Post-theism is a variant of nontheism that proposes that the division
of theism vs. atheism is obsolete, that
God belongs to a stage of
human development now past. Within nontheism, post-theism can be
contrasted with antitheism. The term appears in Christian liberal
theology and Postchristianity.
Frank Hugh Foster in a 1918 lecture announced that modern culture had
arrived at a "post-theistic stage" in which humanity has taken
possession of the powers of agency and creativity that had formerly
been projected upon God.
Denys Turner argues that
Karl Marx did not choose atheism over theism,
but rejected the binary "Feuerbachian" choice altogether, a position
which by being post-theistic is at the same time necessarily
post-atheistic. For example, at one point Marx argued "there should
be less trifling with the label 'atheism,'” as he insisted "religion
in itself is without content, it owes its being not to heaven but to
the earth, and with the abolition of distorted reality, of which it is
the theory, it will collapse of itself."
Related ideas include Friedrich Nietzsche's pronouncement that "
dead" and the transtheism of
Paul Tillich or Pema Chödrön.
1 Notable post-theists
2 See also
3 Notes and references
4 External links
Notes and references
^ Gary J. Dorrien , The Making of American Liberal Theology: Idealism,
Realism, and Modernity, 1900-1950 (2003), ISBN 978-0-664-22355-7,
^ D. Turner, "Religion: Illusions and liberation", in: Terrell Carver
(ed), The Cambridge Companion to Marx (1991),
ISBN 978-0-521-36694-6, p. 337.
^ Karl Marx, Letter from Marx to Arnold Ruge In Dresden (1842)
H. J. Adriannse, "After Theism" in: H. A. Krop, Arie L. Molendijk,
Hent de Vries (eds.) Post-Theism: Reframing the Judeo-Christian
Tradition (2000), ISBN 978-90-429-0853-6.
C. Schwöbel, "After Post-Theism" in: S. Andersen (ed. ) Traditional
Theism and its Modern Alternatives (1994), 161-196.
Vincent Brümmer, "The Enlightenment Project and the Human Image of
God" in: Hans-Georg Ziebertz (ed.), The Human Image of God, BRILL,
Post-theism by Christopher Bradley (2007)
Entry on "Atheism" at Marxists Internet Archive: Encyc