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v t e

Post- Islamism
Islamism
is a neologism in political science, the definition and applicability of which has led to an intellectual debate. Asef Bayat and Olivier Roy are among the main architects of the idea.[1]

Contents

1 Terminology and definition 2 Cases 3 See also 4 References

4.1 Footnotes 4.2 Sources

Terminology and definition[edit] The term was coined by Iranian political sociologist Asef Bayat, then associate professor of sociology at The American University in Cairo in a 1996 essay published in the journal Middle East Critique.[2][3] Bayat explained it as "a condition where, following a phase of experimentation, the appeal, energy, symbols and sources of legitimacy of Islamism
Islamism
get exhausted, even among its once-ardent supporters. As such, post- Islamism
Islamism
is not anti-Islamic, but rather reflects a tendency to resecularize religion." It originally pertained only to Iran, where "post- Islamism
Islamism
is expressed in the idea of fusion between Islam
Islam
(as a personalized faith) and individual freedom and choice; and post- Islamism
Islamism
is associated with the values of democracy and aspects of modernity".[4] In this context, the prefix post- does not have historic connotation, but refers to the critical departure from Islamist
Islamist
discourse.[5] Bayat later pointed in 2007 that post-Islamism is both a "condition"[disambiguation needed] and a "project".[1] " Postmodern
Postmodern
Islamism" and " New Age
New Age
Islamism" are other terms interchangeably used.[6] French politician Olivier Carré used the term in 1991 from a different perspective, to describe the period between the 10th and the 19th centuries, when both Shiite and Sunni Islam
Islam
"separated the political-military from the religious realm, both theoretically and in practice".[1] Cases[edit] In Iran, the Reformists[7][8] and the group known as the Melli-Mazhabi (who are ideologically close to the Freedom Movement)[9] are described as post-Islamists. The advent of moderate parties Al-Wasat Party in Egypt, as well as Justice and Development Party in Morocco
Morocco
appeared to resemble emergance of post-Islamism, however scholars rejected that they qualify as such.[10][11] A similar characterization applies to the Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS).[12] A 2008 Lowy Institute for International Policy paper suggests that Prosperous Justice Party
Prosperous Justice Party
of Indonesia
Indonesia
and Justice and Development Party (AKP) of Turkey
Turkey
are post-Islamist.[13] According to Ahmet T. Kuru and Alfred Stepan (2012), many analysts consider Turkish AKP an example of post-Islamism, similar to Christian democratic parties, but Islamic.[14] However, some scholars such as Bassam Tibi dispute this.[15] İhsan Yılmaz argues that the party's ideology after 2011 is different from that of between 2001 and 2011.[16] The idea has been used to describe the "ideological evolution" within the Ennahda of Tunisia.[17] See also[edit]

Islamic democracy Islamism Liberalism and progressivism in the Muslim world Political aspects of Islam Political Islam

References[edit] Footnotes[edit]

^ a b c Gómez García 2012. ^ Mojahedi 2016, p. 52. ^ Badamchi 2017, p. 1. ^ Bayat 1996, p. 45. ^ Badamchi 2017, p. 4. ^ Ismail 2008, p. 626. ^ Fazeli 2006, p. 169. ^ Badamchi 2017, p. 3. ^ Shahibzadeh 2016, p. 103. ^ Stacher 2002, p. 432. ^ Lauzi`ere 2005, p. 242. ^ Muller 2013. ^ Bubalo, Fealy & Mason 2002, p. 51, 76. ^ Kuru & Stepan 2012, p. 172. ^ Hale & Ozbudun 2009, p. 148. ^ Yılmaz 2016, p. 115. ^ Cavatorta & Merone 2015.

Sources[edit]

Bayat, Asef (Fall 1996). "The Coming of a Post- Islamist
Islamist
Society". Critique: Critical Middle Eastern Studies. Routledge. 5 (9): 43–52. doi:10.1080/10669929608720091 – via Taylor & Francis Online (subscription required).  Mojahedi, Mohammad Mahdi (Autumn 2016). ""Is There Toleration in Islam?" Reframing a Post- Islamist
Islamist
Question in a Post-Secular Context". ReOrient. Pluto Journals. 2 (1): 51–72. doi:10.1080/10669929608720091 – via JSTOR (subscription required).  Cavatorta, Francesco; Merone, Fabio (2015). "Post-Islamism, ideological evolution and 'la tunisianite´' of the Tunisian Islamist party al-Nahda". Journal of Political Ideologies. Taylor and Francis. 20 (1): 27–42 – via Taylor & Francis Online (subscription required).  Stacher, Joshua A. (Summer 2002). "Post- Islamist
Islamist
Rumblings in Egypt: The Emergence of the Wasat Party". Middle East Journal. Middle East Institute. 56 (3): 415–432. doi:10.1080/10669929608720091 – via JSTOR (subscription required).  Bubalo, Anthony; Fealy, Greg; Mason, Whit (2008). "Zealous Democrats: Islamism
Islamism
and Democracy
Democracy
in Egypt, Indonesia
Indonesia
and Turkey" (PDF) (25). Australia: Lowy Institute for International Policy. ISBN 9781921004353.  Badamchi, Meysam (2017). Post- Islamist
Islamist
Political Theory: Iranian Intellectuals and Political Liberalism in Dialogue. Philosophy and Politics - Critical Explorations. 5. Springer. ISBN 9783319594927.  Fazeli, Nematollah (2006). Politics of Culture in Iran. Routledge/BIPS Persian Studies Series. Routledge. ISBN 9781134200382.  Shahibzadeh, Yadullah (2016). Islamism
Islamism
and Post- Islamism
Islamism
in Iran: An Intellectual History. Springer. ISBN 9781137578259.  Lauzi`ere, Henri (2005). "Post- Islamism
Islamism
and Religious Discourse of al-Salam Yasin". International Journal of Middle East Studies. Middle East Studies Association of North America. 37: 241–261 – via Cambridge (subscription required).  Gómez García, Luz (2012). "Post-Islamism, the Failure of an Idea: Regards on Islam
Islam
and Nationalism from Khomeini's Death to the Arab Revolts". Religion Compass. Blackwell Publishing Ltd. 6 (10): 451–466. doi:10.1111/rec3.12002 – via Wiley Online Library (subscription required).  Muller, Dominik M. (2013). "Post- Islamism
Islamism
or Pop-Islamism? Ethnographic observations of Muslim youth politics in Malaysia" (PDF). Paideuma: Mitteilungen zur Kulturkunde. Frobenius-Institut at the Goethe University. 6 (10): 261–284.  Kuru, Ahmet; Stepan, Alfred (2012). Democracy, Islam, and Secularism in Turkey. Religion, Culture, and Public Life. Columbia University Press. ISBN 9780231530255.  Hale, William; Ozbudun, Ergun (2009). Islamism, Democracy
Democracy
and Liberalism in Turkey: The Case of the AKP. Routledge Studies in Middle Eastern Politics. Routledge. ISBN 9781135214920.  Yılmaz, İhsan (2016). "The Experience of the AKP". In Alessandro Ferrari. Religions and Constitutional Transitions in the Muslim Mediterranean: The Pluralistic Moment. ICLARS Series on Law and Religion. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 9781317067122.  Ismail, Salwa (2008). "Being Muslim: Islam, Islamism
Islamism
and Identity Politics". In Laleh Khalili. Politics of the Modern Arab World. Critical concepts in the modern politics of the Middle East. Routledge. ISBN 9780415451598. 

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