The PRAENESTE FIBULA (the "brooch of
* 1 Discovery * 2 Date and inscription * 3 Hoax theory * 4 Claimed authenticity * 5 References * 6 Further reading * 7 External links
The fibula was presented to the public in 1887 by Wolfgang Helbig , an archaeologist. At the time, Helbig did not explain how he had come to acquire the artifact.
DATE AND INSCRIPTION
The inscription on the Praeneste Fibula. The writing runs from right to left.
The fibula was thought to originate from the 7th century BC. It is inscribed with a text that appears to be written in Old Latin, here transcribed to Roman letters: MANIOS MED FHEFHAKED NVMASIOI
translated as: Manius made me for Numerius
Margherita Guarducci , a leading epigraphist , published a
book claiming that the inscription had been forged by Francesco
Martinetti , an art dealer, and Helbig, who were known to have
collaborated in shady dealings. Its presentation in 1887, she claimed,
was in fact a hoax perpetrated to advance the careers of both men.
This was the most formal but not the first accusation of its kind:
Georg Karo had said that Helbig told him that the fibula had been
Evidence in favor of the genuineness of the text came from a new Etruscan inscription of the Orientaliz