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The Postojna
Postojna
Gate (Slovene: Postojnska vrata), named after the local town of Postojna, is a major mountain pass of the Dinaric Alps. It lies in southwestern Slovenia, between the Hrušica Plateau to the north and the Javornik Hills
Javornik Hills
to the south, at an elevation of 610 metres (2,000 ft). It formed due to tectonic subsidence and fluvial erosion by the Pivka River, which in the Pliocene
Pliocene
flew superficially in this section. The terrain is significantly karstified. This relatively wide pass enables for the easiest passage from northearn Italy
Italy
and northwestern Adriatic Sea
Adriatic Sea
to the Pannonian Plain, and had a very important strategic role in the past. Today, a rail line and the Slovenian A1 freeway traverse it.[1] History[edit] The gate was used by a section of the Amber Road
Amber Road
that connected the Baltic lands with the Adriatic. It has been proposed that the voyage of the Argonauts
Argonauts
is based on the possibility to travel the Danube, the Sava, and the Ljubljanica
Ljubljanica
rivers upstream, cross the Postojna
Postojna
Gate, and come to the Adriatic Sea
Adriatic Sea
downstream on the western side. It was the central part of the ancient Illyro-Italic (or Italo-Illyrian) Gate between the southeastern Alps
Alps
and the Kvarner Gulf, connecting northern Italy
Italy
to the west and the Pannonian Plain
Pannonian Plain
to the east. The Romans were well aware that their core territory was threatened by easy access through the Postojna
Postojna
Gate and they created a network of strategic roads, fortifications, and walls, the Claustra Alpium Iuliarum, to stop possible invaders.[2] At the center of these fortifications was the fortress of Castra ad Fluvium Frigidum
Castra ad Fluvium Frigidum
in the Vipava Valley
Vipava Valley
controlling the Roman road between Aquileia
Aquileia
and Emona. The Illyro-Italic Gate was nonetheless crossed by the Alemanni, the Goths, and the Huns. By about 600, Slavs populated the area and crossed the gate to enter the Istrian peninsula. In the Middle Ages several castles were built in vicinity, including Predjama Castle, Prem Castle, and Sovič Castle.[2] In modern times, the gap was crossed by the Austrian Southern Railway (Südbahn), the railway that was built between 1839 and 1857 to connect Vienna
Vienna
via Ljubljana
Ljubljana
to Trieste. References[edit]

^ Perko, Drago; Orožen Adamič, Milan (1998). "Vzhodne Karavanke". Slovenija: pokrajina in ljudje [Slovenia: The Landscape and the People]. p. 370. ISBN 9788611150338.  ^ a b Andreja Penko. "Regio Carsica Militaris". Archived from the original on 2011-10-06. Retrieved

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