:10.1126/science.1078208. PMID 12714734.  ^ Richard, Suzanne Near Eastern archaeology Eisenbrauns; illustrated edition (1 Aug 2004) ISBN 978-1-57506-083-5 p.244 [1] ^ Richard, Suzanne Near Eastern archaeology Eisenbrauns; illustrated edition (1 Aug 2004) ISBN 978-1-57506-083-5 p.244 [2] ^ Zarins, Juris (1992) "Pastoral Nomadism in Arabia: Ethnoarchaeology and the Archaeological Record," in Ofer Bar-Yosef
Ofer Bar-Yosef
and A. Khazanov, eds. "Pastoralism in the Levant"

Further reading[edit]

Ofer Bar-Yosef, The PPNA
PPNA
in the Levant
Levant
– an overview. Paléorient 15/1, 1989, 57-63. J. Cauvin, Naissance des divinités, Naissance de l’agriculture. La révolution des symboles au Néolithique (CNRS 1994). Translation (T. Watkins) The birth of the gods and the origins of agriculture (Cambridge 2000).

v t e

Prehistoric technology

Prehistory

timeline outline Stone Age subdivisions New Stone Age

Technology

history

Tools

Farming

Neolithic
Neolithic
Revolution

founder crops New World crops

Ard / plough Celt Digging stick Domestication Goad Irrigation Secondary products Sickle Terracing

Food processing

Fire Basket Cooking

Earth oven

Granaries Grinding slab Ground stone Hearth

Aşıklı Höyük Qesem Cave

Manos Metate Mortar and pestle Pottery Quern-stone Storage pit

Hunting

Arrow Boomerang

throwing stick

Bow and arrow

history

Nets Spear

Spear-thrower baton harpoon woomera Schöningen Spears

Projectile points

Arrowhead Bare Island Cascade Clovis Cresswell Cumberland Eden Folsom Lamoka Manis Site Plano Transverse arrowhead

Systems

Game drive system

Buffalo jump

Toolmaking

Earliest toolmaking

Oldowan Acheulean Mousterian

Clovis culture Cupstone Fire hardening Gravettian
Gravettian
culture Hafting Hand axe

Grooves

Langdale axe industry Levallois technique Lithic core Lithic reduction

analysis debitage flake

Lithic technology Magdalenian
Magdalenian
culture Metallurgy Microblade technology Mining Prepared-core technique Solutrean
Solutrean
industry Striking platform Tool stone Uniface Yubetsu technique

Other tools

Adze Awl

bone

Axe Bannerstone Blade

prismatic

Bone tool Bow drill Burin Canoe

Oar Pesse canoe

Chopper

tool

Cleaver Denticulate tool Fire plough Fire-saw Hammerstone Knife Microlith Quern-stone Racloir Rope Scraper

side

Stone tool Tally stick Weapons Wheel

illustration

Architecture

Ceremonial

Göbekli Tepe Kiva Standing stones

megalith row Stonehenge

Pyramid

Dwellings

Neolithic
Neolithic
architecture British megalith architecture Nordic megalith architecture Burdei Cave Cliff dwelling Dugout Hut

Quiggly hole

Jacal Longhouse Mud brick

Mehrgarh

Neolithic
Neolithic
long house Pit-house Pueblitos Pueblo Rock shelter

Blombos Cave Abri de la Madeleine Sibudu Cave

Stone roof Roundhouse Stilt house

Alp pile dwellings

Wattle and daub

Water management

Check dam Cistern Flush toilet Reservoir Water well

Other architecture

Archaeological features Broch Burnt mound

fulacht fiadh

Causewayed enclosure

Tor enclosure

Circular enclosure

Goseck

Cursus Henge

Thornborough

Oldest buildings Megalithic architectural elements Midden Timber circle Timber trackway

Sweet Track

Arts and culture

Material goods

Baskets Beadwork Beds Chalcolithic Clothing/textiles

timeline

Cosmetics Glue Hides

shoes Ötzi

Jewelry

amber use

Mirrors Pottery

Cardium Grooved ware Linear Jōmon Unstan ware

Sewing needle Weaving Wine

Winery wine press

PrehistArt

Art of the Upper Paleolithic Art of the Middle Paleolithic

Blombos Cave

List of Stone Age
Stone Age
art Bird stone Bradshaw rock paintings Cairn Carved Stone Balls Cave
Cave
paintings

painting pigment

Cup and ring mark Geoglyph Golden hats Guardian stones Megalithic art Petroform Petroglyph Petrosomatoglyph Pictogram Rock art

Stone carving

Sculpture Statue menhir Stone circle

list British Isles and Brittany

Venus figurines

Burial

Burial mounds

Bowl barrow Round barrow

Mound Builders
Mound Builders
culture

U.S. sites

Chamber tomb

Severn-Cotswold

Cist

Dartmoor kistvaens

Clava cairn Court tomb Cremation Dolmen

Great dolmen

Funeral pyre Gallery grave

transepted wedge-shaped

Grave goods Jar burial Long barrow

unchambered Grønsalen

Megalithic tomb Mummy Passage grave Rectangular dolmen Ring cairn Simple dolmen Stone box grave Tor cairn Tumulus Unchambered long cairn

Other cultural

Astronomy

sites lunar calendar

Behavioral modernity Origin of language

trepanning

Prehistoric medicine Evolutionary musicology

music archaeology

Prehistoric music

Alligator drum flutes Divje Babe flute gudi

Prehistoric numerals Origin of religion

Paleolithic religion Prehistoric religion Spiritual drug use

Prehistoric warfare Symbo

.