Poul Anderson
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Poul William Anderson (November 25, 1926 – July 31, 2001) was an American fantasy and science fiction author who was active from the 1940s until the 21st century. Anderson wrote also historical novels. His awards include seven
Hugo Award The Hugo Award is an annual literary award for the best science fiction Science fiction (sometimes shortened to Sci-Fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction which typically deals with imagination, imaginative and futuristic concepts s ...
s and three
Nebula Award The Nebula Awards annually recognize the best works of science fiction Science fiction (sometimes shortened to Sci-Fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction which typically deals with imagination, imaginative and futuristic concepts suc ...
s.


Biography

Poul Anderson was born on November 25, 1926, in
Bristol, Pennsylvania Bristol is a borough (Pennsylvania), borough in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, United States. It is located northeast of Center City, Philadelphia, Center City Philadelphia, opposite Burlington, New Jersey on the Delaware River. It antedates Philad ...
to Scandinavian parents. Soon after his birth, his father, Anton Anderson relocated the family to Texas, where they lived for more than ten years. After Anton Anderson's death, his widow took the children to
Denmark ) , song = ( en, "King Christian stood by the lofty mast") , song_type = National and royal anthem , image_map = EU-Denmark.svg , map_caption = , subdivision_type = Sovereign state , subdivision_name = Danish Realm, Kingdom of Denmark ...
. The family returned to the United States after the beginning of
World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a world war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. It involved the World War II by country, vast majority of the world's countries—including all of the great power ...
, settling eventually on a Minnesota farm. While he was an undergraduate student at the
University of Minnesota The University of Minnesota, formally the University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, (UMN Twin Cities, the U of M, or Minnesota) is a public university, public Land-grant university, land-grant research university in the Minneapolis–Saint Paul, Tw ...
, Anderson's first stories were published by editor John W. Campbell in the magazine '' Astounding Science Fiction'': "Tomorrow's Children" by Anderson and F. N. Waldrop in March 1947 and a sequel, "Chain of Logic" by Anderson alone, in July. He earned his BA in physics with honors but became a freelance writer after he graduated in 1948. His third story was printed in the December ''Astounding''. Anderson married Karen Kruse in 1953 and relocated with her to the San Francisco Bay area. Their daughter Astrid (now married to science fiction author
Greg Bear Gregory Dale Bear (August 20, 1951 – November 19, 2022) was an American writer and illustrator best known for science fiction. His work covered themes of Interstellar_war, galactic conflict (''The Forge of God, Forge of God'' books), parallel ...
) was born in 1954. They made their home in Orinda, California. Over the years Poul gave many readings at The Other Change of Hobbit bookstore in Berkeley; his widow later donated his typewriter and desk to the store. In 1954, he published the fantasy novel '' The Broken Sword'', one of his most known works. In 1965,
Algis Budrys Algirdas Jonas "Algis" Budrys (January 9, 1931 – June 9, 2008) was a Lithuanian-American science fiction author, copy editing, editor, and critic. He was also known under the pen names Frank Mason, Alger Rome (in collaboration with Jerome ...
said that Anderson "has for some time been science fiction's best storyteller". He was a founding member of the
Society for Creative Anachronism The Society for Creative Anachronism (SCA) is an international living history group with the aim of studying and recreating mainly Medieval European cultures and their histories before the 17th century. A quip often used within the SCA describes ...
(SCA) in 1966 and of the Swordsmen and Sorcerers' Guild of America (SAGA), also during the mid-1960s. The latter was a group of Heroic fantasy authors organized by Lin Carter, originally eight in number, with entry by credentials as a fantasy writer alone. Anderson was the sixth President of the
Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America The Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America, doing business as Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers Association, commonly known as SFWA ( or ) is a Non-profit organization, nonprofit 501(c)(3) organization of professional science fiction an ...
, taking office in 1972. Robert A. Heinlein dedicated his 1985 novel ''
The Cat Who Walks Through Walls ''The Cat Who Walks Through Walls'' is a science fiction Science fiction (sometimes shortened to Sci-Fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction which typically deals with imagination, imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced s ...
'' to Anderson and eight of the other members of the Citizens' Advisory Council on National Space Policy. The Science Fiction Writers of America made Anderson its 16th SFWA Grand Master in 1998 and in 2000's fifth class, he was inducted into the
Science Fiction and Fantasy Hall of Fame The Museum of Pop Culture or MoPOP is a nonprofit museum in Seattle, Washington, dedicated to contemporary popular culture. It was founded by Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen in 2000 as the Experience Music Project. Since then MoPOP has organized ...
as one of two deceased and two living writers. He died of
prostate cancer Prostate cancer is cancer of the prostate. Prostate cancer is the second most common cancerous tumor worldwide and is the fifth leading cause of cancer-related mortality among men. The prostate is a gland in the male reproductive system that surr ...
on July 31, 2001, after a month in the hospital. A few of his novels were first published posthumously.


Awards and honors

* Gandalf Grand Master of Fantasy (1978) *
Hugo Award The Hugo Award is an annual literary award for the best science fiction Science fiction (sometimes shortened to Sci-Fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction which typically deals with imagination, imaginative and futuristic concepts s ...
(seven times) * John W. Campbell Memorial Award (2000) *
Inkpot Award The Inkpot Award is an honor bestowed annually since 1974 by Comic-Con International. It is given to professionals in the fields of comic books, comic strips, animation, science fiction, and related areas of popular culture, at List of multigenre ...
(1986) * Locus Award (41 nominations; one win, 1972) * Mythopoeic Fantasy Award (one win (1975)) *
Nebula Award The Nebula Awards annually recognize the best works of science fiction Science fiction (sometimes shortened to Sci-Fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction which typically deals with imagination, imaginative and futuristic concepts suc ...
(three times) * Pegasus Award (best adaptation, with Anne Passovoy) (1998) *
Prometheus Award The Prometheus Award is an award for libertarian science fiction novels given annually by the Libertarian Futurist Society. American author and activist L. Neil Smith established the award in 1979, but it was not awarded regularly until the newly ...
(five times, including Special Prometheus Award for Lifetime Achievement in 2001) * SFWA Grand Master (1997) *
Science Fiction and Fantasy Hall of Fame The Museum of Pop Culture or MoPOP is a nonprofit museum in Seattle, Washington, dedicated to contemporary popular culture. It was founded by Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen in 2000 as the Experience Music Project. Since then MoPOP has organized ...
(2000) * Asteroid 7758 Poulanderson, discovered by Eleanor Helin at Palomar in 1990, was named in his honor. The official was published by the
Minor Planet Center The Minor Planet Center (MPC) is the official body for observing and reporting on minor planets under the auspices of the International Astronomical Union (IAU). Founded in 1947, it operates at the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory. Function T ...
shortly after his death on September 2, 2001 ().


Bibliography


See also

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Explanatory notes


References


Sources

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External links


Bio, bibliography and book covers
at FantasticFiction

from the SFWA
Poul Anderson Appreciation
by Dr. Paul Shackley

an essay by William Tenn
The Society for Creative Anachronism
of which Poul Anderson was a founding member

* * * * * ; By Poul Anderson * * * * *
On Thud and Blunder
an essay by Anderson on fantasy fiction, from the SFWA

at Free Speculative Fiction Online
SFWA directory of literary estates
{{DEFAULTSORT:Anderson, Poul 1926 births 2001 deaths 20th-century American male writers 20th-century American novelists 21st-century American novelists American alternate history writers American fantasy writers American libertarians American male novelists American people of Danish descent American science fiction writers Analog Science Fiction and Fact people Caedmon Records artists Conan the Barbarian novelists Filkers Hugo Award-winning writers Inkpot Award winners Nebula Award winners Novelists from Pennsylvania People from Bristol, Pennsylvania People from Orinda, California Pulp fiction writers Science Fiction Hall of Fame inductees SFWA Grand Masters Society for Creative Anachronism University of Minnesota alumni Writers from the San Francisco Bay Area 21st-century American male writers