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Pravdinsk
Pravdinsk
(Russian:  Пра́вдинск​ (help·info)), prior to 1946 known by its German name Friedland (Lithuanian: Romuva; Polish: Frydląd) is a town and the administrative center of Pravdinsky District
Pravdinsky District
in Kaliningrad
Kaliningrad
Oblast, Russia, located on the Lava River, approximately 30 kilometers (19 mi) east of Bagrationovsk and 53 kilometers (33 mi) southeast of Kaliningrad, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 4,323 (2010 Census);[4] 4,480 (2002 Census);[8] 4,143 (1989 Census).[9]

Contents

1 History 2 Administrative and municipal status 3 Religion 4 Notable people 5 International relations 6 References

6.1 Notes 6.2 Sources

History[edit] Pravdinsk
Pravdinsk
was founded in 1312 at a ford across the Lava River after the local Natangian tribe in Prussia was subdued by the Teutonic Knights, and received town privileges in 1335 under Grand Master Luther von Braunschweig.[citation needed][6] Now known by its German language name Friedland ("peaceful land"), the town was devastated during the Thirteen Years' War between the Teutonic Order and the Prussian Confederation. Friedland became a part of the Duchy of Prussia after the secularization of the State of the Teutonic Order
State of the Teutonic Order
in 1525. Under the ruling Hohenzollern dynasty, Friedland became a part of Brandenburg-Prussia
Brandenburg-Prussia
in 1618, and was again damaged by Swedish troops in the course of the Second Northern War
Second Northern War
1655-1660. Friedland belonged to the Kingdom of Prussia
Kingdom of Prussia
from 1701, and during the Napoleonic Wars
Napoleonic Wars
on June 14, 1807, Napoleon's French army won the nearby Battle of Friedland
Battle of Friedland
against a combined Russian-Prussian army. The town became part of the German Empire
German Empire
in 1871, during the Prussian-led unification of Germany. During World War II, Friedland was conquered by the Red Army
Red Army
on January 31, 1945 as part of the Soviet invasion of Germany. At the time Friedland belonged to Landkreis
Landkreis
Bartenstein in the province of East Prussia, which was transferred from Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
to the Soviet Union according to the 1945 Potsdam Agreement. The German population fled or was expelled, and East Prussia
East Prussia
was divided between the Soviet Union and the People's Republic of Poland, with Friedland belonging to the portion organized into Kaliningrad Oblast
Kaliningrad Oblast
of the Russian SFSR. The town was made the administrative center of Fridlyandsky District under the name Fridlyand, but were renamed Pravdinsk
Pravdinsk
and Pravdinsky District in 1946.[6] Administrative and municipal status[edit] Within the framework of administrative divisions, Pravdinsk
Pravdinsk
serves as the administrative center of Pravdinsky District.[2] As an administrative division, it is, together with thirty-two rural localities, incorporated within Pravdinsky District
Pravdinsky District
as the town of district significance of Pravdinsk.[2] Within the framework of municipal divisions, since May 5, 2015, the territories of the town of district significance of Pravdinsk, the urban-type settlement of district significance of Zheleznodorozhny, and of two rural okrugs of Pravdinsky District
Pravdinsky District
are incorporated as Pravdinsky Urban Okrug.[3] Before that, the town of district significance was incorporated within Pravdinsky Municipal District as Pravdinskoye Urban Settlement.[3] Religion[edit]

The St. George Church in Pravdinsk

The Late Gothic church of St. George in the town center is well preserved and today used by the Moscow Patriarchate. Pravdinsk
Pravdinsk
is identified in some historical accounts[citation needed] with Romuva, said to be the center of Baltic paganism. The Lithuanian name for Pravdinsk
Pravdinsk
is Romuva, and this was most likely its name in Old Prussian as well. Whether Romuva was in fact associated with Baltic paganism is disputed, however, as it has been suggested that this belief started when early Christian chroniclers were confused by the similarity between "Romuva" and "Rome", and by their own unwarranted assumption that Baltic paganism should resemble Roman paganism
Roman paganism
in being focused around a particular geographical center. Notable people[edit]

Otto Saro
Otto Saro
(1818–1888) a Prussian lawyer and chief state prosecutor in Konigsberg Florian Essenfelder
Florian Essenfelder
(1855–1929) made pianos in Germany
Germany
and Brazil Artyom Danilenko (born 1990) a Russian professional football player Sergey Kiselyov (born 1990) an association football defender

International relations[edit] Pravdinsk
Pravdinsk
is part of the Friedliches Land (Peaceful Land) municipal association with:

Frýdlant, Czech Republic Frýdlant
Frýdlant
nad Ostravicí, Czech Republic Friedland, Brandenburg, Germany Friedland, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany Friedland, Lower Saxony, Germany Korfantów
Korfantów
(Friedland in Oberschlesien), Poland Mieroszów
Mieroszów
(Friedland in Niederschlesien), Poland

References[edit] Notes[edit]

^ a b c Law #463 ^ a b c d e Resolution #640 ^ a b c d Law #418 ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All- Russia
Russia
Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012.  ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.). ^ a b c d Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 361. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9.  ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian) ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014.  ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 

Sources[edit]

Калининградская областная Дума. Закон №463 от 27 мая 2010 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Калининградской области», в ред. Закона №450 от 3 июля 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Калининградской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Калининградской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Калининградская правда" (вкладыш "Ведомости Правительства Калининградской области"), №112, 26 июня 2010 г. ( Kaliningrad
Kaliningrad
Oblast Duma. Law #463 of May 27, 2010 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Kaliningrad
Kaliningrad
Oblast, as amended by the Law #450 of July 3, 2015 On Amending the Law of Kaliningrad Oblast
Kaliningrad Oblast
"On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Kaliningrad
Kaliningrad
Oblast". Effective as of the day of the official publication.). Правительство Калининградской области. Постановление №640 от 30 августа 2011 г. «Об утверждении реестра объектов административно-территориального деления Калининградской области», в ред. Постановления №877 от 21 ноября 2011 г «О внесении изменения в Постановление Правительства Калининградской области от 30 августа 2011 г. №640». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Калининградская правда" (вкладыш "Официально"), №170, 15 сентября 2011 г. (Government of Kaliningrad Oblast. Resolution #640 of August 30, 2011 On the Adoption of the Registry of the Objects of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of Kaliningrad
Kaliningrad
Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #877 of November 21, 2011 On Amending the Resolution of the Government of Kaliningrad Oblast
Kaliningrad Oblast
#640 of August 30, 2011. Effective as of the day of the official publication.). Калининградская областная Дума. Закон №418 от 27 апреля 2015 г. «Об объединении поселений, входящих в состав муниципального образования "Правдинский район", и организации местного самоуправления на объединённой территории». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации http://www.pravo.gov.ru, 5 мая 2015 г. ( Kaliningrad
Kaliningrad
Oblast Duma. Law #418 of April 27, 2015 On the Merger of the Settlements Comprising the Municipal Formation of "Pravdinsky District" and on the Organization of the Local-Self Government on the United Territory. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

v t e

Administrative divisions of Kaliningrad
Kaliningrad
Oblast (former German names are given in parentheses and italicized)

Administrative center: Kaliningrad
Kaliningrad
(Königsberg)

Cities and towns

Bagrationovsk
Bagrationovsk
(Preußisch Eylau) Baltiysk
Baltiysk
(Pillau) Chernyakhovsk
Chernyakhovsk
(Insterburg) Guryevsk (Neuhausen) Gusev (Gumbinnen) Gvardeysk
Gvardeysk
(Tapiau) Kaliningrad
Kaliningrad
(Königsberg) Krasnoznamensk (Lasdehnen) Ladushkin
Ladushkin
(Ludwigsort) Mamonovo
Mamonovo
(Heiligenbeil) Neman (Ragnit) Nesterov
Nesterov
(Stallupönen) Ozyorsk (Darkehmen) Pionersky (Neukuhren) Polessk
Polessk
(Labiau) Pravdinsk
Pravdinsk
(Friedland in Ostpreußen) Primorsk (Fischhausen) Slavsk
Slavsk
(Heinrichswalde) Sovetsk (Tilsit) Svetlogorsk (Rauschen) Svetly (Zimmerbude) Zelenogradsk
Zelenogradsk
(Cranz)

Urban-type settlements of oblast significance

Yantarny (Palmnicken)

Districts

Bagrationovsky Baltiysky Chernyakhovsky Guryevsky Gusevsky Gvardeysky Krasnoznamensky Nemansky Nesterovsky Ozyorsky Polessky Pravdinsky Slavsky Svetlogo

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