The Info List - Pranab Mukherjee

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Pranab Kumar Mukherjee (born 11 December 1935) is an Indian politician who served as the 13th President of India
President of India
from 2012 until 2017. In a political career spanning six decades, Mukherjee was a senior leader of the Indian National Congress
Indian National Congress
and occupied several ministerial portfolios in the Government of India.[1] Prior to his election as President, Mukherjee was Union Finance Minister from 2009 to 2012, and the Congress party's top troubleshooter. Mukherjee got his break in politics in 1969 when Prime Minister Indira Gandhi helped him get elected to the Rajya Sabha, the upper house of Parliament, on a Congress ticket. Following a meteoric rise, he became one of Indira Gandhi's most trusted lieutenants, and a minister in her cabinet by 1973. During the controversial Internal Emergency of 1975–77, he was accused (like several other Congress leaders) of committing gross excesses. Mukherjee's service in a number of ministerial capacities culminated in his first stint as finance minister in 1982–84. Pranab Mukherjee
Pranab Mukherjee
was also Leader of the House in the Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
from 1980 to 1985. Mukherjee was sidelined from the Congress during the premiership of Rajiv Gandhi, Indira's son. Mukherjee had viewed himself, and not the inexperienced Rajiv, as the rightful successor to Indira following her assassination in 1984. Mukherjee lost out in the ensuing power struggle. He formed his own party, the Rashtriya Samajwadi Congress, which merged with the Congress in 1989 after reaching a consensus with Rajiv Gandhi. After Rajiv Gandhi's assassination in 1991, Mukherjee's political career revived when Prime Minister P. V. Narasimha Rao appointed him Planning Commission head in 1991 and foreign minister in 1995. Following this, as elder statesman of the Congress, Mukherjee was the principal and architect of Sonia Gandhi's ascension to the party's presidency in 1998. When the Congress-led United Progressive Alliance
United Progressive Alliance
(UPA) came into power in 2004, Mukherjee won a Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
(the popularly elected lower house of Parliament) seat for the first time. From then until his resignation in 2012, Mukherjee was practically number-two in Prime Minister Manmohan Singh's government. He held a number of key cabinet portfolios—Defence (2004–06), External Affairs (2006–09) and Finance (2009–12)—apart from heading several Groups of Ministers (GoMs) and being Leader of the House in the Lok Sabha. After securing the UPA's nomination for the country's presidency in July 2012, Mukherjee comfortably defeated P. A. Sangma in the race to Rashtrapati Bhavan, winning 70 percent of the electoral-college vote. In 2017, Mukherjee decided not to run for re-election and to retire from politics after leaving the presidency due to "health complications relating to old age". His term expired on 25 July 2017.[2][3][4] He was succeeded as President by Ram Nath Kovind.


1 Early life and career 2 Early political career

2.1 Political party role

3 Government offices

3.1 Defence Minister 3.2 Foreign Minister 3.3 Commerce Minister 3.4 Finance Minister 3.5 Other positions

4 President of India 5 Personal life 6 Honours

6.1 National honours 6.2 Foreign honours 6.3 Academic honours 6.4 Other recognition

7 Offices held 8 Books written 9 References 10 External links

Early life and career[edit] Pranab was born in a Bengali Kulin Brahmin family in Mirati, a village in the Bengal Presidency
Bengal Presidency
of British India
(now in Birbhum district, West Bengal, India).[5] His father, Kamada Kinkar Mukherjee was active in the Indian independence movement
Indian independence movement
and was a member of West Bengal Legislative Council between 1952 and 1964 as a representative of the Indian National Congress
Indian National Congress
and was the member of AICC. His mother was Rajlakshmi Mukherjee .[6][7][8] He attended the Suri Vidyasagar College
Suri Vidyasagar College
in Suri (Birbhum), then affiliated to University of Calcutta.[9] He subsequently earned an MA degree in Political Science and History and also LL.B.degree both from University of Calcutta.[7] He was an upper-division Clerk in the Office of the Deputy Accountant-General (Post and Telegraph) in Calcutta. In 1963, he became Lecturer(Asst.Prof.)teaching Political Science at the Vidyanagar College
Vidyanagar College
(in South 24 Parganas)[10] and he also worked as a Journalist with the Desher Dak (Call of Motherland) before entering politics.[11] Early political career[edit] Mukherjee's political career began in 1969, when he managed the successful Midnapore by-election campaign of an independent candidate, V. K. Krishna Menon. Then Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi, recognised Mukherjee's talents and recruited him to her party, the Indian National Congress.[12] He became a member of the Rajya Sabha (the upper house of Indian parliament) in July 1969. Mukherjee was re-elected to the house in 1975, 1981, 1993 and 1999.[9] Mukherjee became a Gandhi loyalist, and is often described as his "man for all seasons".[13] Mukherjee's rise was rapid in the early phase of his career and he was appointed Union Deputy Minister of Industrial Development in Indira Gandhi's cabinet in 1973. Mukherjee was active in the Indian cabinet during the controversial Internal Emergency of 1975–77. Ruling Congress politicians of the day including Mukherjee were accused of using extra-constitutional powers to "wreck established norms and rules of governance". Following the Congress's defeat in the 1977 general elections, the newly formed Janata government-appointed Shah Commission indicted Mukherjee; however, the commission was itself later indicted for stepping "outside its jurisdiction" in 1979. Mukherjee emerged unscathed and rose through a series of cabinet posts to become Finance Minister from 1982 to 1984.[14][15] His term was noted for his work in improving the finances of the government that enabled Gandhi to score a political point by returning the last instalment of India's first IMF loan.[16] As Finance Minister, Mukherjee signed the letter appointing Manmohan Singh
Manmohan Singh
as Governor of the Reserve Bank of India.[12]

Pranab Mukherjee
Pranab Mukherjee
addressing delegates of 42nd Regional Conference of SIRC of Institute of Chartered Accountants of India

In 1979, Mukherjee became Deputy Leader of the INC in the Rajya Sabha, and in 1980 he was appointed Leader of the House.[9] Mukherjee was considered the top-ranking Indian cabinet minister and he presided over cabinet meetings in the absence of the Prime Minister.[citation needed] Mukherjee was sidelined from the INC following the assassination of Indira Gandhi. Although Mukherjee was much more experienced in politics than Indira's son, Rajiv Gandhi, it was Rajiv who gained control. Mukherjee lost his position in the cabinet and was sent to manage the regional West Bengal
West Bengal
Pradesh Congress Committee. He had considered himself to be Indira's likely successor and, siding with those within his party who aligned themselves against Rajiv Gandhi, Mukherjee was eventually expelled.[13][17] In 1986, Mukherjee founded another party, the Rashtriya Samajwadi Congress (RSC), in West Bengal. The RSC and INC merged three years later after reaching a compromise with Rajiv Gandhi. The RSC had fared terribly in the 1987 Assembly polls in West Bengal. Many analysts, over the years, have attributed the muting of Mukherjee's political aspirations as the supreme leader due to his inability to emerge as a magnetic mass leader.[13] On later being asked that did he ever desire to become Prime Minister, Mukherjee, however, replied, "7 RCR was never my destination."[18] The Zee News
Zee News
noted: "The statement assumes heft in the light of the longstanding speculation that Mukherjee, as one of the doyens of Congress, always nursed an ambition to occupy the top executive post."[18] Mukherjee's political career revived following the assassination of Rajiv Gandhi
Rajiv Gandhi
in 1991 when P. V. Narasimha Rao
P. V. Narasimha Rao
chose to appoint him as deputy chairman of the Indian planning commission and subsequently as a union cabinet minister. Mukherjee served as External Affairs Minister for the first time from 1995 to 1996 in Rao's cabinet.[9] Mukherjee today is considered to be a Gandhi family loyalist and the principal architect of Sonia Gandhi's entry into politics, a mentoring responsibility he is still believed to be shouldering.[13] He was made General Secretary of the AICC in 1998–99 after Sonia Gandhi
Sonia Gandhi
became Congress President. Mukherjee was made President of the West Bengal Congress in 2000 and held the position until his resignation in 2010. He had earlier held the position in 1985.[7] Mukherjee became Leader of the House in the Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
in 2004.[9] He contested and won a Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
seat from Jangipur in West Bengal
West Bengal
which he would later retain in 2009. It was speculated in 2004 that Mukherjee would be made Prime Minister of India
after Sonia Gandhi unexpectedly declined the position.[19] However, Gandhi eventually nominated Manmohan Singh
Manmohan Singh
to become Prime Minister.[17] Mukherjee was briefly considered for the post of the largely ceremonial Indian presidency in 2007 but his name was subsequently dropped after his contribution in the Union Cabinet was considered practically indispensable.[17] Mukherjee held many important posts in the Manmohan Singh
Manmohan Singh
government. He had the distinction of being the Minister for various high-profile Ministries including Defence, Finance, and External Affairs. Mukherjee also headed the Congress Parliamentary Party
Congress Parliamentary Party
and the Congress Legislative Party which consists of all the Congress MPs and MLAs in the country apart from being Leader of the House in Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
and Bengal Pradesh Congress Committee President.[9] Mukherjee ended his affiliation with the Indian National Congress
Indian National Congress
and retired from active political life following his election as President in 2012. The Economic Times
The Economic Times
had noted: "[the] decades of activity in critical all-round roles make [Mukherjee's] exit both a structural and generation shift. With him, the last of the Congress triumvirate – along with Rao and R Venkataraman – who formed the core team of Indira/Rajiv regimes bows out. While Rao became PM, Pranab's political marathon too ends where [Venkataraman's] did, at the Rashtrapati Bhavan."[20] Political party role[edit] Pranab Mukherjee
Pranab Mukherjee
is "very well respected within the party social circles."[21] Media accounts describe him as having "a reputation as a number-crunching politician with a phenomenal memory and an unerring survival instinct."[22] Mukherjee became a member of the Congress Working Committee
Congress Working Committee
on 27 January 1978. He also became a member of the Central Parliamentary Board of the All India
Congress Committee (AICC) that year. Mukherjee briefly held the position of treasurer of the AICC and the Congress party in 1978.[7] Mukherjee was appointed chairman of the Campaign Committee of AICC for conducting National Elections to Parliament in 1984, 1991, 1996 and 1998. He was chairman of the Central Election Coordination Committee of the AICC from 28 June 1999 to 2012. He was appointed to the Central Election Committee on 12 December 2001. Mukherjee was appointed General Secretary of the AICC in 1998.[7] In 1997 Mukherjee was voted Outstanding Parliamentarian by the Indian Parliamentary Group. After Sonia Gandhi
Sonia Gandhi
reluctantly agreed to join politics, Mukherjee was one of her mentors, guiding her through difficult situations with examples of how her mother-in-law, Indira Gandhi
Indira Gandhi
would have done things.[23] His talents were on display during the negotiations for the Patent's Amendment Bill in early 2005. The Congress was committed to passing an IP bill, but their allies in the United Progressive Alliance from the Left front had a long tradition of opposing some of the monopoly aspects of intellectual property. Pranab Mukherjee, as Defence Minister, was not formally involved but was roped in for his negotiation skills. He drew on many old alliances including the CPI-M leader Jyoti Basu
Jyoti Basu
(former Chief Minister of West Bengal), and formed new intermediary positions, which included product patent and little else. Then he had to convince his own colleagues including commerce minister Kamal Nath, at one point saying: "An imperfect legislation is better than no legislation."[24] Finally the bill was approved on 23 March 2005. India
Today wrote that Mukherjee's role in "skillfully pushing through the historic 123 Agreement and treaty with the Nuclear Suppliers Group" may have saved UPA-II government from the 2008 motion of no confidence.[25] Mukherjee played a crucial role in steering the Cabinet pre Lok Sabha elections when Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
Manmohan Singh
underwent a by-pass surgery in 2008–09 by taking additional charges as chairman of the Cabinet Committee of Political Affairs and Union Minister in Finance Ministry despite already being Union Minister of External Affairs. Mukherjee was the recipient of "The Best Administrator in India" award in 2011. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
Manmohan Singh
commented: "Mr. Mukherjee's knowledge of parliamentary matters was stupendous. The wide respect he commanded and his long association with the political leaders across the spectrum had proved invaluable in conducting the parliamentary business."[26] Mukherjee's political skills and long experience in government have also led him to heading a large number of committees of Ministers in the government, a device that has been employed to obtain consensus within the members of the governing coalition on contentious issues. At the time of his resignation on being nominated as the UPA's presidential candidate, Mukherjee was heading several Groups of Ministers(GoMs) and Empowered Groups of Ministers (EGoMs).[27] Government offices[edit] Defence Minister[edit]

Defence Minister Mukherjee escorts Secretary of Defense Donald H. Rumsfeld as he arrives at the South Block building in New Delhi, 2004.

Dr. Manmohan Singh
Manmohan Singh
appointed Mukherjee as the Minister of Defence of India
when the Congress came to power in 2004. Mukherjee held the post until 2006. He expanded co-operation with the United States
United States
during his tenure. The Times of India
reported on the Wikileaks cables
Wikileaks cables
release and noted how " United States
United States
is full of praise for the "uniformed leadership" of Indian armed forces, especially Navy, as well as ministers like Mukherjee." Mukherjee in June 2005 had inked the 10-year Indo-US Defence Framework deal.[28] Despite increasing co-operation with the United States, Mukherjee maintained that Russia will remain India's 'topmost' defence partner. He asserted that "Russia has been and will remain India's largest defence partner in the years to come" while inaugurating the 5th session of the Indo-Russian Inter-Governmental Commission on Military Technical Cooperation (IRIGC-MTC) in Moscow in 2005.[29] Russia held the first joint anti-terror war games with India
in Rajasthan
in October 2005, during which Mukherjee and Russian Defence Minister Sergei Ivanov narrowly escaped injury after a heavy mortar landed several metres from their platform.[30] The Russian ministry subsequently declared its hopes to follow up joint military exercises in India
with further joint exercises on Russian territory.[30] Foreign Minister[edit]

Foreign Minister Pranab Mukherjee
Pranab Mukherjee
with US President George W. Bush
George W. Bush
in 2008.

Foreign Minister Pranab Mukherjee
Pranab Mukherjee
with Secretary Condoleezza Rice after signing the India– United States
United States
Civil Nuclear Agreement.

Mukherjee was appointed the External Affairs Minister of India
in 1995. Under his leadership, India
was made "Full Dialogue Partner" of ASEAN
as part of the Look East foreign policy initiated by Narasimha Rao. Mukherjee left the position in 1996. Mukherjee's second term began in 2006. He oversaw the successful signing of the U.S.- India
Civil Nuclear Agreement with the US government and then with the Nuclear Suppliers Group, allowing India to participate in civilian nuclear trade in spite of not having signed the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. Mukherjee played a crucial role in mobilising world opinion against Pakistan after the 2008 Mumbai attacks. He left the position a year later to take over the Finance Ministry of India.[11] When asked what legacy he wanted to leave behind as Foreign Minister of India, Mukherjee replied, "As the [man] who prepared Indian diplomacy to address the challenges of a more globalised, interdependent and uncertain world."[25] Commerce Minister[edit] Mukherjee has thrice served as Commerce Minister of India. His first stints were in the Indira Gandhi
Indira Gandhi
government from 1980–82 and again in 1984.[9] His third stint in the 1990s saw him contribute significantly to the negotiations leading to the establishment of the World Trade Organisation.[11] Finance Minister[edit]

Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee
Pranab Mukherjee
with United States
United States
Secretary of State Hillary Clinton
Hillary Clinton
at Washington, D.C. in 2011

Pranab Mukherjee's first stint as the Finance minister of India
was during the Indira Gandhi
Indira Gandhi
government in 1982. He presented his first annual budget in 1982–83. Mukherjee's first term was noted for his work in improving the finances of the government and for successfully returning the last instalment of India's first IMF loan.[16] Mukherjee signed the letter appointing Manmohan Singh
Manmohan Singh
as the Governor of the Reserve Bank of India
in 1982.[12] Mukherjee was accused of patronage practices in the Ambani–Wadia industrial feuds.[31] Mukherjee was credited with being an early reformer of the Indian economy. India
Today wrote: "Operation Forward, which [Mukherjee] and then Industries Minister Charanjit Chanana launched in the early 1980s, started the liberalisation process that flowered under Rao and Manmohan Singh."[25] A Left wing magazine once commented that "socialism did not grow out of the pipe Mukherjee smoked."[25] Mukherjee was removed from his position as Finance Minister by Rajiv Gandhi in 1984. Gandhi had wished to bring in his own team of staff to govern India.[20] Mukherjee was removed from his position even though he was rated as the best Finance Minister in the World that year according to a survey of Euromoney
magazine.[16] Mukherjee returned to handling the finance of India
during the premiership of Narasimha Rao. He was appointed the Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission. Since the Prime Minister of India
happens to be the ex-officio chairperson of Planning Commission of India, the position of the deputy chairperson has great significance. During Mukherjee's tenure 1991–96, Dr. Manmohan Singh
Manmohan Singh
as Finance Minister oversaw many economic reforms to end the Licence Raj
Licence Raj
system and help open the Indian economy.[32]

Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee
Pranab Mukherjee
during the India
Economic Summit 2009 in New Delhi

Mukherjee again became the Finance Minister of India
in 2009. He presented the annual budgets in 2009, 2010 and 2011. The 2010–11 budget included the country's first explicit target to cut public debt as a proportion of GDP and Mukherjee had targeted a budget deficit reduction to 4.1% of GDP in fiscal year 2012–13, from 6.5% in 2008–09.[33] Mukherjee implemented many tax reforms. He scrapped the Fringe Benefits Tax and the Commodities Transaction Tax. He implemented the Goods and Services Tax during his tenure. These reforms were well received by major corporate executives and economists. The introduction of retrospective taxation by Mukherjee, however, has been criticised by some economists.[34]

Finance Minister of India
Pranab Mukherjee
Pranab Mukherjee
with President of the World Bank Group Jim Yong Kim
Jim Yong Kim
at Ministry of Finance HQ at New Delhi in 2012

Mukherjee expanded funding for several social sector schemes including the Jawaharlal Nehru
Jawaharlal Nehru
National Urban Renewal Mission. He also supported budget increases for improving literacy and health care. He expanded infrastructure programmes such as the National Highway Development Programme. Electricity coverage was also expanded during his tenure. Mukherjee also reaffirmed his commitment to the principle of fiscal prudence as some economists expressed concern about the rising fiscal defits during his tenure, the highest since 1991. Mukherjee declared the expansion in government spending was only temporary. In 2010 Mukherjee was awarded "Finance Minister of the Year for Asia" by Emerging Markets, the daily newspaper of record for the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund
International Monetary Fund
(IMF). Mukherjee was praised for "the confidence [he] has inspired in key stakeholders, by virtue of his fuel price reforms, fiscal transparency and inclusive growth strategies".[35] The Banker
The Banker
also recognised him as "Finance Minister of the Year."[33] The final years of Mukherjee in the finance ministry were not considered a success. The NDTV
upon his resignation as Finance Minister in June 2012 wrote: "There [had] been a clamour from many quarters for a change in the Finance Ministry, with Mr Mukherjee having faced flak for several decisions where politics seemed to overwhelm economic imperatives."[36] Other positions[edit] Mukherjee was chairman of the Indian Statistical Institute
Indian Statistical Institute
in Kolkata. He is also the former chairman and president of the Rabindra Bharati University and the Nikhil Bharat Banga Sahitya Sammelan, as well as a former trustee of the Bangiya Sahitya Parishad
Bangiya Sahitya Parishad
and the Bidhan Memorial Trust. He has served on the Planning Board of the Asiatic Society.[9] President of India[edit]

Presidential styles of Pranab Mukherjee

Reference style Hon'ble President[37] Shri Pranab Mukherjee
Pranab Mukherjee
(within India)

Spoken style President Mukherjee

Alternative style Mister President

See also: Indian presidential election, 2012

President Mukherjee with President Barack Obama
Barack Obama
with First Lady Michelle Obama
Michelle Obama
and Vice-President Mohammad Ansari.

Mukherjee was nominated as the presidential candidate of the United Progressive Alliance on 15 June 2012 after considerable political intrigue.[38][39] The elections were scheduled to be conducted on 19 July 2012 and the results were expected to be announced on 22 July 2012. As many as 81 other candidates had filed nominations but the Election Commission rejected all except that of P. A. Sangma, the nominee of the National Democratic Alliance (NDA).[40][not in citation given] In order to file his nomination for the presidential poll on 28 June, Mukherjee had resigned from the government on 26 June 2012.[36] In the election, Mukherjee received 713,763 votes, while Sangma had 315,987.[41] In his victory speech, delivered outside his residence before the results were officially announced, he said:

I would like to express my deep gratitude to all of you who are waiting. The figure has crossed 7 lakhs, only one state remains. The final figure will come from the returning officer. I would like to thank the people of India
for electing me to this high office. The enthusiasm, the warmth of the people was remarkable. I have received much more from the people of this country, from the Parliament, than I have given. Now I have been entrusted with the responsibility of protecting and defending the constitution as President. I will try and justify the trust of the people. I would like to reciprocate the congratulation Shri Purno Sangma has extended.[42]

Mukherjee was sworn-in by the Chief Justice of India
on 25 July 2012,[43] becoming the first Bengali to hold the post of President of India.[18] After being administered the oath of office, he said we are amidist of fourth world war of terror and what minutes of peace can achieve cannot be achieved in many years of war.[44]

Mukherjee with leaders of Russia, China, South Africa, Vietnam, Egypt during the Moscow Victory Day Parade, 9 May 2015.

Congress President Sonia Gandhi
Sonia Gandhi
and Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
Manmohan Singh
both congratulated Pranab Mukherjee
Pranab Mukherjee
on his election as President.[45] Former Communist leader Somnath Chatterjee
Somnath Chatterjee
termed Mukherjee as one of "the best parliamentarians and statesmen of India" and said the country "has got the most able man for the top job".[46] Opposition leader Sharad Yadav
Sharad Yadav
declared "the nation needed a president like Pranab Mukherjee."[47] Delhi Chief Minister Sheila Dikshit
Sheila Dikshit
commented and said Mukherjee will be "one of the wisest presidents." She further marvelled at the fact that parties in the opposition ranks supported Mukherjee. "Even the NDA broke up and wanted to vote for the president to be Pranab Mukherjee."[48] The Bharatiya Janata Party
Bharatiya Janata Party
(BJP) was reportedly "shocked" and "upset" at the cross-voting for Mukherjee by its legislative members.[49] However, the BJP party President Nitin Gadkari congratulated Mukherjee and said "I extend my hearty congratulations to Pranab Mukherjee
Pranab Mukherjee
on his election today as the new President of India." Gadkari further declared "I am sure that the country will make further development and progress. I wish him all success and a bright future."[50] The Zee News
Zee News
noted: "What is striking about [Mukherjee] is that after more than four decades in public life, the Opposition had no ammunition against him after he was declared UPA’s choice for President. In spite of Team Anna
Team Anna
making some noise about him being involved in some corruption cases, it has been more or less an easy ride for Pranab to Raisina Hill. Once when Sonia Gandhi
Sonia Gandhi
announced his name, most of the allies and the Opposition came on board. Whereas, NDA partner JD(U) saw no merit in opposing him, one of the bitter critics of the Congress Shiv Sena
Shiv Sena
too toed the line a little too easily. This support was not for Congress but for [Mukherjee]".[17] Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, 2013
Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, 2013
was promulgated by Pranab Mukherjee on 3 February 2013, which provides for amendment of Indian Penal Code, Indian Evidence Act, and Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 on laws related to sexual offences.[51][52] As of July 2015, President Pranab Mukherjee
Pranab Mukherjee
has rejected 24 mercy pleas including that of Yakub Memon, Ajmal Kasab, Afzal Guru.[53][54] In January 2017, Mukherjee stated that he would not contest for 2017 Presidential elections. The reason he told for this was advanced age and failing health. Personal life[edit] Pranab Mukherjee
Pranab Mukherjee
married Suvra Mukherjee on 13 July 1957. Suvra Mukherjee was born and raised in Narail, Bangladesh. She immigrated to Kolkata
while she was 10 and married to Pranab in 1957.[55] The couple had two sons and a daughter.[9] Suvra died on 18 August 2015, aged 74 of heart failure.[56] He is inspired by Deng Xiaoping
Deng Xiaoping
and has quoted him quite frequently.[57] His hobbies are reading, gardening and music.[9] His elder son, Abhijit Mukherjee, is a Congress MP from Jangipur, West Bengal. He was elected in the by-polls held after his father vacated the seat. Before his election to Lok Sabha, Abhijit was an MLA from Nalhati in Birbhum.[58] His daughter Sharmistha is a Kathak
dancer and politician of the Indian National Congress.[59] Mukherjee celebrates the Durga Puja
Durga Puja
at his ancestral home in Mirati village.[60] He makes it a point to be at Mirati
village every year to take part in the four-day rituals, the puja having a 'social dimension' for him. "I want to avail this opportunity to be with the people of my area," Mukherjee said during a puja ceremony on 4 October 2011.[60] Honours[edit] Mukherjee has received several accolades and honours: National honours[edit]

: Honoured with the Padma Vibhushan,in 2008.[61]

Foreign honours[edit]

 : Bangladesh
Liberation War Honour ( Bangladesh
Muktijuddho Sanmanona),(5 March 2013;  Bangladesh)[62]  : Grand Cross of National Order of the Ivory Coast
National Order of the Ivory Coast
(June 2016;  Ivory Coast)[63]

Academic honours[edit]

Hon. Doctor of Letters
Doctor of Letters
degree by the University of Wolverhampton;UK in 2011.[64] Hon.D.Litt by Assam University and Visvesvaraya Technological University in March 2012.[65][66] Hon.LL.D.by President of Bangladesh
and Chancellor Md. Zillur Rahman at University of Dhaka
University of Dhaka
on March 4, 2013.[67] DCL(Doctor of Civil Law) (honoris causa) by University of Mauritius
University of Mauritius
on March 13, 2013.[68] Hon.Doctorate by Istanbul University
Istanbul University
on 5 October 2013.[69] Honorary Doctorate from the University of Calcutta
University of Calcutta
in on 28 November 2014.[70] Hon.Doctorate in Political Science by University of Jordan
University of Jordan
on 11 October 2015.[71] Hon.Doctorate by Al-Quds University
Al-Quds University
of Ramallah, Palestine on 13 October 2015.[72] Hon. Doctorate by Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel
on 15 October 2015.[73] Hon.Doctorate by Kathmandu University, Nepal
on 3 November 2016.[74][75] Hon. Doctorate by Goa University
Goa University
on 25 April 2017.[76][77] D.Litt.(Honoris Causa) by the Jadavpur University
Jadavpur University
on 24 December 2017.[78][79] Hon.D.Litt by the University of Chittagong
University of Chittagong
on 16 January 2018.[80]

Other recognition[edit]

Best Finance Minister in World (1984; according to survey of Euromoney magazine).[16][81] Finance Minister of Year for Asia(2010;byEmerging Markets,daily newspaper of record for World Bank
World Bank
and IMF).[35] Finance Minister of Year (December 2010; byThe Banker)[33] Hon. Citizenship of Abidjan, Republic of Côte d'Ivoire
Republic of Côte d'Ivoire
on 15 June 2016.[82][83]

Offices held[edit] Pranab Mukherjee's positions in chronological order:[9]

Union Minister of Industrial Development 1973–1974 Union Minister of Shipping and Transport 1974 Minister of State for Finance 1974–1975 Union Minister of Revenue and Banking 1975–1977 Treasurer of Congress Party 1978–79 Treasurer of All India
Congress Committee 1978–79 Leader of House of Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
1980–85 Union Minister of Commerce and Steel and Mines 1980–1982 Union Minister of Finance 1982–1984 Board of Governors of International Monetary Fund
International Monetary Fund
1982–1985 Board of Governors of World Bank
World Bank
1982–1985 Board of Governors of Asian Development Bank
Asian Development Bank
1982–1984 Board of Governors of African Development Bank
African Development Bank
1982–1985 Union Minister of Commerce and Supply 1984 Chairman;Campaign Committee of Congress-I for conductingNational Elections to Parliament,1984, 1991,1996 and 1998 Chairman of Group of 24(a Ministerial Group attached to IMF and World Bank)1984 and 2009–2012 President of State Unit of Congress Party 1985 and 2000–10 Chairman of Economic Advisory Cell of AICC 1987–1989 Dy Chairman of Planning Commission 1991–1996 Union Minister of Commerce 1993–1995 Union Minister of External Affairs 1995–1996 President, SAARC
Council of Ministers Conference 1995 General Secretary of AICC 1998–1999 Chairman of Central Election Coordination Committee 1999–2012 Leader of House of Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
2004–2012 Union Minister of Defence 2004–2006 Union Minister of External Affairs 2006–2009 Union Minister of Finance 2009–2012 President of India
President of India
since 25July2012-25July2017.

Books written[edit]

Midterm Poll Beyond Survival: Emerging Dimensions of Indian Economy - 1984 Off the Track - 1987 Saga of Struggle and Sacrifice - 1992 Challenges before the Nation - 1992 [11] "A Centenary History of the Indian National Congress
Indian National Congress
- Vol. V: Volume-V: 1964-1984" - 2011 "Congress and the Making of the Indian Nation" - 2011 "Thoughts and Reflections" - 2014 The Dramatic Decade: The Indira Gandhi
Indira Gandhi
Years - 2014 "Selected Speeches - Pranab Mukherjee" - 2015 The Turbulent Years: 1980 - 1996" - 2016 "The Coalition Years"


^ "In coalition govts, it's difficult to reconcile regional with national interests: Pranab Mukherjee".  ^ Sachidananda Murthy (December 27, 2015). "And the next President is..." english.manoramaonline.com/home.html. Manorama Online. Retrieved 28 April 2016.  ^ "Presidential Election 2017: Pranab Mukherjee
Pranab Mukherjee
retires in July, this is how India
elects its president". 2 May 2017. Retrieved 22 August 2017.  ^ "Presidential Election 2017: Not in race for another term, says Pranab Mukherjee". 25 May 2017. Retrieved 22 August 2017.  ^ "Protocol to keep President Pranab off Puja customs". Hindustan Times. 11 October 2011. Retrieved 12 July 2012.  ^ "Who is Pranab Mukherjee?". NDTV. 15 June 2012. Retrieved 11 July 2012.  ^ a b c d e "Biography". Pranab Mukherjee. Archived from the original on 4 September 2010. Retrieved 11 July 2012.  ^ "About Pranab Mukherjee" (PDF). Europe.eu. 22 June 2012. Retrieved 11 July 2012.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Shri Pranab Mukherjee". Government of India. Archived from the original on 2011-05-14. Retrieved 11 July 2012.  ^ "Tehelka - India's Independent Weekly News Magazine". Retrieved 29 June 2015.  ^ a b c d "FM Pranab's first priority: Presenting budget 09-10". The Indian Express. 23 May 2009. Retrieved 23 May 2009.  ^ a b c "Footsteps of Pranab". Mathrubhumi. 29 June 2012. Archived from the original on 11 July 2012. Retrieved 11 July 2012.  ^ a b c d "Pranab Mukherjee's USP for President: sheer experience". ibnlive. 4 May 2012. Retrieved 11 July 2012.  ^ "The tallest short man". Sumit Mitra. The Hindustan Times, 26 February 2010. Archived from the original on 5 March 2010. Retrieved 27 February 2010.  ^ How they buried Shah Commission report, even without an epitaph Indian Express – 4 July 2000 ^ a b c d "The Pranab Mukherjee
Pranab Mukherjee
Budget". Business Standard. 22 February 2010. Retrieved 8 August 2010.  ^ a b c d " Pranab Mukherjee
Pranab Mukherjee
– The 13th President of India". Zee News. 22 July 2012. Archived from the original on 3 January 2013. Retrieved 22 July 2012.  ^ a b c "I won't be a unique President: Pranab Mukherjee". Zee News. 24 July 2012. Archived from the original on 23 May 2013. Retrieved 9 August 2012.  ^ "Why is Dr Singh Sonia's choice?". Rediff. 19 May 2004. Retrieved 10 August 2012.  ^ a b "Pranab Mukherjee's exit from party politics is a loss and an opportunity". The Economic Times. India. 4 July 2012. Retrieved 13 July 2012.  ^ "India's new foreign minister Mukherjee: a respected party veteran". Agence France-Presse. 24 October 2006. Retrieved 9 April 2007.  ^ " India
gets new foreign minister". BBC News. 4 October 2006. Retrieved 9 April 2007.  ^ GK Gokhale (19 April 2004). "Why is Dr. Singh Sonia's choice?". rediff.com. Retrieved 9 April 2007.  ^ Aditi Phadnis (29 March 2005). "Pranab: The master manager". rediff.com. Retrieved 9 April 2007.  ^ a b c d "The Man Indira Trusted". India
Today. 16 October 2010. Retrieved 9 August 2012.  ^ Balaji, J. (21 December 2011). "Prime Minister Manmohan Singh presents The Best Administrator in India
Award 2011 of the K. Karunakaran Foundation to Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee". The Hindu. Chennai, India. Retrieved 2017-01-28.  ^ "Cabinet Secretariat, Government of India". Retrieved 1 May 2012.  ^ "US preferred Pranab Mukherjee
Pranab Mukherjee
over AK Antony as defence minister". Times of India. 6 September 2011. Retrieved 12 July 2012.  ^ "Russia to remain India's topmost defence partner". Times of India. 15 November 2005. Retrieved 9 August 2012.  ^ a b "Russia Hails Defence Cooperation With India". Spacewar. 15 November 2005. Retrieved 9 August 2012.  ^ Aggarwal, S. K. (1990). The Investigative journalism in India. Mittal Publications. ISBN 978-81-7099-224-0. Retrieved 10 October 2011  ^ Biswas, Soutik (14 October 2005). "India's architect of reforms". BBC News. Retrieved 11 December 2008.  ^ a b c "Finance Minister of the Year 2011". The Banker. 23 December 2010. Retrieved 23 July 2012.  ^ Bamzai, Sandeep (26 June 2012). "Pranab Mukherjee's stint as Finance Minister clearly wasn't his best". Daily Mail. London. Retrieved 13 July 2012.  ^ a b "Finance Minister of Asia award for Pranab". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 11 October 2010. Retrieved 13 June 2011.  ^ a b " Pranab Mukherjee
Pranab Mukherjee
resigns as Finance Minister; PM to take additional charge, say sources". NDTV. 26 June 2012. Retrieved 13 July 2012.  ^ "'His Excellency' to Go: Prez Approves New Protocol". Outlook India. 9 October 2012. Archived from the original on 9 October 2012. Retrieved 9 October 2012.  ^ Prabhu, Chawla. "Pranab nominated after Mulayam-Sonia secret meet". Retrieved 4 July 2012.  ^ "Hunt begins for head of state". Yahoo News India. 3 January 2012. Archived from the original on 25 October 2014. Retrieved 29 June 2015.  ^ "Pranab Mukherjee, Sangma final candidates for Prez polls". Daily News and Analysis. 4 July 2012. Retrieved 4 July 2012.  ^ "CNNIBN Blog". 22 July 2012. Retrieved 22 July 2012.  ^ " NDTV
Blog". 22 July 2012. Retrieved 22 July 2012.  ^ Gupta, Smita (25 July 2012). " Pranab Mukherjee
Pranab Mukherjee
sworn-in 13th President". The Hindu. Chennai, India.  ^ "Fight against terrorism is 4th World War: Pranab". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 25 July 2012.  ^ "PM, Sonia congratulate India's new President Pranab Mukherjee". Zee News. 22 July 2012. Archived from the original on 25 July 2012. Retrieved 1 August 2012.  ^ " India
has got a very able president: Somnath". Zee News. 22 July 2012. Archived from the original on 25 July 2012. Retrieved 1 August 2012.  ^ " India
needs Pranab as president: Sharad Yadav". Zee News. 22 July 2012. Retrieved 1 August 2012.  ^ " Pranab Mukherjee
Pranab Mukherjee
will be a wise president: Dikshit". Zee News. 22 July 2012. Retrieved 1 August 2012.  ^ "Prez poll: BJP miffed over cross-voting". Zee News. 22 July 2012. Retrieved 1 August 2012.  ^ " Nitin Gadkari
Nitin Gadkari
congratulates Pranab Mukherjee". Zee News. 22 July 2012. Retrieved 1 August 2012.  ^ "Prez Pranab Mukherjee
Pranab Mukherjee
promulgates ordinance on crime against women". Indian Express. 3 February 2013. Retrieved 4 February 2013.  ^ "President signs ordinance to effect changes in laws against sexual crimes". India
Today. 3 February 2013. Retrieved 4 February 2013.  ^ " Yakub Memon and 23 other mercy pleas rejected by President Pranab Mukherjee".  ^ "President Pranab rejects 12 mercy pleas, a first in India".  ^ "Pranab to visit in-laws' home in Narail". 9 February 2013. Retrieved 29 June 2017.  ^ "Suvra Mukherjee, President Pranab Mukherjee's wife, passes away - Times of India". Retrieved 29 June 2017.  ^ "IISS". Retrieved 29 June 2015.  ^ "Pranab Mujherjee's son wants his LS seat, party to take call". 24 July 2012.  ^ Das, Mohua (12 January 2011). "Dancer who happens to be 'his' daughter-Father Pranab Mukherjee
Pranab Mukherjee
misses Sharmistha's tribute to Tagore, mom in front row". Calcutta, India: Telegraph India. Retrieved 22 July 2012.  ^ a b "Pranab Mukherjee's Durga Puja
Durga Puja
at ancestral home". Rediff. 4 October 2011. Retrieved 11 July 2012.  ^ " Padma Vibhushan
Padma Vibhushan
Awardees for year 2008". india.gov.in. Retrieved 3 April 2012.  ^ Pranab Mukherjee
Pranab Mukherjee
receives Bangladesh's second highest award. NDTV.com (2013-03-05). Retrieved on 2014-05-21. ^ "President Mukherjee accorded with Grand Cross National Order of the Republic of Cote D'Ivoire". PTI. 15 June 2016. Retrieved 15 June 2016.  ^ "Honorary doctorate for Pranab from UK university". The Hindu. 27 May 2011. Retrieved 13 June 2011.  ^ "Small price for big prize". Calcutta, India: Telegraph India. 15 July 2012. Retrieved 22 July 2012.  ^ "What doctor ordered but can't get at home". Calcutta, India: Telegraph India. 1 October 2013. Retrieved 2 October 2013.  ^ DU honours Pranab Mukherjee. bdnews24.com (2013-03-04). Retrieved on 2014-05-21. ^ "UOM — HONNEUR: Le Président de l'Inde fait Doctor of Civil Law Honoris Causa" (in French). Le Matinal. 13 March 2013. Archived from the original on 18 March 2013. Retrieved 10 April 2013.  ^ "The President, Pranab Mukherjee
Pranab Mukherjee
being conferred the Honorary Doctorate by the Dean of the Faculty of Political Science of Istanbul". www.sarkaritel.com. Archived from the original on 16 October 2013. Retrieved 22 August 2017.  ^ "Take forward government's model village scheme, President Pranab Mukherjee tells universities - Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis". 28 November 2014. Retrieved 29 June 2017.  ^ PTI (11 October 2015). "President Pranab Mukherjee
Pranab Mukherjee
conferred honorary doctorate by Jordanian university". Retrieved 29 June 2017 – via The Economic Times.  ^ " Al-Quds University
Al-Quds University
confers Hon. Doctorate on President.India's Solidarity with Palestinian people and it's principled support to Palestinian cause is rooted in our own freedom struggle,says President". pib.nic.in. Retrieved 29 June 2017.  ^ NitiCentral Archived 20 October 2015 at the Wayback Machine. ^ " Kathmandu University
Kathmandu University
awards DLitt to President Mukherjee". 3 November 2016. Retrieved 29 June 2017.  ^ "Accept Honorary Doctorate from Kathmandu University
Kathmandu University
in Name of People of India, Writes President". pib.nic.in. Retrieved 29 June 2017.  ^ "Prez worthy: Girls doing better than boys in GU, says Pranab". Retrieved 29 June 2017.  ^ India, Press Trust of (25 April 2017). "Goa varsity confers D Litt on President". Retrieved 29 June 2017 – via Business Standard.  ^ http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-otherstates/pranab-advocates-free-thinking-among-students/article22272868.ece ^ http://www.newindianexpress.com/nation/2017/dec/24/pranab-mukherjee-advocates-free-thinking-among-students-at-jadavpur-university-1736057.html ^ http://www.thedailystar.net/country/chittagong-university-cu-confers-d-litt-degree-former-indian-president-pranab-mukherjee-1520728 ^ "Shri Pranab Mukherjee". Calcutta
Yellow Pages. 22 January 2001. Retrieved 23 July 2012.  ^ "President Pranab Mukherjee
Pranab Mukherjee
accorded honorary citizenship of Abidjan". 15 June 2016. Retrieved 29 June 2017.  ^ "Press Releases Detail - The President of India". presidentofindia.nic.in. 

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President of India
President of India
Official website of the president of India Parliamentary profile at India.gov.in

Political offices

Preceded by K. C. Pant Leader of the Rajya Sabha 1980–1984 Succeeded by V. P. Singh

Preceded by Ramaswamy Venkataraman Minister of Finance 1982–1984

Preceded by Mohan Dharia Deputy Chair of the Planning Commission 1991–1996 Succeeded by Madhu Dandavate

Preceded by Dinesh Singh Minister of External Affairs 1995–1996 Succeeded by Atal Bihari Vajpayee

Preceded by Atal Bihari Vajpayee Leader of the Lok Sabha 2004–2012 Succeeded by Sushilkumar Shinde

Preceded by George Fernandes Minister of Defence 2004–2006 Succeeded by Arackaparambil Kurian Antony

Preceded by Manmohan Singh Acting Minister of External Affairs 2006–2009 Succeeded by Somanahalli Mallaiah Krishna

Minister of Finance 2009–2012 Succeeded by Manmohan Singh Acting

Preceded by Pratibha Patil President of India 2012–2017 Succeeded by Ram Nath Kovind

v t e

Presidents of India

Rajendra Prasad Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Zakir Hussain V. V. Giri
V. V. Giri
(acting) Mohammad Hidayatullah
Mohammad Hidayatullah
(acting) V. V. Giri Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed B. D. Jatti
B. D. Jatti
(acting) Neelam Sanjiva Reddy Zail Singh R. Venkataraman Shankar Dayal Sharma K. R. Narayanan A. P. J. Abdul Kalam Pratibha Patil Pranab Mukherjee Ram Nath Kovind

v t e

Finance Ministers of India

Liaquat Ali Khan R. K. Shanmukham Chetty John Mathai Chintamanrao Deshmukh T. T. Krishnamachari Jawaharlal Nehru Morarji Desai T. T. Krishnamachari Sachindra Chaudhuri Morarji Desai Indira Gandhi Yashwantrao Chavan C. Subramaniam H M Patel Choudhary Charan Singh Ramaswamy Venkataraman Pranab Mukherjee V.P. Singh S.B. Chavan Rajiv Gandhi Madhu Dandavate Yashwant Sinha Manmohan Singh P. Chidambaram Yashwant Sinha Jaswant Singh P. Chidambaram Manmohan Singh Pranab Mukherjee Manmohan Singh P. Chidambaram Arun Jaitley
Arun Jaitley

v t e

Defence Ministers of India

Baldev Singh Kailash Nath Katju V. K. Krishna Menon Yashwantrao Chavan Jagjivan Ram Chaudhary Bansi Lal R. Venkataraman Rajiv Gandhi V. P. Singh K. C. Pant Chandra Shekhar Singh Sharad Pawar P. V. Narasimha Rao Pramod Mahajan Mulayam Singh Yadav George Fernandes Jaswant Singh George Fernandes Pranab Mukherjee A. K. Antony Arun Jaitley Manohar Parrikar Nirmala Sitharaman

v t e

External Affairs Ministers of India

Jawaharlal Nehru Gulzari Lal Nanda Lal Bahadur Shastri Sardar Swaran Singh M. C. Chagla Indira Gandhi Dinesh Singh Sardar Swaran Singh Y. B. Chavan Atal Bihari Vajpayee Shyam Nandan Prasad Mishra P. V. Narasimha Rao Indira Gandhi Rajiv Gandhi Bali Ram Bhagat P. Shiv Shankar Narayan Dutt Tiwari Rajiv Gandhi P. V. Narasimha Rao Vishwanath Pratap Singh I. K. Gujral Vidya Charan Shukla Madhavsinh Solanki P. V. Narasimha Rao Dinesh Singh Pranab Mukherjee Sikander Bakht I. K. Gujral Atal Bihari Vajpayee Jaswant Singh Yashwant Sinha Natwar Singh Manmohan Singh Pranab Mukherjee S. M. Krishna Salman Khurshid Sushma Swaraj

v t e

Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission

Gulzari Lal Nanda V.T. Krishnamachari C.M. Trivedi Ashok Mehta D.R. Gadgil C. Subramaniam Durga Prasad Dhar P.N. Haksar D.T. Lakdawala N.D. Tiwari S.B. Chavan Prakash Chandra Sethi P.V. Narasimha Rao Manmohan Singh P. Shiv Shankar Madhav Singh Solanki Ramakrishna Hegde Madhu Dandavate Mohan Dharia Pranab Mukherjee Madhu Dandavate Jaswant Singh K.C. Pant Montek Singh Ahluwalia
Montek Singh Ahluwalia
(2004 -)

v t e

Members of the 15th Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
from West Bengal

Abdul Mannan Hossain Abhijit Mukherjee Abu Hasem Khan Choudhury Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury Ambica Banerjee Anup Kumar Saha Bansa Gopal Chowdhury Basudeb Acharia Choudhury Mohan Jatua Deepa Dasmunsi Dinesh Trivedi Gobinda Chandra Naskar Gurudas Dasgupta Haji Nurul Islam Jaswant Singh Kabir Suman Kakoli Ghosh Dastidar Kalyan Banerjee Mahendra Kumar Roy Mamata Banerjee Manohar Tirkey Mausam Noor Narahari Mahato Nripendra Nath Roy Prabodh Panda Pranab Mukherjee Prasanta Kumar Majumdar Prasun Banerjee Pulin Behari Baske Ram Chandra Dome Ratna De (Nag) S.K.Saidul Haque Sakti Mohan Malik Saugata Roy Shatabdi Roy Sisir Adhikari Somendra Nath Mitra Sucharu Ranjan Haldar Subrata Bakshi Sudip Bandyopadhyay Sultan Ahmed Susmita Bauri Suvendu Adhikari Tapas Paul Tarun Mandal

11-14th LS members 16th LS members

v t e

Members of the 11th to 14th Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
from West Bengal

Basudeb Acharia Basudeb Barman Hiten Barman Ranen Barman Sandhya Bauri Susmita Bauri Anil Basu Joachim Baxla Krishna Bose Subrata Bose Sudip Bandyopadhyay Mamata Banerjee Ajay Chakraborty Sujan Chakraborty Swadesh Chakraborty Santasri Chatterjee Somnath Chatterjee A. B. A. Ghani Khan Choudhury Saifuddin Choudhury Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury Bansa Gopal Chowdhury Bikash Chowdhury Alakesh Das Gurudas Dasgupta Priya Ranjan Dasmunsi Ram Chandra Dome Sudhir Kumar Giri Indrajit Gupta Abul Hasnat Khan Samik Lahiri Moinul Hassan Abdul Mannan Hossain Bir Singh Mahato Sanat Kumar Mandal Hannan Mollah Geeta Mukherjee Pranab Mukherjee Satyabrata Mookherjee Rupchand Murmu Amitava Nandy Dawa Narbula Prabodh Panda Ajit Kumar Panja Rupchand Pal Amarendra Nath Roy Pradhan Prasanta Pradhan Mohammed Salim Lakshman Chandra Seth Minati Sen Jyotirmoyee Sikdar Tapan Sikdar Tarit Baran Topdar

1st-10th LS members 15th LS members

v t e

Padma Vibhushan
Padma Vibhushan
award recipients


Ebrahim Alkazi Kishori Amonkar Amitabh Bachchan M. Balamuralikrishna T. Balasaraswati Asha Bhosle Nandalal Bose Hariprasad Chaurasia Girija Devi Kumar Gandharva Adoor Gopalakrishnan Satish Gujral Gangubai Hangal Bhupen Hazarika M. F. Husain Ilaiyaraaja Semmangudi Srinivasa Iyer Bhimsen Joshi Ali Akbar Khan Amjad Ali Khan Allauddin Khan Bismillah Khan Ghulam Mustafa Khan Yamini Krishnamurthy Dilip Kumar R. K. Laxman Birju Maharaj Kishan Maharaj Lata Mangeshkar Sonal Mansingh Mallikarjun Mansur Zubin Mehta Mario Miranda Kelucharan Mohapatra Raghunath Mohapatra Jasraj
Motiram Benode Behari Mukherjee Hrishikesh Mukherjee Rajinikanth Ram Narayan D. K. Pattammal K. Shankar Pillai Akkineni Nageswara Rao Kaloji Narayana Rao Satyajit Ray S. H. Raza Zohra Sehgal Uday Shankar Ravi Shankar V. Shantaram Shivkumar Sharma Umayalpuram K. Sivaraman M. S. Subbulakshmi K. G. Subramanyan Kapila Vatsyayan Homai Vyarawalla K. J. Yesudas

Civil Service

Bimala Prasad Chaliha Naresh Chandra T. N. Chaturvedi Jayanto Nath Chaudhuri Suranjan Das Rajeshwar Dayal Basanti Devi P. N. Dhar Jyotindra Nath Dixit M. S. Gill Hafiz Mohamad Ibrahim H. V. R. Iyengar Bhola Nath Jha Dattatraya Shridhar Joshi Ajudhia Nath Khosla Rai Krishnadasa V. Krishnamurthy P. Prabhakar Kumaramangalam Pratap Chandra Lal K. B. Lall Sam Manekshaw Om Prakash Mehra Mohan Sinha Mehta M. G. K. Menon Brajesh Mishra Sumati Morarjee A. Ramasamy Mudaliar Sardarilal Mathradas Nanda Chakravarthi V. Narasimhan Braj Kumar Nehru Bhairab Dutt Pande Ghananand Pande Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit T. V. Rajeswar C. R. Krishnaswamy Rao Pattadakal Venkanna R Rao V. K. R. V. Rao Khusro Faramurz Rustamji Harish Chandra Sarin Binay Ranjan Sen Homi Sethna Arjan Singh Harbaksh Singh Kirpal Singh Manmohan Singh Tarlok Singh Lallan Prasad Singh Balaram Sivaraman Chandrika Prasad Srivastava T. Swaminathan Arun Shridhar Vaidya Dharma Vira Narinder Nath Vohra

Literature and Education

V. S. R. Arunachalam Jagdish Bhagwati Satyendra Nath Bose Tara Chand Suniti Kumar Chatterji D. P. Chattopadhyaya Bhabatosh Datta Avinash Dixit Mahasweta Devi John Kenneth Galbraith Sarvepalli Gopal Lakshman Shastri Joshi Kaka Kalelkar Dhondo Keshav Karve Gopinath Kaviraj Kuvempu O. N. V. Kurup Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis Sitakant Mahapatra John Mathai Kotha Satchidanda Murthy Giani Gurmukh Singh Musafir Basanti Dulal Nagchaudhuri Bal Ram Nanda R. K. Narayan P. Parameswaran Amrita Pritam K. N. Raj C. Rangarajan Raja Rao Ramoji Rao Hormasji Maneckji Seervai Rajaram Shastri Kalu Lal Shrimali Govindbhai Shroff Khushwant Singh Chandeshwar Prasad Narayan Singh Premlila Vithaldas Thackersey Mahadevi Varma Bashir Hussain Zaidi


Jasbir Singh Bajaj B. K. Goyal Purshotam Lal A. Lakshmanaswami Mudaliar S. I. Padmavati Autar Singh Paintal Kantilal Hastimal Sancheti Balu Sankaran V. Shanta Vithal Nagesh Shirodkar Prakash Narain Tandon Brihaspati Dev Triguna M. S. Valiathan


Sunderlal Bahuguna B. K. S. Iyengar Rambhadracharya Ravi Shankar Jaggi Vasudev

Public Affairs

L. K. Advani Montek Singh Ahluwalia Aruna Asaf Ali Fazal Ali Adarsh Sein Anand Madhav Shrihari Aney Parkash Singh Badal Sikander Bakht Milon K. Banerji Mirza Hameedullah Beg P. N. Bhagwati Raja Chelliah Chandra Kisan Daphtary Niren De C. D. Deshmukh Anthony Lancelot Dias Uma Shankar Dikshit Kazi Lhendup Dorjee P. B. Gajendragadkar Benjamin A. Gilman Zakir Husain V. R. Krishna Iyer Jagmohan Lakshmi Chand Jain Aditya Nath Jha Murli Manohar Joshi Mehdi Nawaz Jung Ali Yavar Jung Vijay Kelkar Hans Raj Khanna V. N. Khare Balasaheb Gangadhar Kher Akhlaqur Rahman Kidwai Jivraj Narayan Mehta V. K. Krishna Menon Hirendranath Mukherjee Ajoy Mukherjee Pranab Mukherjee Padmaja Naidu Gulzarilal Nanda Govind Narain Fali Sam Nariman Hosei Norota Nanabhoy Palkhivala K. Parasaran Hari Vinayak Pataskar Sunder Lal Patwa Sharad Pawar Naryana Raghvan Pillai Sri Prakasa N. G. Ranga Ravi Narayana Reddy Y. Venugopal Reddy Ghulam Mohammed Sadiq Lakshmi Sahgal P. A. Sangma M. C. Setalvad Karan Singh Nagendra Singh Swaran Singh Walter Sisulu Soli Sorabjee Kalyan Sundaram Chandulal Madhavlal Trivedi Atal Bihari Vajpayee M. N. Venkatachaliah Kottayan Katankot Venugopal Jigme Dorji Wangchuck

Science and Engineering

V. K. Aatre Salim Ali Norman Borlaug Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar Rajagopala Chidambaram Charles Correa Satish Dhawan Anil Kakodkar A. P. J. Abdul Kalam Krishnaswamy Kasturirangan Har Gobind Khorana Daulat Singh Kothari Verghese Kurien Raghunath Anant Mashelkar G. Madhavan Nair Roddam Narasimha Jayant Narlikar Rajendra K. Pachauri Benjamin Peary Pal Yash Pal I. G. Patel Venkatraman Ramakrishnan K. R. Ramanathan Raja Ramanna C. R. Rao C. N. R. Rao Palle Rama Rao Udupi Ramachandra Rao Vikram Sarabhai Man Mohan Sharma Obaid Siddiqi E. Sreedharan M. R. Srinivasan George Sudarshan M. S. Swaminathan

Social Work

Baba Amte Pandurang Shastri Athavale Janaki Devi Bajaj Mirabehn Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay Durgabai Deshmukh Nanaji Deshmukh Nirmala Deshpande Mohan Dharia U. N. Dhebar Valerian Gracias Veerendra Heggade Mary Clubwala Jadhav Gaganvihari Lallubhai Mehta Usha Mehta Sister Nirmala Nellie Sengupta


Viswanathan Anand Edmund Hillary Sachin Tendulkar

Trade and Industry

Dhirubhai Ambani Ghanshyam Das Birla Ashok Sekhar Ganguly Karim Al Hussaini Aga Khan Lakshmi Mittal N. R. Narayana Murthy M. Narasimham Prithvi Raj Singh Oberoi Azim Premji Prathap C. Reddy J. R. D. Tata Ratan Tata

Portal Category WikiProject

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 48165548 LCCN: n84102885 ISNI: 0000 0001 0897 641X GND: 1015548512 SUDOC: 07724513